Journal Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya-
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 20, pp 157-163; doi:10.25077/jantro.v20.n2.p157-163.2018
Abstract:An accurate, comprehensive and up-to-date voter list is an absolute prerequisite that must fulfill in carrying out electoral democracy. The existence of a correct voter list will improve the quality of the democratic electoral process by opening the most extensive possible space for citizens to exercise their right to vote. The purpose of this study was to find out the cultural implications of migrating the community in Lubuk Tarok sub-district to voter registration with the Dejure pattern. This research was carried out with qualitative methods through in-depth interviews with various informants equipped with existing documents. The results of this study show that due to the de jure pattern in voter registration has caused a large number of voters registered in the permanent voter list, but the voters are not by the KTP address. It is due to the wander culture in the Lubuk Tarok sub-district. Many of the residents of Lubuk Tarok are wandering out, but their population administration still listed in the Tarok. It is caused by many voting invitations to be returned by KPPS because there were no voters registered in the voter list. Also, this also has implications for the low level of voter participation on election day in the Lubuk Tarok sub-district.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 20, pp 129-143; doi:10.25077/jantro.v20.n2.p129-143.2018
Abstract:The problem in this study is the occurrence of sales fluctuations or instability of sales figures in the Simabur Indah Unit. The question that arises is how to map the social marketing network in the Tupperware Distributor Simabur Indah Unit and who are the actors who have high centrality in the system. The purpose of this study is to produce a mapping of the social marketing network in the Tupperware Distributor Simabur Indah Unit and to know the existence of actors who have high centrality values in the system. The analysis used consists of social network analysis that includes three things at once, namely as a theory, as a method and as a data analysis technique. The approach used is a quantitative approach with the type of descriptive research. The findings of this study are in the form of sociogram mapping of the social network marketing structure in the Tupperware Distributor Simabur Indah Unit, and the complete network obtained by using degree centrality and betweenness centrality.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 20, pp 223-230; doi:10.25077/jantro.v20.n2.p223-230.2018
Abstract:One of susceptible area that occurs the conflagration is Kampung Rawa Mekar Jaya, Subdistrict of Sungai Apit, Siak Regency, Province of Riau where a big part of its area possesses peat moss. The conflagration can be caused some factors among others dry season, canal making in the peat moss soil and the deliberateness of human in speeding up the plantation open. For saving and preventing and coping with the environment and the conflagration needs to have the good environment proces and it certainly needs to get the support and the role and the society. In the village, there is an institution that focuses on the environment process, the pure from the society self-support is namely The Institution of The Caring Society of The Fire that has duty on the activity of the prevention, the extinguishing and the handling of postconflagration of the forest and the land. The research has goal to know the obstacle or the hindrance for the staff of The Institution of The Caring Society of The Fire in implementing the role. The research method that is used is descriptive qualitative in sampling in census namely as many 23 people. The data is obtained through the observation, the direct interview by using the questioner. Based on the research result, The obstacle of staff of the Caring Society of The Fire in implementing the role known from the work environment, the society environment, the nature environment and the lack of the support especially from the side of the government and the private.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 20, pp 145-155; doi:10.25077/jantro.v20.n2.p145-155.2018
Abstract:This paper answers the question of how the construction of the meaning of the Peusijuek tradition is available in Aceh culture. Two important things that will support this thesis is how the mind and culture of Islam and Aceh combined into one formulated in a way. Therefore, how the processes, forms and philosophical meanings of the Peusijuek tradition available in Aceh culture will be discussed in this paper. The results of this study indicate that the Peusijuek tradition is one of the relics of Hindu Culture in Aceh. According to historical records, the implementation of the Peusijuek tradition before the sending of Islam still uses certain mantras and prayers. However, since the arrival and development of Islam in Aceh, the Peusijuek tradition has been changed by incorporating Islamic teachings in it, such as prayer, prayer, and other Islamic teachings. That is why the Peusijuek tradition in Aceh can still be up to now. In practice, the Peusijuek tradition is carried out by religious leaders and elders of Aceh, such as ulama, tengku, ustadz and ustadzah. This is done because the Peusijuek tradition is considered a sacred Acehnese procession. The practice of Peusijuek tradition in Aceh is carried out in religious and cultural activities, such as performing pilgrimage, marriage, circumcision, prayer, arena, buying new vehicles, and so forth. The purpose of this Peusijuek tradition is to appeal for the satisfaction, peace, happiness, and glory of the guests.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 20, pp 191-211; doi:10.25077/jantro.v20.n2.p191-211.2018
Abstract:This article is the result from our fieldwork to observed about the rule of regulation the social forestry in South Solok, West Sumatera. As this research uses etnoscience approach where the informant will be choosed by perposive sampling. Since the rule of LHK/83 is implemeted in South Solok that became strategic place of political ecology for advantaging the village forest in the Customary Land of the Alam Surambi Sungai Pagu. Based on the results, there are differences in customary communal tenure between the darek region whose control is held by penghulu andiko, while the rantau region whose control is given to rajo. Rajo is the head of the tribe who is in 4 the customary land in Alam Surambi Sungai Pagu. In the Alam Surambi Sungai Pagu community, the forest processing is divided into three, namely; 1) ulayat suku is an unprocessed highland forest or rimbo gadang; 2) ulayat kaum or harato pusako tinggi, which is a land of ancestor from ninik nan salapan and ninik 60 kurang like rice fields or sawah and will be passed on daughters; 3) ulayat saparuik, also known as Harato Pusako Randah, is a family property from parents or property owned by their father and mother during marriage in the form of fields or rimbo randah. After the issuance of 5 decrees of The Village Forest in Alam Surambi Sungai Pagu, some of rimbo gadang began to be used as a Village Forest, moreover the use of the forest began to take into account the nagari government. Hence, the boundaries of 4 customary land begin to blur. In addition, the existence of Nagari Forest does not only provide the legality for the people of Alam Surambi Sungai Pagu, but also provides the benefits for outside communities, LPHN and mining companies.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 20, pp 179-189; doi:10.25077/jantro.v20.n2.p179-189.2018
Abstract:Downward trend voter participation in the election of the Governor and Deputy Governor of West Sumatra Province in Kota Pariaman needs special attention, because percentage of voters who use votes at polling stations is still a benchmark for the amount of public trust in the elected regional heads through the election mechanism. Therefore is needed communication pattern that can provide understanding and educating the public about the importance of exercising voting rights during elections. Like a pattern of socialization that puts forward a cultural approach (Local Wisdom) that can inspire people to use their voting rights at TPS. This research method is descriptive qualitative that aims to understand and interpretation the meaning of events, interactions and human behavior through communication with cultural approaches. That form of 'Ciloteh Lapau' which is one of the media for election socialization and education to increase voter participation in Kota Pariaman.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 20, pp 165-178; doi:10.25077/jantro.v20.n2.p165-178.2018
Abstract:On improving the public health status, community behavior in accessing healthy latrines, especially in urban areas, should be improved. Behavioral approaches to behavioral factors such as enabling factors and reinforcement factors can form the basic for knowing how healthy latrine use behaviors are improved. In the field of health, the program of behavior change often aimed to improve health is less acceptable because it is against the culture of the local community, so that the necessary understanding and provision of knowledge adapted to the structure of society so that the community acts for the sustainability of its health. Access to urban healthy latrines is difficult to achieve, population density, infrastructure constraints and high mobility are the problems facing people in accessing healthy latrines, but as people's knowledge and attitudes grow, everybody develops their awareness to keep access to healthy latrines and is part of needed.The research method used is a qualitative approach to know the role of enabling factors and reinforcement factors in realizing access to healthy latrines in Rancanumpang, Kota Bandung.The findings of this research are the enabling factors that have been good is the regularity of society and community support in creating access to healthy latrines. The reinforcing factor is the role of regional government, especially in managing and conducting cross-sectoral cooperation with both government and private sector.Conclusion of this research is that the community, both local residents, migrants, officials, administrators, personalities and private sector already have the awareness potential to build their area in fulfilling the access latrines facilities for their families.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 20, pp 119-128; doi:10.25077/jantro.v20.n2.p119-128.2018
Abstract:This research aimed to analyze the existence of a ritual besale typical movement, movement in the besale ritual process is berentak. Berentak motion is a movement running straight forward, backward, around and jumping, the movement continues to be done by Malin Pengasu (shaman) during the process of ritual besale. Besale is from of a magical traditional ceremony, which lives in remote indigenous communities of Suku Batin Sembilan, precisely in Jambi Province forest area. Besale (berasale) means the origin of man, ritual besale involves Malin Pengasu (shaman) and Sidi (good spirits who treat the sick through shaman), to cleanse and cast out the evil spirits that are considered as the source of the disease. Malin Pengasu (shaman) is a person who set all forms of preparation of beterkas up to the ritual besale. The research using the method of qualitative approach text and the context of according Y. Sumandiyo Hadi, which analyze and review the form, techniques, and style the choreography, and analyze the context of based social culture community. The results of research show about how the process of choreography and the emergence of distinctive motion in ritual besale, which in principle socio-cultural society that has been behind the presence of form, technique and style of motion.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 20, pp 213-222; doi:10.25077/jantro.v20.n2.p213-222.2018
Abstract:The voter data update shows that there were still data on the TMS voters when the DPS determined in Padang Panjang City at 4,307 or 10.96% of the voters. This research was carried out with the descriptive qualitative method through in-depth interviews with various informants, namely election organizers in Padang Panjang City and Disdukcapil and campaign teams. The results of this study show that the problem of the voter list is due to PPDP Performance Culture in the voter data updating process which is seen from 6 aspects, namely (1) the responsiveness of PPDP can understand the needs of voters and not constrained population administration factors, (2) professionalism, work according to rules and has a high competence and understanding of territories, (3) productivity, can reduce voters who do not meet the requirements significantly and nil double voters in DPS (4) accountability, PPDP is ready to answer internally the process and results of updating voter data to the KPU and externally in the level of results, (5) cooperation, PPDP has collaborated with internal KPU and external KPU in voter data summary and (6) quality of service, PPDP and KPU along with their staff conduct socialization to the public for the categories of voters eligible and not eligible in the list voters. Voters registered in the voter list are de facto and de jure voters to be one solution to fulfill the comprehensive, accurate and up-to-date principles in voter data collection
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 20, pp 1-15; doi:10.25077/jantro.v20.n1.p1-15.2018
Abstract:Poverty in forests surrounding communities shows a contrast between wealth of forest resources and poverty. The poverty of forests surrounding communities is seen as inefficient development to rural needs in general and forest management in particular. This study aims to analyze the factors affecting poverty, the relevance and Sustainable Livelihood Approach in poverty. This research was conducted in Argosari Village, Jabung Subdistrict and Mentaraman Village, Donomulyo District, Malang Regency. Sustainable livelihood approach is applied which adapted on five elements: human, natural, physical, social and financial asset. The sample was determined by proportional random sampling method. Participatory Rapid Appraisal (PRA) were used in this study. Quantitative approach in this study using descriptive analysis and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). Poverti Gap 2 indicator (the number of family member) has the greatest contribution to Argosari poverty. The High Consumption 3 indicator (the number of new clothing in a year that can be bought) has the smallest contribution. Significantly, eight indicators have established in Mentaraman, which is indicated by a p-value less than 5% (0.05). Based on the size of the standardize coefficient, it is found that the Poverti Gap 2 indicator (the number of family member) has the greatest contribution to Mentaraman poverty. Keywords : Argosari, Forest, Mentaraman, Poverty, SLA