Journal JURNAL AGRICA

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Menanti Sembiring
Published: 30 November 2017
JURNAL AGRICA, Volume 10, pp 86-94; doi:10.31289/agrica.v10i2.1118

Abstract:This research is aim to review the influence of effective communication and motivation towards employee performance at Transportation Department Karo District. The sum of population of this research is about 46 people and all of them is created as sample or total sample. To test the hypothesis which is submitted can be done by partial testing, simultaneous testing and coefficient of determination.The result of this research shows that in partial way, the variable of effective communication and motivation is significantly influence the perfomance employee at Transportation Department Karo district, where tcalculated value in variable of communication is 2,253 and tcalculated value in variable of movation is 4,359, wherever the value of t table is 1,679. By simulataneous testing way, Fcalculated is obtained with 19,582 and the value of Ftable is 3,204. It can be concluded that by simultaneous testing way, variable of effective communication and motivation is significantly influence the employee performance too at Transportation Department Karo district. The result of multiple linier regression is obtained by the equation y = 8,638 + 0,246x1 + 0,521x2 + e.The value of coefficient of determination stated that 0,477 or 47,70 % of employee performance in Transportation Department Karo district is influenced by effective communication and motivation and the rest 52,30 % is influenced by another factor which is not conducted on this research.
Samuel Bindrianes, Nida Kemala, Rizki Kemala Busyra
Published: 30 November 2017
JURNAL AGRICA, Volume 10, pp 74-85; doi:10.31289/agrica.v10i2.1094

Abstract:Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui Gambaran kegiatan usahatani kelapa sawit pada Unit Usaha Batanghari di PTPN VI Jambi, gambaran produktivitas tenaga kerja panen kelapa sawit, gambaran faktor (umur, lama pendidikan, masa kerja, jarak tempuh, jumlah tanggungan keluarga dan status tenaga kerja) yang mempengaruhi produktivitas tenaga kerja panen kelapa sawit, dan pengaruh faktor-faktor tersebut terhadap produktivitas tenaga kerja panen kelapa sawit. Jumlah tenaga kerja panen dalam penelitian ini sebanyak 31 responden, dengan metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan dengan metode survey. Data primer diperoleh dari responden melalui wawancara dengan menggunakan daftar quesioner yang telah disusun sesuai dengan tujuan penelitian dan berdasarkan pengamatan dilapangan. Sedangkan data sekunder diperoleh dari perusahaan yang berhubungan dengan kegiatan penelitian.Untuk menguji pengaruh faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi produktivitas tenaga kerja panen menggunakan metode regresi linier berganda. Kemudian dilakukan metode yang meliputi uji hipotesis, uji F, uji t, analisis koefisien determinasi (R2) dan untuk menganalisa data menggunakan software SPSS versi 16.0.Dari hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa variabel independent (umur, lama pendidikan, masa kerja, jarak tempuh, jumlah tanggungan keluarga dan status tenaga kerja) secara simultan tidak berpengaruh terhadap produktivitas tenaga kerja panen dan secara partial variabel independent (status tenaga kerja) mempengaruhi produktivitas tenaga kerja panen sedangkan umur, lama pendidikan, masa kerja, jarak tempuh, jumlah tanggungan keluarga tidak mempngaruhi produktivitas tenaga kerja panen kelapa sawit.
Vina Maria Ompusunggu
Published: 30 November 2017
JURNAL AGRICA, Volume 10, pp 95-102; doi:10.31289/agrica.v10i2.1157

Abstract:This research has aims to describe and analyze society development participation in Namo Bintang Village, Pancur Batu District and to know how development in Namo Bintang Village to empower communities. This research belongs to qualitative research aiming to describe in detail and deeply about society participation in rural development. The instruments for collecting data are observation sheet and interview as the qualitative data and using the document. The village of Namo Bintang has an area of 495.2 hectares, The area of Namo Bintang is in the form of swamps and fields and abandoned cultivation. The livelihoods of the villagers of Namo Bintang are diverse. From the data of Namo Bintang Village, the majority of Namo Bintang's population work as farmers. The results showed that planning development process has not implemented well in Namo Bintang Village, Society participation in development planning in Namo Bintang Village was still low, the communities aren`t involved to conduct the priority of the activities which is able to their need. Therefore, it needs an accomplishment in participative development. The government should consider the suitability of the budgetary budget with Rural needs. The budgetary budget for the implementation of rural development should be given as a whole without having to be gradual so that the Implementing Team and the workers do not stop before the activity is completed, other than that need optimal socialization in the provision of information to the community in Namo Bintang Village so that they are more involved in the process, more so that the development planning can become the needs of the community. Keywords: Society Participation, Rural Development
Rita Herawaty Br Bangun
Published: 30 November 2017
JURNAL AGRICA, Volume 10, pp 103-111; doi:10.31289/agrica.v10i2.1159

Abstract:Kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi distribusi sektor-sektor perkebunan rakyat di Provinsi Sumatera Utara. Metode yang digunakan dalam kajian ini adalah analisis location quetiont (LQ) dan analisis shift share. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahwa komoditas yang menjadi unggulan/basis Provinsi Sumatera Utara adalah kelapa sawit. Sedangkan komoditas yang menunjukkan pertumbuhan yang signifikan antara tahun 2011-2015 adalah karet, kopi, coklat, cengkeh, tembakau, pala, lada, kapuk dan panili. Analisis differirential shift menunjukkan bahwa karet, kopi, kelapa sawit, coklat,cengkeh, kulit manis, kemiri, tembakau, tebu, pala, lada, kapuk, pinang dan vanili mempunyai pertumbuhan yang lebih cepat dan memiliki daya saing yang tinggi. Kata kunci : perkebunan rakyat, Location quetiont, shift share.
Marfin Lawalata
Published: 30 November 2017
JURNAL AGRICA, Volume 10, pp 56-73; doi:10.31289/agrica.v10i2.924

Abstract:Penelitian ini bertujuan mengukur risiko produksi dan risiko pendapatan usahatani bawang merah di Kabupaten Bantul serta faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhinya, dan mengetahui perilaku petani terhadap risiko usahatani bawang merah di Kabupaten Bantul dan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhinya. Penelitian dilakukan terhadap 60 petani bawang merah di Kabupaten Bantul. Metode penelitian yang digunakan untuk mengukur risiko produksi dan pendapatan menggunakan nilai koefisien variasi (CV), dan perilaku petani terhadap risiko menggunakan metode Moscardi dan de Janvry. Selanjutnya menggunakan analisis regresi Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi perilaku petani terhadap risiko usahatani bawang merah di Kabupaten Bantul. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa risiko produksi sebesar 0,8518 (85,18%) dan risiko pendapatan sebesar 1,2416 (124,16 %). Petani bawang merah di Kabupaten Bantul mayoritas memiliki perilaku menolak risiko sebanyak 44 petani (73,33%) walaupun usahatani bawang merah berisiko. Umur petani, pendidikan, pendapatan usahatani bawang merah dan pendapatan luar usahatani bawang merah siginifikan dan mempengaruhi perilaku petani terhadap risiko. Kata Kunci: Bawang merah, Ordinary Least Square (OLS), perilaku terhadap risiko, risiko
Faoeza Hafiz Saragih
Published: 31 October 2017
JURNAL AGRICA, Volume 10, pp 112-118; doi:10.31289/agrica.v10i2.1458

Abstract:Indonesia is an agriculture country, which means the agricultural sector was an important role in the Indonesian economy. One of the main problems faced by the agricultural sector is the lack of farmer capital in developing his farm, the farmer is not able to fund their farm with their own funds. The agricultural sector is known to be quite risky and uncertain and this make the financial institutions to fund this sector is relatively low. Other financing alternatives that may be the solution for farmers is the shariah financing institutions. Some shariah products which can be applied to agribusiness, among others: Mudharabah, Musharaka, muzara'ah, musaqoh, bai 'murabahah, bai istishna, bai' as-salam and rahn.Keyword: Agriculture, Financing, Shariah
Muhammad Riza Febriano, Hariyadi Hariyadi, A Roby Falatehan
Published: 19 September 2017
JURNAL AGRICA, Volume 10, pp 22-35; doi:10.31289/agrica.v10i1.587

Abstract:Sei Mangkei Special Economic Zone (SEZ) have been designed by Government of Indonesia as industrial cluster for palm oil derivative product industries. In many cases, selected areas for industrial cluster developed into an industrial aglomeration than industrial clustering. To ensure industrial cluster accomplishment, sustainability and integration analysis should be done. The aim of paper was to conduct management strategic, sustainability and integration analysis of Sei Mangkei SEZ cluster development. Multicriteria Decision Making (MDM) analithycal hierarchy processs (AHP) was used to determine the value of strategic priority index. There considered for measuring the index categorized in 5 dimensions : economic, social, enviromental/ecological, laws regulations and institutional, industrial and technology. The index score of sustainability priority index of Sei Mangkei SEZ that showing that the industrial cluster development categorized as sufficient category. The lowest index was found for industrial and technology (0.195) and the highest was environment/ecological dimension and economic dimension (0.236). From the leverage analysis, some critical attributes in each dimensions were found and need improvement to increase the management strategic of Sei Mangkei SEZ into sustainability and integration. Institutional strengthening and accelerated development of infrastructure are the crucial factor should be prioritized for the development of palm oil based industrial cluster at Sei Mangkei SEZ. This could be a significant reference for the decision makers, in this case is Government (PTPN III State-Owned Enterprises and Administrator) in cooperation with private sectors (tenant) to develop Sei Mangkei SEZ
Siska Lusia Putri, Lili Nursinta
Published: 19 September 2017
JURNAL AGRICA, Volume 10, pp 13-21; doi:10.31289/agrica.v10i1.879

Abstract:Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh relationship marketing terhadap loyalitas pelanggan dan untuk menentukan variabel dari relationship marketing yang paling dominan berpengaruh terhadap loyalitas pelanggan. Indikator relationship marketing yang digunakan mencakup (kepercayaan, komitmen, dan komunikasi) pada konsumen Tropicana Slim di Kota Padang. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif kuantitatif dengan menggunakan analisis regresi dan korelasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa semua indikator relationship marketing (kepercayaan, komitmen, dan komunikasi) bernilai positif dan berpengaruh terhadap loyalitas pelanggan dan nilai R-Square untuk semua indikator bernilai 0.650.
Erwin Pane, Tumpal H Siregar, Abdul Rahman
Published: 19 September 2017
JURNAL AGRICA, Volume 10, pp 1-12; doi:10.31289/agrica.v10i1.878

Abstract:Pengambangan karet di sekitar hulu dan hilir sekaligus di hadapkan pada maslaah kelangkaan tenaga kerja, terutama penyadap dimana aktivitas nya menyerap 45-50% dari biaya produksi. Halini semakin berat pada perkebunan yang jauh dari pusat kota, dimana sarana dan prasarana akses terhadap pelayanan umum terbatas.Tujuan penilitian adalah untuk mendapatkan suatu modul strategi penanggulangan terhadap kelangkaan penyadap di perkebunan karet. Penilitian di lakukan di Sikijang,Riau. Data diperoleh dengan menggunakan insrumen kuisioner pada 58 orang responden terpilih yan data nya di olah dengan Microsoft excel .Data sekunder di dapatkan dari BPS (badan pusat statistic), Dinas dirjen perkebunan, Deperindak, Depnaker,dan browsing website terkait. Variable yang di ukur dikelompokkan dalam faktor faktor strategis internal dan eksternal yang di analisis melalui pendekatan SWOT, berdasarkan penilaian aspek kesejahteraan tenaga penyadap, ketersedian tenaga kerja, persaingan antar kebun/ industri, dan prefensi tenaga kerja yang menghasilakan tujuh alternative kebijakan strategis untuk meningkatkan daya tarik menjadi penyadap
Ringgo Arman, Hariyadi Hariyadi, Setyawan Sunito
Published: 19 September 2017
JURNAL AGRICA, Volume 10, pp 36-43; doi:10.31289/agrica.v10i1.588

Abstract:The landscape changed of palm oil plantation PTPN III (Persero) Afdeling I became The Sei Mangkei Special Economic Zone (SEZ), it gaves essential impact to the basic problems divided the households livelihood of casual workers (BHL) palm oil plantation in the Sei Mangkei village. This study was illustrated the resilience of the BHL households livelihood in the Sei Mangkei village. This paper aims to measured community resilience of a landscape changed afdeling I PTPN III (Persero) to divided Sei Mangkei SEZ. Analysis of livelihood resilience used a concept of rules is called an index, resilience indicators and households resilience were then collected through questionnaires. The respondent are many 30 BHL households, the sampling located at Sei Mangkei Village. From the calculation of the index has been obtained that result households resilience index a value of 0,35. That means livelihood resilience of BHL household is low when there has been a landscape change at afdeling I divided Sei Mangkei SEZ
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