Strategic Planning for Energy and the Environment

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1048-5236 / 1546-0126
Published by: River Publishers (10.13052)
Total articles ≅ 694
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Latest articles in this journal

Medani Bhandari
Strategic Planning for Energy and the Environment pp 381–402-381–402;

The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the importance of strategic planning in general and its application in energy and the environment in particular. In the contemporary world, planning is so common that we cannot even manage everyday life without plan. Strategic planning is a formalized, structured, planned way to manage planning from formulation to implementation, evaluation, and control. When we talk about energy, we mostly talk about the various forms (physical) of energy such as nuclear, thermal, chemical, electrical, or other forms which create and transform energy. The sources of energy can be solar, wind, water, nuclear, electromagnetism or related to fossil – coal, gas, petroleum etc. The world rarely has sufficient energy therefore, strategic planning for energy is essential to sustain and maintain the energy supply and demand. The environment is our entire surroundings including the land, air, water, or the combination of all biotic and abiotic factors of the planet. We have ample evidence that anthropogenic disturbances have already destroyed the balance of nature, as a result the global climatic pattern is changed, and there has been unprecedented damage to our ecosystem. Such severe impacts due to global environmental change mean that it is extremely urgent that we formulate a strategic plan (or plans) to protect the environment. There are as yet no alternatives for Planet Earth, therefore we need planned strategies to minimize the environmental problems. This review outlines why strategic planning is so important for the future of energy and the environment since they go hand in hand.
Katherine Eddings, Durga D Poudel, Timothy W. Duex, Robert Miller, J. Calvin Berry
Strategic Planning for Energy and the Environment pp 355–380-355–380;

Climate change impacts on rising temperatures, changes on rainfall patterns, drought, flooding, sea level rise, glacier melts, and incidence of diseases and parasites are reported worldwide in recent decades. This study investigates the effects of changing climatic conditions – particularly air temperature and precipitation, on surface water temperatures and other water quality parameters, such as the conductivity, dissolved oxygen (DO), pH, and turbidity. A statistical analysis was performed on air temperature and precipitation data from 1980 to 2005 to determine the changing climatic conditions. The water quality data for four waterbodies in southwestern Louisiana was also analyzed to examine trends between the air temperature and surface water temperatures, precipitation and surface water temperatures, and precipitation and water quality parameters. There was an unexpected increase in surface water temperature with an increase in precipitation. As the precipitation and air temperature increased, so did the surface water temperature. This increase in surface water temperature was correlated with decrease in DO levels. The increase in precipitation also correlated with an increase in pH and turbidity in Bayou Plaquemine Brule. This study’s findings could be utilized in a dynamic climate modeling system to provide more accurate predictions of climate change in southwestern Louisiana.
Anuj Gupta, Kapil Gupta, Sumit Saroha
Strategic Planning for Energy and the Environment pp 319–354-319–354;

Renewable energy has received a lot of attention in the previous two decades when it comes to meeting electrical needs in the home, industrial, and agricultural sectors. Solar forecasting is critical for the efficient operation, scheduling, and balancing of energy generation by standalone and grid-connected solar PV systems. A variety of models and methods have been developed in the literature to forecast solar irradiance. This paper provides an analysis of the techniques used in the literature to forecast solar irradiance. The main focus of the study is to investigate the influence of meteorological variables, time horizons, climatic zone, pre-processing technique, optimization & sample size on the complexity and accuracy of the model. Due to their nonlinear complicated problem solving skills, artificial neural network based models outperform other models in the literature. Hybridizing the two models or performing pre-processing on the input data can improve their accuracy even more. It also addresses the various main constituents that influence a model’s accuracy. The paper provides key findings based on studied literature to select the optimal model for a specific site. This paper also discusses the metrics used to measure the efficiency of forecasted model. It has been observed that the proper selection of training and testing period also enhance the accuracy of the model.
Durga D Poudel
Strategic Planning for Energy and the Environment pp 243–318-243–318;

Sustainable conservation, development, and utilization of natural and human resources is necessary for accelerated economic growth and fast-paced socio-economic transformation of Nepal. Asta-Ja Framework, which is a theoretically grounded grassroots based peaceful and self-reliant planning and development approach, offers practical strategies for sustainable conservation and development of natural and human resources enhancing food, water, climate, and environmental security, accelerated economic growth, and socio-economic transformation of Nepal. Asta-Ja includes interconnected eight resources in Nepali letter, Ja, – Jal (water), Jamin (land), Jungle (forest), Jadibuti (medicinal and aromatic plants), Janashakti (manpower), Janawar (animal), Jarajuri (crop plants) and Jalabayu (climate). Asta-Ja Framework is a unifying framework for planning and resources development and has a strong footing on science, business, and eastern philosophy. While providing practical guidelines for achieving food, water, climate and environmental security, this article presents Nepal Vision 2040, which is developed considering challenges that Nepal is currently facing and its available Asta-Ja resources, envisioning that Nepal’s economic development reaching at the par of developed nations by 2040. Key strategic sectors identified in Nepal Vision 2040 include smallholder mixed-farming system, agro-jadibuti industrialization, protection of drinking water sources, climate change adaptation, environmental pollution control, conservation of natural resources, infrastructure, tourism, renewable energy, alleviation of inequalities, and good governance. This article demonstrates strategies for addressing social discrimination and inequalities through the process of Asta-Ja community capacity-building and self-reliant development. Ecological balance of Asta-Ja resources is necessary for sustainable natural resources, economic development, and community resiliency. The Government of Nepal is suggested to adopt Asta-Ja Framework as its national planning and development framework for sustainable economic growth and fast-paced socio-economic transformation of the country.
Strategic Planning for Energy and the Environment, Volume 38, pp 63-80;

Building energy consumption will likely increase in the future due to enhanced living standards and greater use of air-conditioning. This article reviews the technologies associated with evaporative passive cooling including roof surface evaporative cooling, evaporative cooling walls, and downdraft evaporative cooling in buildings. Our intent is to attract architects and building engineers to the energy-saving benefits of incorporating passive evaporative cooling in building designs.
, MohammadEsmaeil Sadeghieh
Strategic Planning for Energy and the Environment, Volume 38, pp 7-28;

Many past studies have explored the relationships between income and CO2 emissions; however, most have not covered the possible effects of financial indicators on their frameworks. This study investigates the relationships between financial development and environmental degradation in Turkey from 1960 to 2011 using a multivariate framework that focuses on economic growth and fuel consumption as additional determinants of environmental degradation. Because a unit root test indicated that data were not stationary, the Johansen co-integration test was applied, revealing that the variables under investigation are co-integrated in the long run. After establishing the long-run relationship between variables, error correction modeling identified the long-run and short-run coefficients of the variables. The findings show that in the long-run, economic growth has negative and significant effect on carbon emissions (-0.069) while fuel consumption has positive and elastic impact on carbon emissions (2.82). Therefore, the error correction term implies that CO2 moves to its long-run equilibrium level at a speed of adjustment of 16.97% by the contributions of gross domestic product (GDP), fossil fuel consumption and financial development.
Yuejun Luo, Wenjun Wang, , Daiqing Zhao
Strategic Planning for Energy and the Environment, Volume 38, pp 42-62;

Strategic Planning for Energy and the Environment, Volume 38, pp 31-41;

While many believe that the biggest problems today are the world's struggling economies, the increase in terrorist cults, or growing populations, the greatest predicament concerns fossil fuel consumption, the resulting climate change and its repercussions. To change our patterns of fossil fuel consumption, key alternatives include fuel options such as renewable energy sources (e.g., solar or wind energy) and nuclear energy. As discussed in this article, renewable energy sources also have an environmental impact and are inadequate to totally meet the demands of an ever-expanding industrial civilization. Another alternative that many environmentalists are promoting is nuclear energy, which has been cited as the ultimate clean energy. At present, nuclear energy offers hope for an eco-friendly and economically-suitable energy option. This article argues that despite the challenges of public security, nuclear energy is a far better alternative than carbon-based fuels to promote sustainable development and protect against accelerated climate change.
Strategic Planning for Energy and the Environment, Volume 38, pp 2-2;

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