Jurnal The Messenger

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2086-1559 / 2527-2810
Published by: Universitas Semarang (10.26623)
Total articles ≅ 208
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DOAJ
ESCI
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Latest articles in this journal

, Billy K. Sarwono, Donna Asteria, Sunarto Sunarto
Published: 3 May 2022
Jurnal The Messenger, Volume 14, pp 17-35; https://doi.org/10.26623/themessenger.v14i1.4158

Abstract:
Introduction: This study aims to show the misrepresentation of minority groups, specifically widowed women (hereinafter referred to as janda) in the era of convergence of media content (television as well as streaming and social media) in Indonesia. Media as the fourth pillar of democracy are supposed to inform and represent everything in a balanced and fair manner, instead of favoring the interests of the majority. The question we attempt to answer is: how the misrepresentation of janda on converged media content (FTVs) in a patriarchal society?Methods: This study applied feminist perspective in media convergence as well as the narrative analysis of Chatman.Findings: In general, the results of the study show that the convergence has not been in favor of janda, indicating that internet technology does not only strengthen the gender-biased values of media industry person in massively distributing FTVs (via streaming and social media) that threaten minorities, but also ignores the opposing feedback from netizens. As a result, the minority groups are increasingly muted. Reproduction of labelling of janda is a strategy of media owners to obtain maximum profits.Originality: We noted many studies on janda conducted from various scientific perspectives. However, studies that observe the depiction of janda in the media convergence in the perspective of communication studies are scarce. This study provides a discussion on the representation of janda in the vortex of capitalism in media convergence as the major novelty in this line of study.
Handrini Ardiyanti, Ilya Revianti Sunarwinadi, Udi Rusadi
Published: 3 May 2022
Jurnal The Messenger, Volume 14, pp 36-56; https://doi.org/10.26623/themessenger.v14i1.4049

Abstract:
Introduction: This study tries to visualize the Twitter activism networks and their opinion leader with the case of #FreeWestPapua activism. This study is important to find out who the opinion leaders and their networks are. This study also provides an overview of how the opinion leader frames opinions about #FreeWestPapua activism on Twitter. Methods: This research used Social Media Network Analysis (SMNA). The SMNA method is the application of the Social Network Analysis (SNA) method to examine conversations on social media. Data collection and data processing are collected and visualised with Netlytic. Findings: The results showed that there are 13 opinion leaders and all of the opinion leaders are from outside Papua. This study concluded that there is alienation in separatist activism in the case of #FreeWestPapua on Twitter. The most influential opinion leader in the separatist activism on Twitter is @VeronicaKoman who has the biggest values and is also active to frame public opinion. #FreeWestpapua activism framed Indonesia as a colonial in diagnostic framing and #FreeWestPapua as a solution in prognostic framing. To attract support from the international community, opinion leaders in #FreeWestPapua activism took advantage of the various #BlackLivesMatter issue and other international moments such as Korindo news by BBC.com. Originality: Although a lot of research on the Free Papua Movement has been done, there has never been a study explains about who opinion leaders and their networks and also how they are framed public opinion about #FreeWestPapua activism on social media.
Usman Kansong, Ilya Revianti Sunarwinadi, Pinckey Triputra
Published: 3 May 2022
Jurnal The Messenger, Volume 14, pp 1-16; https://doi.org/10.26623/themessenger.v14i1.4193

Abstract:
Introduction: The mainstream media used political and media logic on religious populism to reinforce ideological changes in contemporary society. This study investigated how media mediatize the 212 rally (aksi 212) and the 2017 Jakarta Governorial Election as religious populism cases. This study also compared how media in Indonesia and India delivered the content based on the majority identity. Methods: This study applied a qualitative approach. Detik.com, Metro TV, and Republika Daily were selected based on their delivery content platform and media ownership. The qualitative content analysis was applied to explore the concepts of political and media logic. Then, the results of Islamic populism in Indonesia were compared with Hindu populism in India. Findings: This study found that the three media mediatized aksi 212 and the 2017 Jakarta Governorial Election as religious populism by using direct interaction. Detik.com was applying media logic while Metro TV and Republika Daily performed political logic. In comparing religious populism between Indonesia and India, the finding confirmed that populism came from a major identity. The finding showed that economic motivation could be escalated in parallel with religious identity. Originality: This study become a novelty since no previous studies investigate the different delivery content platforms and the media ownership including comparing the mediatization process between two countries. Previous studies focused on the media concentration based on media ownership, platform, media landscape, and media policy without a mediatization process and religious populism. The previous studies of the mediatization of religious populism were conducted in a single case.
Oktavia Nur'Afifah, Edy Prihantoro
Published: 30 December 2021
Jurnal The Messenger, Volume 13, pp 238-255; https://doi.org/10.26623/themessenger.v13i3.2328

Abstract:
The presence of the millennial generation in the world of tourism has different characteristics from the previous generation. They are not interested in commercial advertising but prefer a User-Generated Content (UGC) approach and influence in their social environment. The purpose of this research is to determine the influence of social and UGC on Instagram on millennial generation travel decision-making. Instagram was chosen because 67% of travelers use Instagram for travel inspiration before booking a trip and after a trip is booked, and continue to use it for future trips. The sample of this study was 384 millennial respondents in the Greater Jakarta area because it had the demographic bonus and the most productive age. The results show that UGC on Instagram is highly trusted as a media for millennial tourism decision-making because it is authentic and reliable. This research also succeeded in answering the phenomenon which states that the millennial generation can change the tourism industry. This finding is useful for destination managers and the government in their efforts to increase the promotion of tourist destinations to the millennial generation with the Instagram user-generated content approach.
, Ana Kuswanti, Rizky Ridho Pratomo, Valerii L. Muzykant
Published: 30 December 2021
Jurnal The Messenger, Volume 13, pp 223-237; https://doi.org/10.26623/themessenger.v13i3.3991

Abstract:
During the early Covid-19 pandemic, led by controversial presidential figure Donald Trump, the US seemed to be overwhelmed by this microbial creature, proving to be one of the countries with the most Covid-19. Besides health impacts, there are many multi-effects afterward, such as economic, social, political, and so on, that must be faced after this Covid-19 outbreak. Moreover, the US will hold a presidential election in November 2020. This challenge makes Trump must focus on how to complete Covid-19 while maintaining electability as President. One of the methods adopted is by forming narration through Twitter. Donald Trump is an active Twitter user who often tweets about his stance. Therefore, this study wants to analyze Trump's Twitter tweet content based on propaganda based on six propaganda classifications based on Holly Thayer's Theory. The quantitative content analysis method is the systematic and replicable examination of symbols of communication. The object of research in this article is Twitter's @realDonaldTrump tweet. We analyzed Donald Trump's Twitter content in the period 1 March 2020-27 May 2020 with a systematic random sample method. Our result shows that Trump constructs a message to support his policy and maintain his electability.
Anna Puji Lestari, Fitri Fitri
Published: 30 December 2021
Jurnal The Messenger, Volume 13, pp 256-270; https://doi.org/10.26623/themessenger.v13i3.2047

Abstract:
This study examines the barriers to online journalism in the 5.0 industry era in facing market competition. This research was conducted on suaramerdeka.com as a large newspaper company in Central Java that can still survive in the midst of global competition in the mass media competition. Critical perspective with Fairclough's Critical Discourse Analysis design used in this study. The novelty of this research is specifically to answer the challenges of online journalism in the era of the industrial revolution 5.0 in terms of human resources. The findings of this study are related to the routine of news production in the suaramerdeka.com media, the speed of news updates, the accuracy and balance of the news. The human resources of news seekers and editing teams are not yet fully prepared to face the challenges of the new era. The results of this study shows that 1) the news production dependent on HR factor, company factor and managing editor; 2) the news delivery planning dependent on the market need, the news content of the printed Suara Merdeka aims at fulfilling the needs of the people of Central Java, suaramerdeka.com seeks to meet the needs of the people of Central Java around the world.
Kurniawaty Yusuf, Rini Sudarmanti
Published: 30 December 2021
Jurnal The Messenger, Volume 13, pp 211-222; https://doi.org/10.26623/themessenger.v13i3.2247

Abstract:
Nowadays the presence of internet provides virtual spaces for diaspora women who are living outside Indonesia. Living within different cultures are challenging and social media platform can be as self-actualization medium to representing identities and expressing their emotional bonding with homeland. There are only several research which have revealed on how Indonesia women diaspora from mixed family especially in maintaining YouTube platforms. The aim of this study is tried to portray how Indonesian diaspora women revealing their national identity within video YouTube content. This research method was descriptive qualitative. Data were collected from ten videos of two Indonesian diasporas YouTuber who have mixed family, living abroad, and have more than 1 (one) million subscribers. We tried to explore from some categories such as video's location, moment or time background, target viewer, and on how delivering the messages within videos. Research finding showed that the video’s contents indicated kind of negotiation construction for showing love and caring between homeland and recent locations, also acceptance with local identities. Elements of Indonesian are attached in their everyday life. In addition, they were still depicted as being related to domestic role and being responsible for taking care of the family.
Nataliia Kochkina, Marina Riccardi
Published: 30 December 2021
Jurnal The Messenger, Volume 13, pp 194-210; https://doi.org/10.26623/themessenger.v13i3.2780

Abstract:
The need to incorporate cultural aspects into business practice is long-standing. The cultural environment in Ukraine and Italy was reshaped, especially during the Covid-19 pandemic. Social networks reflected such transformation both at the personal level and in the business activities of national companies on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and other media. Facebook pages were analyzed as the most popular social platform in Ukraine and Italy to reveal these changes. Content analysis of countries' leaders in retail, e-commerce, and service was carried out, namely EVA, Rozetka, and Nova Noshta for Ukraine; and Conad, Bottega Verde, and Italo Treno for Italy. Two-phase desk research was conducted with ten research questions for each cultural dimension encoded in a binary system. The research has shown that Ukrainian business still manifests collaborative problem solving, compliance with social standards, and the value of human life. It demonstrates a low level of power distance and uncertainty avoidance. Ukraine is gradually changing its paradigm of thinking to a more hedonic and individualistic similar to Western Europe. In contrast, Italy shows less respect for power in all its manifestations and a greater willingness to take risks than before. The country has become less goal-oriented, restrained, and masculine but more collectivistic.
Mila Maisarah, Nazli Ismail, Khairul Munadi
Published: 5 November 2021
Jurnal The Messenger, Volume 13, pp 147-161; https://doi.org/10.26623/themessenger.v13i2.2492

Abstract:
Radio is one of the media still used by the public either for having entertainment or gaining information. Amid the rapid growth of television and internet, radio is still exhibiting its existence. Radio’s involvement on the efforts of educating Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) to the public is crucial because it can be accessed conveniently in variety circumstances. This study focused on examining how the existence of Radio RepublikIndonesia (RRI) Banda Aceh in educating DRR efforts for the public. It discussed about how the people obtain the DRR education through some radio programs concerning to DRR. RRI Banda Aceh was chosen because it is the only one government owned radio in Banda Aceh that is responsible on educating the public through the broadcasting contents. This study was conducted by using a qualitative method. The data were collected by means of interviewing the leaders of RRI Banda Aceh and observing the recording of the radio broadcasted contents related to the DRR. This study, eventually, found that the existence of RRI Banda Aceh in educating DRR efforts was manifested in three different ways such as broadcasting disaster news, talk-shows, and public service announcements. Those three ways had their own advantages and disadvantages.
Fikry Zahria Emeraldien, Rahma Sugihartati, Titik Puji Rahayu
Published: 5 November 2021
Jurnal The Messenger, Volume 13, pp 179-193; https://doi.org/10.26623/themessenger.v13i2.1011

Abstract:
Many scholars have conducted studies on the accuracy of the news media, such as newspaper, television, and magazine, but not online media. In fact, online media is a significant news media in the moment, especially in Indonesia. Online press companies are even the largest press companies in Indonesia compared to newspapers, radio, and television. Therefore, this study is conducted to measure the inaccuracies that occur in news in online news media. Researchers examined 63 online journalistic media that have been administratively and factually verified by the ‘Dewan Pers’ (Press Council). It uses a content analysis method by coding the headlines in Indonesian online journalistic media. This study finds online mass media categories based on the theme segmentation, namely: 1) general, 2) economics, technology, and business, 3) sports, 4) politics, law, and crime, 5) lifestyle and entertainment, and 6) regional. The results of this study indicate that the inaccuracy of news in Indonesian online media is high. Media with economics, technology, and business most often make grammatical errors. This study also finds that speed does not only has an impact on grammatical inaccuracies, but also on unbalanced news reporting, where the imbalance in Indonesian online media news itself is very high.
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