Sociologija. Mintis ir veiksmas
ISSN / EISSN : 1392-3358 / 2335-8890
Published by: Vilnius University Press (10.15388)
Total articles ≅ 487
Latest articles in this journal
Sociologija. Mintis ir veiksmas, Volume 47, pp 7-20; https://doi.org/10.15388/socmintvei.2020.2.24
In this paper, conflict-triggered internal displacement is reviewed through the visibility of migration-affected groups, as well as their access to decision-making. The blind-spot effect in the migration studies extends the cognitive and social implications of the systems theory, and engulfs both hypovisibility through anopticism and pseudoassimilation, and hypervisibility through panopticism and excessive control of the displaced citizens. In the context of the impact of IDP status on visibility assessment, I suggest supplementing the migration-studies’ concepts of “phlogiston” and “witch” with that of “ethanethiol”, thus starting a discussion on the role of the otherness marker in the migrantising of citizens. The case of protracted internal displacement in Ukraine due to the Russia-backed armed conflict serves as an illustration of the displaced populations’ visibility challenges and solutions.
Sociologija. Mintis ir veiksmas, Volume 47, pp 51-61; https://doi.org/10.15388/socmintvei.2020.2.27
This article analyses the concept of enjoyment, proposed by Jacques Lacan, the French theoretician of psychoanalysis. The aim is to show the relation between the enjoyment and the other and to find a possibility to create different social relations in which the other (an individual or a group) is not an obstacle for individual or collective enjoyment but its foundation. In this article I develop the Lacanian argument of enjoyment how a plane of the Real, the possibility to meet the other as a person in everyday situations, allows an individual to maintain solidarity with that other person which before was his imaginary competitor.
Sociologija. Mintis ir veiksmas, Volume 47, pp 36-50; https://doi.org/10.15388/socmintvei.2020.2.26
The article analyses the conflict between two prominent French sociologists P. Bourdieu and B. Latour. It attempts to answer a question to what extent this conflict reflects the paradigmatic break of sociology. The study of the conflict concludes with the statement that the attempts of B. Latour and his allies to “reassemble the social” and institutionalize Actor-Network-Theory resulted in the critical movement of the Science Technology Studies (STS). However, STS does not succeed to become the paradigmatic break of the path of sociology.
Sociologija. Mintis ir veiksmas, Volume 47, pp 21-35; https://doi.org/10.15388/socmintvei.2020.2.25
Tai Bruno Latouro straipsnio, kuris parašytas kaip dialogas, „On Using ANT for Studying Information Systems: A (Somewhat) Socratic Dialogue“ vertimas. Profesoriaus ir doktoranto dialogo metu atskleidžiamas veikėjo-tinklo-teorijos turinys, išdėstomas B. Latouro požiūris į refeksyvumą, struktūralistinį aiškinimą ir socialinių mokslų paskirtį. Pirmą kartą šį dialogą B. Latouras paskelbė 2004 m. C. Avgerou, C. Ciborra, F. F. Land sudarytoje knygoje The Social Study of Information and Communication Technology. Innovation, Actors, and Contexts(Oxford University Press).
Sociologija. Mintis ir veiksmas, Volume 46; https://doi.org/10.15388/socmintvei.2020.1.21
Sociologija. Mintis ir veiksmas, Volume 46, pp 29-47; https://doi.org/10.15388/socmintvei.2020.1.19
In this article, I seek to investigate how people living in the Šalčininkai district perceive the cultural boundary between locals and newcomers. Based on biographical interviews collected during the ethnographic field research, I argue that historical circumstances and frequent changes in state affiliation have influenced the drawing of the cultural boundary between locals and newcomers. In the article, I present how this division is understood by people of different generations living in the Šalčininkai district. The cultural boundary between locals and newcomers is very important to the oldest generation (born before World War II). People who grew up during Soviet times understand this boundary and its significance, but pay less attention to it. The youngest generation (people born around 1990) perceive this cultural boundary as a useless remnant of the past and want to distance themselves from it.
Sociologija. Mintis ir veiksmas, Volume 46, pp 7-28; https://doi.org/10.15388/socmintvei.2020.1.18
The article examines the autobiographical memory of the 1970s generation about the Soviet era. This generation, born in 1970–1979, is interesting for research because of its socialization in two different social and political systems: its childhood and adolescence date back to the Soviet period, while the beginning of adulthood coincides with the collapse of socialism and the restoration of democracy. Based on an analysis of life stories of the 1970s generation, the article explores features of memory of this generation, how it corresponds to the discourse of autobiographical memory of the Soviet era, as well as the generation’s role in the intergenerational transmission of Soviet-era family memory.
Sociologija. Mintis ir veiksmas, Volume 46, pp 69-94; https://doi.org/10.15388/socmintvei.2020.1.22
In today’s post-industrial societies, young people, compared to previous generations, experience longer and more complex processes of creating professional identity, developing a career or finding “one’s vocation”. They also face difficulties in achieving financial independence, starting a family, and leaving parental homes, which altogether define the status of an adult person. Based on the overview of sociological and psychological scholarly literature, the complexity of young people’s identity formation in the context of a passage towards social maturity is analysed. The most significant tensions related to the question of “who am I and what do I want” are emphasized in the article, together with the circumstances of contemporary society that stimulate them. (Non-)applicability of the concept of the quarter-life crisis is finally highlighted in order to summarise, reflect, and explain some of the experiences and life events of young people. The title of the article is a famous quotation of Tennessee Williams.
Sociologija. Mintis ir veiksmas, Volume 46, pp 48-68; https://doi.org/10.15388/socmintvei.2020.1.20
This paper aims to analyse the impact of demographic and social factors on first partnership in Lithuania – the duration of premarital cohabitation, the sustainability of such relationships, and the transition into marriage. The research is based on the 2019 Family and Inequality Survey of 1970–1984 birth cohorts. Data analysis shows that most young people began their first partnership as a cohabitation rather than marriage, and the average premarital time spent in a cohabitation increases within this cohort. Cohabitation eventually transitions into marriage, and five years after the start of cohabitation, almost all cohabitants marry, and only a small percentage of cohabitating unions dissolve. Based on Cox regression analysis, the level of education and finished studies, as well as pregnancy, are significant predictors of the transition from cohabitation to marriage. The results of the research show that three decades after the beginning of the spread of cohabitation in Lithuania, cohabitation competes with marriage, but it does not challenge the importance of marriage as an institution of childbearing and upbringing.
Sociologija. Mintis ir veiksmas, Volume 44, pp 155-186; https://doi.org/10.15388/socmintvei.2019.1.12
The main purpose of this article is to discuss the social aspects of the apparitions of the Virgin Mary, the development of apparition places, as well as the motivation and behavioral characteristics of pilgrims going to the miraculous places of the Virgin Mary in Lithuania. The article reviews the criteria recognized by the Church for assessment of the authenticity of apparitions, their characteristics, paradigm, and other scientific researches, a list of the Vatican-approved apparitions and apparition places in Lithuania. We used the main elements of the paradigm of apparitions for an empirical study of the officially recognized apparition in Šiluva, Lithuania. Finally, we also explore the complex motivation of religious tourism and pilgrimage. It relates to the manifestation of pilgrims’ personal or community values and identity as well as other cognitive or social motives. The paper concludes that the apparitions of the Virgin Mary take place in locations where social groups resist political, social, or moral change. Therefore, places of apparitions become a continuously re-created and re-interpreted social reality.