Psychonomic Bulletin & Review

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 10699384 / 15315320
Current Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC (10.3758)
Total articles ≅ 3,488
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Latest articles in this journal

David Souto, Lily Smith, Jennifer Sudkamp, Marina Bloj
Psychonomic Bulletin & Review pp 1-8; doi:10.3758/s13423-020-01776-x

Abstract:
Physical interactions between objects, or between an object and the ground, are amongst the most biologically relevant for live beings. Prior knowledge of Newtonian physics may play a role in disambiguating an object’s movement as well as foveation by increasing the spatial resolution of the visual input. Observers were shown a virtual 3D scene, representing an ambiguously rotating ball translating on the ground. The ball was perceived as rotating congruently with friction, but only when gaze was located at the point of contact. Inverting or even removing the visual context had little influence on congruent judgements compared with the effect of gaze. Counterintuitively, gaze at the point of contact determines the solution of perceptual ambiguity, but independently of visual context. We suggest this constitutes a frugal strategy, by which the brain infers dynamics locally when faced with a foveated input that is ambiguous.
Gianni Ribeiro, Jason Tangen, Blake McKimmie
Psychonomic Bulletin & Review pp 1-8; doi:10.3758/s13423-020-01784-x

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Carmen Callizo-Romero, Slavica Tutnjević, Maja Pandza, Marc Ouellet, Alexander Kranjec, Sladjana Ilić, Yan Gu, Tilbe Göksun, Sobh Chahboun, Daniel Casasanto, et al.
Psychonomic Bulletin & Review pp 1-12; doi:10.3758/s13423-020-01760-5

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Tim Rakow, Nga Yiu Cheung, Camilla Restelli
Psychonomic Bulletin & Review pp 1-8; doi:10.3758/s13423-020-01775-y

Abstract:
It is often assumed that most people are loss averse, placing more weight on losses than commensurate gains; however, some research identifies variability in loss sensitivity that reflects features of the environment. We examined this plasticity in loss sensitivity by manipulating the size and distribution of possible outcomes in a set of mixed gambles, and assessing individual stability in loss sensitivity. In each of two sessions, participants made accept-reject decisions for 64 mixed-outcome gambles. Participants were randomly assigned to conditions defined by the relative range of losses and gains (wider range of losses vs. wider range of gains), and the currency-units at stake (‘pennies’ vs. ‘pounds’). Participants showed modest but non-trivial consistency in their sensitivity to losses; though loss sensitivity also varied substantially with our manipulations. When possible gains had greater range than possible losses, most participants were loss averse; however, when possible losses had the greater range, reverse loss aversion was the norm (i.e., more weight on gains than losses). This is consistent with decision-by-sampling theory, whereby an outcome’s rank within a consideration-set determines its value, but can also be explained by the gamble’s expected-value rank within the decision-set, or by adapting aspirations to the decision-environment. Loss aversion was also reduced in the second session of decisions when the stakes had been higher in the previous session. This illustrates the influence of prior context on current sensitivity to losses, and suggests a role for idiosyncratic experiences in the development of individual differences in loss sensitivity.
Alyssa H. Sinclair, Matthew L. Stanley, Paul Seli
Psychonomic Bulletin & Review pp 1-14; doi:10.3758/s13423-020-01767-y

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Samuel D. McDougle, Anne G. E. Collins
Psychonomic Bulletin & Review pp 1-20; doi:10.3758/s13423-020-01774-z

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Bethany Growns, Noam Siegelman, Kristy A. Martire
Psychonomic Bulletin & Review pp 1-9; doi:10.3758/s13423-020-01781-0

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Mahiko Konishi, Clémence Compain, Bruno Berberian, Jérôme Sackur, Vincent De Gardelle
Psychonomic Bulletin & Review; doi:10.3758/s13423-020-01779-8

Ru Qi Yu, Jiaying Zhao
Psychonomic Bulletin & Review; doi:10.3758/s13423-020-01778-9

Chris Westbury
Psychonomic Bulletin & Review pp 1-17; doi:10.3758/s13423-020-01769-w

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
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