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ISSN / EISSN : 1584-1057 / 2065-5002
Total articles ≅ 416
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Qiuqi Li
Cultura, Volume 17, pp 193-211; https://doi.org/10.3726/cul012020.0012

Abstract:
In the discussion whether Confucianism supports human rights, it is necessary to distinguish between the content and the form of human rights. Regarding the content of human rights, only the normative texts in Confucianism can contribute to the discussion. Even though Confucianism concedes that people are equal in nature, this equality is restricted in certain areas of normative justification. Regarding the form of human rights, the Confucian idea of graded love is against the universal nature of human rights. However, the pre-ontology of Heidegger shows us how graded love can actually be the ground of the Confucian approach to universality, which overcomes the opposition between universality and particularity within Western metaphysics. Therefore, in the Confucian approach to universality, graded love can be the motivation to universalizing of human rights. Moreover, as the Confucian approach to universality is not a principle that transcends all particularities, it helps construct an inclusive form of human rights.
Mohd Faizal Bin Musa
Cultura, Volume 17, pp 99-119; https://doi.org/10.3726/cul012020.0007

Abstract:
Over the years, there are various research on cultural development seen from socio-historical perspective. The uniqueness of Islam in Malay region as it is diverse and open to outside influences is important to be look at; as it differs greatly from “the Islam” that have been practiced in the Middle East. Based on the discussions, the ulemas or Muslim clerics of this region and the Malays themselves have already practiced the supra-madhhab model as proposed by many contemporary scholars. Using Shia influences in the Malay culture, this paper attempt to show how sectarianism within Islam was never entertained by the Muslims in this region. In fact, Shi’ism was so embedded in Malay culture. Although being dominated by Sunnism, most of the Shia doctrines and pillars were widely accepted and embraced. The axiology of Shi’ism in Malay culture reflected in many religious texts, classical literature and cultural events. However, as sectarianism rising in this region, the Shia influence and its axiology slowly eroded and were victimized by unnecessary foreign interventions.
Vilija Targamadze, Vaida Asakavièiute, Vilija Grincevièiene
Cultura, Volume 17, pp 121-137; https://doi.org/10.3726/cul012020.0008

Abstract:
The novelty of this paper is that Modus Vivendi of 13-14 year old teenagers is viewed from the perspective of the new generation Z teachers. Teachers, belonging to the same generation as students, participated in the qualitative study and expressed their opinions on the Modus Vivendi of 13-14 year old teenagers. This age range was selected specifically because it is close to the generational boundary of generation Alpha. Teachers from generation Z were purposefully selected as informants, since the researchers noticed a difference in Modus Vivendi of generation Z members closer to the generation Alpha and the older ones. The study is based on the methodological attitude of social constructivism. Its essence lies in perceiving that individuals construct their own personal understanding and it is not the mirror of their acquired knowledge. It is constructed on the basis of attitudes, experience, relationships between people, things and events. The aim of the study is to elucidate Modus Vivendi of teenagers from generation Z, as viewed by the teachers from generation Z. The paper contains the results of the conducted qualitative study and formulated conclusions.
Peina Zhuang
Cultura, Volume 17, pp 39-56; https://doi.org/10.3726/cul012020.0003

Abstract:
The participation of humanists, artists and social scientists has added much impetus to the study and story of the “anthropocene”. Zhao Defa, the contemporary Chinese writer, is one of the pacesetters in this regard. His inspiration from the concept of the “anthropocene” transforms the body narrative in the novel The Anthropocene. This article argues that the changed triad of body narrative, or more specifically, the highly encoded bodily metaphors, the function of body in narrative and the relation between nature and body, succeeds in modelling a body charged with ballooning desires in the “anthropocene”, which constitutes the humanity’s the existential basis and the very cause of the “anthropocene”, and if not hurdled, will bring fatal catastrophe to this planet.
Nerijus Stasiulis
Cultura, Volume 17, pp 7-18; https://doi.org/10.3726/cul012020.0001

Abstract:
The article reviews the developing studies of visuality with respect to their own focus on cultural and political fields in which visual communication unfolds. I found that that some of the academic interests related to visuality can be located within the broader or intersecting field of cultural and political studies and provide successful tools of analysing and describing the communicational interactions within local communities situated in broader contexts of mobility. Some light is shed on the visualisations of the current condition of the nation-state with respect to globalizing or Europeanising tendencies. Also, I discuss a more general impact of mobility and novel visualisations of the public and cultural sphere.
I Wayan Mudra, Anak Agung Gede Rai Remawa, I Komang Arba Wirawan
Cultura, Volume 17, pp 139-157; https://doi.org/10.3726/cul012020.0009

Abstract:
The puppet arts in Bali can be found in the Wayang Kamasan painting at Kamasan Village, Klungkung Regency. This painting inspired the creation and development of new handicraft in Bali. The objectives this research: 1. To find the Wayang Kamasan painting in Klungkung Regency; 2. To find the development of handicraft types in Bali inspired by Wayang Kamasan painting. This research used a qualitative descriptive approach, and data collection by observation, interview, and documentation. The results that Wayang Kamasan painting is estimated to have existed since the reign of the ancient Bali kingdom, which was during the reign of King Dalem Waturenggong in Semarapura Klungkung. The Wayang Kamasan painting character painted on a canvas with a light brown base color, stiff, two-dimensional, and the description follows the applied standards. The figures depicted taken from Ramayana and Mahabharata story. The Balinese handicrafts inspired by Wayang Kamasan painting include ceramics, wovens such as sokasi/keben (basket made of woven bamboo), keris sheath, dulang (trays), bokor (bowls), guitars, beruk (coconut shell containers), and others. The authors expect in the future the Wayang Kamasan painting can survive, and emerges the world's concern for its preservation.
Reena Cheruvalath
Cultura, Volume 17, pp 87-98; https://doi.org/10.3726/cul012020.0006

Abstract:
This paper examines the concept of “paradox” in the Liar paradox. The paradox in the “Liar Paradox” arguments is created with the support of law of contradiction. Four arguments consist of different versions of the Liar paradox are analysed. The author explains the issues related to communication, beliefs and the principle of identity in the various arguments of the Liar paradox leading to inconsistencies. There are ambiguities in these arguments and if the ambiguities are removed, then there is no contradiction which constitutes the paradox. Thus, the “paradox” in the “Liar Paradox” arguments is questionable.
Hazel T. Biana
Cultura, Volume 17, pp 73-86; https://doi.org/10.3726/cul012020.0005

Abstract:
With its own Netflix program, Marie Kondo’s The Life-Changing Magic of Tidying Up has received a huge cult following. Considering that clutter sweeps 21st century daily living, what this paper aims to do, is to unravel the philosophical foundations of Kondo’s work. Considering the trendiness of the KonMari method, one wonders why and how decluttering modern homes and one’s day-to-day existence inspires certain profound reflections and raises social criticisms. Through a sweeping review of Kondo’s tenets, this paper tackles common philosophical themes such as joy, human existence, happiness, the environment and extension.
Liwei Chen
Cultura, Volume 17, pp 47-62; https://doi.org/10.3726/cul022020.0004

Abstract:
This article first describes how the classical Chinese word diguo was used in Japan as a translation of the Dutch language and thus into English, and then looks at the establishment and use of the term Diguo zhuyi (imperialism) in Japan. Finally, it describes how the Chinese language media in Japan, the Qingyi Bao, was quickly converted into a Chinese concept by translating the Japanese newspaper.
Longhu Cao
Cultura, Volume 17, pp 75-86; https://doi.org/10.3726/cul022020.0006

Abstract:
The spread of “capitalism” from West to East not only brought knowledge of an economic model but also offered nations a new path for development. This expansion was met by the rise of the socialist revolutionary movement, which aimed to overthrow the capitalist political and economic system. This article examines the concept of “capitalism” in the context of the debate on socialism. By studying the elaborations of Ziben zhuyi (capitalism) by its proponents and opponents, as well as the debate-related expressions proposed by later scholars in different contexts, this study reflects on the politicization of “capitalism”, the complexity of its meaning, and the degree of political ideology in its implementation. Based on the analysis of relevant papers on the debate, it concludes that (1) as a highly politicized concept, “capitalism” reflects intellectuals’ assumptions regarding China’s future and the evolution of its political ideologies; (2) “capitalism” has a complicated conceptual connotation, and it is necessary to consider its many aspects to present the full picture of what people think about it; and (3) the degree of capitalist ideology varies in different periods and contexts.
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