Open Journal of Political Science

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2164-0505 / 2164-0513
Published by: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. (10.4236)
Total articles ≅ 332
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Latest articles in this journal

Adenike Adeseye
Open Journal of Political Science, Volume 11, pp 73-98; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojps.2021.111006

Abstract:
This research work examined migrants’ remittance and household expenditure pattern in Nigeria. The study adopted survey research method. The quantitative study was utilized with the aid of questionnaire. The respondents were selected using convenient and random sampling techniques. Two hundred copies of questionnaires were administered on migrant households in the study area while one hundred and sixty-six questionnaires were returned. The data collected were analyzed through descriptive statistics, such as frequency tabulation and simple percentage compilation; hypotheses formulated were tested with the use of chi-square statistics. From the findings of the study and the tested hypotheses, it was discovered that there is a significant relationship among remittance, income, consumption expenditure and investments of households in Nigeria. The study therefore proffers some recommendations towards utilizing influx of remittance for households’ expenditure in Nigeria.
Zhyldyz Aitbaeva, Dzhamilia Asanbekova, Kanykei Nurmamat Kyzy, Zamirbek Zholdoshbai Uulu, Nurzhamal Egemberdieva, Kanzada Karabaeva, Aigul Osmonova, Zhypargul Abdullaeva
Open Journal of Political Science, Volume 11, pp 234-241; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojps.2021.112015

Abstract:
This article is inverstigating certain problems of customary law legal norms in family institutions and marriage relations. Government politics during the establishment of Soviet authority exhibited responsible character associated with massive violations in human rights. All legislative acts in the legal relation were legally insolvent, as they came into conflict with constitutional principles, violating both the rights of the citizens majority individually, and among peoples as a whole. In the period of a social society development, the government policy was inspected, aiming in raising the status of women in society and in the government. Research purpose is to reveal the specific influence of policy pursued by the tsarist government and the Soviet government on the customary law of the Kyrgyzs, in particular in the field of family, marriage relations, legal and social status of women. Research methods are based on the historical, legal and comparative analysis results, on the features of women legal status in family and society during the establishment of the soviet power; identification of the advanced and reasonable trends combination of the tsarist government legislation under traditional view of the Kyrgyzs.
Joseph K. Manboah-Rockson
Open Journal of Political Science, Volume 11, pp 301-315; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojps.2021.112020

Abstract:
The establishment of the Free Trade Area (FTA) covering the whole of Africa is intended to combine the existing Free Trade Areas (FTAs) within the Regional Economic Communities (RECs), to attain maximum gains from trade and bolster AU’s growth and development objectives. But several regional blocs, including the Tripartite Free Trade Areas (T-FTA), have all missed their deadlines set to achieve the objectives of the Abuja Treaty of 1991 in six stages. This means that the launch of the CFTA has become a parallel process with immediate effect since all FTAs and T-FTA are to collapse into the Af- CFTA when trading commences. The question therefore is, why hasn’t the AU waited until it can harmonize, that is, combine existing arrangements of trade and the movement of persons, under its “building blocs” concept for continental unity? In launching the AfCFTA by the AU, does such a “hasty act,” tantamount to the removal of layers of complexity in Africa’s existing arrangements? The prevailing continental state system in Africa, according to functionalists, contributes to continental tensions and conflicts because it is institutionally inadequate. Accordingly, it cannot deal with the basic continental problems because it has arbitrarily divided continental society into national units based on territory, and not on the problems (or issues) to be solved. This is because any successful integration project requires autonomous and credible central institutions that can act as motors of acceleration. Employing theories of functionalism and neo-functionalism, this paper is of the view that the attempt to launch the AfCFTA by the AU is an act of rebooting the dormant Custom Unions across the respective RECs. The action by the AU is to arrest their failures, hence “grabbing the bull by the horns,” so as to empower and also embolden RECs to own the regional integration processes and to build resilience against global shocks.
Fiemotongha Christopher, Nein Godknows, Isaac E. Uki, Ogbotubo L. Seaman, Edoni H. Harcourt
Open Journal of Political Science, Volume 11, pp 316-327; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojps.2021.112021

Abstract:
The paper is on the UN Security Council (UNSC) permanent membership: The troubling trend of expansion and hegemony. The problem of UN Security Council, which is an exclusive nuclear club, whose powers are unchecked, with lack of true international representation and with powers to veto, is the dominance of the permanent members. The main objective of the study is to investigate an overview of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) permanent membership and examine the Troubling Trend of hegemony and the problem of expansion. The methodology is basically a qualitative and exploratory method, using text, newspapers. The study employs power politics theory as a tool for analysis. One major finding amongst others is that, there is a global hegemony of the permanent members of the Security Council. The permanent members block other member states of the UN, who seeks expansion or vies for permanent seat, through their powers of veto. This paper recommends the expansion of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) permanent membership to include Africa and other power centres for fair representation in the United Nations Security Council (UNSC).
Giacomo Buoncompagni
Open Journal of Political Science, Volume 11, pp 215-233; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojps.2021.112014

Abstract:
The errors of journalistic information on the topic of immigration are mainly those of its public representation enclosing the continuous attempt to define an “old” phenomenon as an unprecedented and current problem. The consequence of a still “undisciplined” journalism on this issue is the strengthening of the common sense of xenophobic prejudice driven by two phenomena that are increasingly affecting digital platforms: online (mis)information (fake news and information overload) and hate speech. For the purpose of the research, among the episodes of online violence that emerged and highlighted in the literature, it was considered important to dwell on an interesting case of analysis concerning the perception of the migration phenomenon in relation to the role of digital media and the narrative modalities used to influence public opinion through stereotypes and prejudices. In addition, an attempt was made to understand how young university students judge migration policies and the behaviour of institutions towards this issue. The study highlighted which social constructions of immigration have most permeated the target population and influenced their way of using traditional and digital media, as well as the elaboration of communication strategies and policies adopted by local, national and European institutions in the field of immigration.
Rauf Akhmatov, Cholpon Sulaimanova, Zhyldyz Dekhkanova, Ailira Abdyraimova, Zhazgul Zheenbekova, Edilbek Begaliev, Zhypargul Abdullaeva
Open Journal of Political Science, Volume 11, pp 357-369; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojps.2021.113024

Abstract:
Climate change is one of the biggest threats and challenges that humankind has ever faced. Therefore, humankind has to convey the earth’s climate to future generations at its best by all means necessary. In doing so, the law is the instrument that can create, maintain and develop an adequate mitigation and adaptation framework for climate change. It is important to note that the earth’s climate is a common responsibility in the international community and each country has its own obligation concerning climate change. In this sense, authors discuss the international legal framework for climate change influencing legal framework and gaps in the Kyrgyz Republic at the institutional level.
Tariro Portia Tendengu
Open Journal of Political Science, Volume 11, pp 549-559; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojps.2021.113035

Abstract:
The COVID-19 outbreak has been declared a pandemic by international and governmental organisations in developed and developing countries. In Southern African countries, policy makers, Veto players and public policy advisors engaged in a policy dialogue so as to curb the COVID-19 pandemic by turning the outbreak of COVID-19 into an actionable government priority. CO- VID-19 pandemic in African countries presents a severe threat to human welfare of people living in rural and urban areas. Policy making involves a series of stages which have to be taken before a policy can be adopted to address an issue. The first stage involves identification of a problem and ensuring that it gets the attention of policy makers and is often referred to as agenda setting. Parsons (1995) termed this level “meso-analysis” where issues and problems are identified and agendas are set. Scholars have often argued that, agenda setting is an important tool in policy making as a decision making catalyst. This is based on the assumption that any government policy and action initiative needs someone to first bring it to their attention. In response to the CO- VID-19 pandemic, agenda setting thus became a starting point for the identification of issues and possible policy instruments. The first stage involves identification of a problem and ensuring that it gets the attention of policy makers and is often referred to as agenda setting. Agenda setting with reference to the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown has been argued to be politically convoluted, it remains a process that involves a number of actors and institutions. The paper seeks to unravel the applicability of the Agenda setting theory as propounded by John Kindon on the implementation of the lockdown policy in Southern African countries.
Hassan Hamdan AlAlkim
Open Journal of Political Science, Volume 11, pp 378-401; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojps.2021.113026

Abstract:
U.S. President Joe Biden, with long experience in foreign policy, is likely to understand that contemporary Middle East issues are interrelated. Focusing on Biden’s first 100 days in office, this study used a comparative analysis approach with the aim of assessing the significance of Biden’s foreign policy, how a renewed American commitment to global engagement might help in addressing Gulf issues, and to determine Biden’s priorities in the Gulf and how he is likely to deal with U.S. Gulf allies on issues such as human rights, the Yemen war, and the Iranian nuclear deal. It appears that Biden intends the U.S. to play a more active role globally but with an understanding that the U.S. will be less inclined to pursue unilateral action or use force to deal with foreign policy challenges. Only with the collaboration of allies in the region and around the world will the U.S. be able to pursue the multiple initiatives needed to address the legitimate security concerns of the Arab Gulf states while advancing human rights.
Jiaxiu Wang
Open Journal of Political Science, Volume 11, pp 561-568; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojps.2021.114036

Abstract:
Land is the most important resource in Africa and it has a wide range of economic, political, social and religious significance. The agricultural cooperation between China and African countries under the China-Africa Community with a Shared Future has made great achievements. The agricultural economy is one of the main sources of income for Zimbabwe’s national wealth. China-Zimbabwe agricultural cooperation has promoted the rapid recovery and development of Zimbabwe’s national economy. However, there are still many outstanding problems in specific cooperation practices, such as the one-way tilt of aid, low added value of crops, and serious debt problems. These questions influence the advancement of agricultural cooperation between the two countries in varying degrees. Based on literature analysis, this article starts from the status quo of agricultural cooperation between China and Zimbabwe, deeply analyzes the problems existing in the development of agricultural cooperation between China and Zimbabwe, and proposes targeted countermeasures to promote the agricultural cooperation between China and Zimbabwe to a higher level. In turn, the further development of China-Africa agricultural cooperation will promote the better realization of the development of a China-Africa Community with a Shared Future.
Sanibé Emmanuel Traoré
Open Journal of Political Science, Volume 11, pp 614-629; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojps.2021.114039

Abstract:
After a few years of cooperation, China has been able to build a very solid relationship with Africa. The Sino-African relationship is therefore far from being a gift from heaven or a gift on a gold platter, but it is the fruit of hard work of strict respect for diplomatic principles and therefore of a real sacrifice on the part of China. In other words, China has developed a grand strategy to maintain its relationship with African countries. Among these strategies we have trade with Africa, the creation of Confucius centers, the training of African executives in China, massive investments in Africa. In other words, China has been able to seduce Africa with its foreign policy and its soft power which has acquired popularity throughout the world today. However, China’s strategy for Africa must still safeguard these bilateral relations and strengthen them against the Western rivalry which still remains jealous.
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