Journal of Coastal Conservation

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ISSN / EISSN : 1400-0350 / 1874-7841
Published by: Springer Nature (10.1007)
Total articles ≅ 1,161
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Abdelhak Rhouma, Imen Mougou, Hanane Bedjaoui, Hamza Rhouma, Abdulnabi Abbdul Ameer Matrood
Published: 19 October 2021
Journal of Coastal Conservation, Volume 25, pp 1-17; https://doi.org/10.1007/s11852-021-00837-0

Abstract:
The Gabes oasis in the southeastern Tunisia is particularly important as it represents a unique coastal oases in the Mediterranean and the world. Chott Sidi Abdel Salam oasis, with an area of approximately 100 ha, was chosen for this study (2018–2019). Aiming to effectively manage and protect the biodiversity of this coastal oasis, the cultivated vegetable, fungal and livestock diversity were investigated using ecological indicators. Our results indicated that the agricultural system in this oasis is traditionally organized into three vegetation layers: palm trees, fruit trees and herbaceous plants. 41 vegetable species, representing 18 families and 32 genera, have been recorded. The highest values of species richness, species diversity, Simpson’s concentration of dominance, Simpson’s diversity index and equitability of evenness were registered for the lowest layer. Also, 15 fungal families, belonging to 27 genera and 33 species, were recorded in this oasis where the most frequent fungal species were Erysiphe pisi, Leveillula taurica and Sphaerotheca fuliginea. The ongoing results revealed that sheep (35.91%) registered the highest number of livestock, followed by poultry (32.17%). The findings of this study establish basic information on the overall biodiversity status in Chott Sidi Abdel Salam coastal oasis; some recommendations to maintain and conserve this rare agrosystem are also presented in this paper.
Ahmet Iyad Ceyhunlu, , Naveed Ahmed, Hassan Al-Najjar
Published: 15 October 2021
Journal of Coastal Conservation, Volume 25, pp 1-13; https://doi.org/10.1007/s11852-021-00839-y

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A. Della Bella, , F. Scarton, G. Buffa
Published: 12 October 2021
Journal of Coastal Conservation, Volume 25, pp 1-12; https://doi.org/10.1007/s11852-021-00838-z

Abstract:
The feasibility and efficacy of soft engineering foredune restoration approaches still lack insight from research and monitoring activities, especially in areas where dunes are under persisting human disturbance. We evaluated the efficacy of Mediterranean foredune restoration in dune areas freely accessible to tourists. Foredunes were reconstructed using only sand already available at nearby places and consolidated through the plantation of seedlings of native ecosystem engineer species and foredune focal species. We monitored transplanted and spontaneous seedlings for one year to assess their mortality and growth in relation to the distance from the closest beach access, either formal or informal, as proxy of human disturbance. We also tested whether species differing in their ecology (i.e., affinity to a given habitat) and growth form showed different response to human disturbance. The relationship between seedling mortality and growth and the distance from the closest beach access was tested through Generalized Linear Mixed Models. We found a clear spatial pattern of seedling survival and growth, which decreased as the proximity to the closest beach access increased. Only invasive alien plants and erect leafy species showed to better perform at lower distances from beach accesses. In dune areas with a strong tourist vocation, foredune restoration should be coupled with the implementation of integrated management plans aiming at optimising the relationship between protection and use. Management plans should not only rely on passive conservation measures; rather they should include educational activities to stimulate a pro-environmental behaviour, increase the acceptance of behaviour rules and no entry zones, and actively engage stakeholders in long-term conservation.
, Ying Ying Sharon Tay, Po Chan Chiu
Published: 24 August 2021
Journal of Coastal Conservation, Volume 25, pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.1007/s11852-021-00835-2

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, Asko Ijäs, Tarmo Pikner, Anne Kull, Anu Printsmann, Maila Kuusik, Nora Fagerholm, Petteri Vihervaara, Paulina Nordström, Kirsi Kostamo
Published: 23 August 2021
Journal of Coastal Conservation, Volume 25, pp 1-15; https://doi.org/10.1007/s11852-021-00833-4

Abstract:
The Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP) Directive was ratified (2014/89/EU) along the Strategy of the European Union (EU) on the Blue Economy to contribute to the effective management of maritime activities and resources and incorporate the principal elements of Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) (2002/413/EC) into planning at the land-sea interface. There is a need to develop the ICZM approach throughout Europe to realise the potential for both socio-economic and environmental targets set by the EU and national legislations. In this study, we co-developed different approaches for land-sea interactions in four case areas in Estonia and Finland based on the defined characteristics and key interests derived from local or regional challenges by integrating spatial data on human activities and ecology. Furthermore, four ICZM drafts were co-evaluated by stakeholders and the public using online map-based assessment tools (public participatory GIS). The ICZM approaches of the Estonian cases ranged from the diversification of land use to the enhancement of community-based entrepreneurship. The Finnish cases aimed to define the trends for sustainable marine and coastal tourism and introduce the ecosystem service concept in land use planning. During the project activities, we found that increased communication and exchange of local and regional views and values on the prevailing land-sea interactions were important for the entire process. Thereafter, the ICZM plans were applied to the MSP processes nationally, and they support the sustainable development of coastal areas in Estonia and Finland.
, Maria Langer, Hayato Nyunoya, Ieva Čaraitė, Nardine Stybel, Arturas Razinkovas-Baziukas, Ralf Bochert
Journal of Coastal Conservation, Volume 25; https://doi.org/10.1007/s11852-021-00826-3

Abstract:
Eutrophication remains an environmental challenge in lagoons along the Southern Baltic Sea. Floating islands planted with emergent macrophytes are an option to remove nutrients from eutrophicated waters. Furthermore, floating wetlands offer other ecosystem services such as the provision of habitats. Numerous scientific studies have been conducted; however most remain on the laboratory scale. This research explores the challenges associated with installations in coastal environments and focuses on sustainability of the island design, the habitat function as well as nutrient removal. Most floating wetland designs use polyethylene, polypropylene, polyurethane or polyvinyl alcohol foam to ensure the buoyancy. For this study an artificial polymer free island design was developed and tested. The floating constructions in the Darss-Zingst-Bodden-Chain were planted with native macrophytes which have the potential to act as ‘biodiversity-supplements’ to the adjacent coastal wetlands: Bolboschoenus maritimus, Carex acutiformis, Iris pseudacorus, Juncus effesus, Lythrum salicaria, Schoenoplectus lacustris, Typha latifolia. The chosen macrophytes survived fluctuating salinities. After three months the above-ground biomass was harvested and analyzed for the nutrient concentrations. Phosphorus concentrations were highest in L. salicaria and nitrogen in I. pseudacorus. Video monitoring and field observations were applied in order to observe animals. Birds did not use the floating wetlands as breeding grounds, but the grey heron (Ardea cinerea) was a common visitor for foraging. Especially surprising was the large amount of juvenile eels (Anguilla anguilla). A diverse and large root network below the floating islands boosts not only nutrient removal but serves as a shelter and refuge for fish such as the endangered eel.
Rashid Pervez, Yonghong Wang, Zafarullah Jattak, Muhammad Zahir, Qaisar Mahmood
Journal of Coastal Conservation, Volume 25; https://doi.org/10.1007/s11852-021-00831-6

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