Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 0334-018X / 2191-0251
Published by: Walter de Gruyter GmbH (10.1515)
Total articles ≅ 5,793
Current Coverage
SCOPUS
MEDICUS
MEDLINE
PUBMED
SCIE
Archived in
SHERPA/ROMEO
Filter:

Latest articles in this journal

, Bothainah Alaqeel, Ayman Al-Eyadhy, Nawaf A Selayem, Sharifah Alissa, Areej Alsofyani, Emad Masuadi, Fahad Al Juraibah, Sherif Elwatidy, Mohamad Maghnie
Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism; https://doi.org/10.1515/jpem-2021-0779

Abstract:
Objectives: Endocrinopathy can occur as a postoperative sequel in children treated for supratentorial tumors (STTs). We assessed prediction of a residual hypothalamic/pituitary insufficiency (HPI) in these patients and factors associated with prolonged length of hospital stay (LOS). Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study of children who had surgery for STTs in two tertiary centers in Saudi Arabia (2009–2019). We assessed PICU postoperative management and risk of HPI. Data were analyzed using SPSS V24.0 and a logistic regression model for a prediction of a prolonged LOS. Results: Data included 55 children (1–18 years, mean 9.5 ± 4.9 years) who required STT surgeries, 32 (54%) females. Craniopharyngioma (27.3%) was the commonest STTs and 20% of patients had initial symptoms of HPI. PICU management included the use of different types of intravenous fluids (IVFs) and medications such as steroids and desmopressin (DDAVP). An early postoperative DI was reported in 21.8% (n=12/55). Residual HPI included 24 (43.6%) presumed cortisol deficient and 18 (32.7%) central DI patients. Risk factors for postoperative HPI were female gender, age <6 years, headache and preoperative pituitary symptoms. LOS (Median=25.5 ± 12.2 days) was significantly prolonged in patients who required two or more doses of DDAVP [B=13; 95% CI= (1.7–24.3) days] and reduced in patients who had suspected preoperative HPI [B=−19.6; 95% CI= (−31.1, −8.2) days]. Conclusions: Prediction of postoperative HPI in pediatric STTs enhances an early initiation of treatment in PICU and reduces LOS. A meticulous use of IVF and medications supervised by a multidisciplinary team is essential for a favorable outcome.
, Laura Galuschka, Sarah Landsberg, Chantal Weiner, Cathrin Guntermann, Evelin Sadeghian, ,
Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism; https://doi.org/10.1515/jpem-2022-0104

Abstract:
Objectives: To investigate if digital approaches can ameliorate the known consequences of social-distancing restrictions in the context of the global COVID-19 pandemic for adolescent participants originally registered for a face-to-face outpatient weight regulation program and whether video-based multiprofessional outpatient obesity therapy is successful for a group of adolescents with preexisting obesity. Methods: The certified KiCK outpatient training program for children and adolescents with overweight and obesity was remodeled as a consequence of the lockdown traditional face-to-face program to a completely digital and video-based format on short notice. The virtual approach was compared with the results of the conventional program regarding metabolic parameters, body mass index standard deviation score (BMI SDS), well-being, and physical fitness. Results: Sixty-nine of 77 enrolled participants for KiCK (age 8 to 17 years, BMI z score >2.0) were able and willing to participate virtually. After the first lockdown significant improvements of BMI SDS (mean 0.18; p=0.02), homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) index (mean 1.4; p=0.016), triglycerides (mean 0.18 mmol/dL; p=0.021), 6 minute-walk-test (mean 97.0 m; p=0.030, and well-being according to the World Health Organization 5 (WHO-5) questionnaire (mean 2.5; p=0.002) were found after the virtual intervention, which was comparable to the results observed previously in matched pairs data from the program during the pre-COVID period. After the end of the second lockdown weight SDS, BMI SDS, HOMA INDEX, and cholesterol were also measured reduced compared to baseline parameters measured before program initiation. Walking distance in the 6 MWT and improvement in general well-being in the WHO-5 questionnaire also persisted. Conclusions: These results indicate good acceptance and efficacy of the video-intervention for youth with overweight and obesity during the lockdown, supporting the use of virtual modules in future programs after the pandemic.
Parisa Eslami, Fatemeh Sayarifard, , Leila Shahmoradi, Zahra Karbasi
Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism; https://doi.org/10.1515/jpem-2022-0045

Abstract:
Objectives: Registries are considered valuable data sources for identification of pediatric conditions treated with growth hormone (GH), and their follow-up. Currently, there is no systematic literature review on the scope and characteristics of pediatric GH registries. Therefore, the purpose of this systematic review is to identify worldwide registries reported on pediatric GH treatment and to provide a summary of their main characteristics. Content: Pediatric GH registries were identified through a systematic literature review. The search was performed on all related literature published up to January 30th, 2021. Basic information on pediatric GH registries, their type and scope, purpose, sources of data, target conditions, reported outcomes, and important variables were analyzed and presented. Summary: Twenty two articles, reporting on 20 pediatric GH registries, were included in this review. Industrial funding was the most common funding source. The main target conditions included in the pediatric GH registries were: growth hormone deficiency, Turner syndrome, Prader Willi syndrome, small for gestational age, idiopathic short stature, and chronic renal insufficiency. The main objectives in establishing and running pediatric GH registries were assessing the safety and effectiveness of the treatment, describing the epidemiological aspects of target growth conditions and populations, serving public health surveillance, predicting and measuring treatment outcomes, exploring new and useful aspects of GH treatment, and improving the quality of patient care. Outlook: This systematic review provides a global perspective on pediatric GH registries which can be used as a basis for the design and development of new GH registry systems at both national and international levels.
Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism; https://doi.org/10.1515/jpem-2022-0144

Abstract:
Objectives: Glycemic control is an important parameter that can predict long-term complications of diabetes mellitus. It can be affected by many factors. Hence, identifying those factors for improving disease outcomes is essential. The purpose of this study was to assess glycemic control in children who were treated with a conventional insulin regimen and to identify its associated factors. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted among children with type one diabetes mellitus (T1DM) who had follow-up from November 2015 to November 2020 at the pediatric endocrinology clinic of St. Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Glycemic control was assessed by measuring glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1C) and children who had HbA1C within three to six months of the data collection were recruited. Results: A total of 106 children with TIDM who were on conventional insulin therapy were included in this study. Their median age at diagnosis was nine years, 47.2% were females, and 57.5% were from urban areas. The average HbA1c of the children was 9.7%. The majority (85.2%) of the children had poor glycemic control (>7.5%). Younger age, longer disease duration, and urban residence were found to be significant predictors of good glycemic control. Conclusions: A significant majority of children with T1DM had poor glycemic control. This calls for the need to create access to intensive diabetes care by health authorities and stakeholders to prevent the long-term complications of T1DM.
Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism; https://doi.org/10.1515/jpem-2022-0070

Abstract:
Objectives: Ectopic parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion is rare in children with rhabdomyosarcoma, and only a few pediatric cases have been reported to date. Reports of the use of Zoledronic Acid (ZA) and Denosumab are limited for the treatment of hypercalcemia of malignancy (HCM) in the pediatric population. The aim of presenting this pediatric case of rhabdomyosarcoma accompanied by HCM, secondary to ectopic PTH secretion, was to highlight the benefits of ZA as a first-choice bisphosphonate in this situation with Denosumab as an alternative therapy. Case presentation: The patient was diagnosed at 13 years with alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma. Multiple bone metastases first appeared at 15 years, but he remained normocalcemic until 17 years old when serum calcium was 15.1 mg/dL and PTH 249 pg/mL. While serum calcium responded well after ZA and Denosumab cycles, PTH remained elevated, reaching a peak value of 1851 pg/mL during treatment cycles. Conclusions: We report a patient with rhabdomyosarcoma accompanied by HCM, secondary to ectopic PTH, in whom the HCM was successfully managed with ZA and Denosumab. We believe that ZA should be the bisphosphonate of choice in pediatric HCM with rhabdomyosarcoma, while Denosumab may be another option in ZA-refractory cases.
Nadya Birdus, Maree Grant, Paul G. Stevenson, Catherine S. Y. Choong,
Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism; https://doi.org/10.1515/jpem-2022-0055

Abstract:
Objectives: There is a paucity of information regarding the profile of entire paediatric endocrine clinics and how they are changing. This study aimed to analyse the clinic profile of the Western Australian tertiary paediatric endocrine outpatient service over 10 years and compare to national and international data. Methods: Retrospective analysis of the Western Australian Paediatric Endocrine Database (WAPED) between 2007 and 2017 looking at the frequency, proportion and longitudinal change of diagnosis categories, specific diagnoses, and gender breakdown. Results: In total, 2,791 endocrine diagnoses were recorded for 2,312 patients. The most frequent reason for referral (22.1% of patients), was for evaluation of abnormalities in thyroid function. The most common diagnosis being hypothyroidism (76.7%). Evaluation of short stature was the reason for referral in 19.2% of patients, 14.6% of whom were diagnosed with growth hormone deficiency. Evaluation of puberty disorders, syndromes with endocrine features and disorders of calcium and phosphate metabolism were other common reasons for clinic referral, seen in 11.3, 9.8 and 8.2% of patients respectively. Between 2007 and 2017, the odds ratio of a thyroid diagnosis increased by 1.07 per year (95% CI: 1.02–1.12), whilst the odds ratio of a short stature diagnosis decreased by 0.91 per year (95% CI: 0.87–0.95). Conclusions: The profile of the WAPED is similar to previously published national and international data. The analysis of the profile of diagnoses and its longitudinal change over a ten-year period offer a unique opportunity to guide clinic planning, resource allocation and future research.
Chelsea M Hosey, Kelsee Halpin,
Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism; https://doi.org/10.1515/jpem-2021-0200

Abstract:
Overweight and obesity affect approximately 1/3 of children in the United States and are risk factors for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes. Progression from prediabetes to diabetes carries substantial long-term health burdens, culminating in decreased life-expectancy. Earlier development of type 2 diabetes is associated with poorer prognoses, and children lose glycemic control more rapidly than adults. Metformin is approved by the USFDA for the treatment of type 2 diabetes in children, has limited toxicity, and may help prevent the development of type 2 diabetes. The more rapid disease progression in children and the safety of metformin suggests that initiation of metformin treatment to children with prediabetes who have not effectively responded to lifestyle changes may help prevent short- and long-term health damage resulting from prediabetic and diabetic dysglycemia.
Suzanne Sap Ngo Um, Ritha Mbono Betoko, Isabelle Mekone, Adèle Bodieu Chetcha, Veronique Tardy, Sophie Dahoun, Pierre Yves Mure, Ingrid Plotton, Yves Morel, Martine Etoa Etoga, et al.
Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism; https://doi.org/10.1515/jpem-2021-0696

Abstract:
Objectives: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) remains one of the most challenging endocrine disorders to diagnose, manage, and treat, especially in Africa where there is lack of neonatal screening program, and limited access to care. Data on biomolecular anomaly are sparse, therefore type of mutations are unknown, increasing management challenges and genetic counseling. The present study aims to describe clinical, biomolecular aspects of a group of Cameroonian patients. Methods: We did an observational retrospective study at the pediatric endocrinology unit of the Mother and Child Centre of the Chantal Biya Foundation in Yaounde from May 2013 to December 2019, including all patients diagnosed with CAH. Results: We consecutively included 31 patients aged less than 21 years, diagnosed CAH. Median age at diagnosis was 1.71 years (IQR 0.08–2.57 years). Abnormal genitalia was the main complain in 48.4%(n=15). The most prevalent genetic anomaly found in our study population (n=24) was on CYP11, found in 16 patients (66.6%) followed by CYP21A2 mutation found in 8 patients. Homozygous mutation of p.Q356X was found in half of patients with 11 hydroxylase deficiency. This mutation was mostly found in people from semi-Bantu tribes, declared non consanguineous. Conclusions: 11 hydroxylase deficiency is the most prevalent form of CAH found in this group of Cameroonian children.
Vaman Khadilkar, Chirantap Oza, Anuradha Khadilkar
Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism; https://doi.org/10.1515/jpem-2021-0698

Abstract:
Introduction: Bone age (BA) is a quantitative determination of skeletal maturation. The role of puberty in variations in BA is poorly understood as hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis maturation and skeletal maturation are regulated in parallel but independently by multiple different factors. In countries like India where there is rapid nutrition transition and increase in prevalence of obesity, their impact on height and BA is not well understood. Objectives: To study if in 2–17 year old healthy children, the difference between chronological age (CA), height age (HA) and BA is less than 1 year on either side of the chronological age and to assess relationship of BA with height, weight and BMI with special reference to gender and puberty. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 804 preschool/school-going Indian children. Anthropometric measurements and pubertal assessments were performed using standard protocols and were converted to age and sex standardized z-scores using Indian references while BA was estimated by Tanner-Whitehouse (TW3) method. p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The mean age and gender standardized z-scores for height, weight, body mass index (BMI) and BA were −0.3 ± 0.7, −0.7 ± 0.8, −0.1 ± 1.0, and −0.2 ± 0.9 respectively. HA was more delayed in girls while BA was more delayed in boys. The mean BA z-score increased with increasing BMI. After the onset of puberty, there was higher increment in BA in girls and HA in boys (p<0.05). Conclusions: HA, BA and CA were tightly correlated in healthy Indian children with a significant role of nutritional status and puberty in causing variation in the same.
Back to Top Top