MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research)
ISSN / EISSN : 2079-4665 / 2411-796X
Published by: Publishing House Science (10.18184)
Total articles ≅ 387
Latest articles in this journal
MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research), Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.18184/2079-4665.2021.12.3.306-328
Purpose: is to suggest recommendations on the problems of cooperation of circumpolar countries in the Arctic based on the analysis and accumulates the existing economic concepts of interstate interaction. Methods: the work used the methods of classification, induction and deduction, generalization, structuring, statistical and logical analysis, system analysis, algorithmization. The research is based on the using the elements of empirical and theoretical methods for economic reality research. Results: the study presents the development of theoretical approaches to issues of interstate interaction in existing economic schools. The authors studied the experience of interstate cooperation in sphere of Arctic territory exploration and development. Based on basic theories, the existing theoretical and practical approaches of interstate interaction of circumpolar countries are summarized. Taking into account the dynamics of foreign trade turnover of circumpolar countries, the authors suggested the model of interstate interaction. Conclusions and Relevance: the development of conceptual provisions for interstate interaction for Arctic development allows us to take into account the main arising risks of the development process. It should be noted, that the main basic conceptual point of interstate interaction of countries in sphere of the Arctic development is the factor of "economic person" behavior within the neoclassical theory. This approach allows us to take into account the possibilities of interstate interaction, both from the point of view of openness of economic systems, and from the point of view of conflicts of interests of participants and the consequences of climate change. The suggested dynamic model of circumpolar countries interaction is based on the factors of multi-sided cooperation of various stakeholders as the main institution for the development of Arctic policy of circumpolar countries. It allows to consider the main risks arising during the of Arctic territories development.
MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research), Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.18184/2079-4665.2021.12.3.274-287
Purpose: this paper determinates the current level of penetration of the dual-class system of capital company formation in the BRICS group. Methods: are based on the use of methods of analysis, systematization, generalization. A comparative and synthesis methods have been also used to identify trends and patterns in the introduction of multi-voting shares in the BRICS group. Results: the dual-class system of capital company formation in Russia is practically not studied. The article reveals that in Brazil and Russia, despite the discussion of the possibility of distributing multi-voting shares, the legislation does not imply the possibility of using the dual-class system. This issue has not yet been discussed in South Africa. It has been identified that the main reason for the legislative permission for using multi-voting shares is the need to develop companies in the high-tech sector. Another reason is the massive listing of foreign high-tech companies on American stock exchanges, due to the possibility of using the dual-class system. This predetermined the introduction of amendments to the legislation of India and China, according to which companies in the high-tech sector that have not yet passed an IPO can use differential voting rights. It has been receiving that the Indian market is the only one where shares with differentiated voting rights are placed on the stock exchange. At the moment, three companies that passed the IPO before the amendments to the legislation use differentiated voting rights, but not upwards, but on the contrary – downwards: “four shares – three votes”. This characteristic determines the trading of such stocks at a discount. Conclusions and Relevance: harmonization of opportunities for the use of financial instruments in the BRICS market can strengthen the economic potential of states. Allowing the usage of multi-voting shares improves the business environment for high-tech companies and reduces the need for company founders to look for IPO opportunities in jurisdictions where a dual-class capital formation system is allowed.
MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research), Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.18184/2079-4665.2021.12.3.206-221
Purpose: the purpose of the presented article is to study the conditions and possibilities of overcoming the protracted economic crisis in Russia. Methods: the study is based on the use of a modified information logic model, which establishes the relationships between the identified bottlenecks, the causes of their occurrence and possible ways to eliminate these causes. Results: the possibilities of overcoming the crisis are, first of all, to use the potential accumulated in the Russian economy, dispersed by sectors of the complete technological reproduction cycle, including the extraction of resources, their processing into useful materials and semi-finished products, the production of machinery and equipment, as well as the production of final products, the provision of services, infrastructure and waste disposal. Simultaneously with the search for opportunities for economic growth, it is necessary to draw the attention of the Russian Government and the legislative and executive heads to the necessity to correct the strategic mistakes. They were conducted in the process of choosing a resource-export development strategy, separating the financial sector from the support and interests of the development of domestic industrial production sector, ignoring the potential and opportunities for the development of the domestic scientific and technological complex, using imperfect economic management mechanisms, etc. The work justifies the need to overcome a long economic crisis via the management of new opportunities breakthrough, which involves the harmonious development of all economic sectors based on supporting a domestic scientific and technical complex capable to ensure the high technologies development and the competitive products production. Conclusions and Relevance: substantiating and choosing ways to overcome the economic crisis should be focused on achieving harmonious development of all sectors of the economy and using in management practices at the national, corporate and company levels, such methods and instruments of targeted projects and programs management, which are the core basis for economy and society development strategies.
MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research), Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.18184/2079-4665.2021.12.3.288-305
Purpose: to formulate the general conception of sustainable mobility management in modern cities based on an analysis of the main approaches to the management of the development of sustainable mobility. Methods: the study is based on the application of systems analysis methods. The analysis is based on open sources information such as scientific articles, legal and regulatory acts, official strategic planning documents, analytical and methodical materials of Russian and international conferences. The article also includes the results of the author's empirical research conducted. Results: an analysis of the development of sustainable transport mobility in large cities and current strategies for its further formation was carried out. It allowed identifying the main elements of the conceptual model of the development of transport mobility. The research defines the structure of an adaptive system for sustainable mobility management, which would form a basis for developing a sustainable mobility concept to effectively organize various stakeholders' cooperation. Conclusions and Relevance: local solutions for transportation mobility may not be practical or can lead to a conflict of interests. That calls for the complex approach to forming sustainable mobility as a feature of a city transportation system to satisfy the demand for mobility to increase the quality of life in the cities. The conceptual basis for the development of sustainable mobility consists of goal setting, planning, collaboration, implementation, usage. The effective management of sustainable mobility can be achieved by implementing digital analytical platforms, working as a single ecosystem. Developing such an ecosystem can be time-consuming and directly influenced by technological, infrastructural, legal, and economic factors. The most urgent is to redesign the existing mobility patterns to achieve the environmental goals, the higher quality of life of city residents, the engagement of different stakeholders in sustainable mobility development.
MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research), Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.18184/2079-4665.2021.12.3.254-273
This article is a continuation of a large-scale research devoted to the identification of patterns of human community development, which has been conducted by the author for many decades. Purpose: is to study the possible transformation of the world after the COVID-19 pandemic from the perspective of the need to switch to a new, crisis-free development paradigm, which is a logical continuation of the previous author's works. Methods: the study is based on the application of a complex of general scientific methods, including analysis, generalization, comparison, etc., and is based on an interdisciplinary approach. The results and conclusions of the work are based on the use of the author's methodological tools, which were formed within the framework of the general research direction. Results: the article analyzes the current state of the global world in the absence of effective ways out of the deepest crisis that has long gripped almost the entire world and has been multiplied by the COVID-19 pandemic. The study of the fundamental works of foreign scientists has shown that their main thesis is that the future of the world lies in the transition to a new development paradigm (NDP), but to fully understand it, it is necessary to develop a new scientific paradigm (NSP). Based on the use of the author's development of the NSP, it is demonstrated that the future of the world depends on the choice of a development model. The author has proved the necessity and possibility of transition to a new development paradigm based on the synchronous development and implementation of a single development strategy for the global world and each country separately. Conclusions and Relevance: after the COVID-19 pandemic, the world will change only if there is a transition to a new crisis-free paradigm for the development of the human system. The NSP developed by the author can become the tool that allows you to give a complete understanding of the NDP, and see what the world can and should be like after the coronavirus pandemic.
MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research), Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.18184/2079-4665.2021.12.3.222-253
Purpose: this review aims to present the ‘state-of-the-art’ on the theory and practice of measuring the contribution of sciences to socioeconomic progress and trace the Russian approaches in the global space of ideas. Methods: for studying a multidisciplinary sample of academic publications and gray literature includes multifactor systematization, critical analysis, and synthetic generalization in a large context («helicopter view»). Results: a brief history of the subject is presented in the context of the state's use of science for socio-economic development. The review outlines the focus areas of scientific thought, the conceptual frameworks state, current approaches to measuring the contribution of sciences, the limitations and risks of the evaluation practice. Conclusions and Relevance: key areas of scientific thought in the subject under review for 100 years: (1) development of econometric approaches for measuring the «profitability» of science; (2) attempts to identify and measure the societal impacts of science; (3) scientific support of government experiments to use the evaluation technologies for increasing the return of budget investment to science; (4) conceptualizing and universalizing the terms. There are no indisputable solutions in any of these areas. Disappointment with the catch-all indicators and universal metrics encourages the development of case-oriented methods and process-oriented approaches. Russian research covers the full range of issues, but their world recognition (except some achievements of Soviet time) is low. The lack of institutional memory leads to the rediscovery of the ideas of the 20th century. Establishing the equivalence of terms and conceptual approaches used by scientists from different countries and periods will help to effectively use the scientific heritage, avoid duplicate research, provide a fair place to the Russian achievements in world science.
MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research), Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.18184/2079-4665.2021.12.3.329-342
Purpose: the article aims at using additional functionalities of the digital economy and modern information systems to develop new analytical tools for monitoring economic security and identifying company risks. Methods: the article uses traditional methods of scientific analysis, economic and mathematical statistics. Moreover, the author proposes the new approaches, which develop a methodology for diagnosing economic security factors at the region level and micro level using additional functional capabilities of digital economy and modern information systems. Results: based on the analysis of existing methods for assessing economic security at the micro level, urgent methodological problems of assessing the economic security have identified. New approaches have developed for diagnosing the economic security of a company. They base on the use of search capabilities and functionality of modern information systems. The paper presents the author's methodology for assessing possible strategic advantages due to integration processes and cooperation, and it has tested on the example of the Tver region. Conclusions and Relevance: new methods for diagnosing the qualitative characteristics of the development potential and risks of a company consider as a management tool that provides the administration of an economic entity with the opportunity to conduct diagnostics in the system: potential-risk and identify competitive advantages and the most significant risks and threats to development. Such a presentation of opportunities and threats helps to substantiate a set of targeted management decisions aimed at using competitive advantages and eliminating or neutralizing threats and risks. In this case, modern information technologies make it possible to provide an information-empirical basis for research, achieve the set goals and solve the problem of the results reliability.
MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research), Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.18184/2079-4665.2021.12.2.128-144
Purpose: of the study is to determine the possibilities of borrowing the Chinese experience of strategic planning of innovative development in Russia.Methods: the study of the innovative experience of the PRC in strategic planning and the prospects for Chinese-Russian cooperation in this area was carried out using a content analysis of the features of strategic planning of the scientific, technological and innovative potential of the PRC and the Russian Federation, as well as analysis of statistical data on innovative and economic development presented in statistical collections of Russia and the PRC.Results: it is shown that the systems of strategic planning of Russia and the PRC are in many respects similar. Many of the strategic initiatives of the PRC are adopted in Russia. At the same time, the attitude to strategic planning in the two countries is different. In Russia in the field of strategic management of science, it is recommended to strengthen international scientific and technical cooperation between Russia and the PRC in the difficult conditions of the modern world.Conclusions and Relevance: taking into account global trends, it is proposed to introduce such innovations into the strategic planning of the scientific and innovative sphere of Russia. First, there is a clearer linking of the tasks of innovative development to the general tasks of the country (long-term national and sectoral development goals). Also, a detailed substantiation of the possibility of implementing the selected priorities. Finally, greater clarity of the planned ones. mechanisms for ensuring partnership between the state and business in achieving strategic objectives of scientific and innovative development.The principles and approaches of the China to strategic planning of development in general and innovative development in particular in Russia should be used carefully and creatively. From an economic point of view, it would be expedient to integrate research more closely, create large joint projects and plan them together in a mutually respectful dialogue between scientists and experts from Russia and China.
MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research), Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.18184/2079-4665.2021.12.2.114-127
The implementation of investment projects in Russia is associated with a lot of different problems caused by non-financial factors. The high degree of uncertainty of the investment situation, the lack of awareness and subjectivity of the decision-makers on the investment choice, the unreasonableness of the selection criteria, as well as the difficulties in the interaction of actors are due to the lack of systematic mechanisms for managing the investment process in the Russian economy as a whole. Together, they form a fairly voluminous complex of related problems. The article is devoted to the study of these problems and ways to solve them. It focuses on the mutual influence of the organization of interaction between participants in the investment process and investment choice procedures. Purpose: to develop proposals for the formation of mechanisms for interaction between stakeholders to ensure a systematic justification of the investment choice. Methods: in the preparation of this article, the methodology of applied system analysis and modeling is implemented, decision-making methods are used, including the Analytical Hierarchy Process. Results: the importance of the pre-investment stage of the investment process as the stage that generates most of the problems of stakeholders is argued. The approach to building system mechanisms of interaction of participants of the investment process at the pre-investment stage is justified. The schemes of such interaction and procedures for making investment decisions are proposed within the framework of the constructed modified model of multi-criteria investment choice. The formation of systemic mechanisms of interaction between participants in the investment process is carried out based on the need for a systematic justification of the multi-criteria choice of an investment project, taking into account the interests of all interested parties. The proposed methodology was developed through the development and modification of the Analytical Hierarchy Process by T. Saati and is aimed at improving the organization of the investment process and the implementation of investment choice based on generalized criteria of satisfaction, efficiency and effectiveness. Сonclusions and Relevance: the formation of system mechanisms of interaction of participants in the investment process at the pre-investment stage was carried out by developing a set of procedures that accompany the process of justifying a multi-criteria investment choice to achieve satisfaction, efficiency and effectiveness of the activities of all actors. The formation of system mechanisms of interaction of participants in the investment process allows to coordinate their interests, opportunities and limitations of the participants' activities, as well as to give the investment process purposefulness and manageability.
MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research), Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.18184/2079-4665.2021.12.2.145-159
Purpose: of the article is a parametric comparison of the features of the development of the regions of China and Russia for the possibility of using the Chinese experience in managing innovative development. Methods: comparison of the innovative potential of Russia and the PRC, as well as the possibilities of using the Chinese experience in the management of scientific, technical and innovative development in Russia was carried out using linear regression analysis and comparison of its indicators. Analysis and comparison were carried out using statistical data on innovative and economic development in statistical collections of Russia and China. Results: the article discusses the possibilities of using Chinese management experience in the development of the spheres of science, technology and higher education for the innovative and economic development of Russian regions. To a large extent, the experience of the PRC is already actively used in Russian state practice, while, in the context of Russia's economic difficulties in recent decades, it does not always work successfully. The work shows that the regions of the PRC are rapidly increasing their innovative activity in recent years, which contributes to the rapid growth of the well-being of their population. The number of regions-innovative and economic leaders is growing. Among all regions of Russia, only Moscow in level of innovational activity and GRP corresponds to the leading regions of China. The paper also shows that changes in the indicators of innovation activity of Russian regions have a relatively weak effect on their economic development. Conclusions and Relevance: it is recommended to carefully study the experience of the Chinese regions-innovation leaders and the Chinese innovation policy in general for application in Russia, as well as the development of Russian-Chinese innovation and scientific and technological cooperation.