MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research)
ISSN / EISSN : 2079-4665 / 2411-796X
Published by: Publishing House Science (10.18184)
Total articles ≅ 403
Latest articles in this journal
MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research), Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.18184/2079-4665.2022.13.1.94-110
Purpose: the purpose of the article is to systematize the methods of combating counterfeiting of premium brands in order to justify the need to shift the focus from the use of methods of exclusively state regulation, mainly of a legal and technological nature, to marketing methods to curb the growth of counterfeit products for premium brands.Methods: the study is based on the use of desk methods for collecting and processing data, using methods of systemic and structural-functional assessment of actual data, methods of multidimensional classification in segmenting consumers of counterfeit products, methods of indexing and structuring marketing methods to combat counterfeit products.Results: based on the analysis of the state of the market for counterfeit premium brands and the methods used to counteract the production and distribution of counterfeit products, the authors systematized marketing methods to curb the growth of consumer demand for counterfeit products of premium brands, which made it possible to identify new methods to combat counterfeiting. As part of the systematization carried out by the authors, the types of consumers of counterfeit products of premium brands are classified based on psychographic and behavioral segmentation, as well as groups of offline, online and combined marketing methods to counter the spread of counterfeit of premium brands.Conclusions and Relevance: the results of the study will allow premium brand stakeholders to form a broader view of the set of methods used to combat counterfeit products and improve the effectiveness of the methods used.
MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research), Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.18184/2079-4665.2022.13.1.42-59
Purpose: of this article is to study the expanding practice of applying the ecosystem approach in the business life of organizations and the degree of its impact on future transformations of the economic system. The research focuses on the segment of digital ecosystems of the banking sector related to non-financial areas of economic activity.Methods: when preparing the article, a wide range of research methods were used – the method of systems analysis, methods of modeling and comparative historical analysis, as well as logical and inductive methods.Results: the banking sector is actively developing the process of creating digital ecosystems used by large financial institutions as a means of achieving additional competitive advantages, as well as a tool to expand the bank's client base. Of particular interest is the expanding practice of building up these ecosystems through non-financial business areas. The results of the study also suggest the emergence of other negative consequences that hinder the effective development of the economic system. Among them: the oligopolization process on financial markets, the emergence of additional barriers to these markets, as well as the formation of oligopolistic relations in segments of economic activity that previously belonged to highly competitive sectors of the economy.Conclusions and Relevance: digitalization is an objective trend in the development of economic relations at the present stage, however, the uncontrolled application of the digital ecosystem approach in the practice of banking institutions carries risks of further consolidation of non-competitive relations in the most important sector of the domestic economy. The banking sector is additionally due to the involvement of non-core banking assets in ecosystems, influences the establishment of such relations in sectors of the economy traditionally related to highly competitive spheres of economic activity.
MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research), Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.18184/2079-4665.2022.13.4.60-72
Purpose: convergence occurs when regions with poor economies tend to grow faster than regions with rich economies, so poorer regions tend to catch up with rich regions in terms of GRDP or per capita products. The concept of convergence is dividedinto3 (three) namely sigma convergence, absolute convergence, and conditional convergence. This study focuses on analyzing the trend of convergence based on the approach to the concept of convergence with a concern for analysis, namely stochastic convergence.Methods: the analysis of convergence using a stochastic approach and a sigma and beta convergence approach for each province on the island ofSumatraduringthe2011–2020 periods. This research data uses secondary data with a combination of time-series data and cross-sectional data obtained from the Central Statistics Agency, the Ministry of Finance, and the Investment Coordinating Board. Calculation of beta convergence is based on the equation model developed by Barro and Sala-I-Martin (1990) and stochastic convergence based on the measurement model by Ludlow and Enders (2000).Results: the finding from this study shows that there is a stochastic convergence in all provinces on the island of Sumatra which is described based on the Sumatra. The economy has proven Beta convergence which explains the convergence with a relatively low rate of convergence, but the addition of determinant variables such as Domestic Investment and government spending has an impact on increasing the rate of convergence in the island of Sumatra.Conclusions and Relevance: the recommendation for further research emphasizes the spatial interaction between regions because the stochastic stocked test has not been able to see the interdependence between regions that causes convergence.
MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research), Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.18184/2079-4665.2022.13.1.111-125
The article is a continuation of a number of scientific studies carried out by the authors within the framework of government assignments and grants devoted to identifying the relationship between the economic security of territories and the development of “green” entrepreneurship models on them.Purpose: is to identify the relationship between responsible consumption and ensuring the economic security of subjects of the "green" economy in the context of the global principles of sustainable development and the transformation of consumer preferences.Methods: the study is based on the methodology and principles of sustainable development in "green" entrepreneurship. The use of comparative and comparative analysis methods is due to the need to identify the features of sustainable (responsible) production and consumption in different sectors of the "green" economy. Comparative marketing allows you to clarify the category of "sustainable (responsible) consumption", systematize international experience and best practices of "green" marketing.Results: the authors have identified the most promising market segments of the "green" economy, outlined the advantages of companies that implement the principles of "green" marketing and take into account ESG factors in business models of entrepreneurship. The use of indicative analysis tools made it possible to determine the level of development of individual segments of "green" entrepreneurship in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. Based on the results of Russian practice and on the example of the implementation of the national project "Labor Productivity", the effectiveness of the implementation by companies participating in the national project of responsible and lean production is substantiated. The structural components of the "green" economy and economic security are revealed, the differentiation of Russian regions is shown in the context of indicators of the development of individual segments of the "green" economy. It has been determined that all segments of the "green" economy in Russia are covered by the national project "Labor Productivity".Conclusions and Relevance: according to the results of the study, the relationship of macro- and microeconomic factors in achieving SDG 12 "Responsible consumption and production" by the subjects of "green" entrepreneurship was revealed. The authors propose directions for the implementation of educational measures for the business community in the field of "green" marketing, the influence of ESG factors when changing business models, lean manufacturing, which will help ensure the economic security of subjects of "green" entrepreneurship in the new economic conditions.
MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research), Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.18184/2079-4665.2022.13.1.27-41
Purpose: is to assess the security of Russia's economic security in the foreign economic sphere.Methods: the article is based on the analysis of the theoretical foundations of the formation of target values of economic security indicators, the study of the methodology for applying the non-parametric method for assessing data envelopment analysis and the use of the statistical method of information processing. The method of comparative analysis of the economic development of foreign countries was also used. To form a holistic view of the results of the assessment, the data visualization method was used.Results: based on the result of considering the methodology of the non-parametric data envelopment analysis estimation method, the advantages of its application are described, as well as the key features that need to be paid attention to when assessing by this method. The content of two main assessment models used in the framework of the data envelopment analysis (DEA) method is disclosed, the use of one of them in the context of assessing the country's economic security is justified. By using specialized software (Deap version 1.2), the economic security of Russia in the foreign economic sphere was assessed, as a result of which the target value of the economic security indicator for the long term was obtained.Conclusions and Relevance: the method for assessing economic security considered in the article makes it possible to deepen the existing assessment tools, supplement the existing methods for calculating the target indicators of economic security and, if necessary, adjust the current target indicators. The information obtained on the basis of the DEA method can be used in the formation of plans and forecasts in the field of economic security, as well as in the development of methodological support for the Economic Security Strategy of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2030.
MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research), Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.18184/2079-4665.2022.13.1.138-144
The main point of presented publication is to illuminate the role of modern mining industry as an engine of the economy. Such changes are explained not only by the growing demand on raw materials but reconstruction the technology of the branch on the modernized basis, primarily information products. It is argued that the country dispose the prerequisite for the success in IT-technology. So to say the economy of Russia has the potential for development regardless sanctions under the effective economic policy.
MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research), Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.18184/2079-4665.2022.13.1.8-26
Purpose: the purpose of the article is to study the role of corporate culture in the sustainability of companies in the conditions of crisis phenomena, as well as to analyze methodological approaches to corporate culture as a tool for the competitive success of the company.Methods: the methodology of the work is based on the use of the concepts of organizational culture and sustainable development, as well as the theory of modernization, integrating economic growth and the culture of companies within a single process of sustainable development. A group of scientific methods has been applied, including: inductive-deductive method, method of comparative analysis and retrospective method, method of expert analysis, rating assessment and others.Results: the analysis of the role of corporate culture in the conditions of crisis phenomena caused by the instability of the external environment is carried out. It is noted that the influence of corporate culture on the stable development of companies can have a dual character: a strong corporate culture has a stimulating effect on the economic growth of the company, and its weakness becomes an obstacle to sustainable development. The analysis of methodological approaches to corporate culture, which is considered as a tool for competitive success and sustainable development of the company, is carried out. Modern aspects of the formation of new behavioral models and tools for their introduction into corporate culture are revealed in order to maximize the compliance of companies with the conditions of extreme instability of the external environment.Conclusions and Relevance: the phenomenon of corporate culture is a rather complex area of research – this follows from the interpretation of this concept, the definition of the methodology of formation and the search for tools for its development. But it becomes obvious that the growth of knowledge about corporate culture, produced in the academic environment and highly demanded by the management of companies, has had a significant impact on managerial thinking and management practice. This is due to the understanding of the high role of corporate culture in the processes of internal integration and adaptation of the company to the external environment, in achieving competitive success and strategic development goals, which creates the basis for sustainable development of the economic system.
MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research), Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.18184/2079-4665.2022.13.1.126-137
Purpose: this study aims to study the effect of financial performance and corporate governance on tax avoidance in manufacturing companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in 2015–2019.Methods: financial performance and corporate governance as independent variables with financial performance indicators are ROA, ROE and Leverage while indicators of corporate governance are the board of commissioners, audit committee and external audit quality. Tax avoidance as the dependent variable was measured by using ETR (effective tax rate). This research uses purposive sampling to get a sample size of 60 companies around 5 years and use common effect panel data regression analysis. The data in this study were analyzed with Eviews 9.0.Results: (1) Financial Performance as measured by ROA, ROE and leverage. ROA and leverage has an indication on tax avoidance while ROE has no an indication on tax avoidance in listed manufacturing companies on the IDX in 2015-2019. (2) Corporate Governance as measured by the board of commissioners, audit committee and external audit quality shows that has an indication on tax avoidance in listed manufacturing companies on the IDX in 2015–2019.Conclusions and Relevance: the results of the study prove that ROA, leverage, the board of commissioners, audit committee and external audit quality have a significant and significant effect on tax avoidance, but the ROE variable has no significant effect on tax avoidance in listed manufacturing companies on the IDX in 2015–2019.
MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research), Volume 13; https://doi.org/10.18184/2079-4665.2022.13.1.73-93
Purpose: the main goal is to improve the methodology for assessing the effectiveness of state crisis business support based on the analysis of the experience of foreign countries.Methods: the information base of the study is data from the IMF, the World Bank and the OECD. The study was conducted on the basis of methods of logical and comparative analysis (induction, deduction, comparative studies) using statistical data processing tools. The theoretical basis of the research is the theory of bankruptcy of companies of the scientific school of the Financial University «Crisis Management».Results: the approaches to assessing the effectiveness of macroeconomic policy based on the theory and practice of governments of developed countries have been studied, a methodology for analyzing the crisis component of such a policy has been developed, including the definition of efficiency criteria, and proposals for improving crisis policy in the context of the coronavirus pandemic have been formulated. The effectiveness of using the rehabilitation potential of bankruptcy procedures on the example of some countries to restore the economy in a crisis is proved.Conclusions and Relevance: the crisis caused by the coronavirus pandemic differs from all previous economic crises, including significant amounts of state support for business. At the same time there is no strict correlation between the volumes of such support and losses in the economy. Despite the projected rates of economic growth in the coming years, some crisis factors have been ignored by the states (the high level of debt burden, the existence of zombie companies). The imposed moratorium on bankruptcy has postponed the problem of accumulated debts, which will subsequently negatively affect the pace of economic growth in the world as a whole. Existing studies have not confirmed the effectiveness of this business support measure.Assessment of the effectiveness of state support for crisis business, along with macroeconomic effects, should include crisis, due to the rehabilitation potential of the institution of bankruptcy. Existing scientific studies do not analyze the contribution of the insolvency regime to economic growth. According to the results of the study, the inefficiency of state support for crisis business from the point of view of crisis management has been established.
MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research), Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.18184/2079-4665.2021.12.4.434-449
Purpose: the purpose of this study is to examine the current state of Japan's digital transformation, with a focus on the banking sector, analyzing specifc examples, identifying obstacles that hinder the achievement of expected results.Methods: the article is based on the analysis of scientifc and analytical materials devoted to the problem of research, a set of general scientific methods is applied, including comparison, scientifc generalization, analogy, etc.Results: the article presents the main trends and current results of digitalization of Japanese banks, provides examples of projects, identifies problematic areas of the implemented policy. A hypothesis is put forward about the key role of the government in the development of new standards for the organization of work, taking into account the use of innovative technologies. For Japan, digitalization is chosen as a key tool to mitigate the current socio-economic situation. Digitalization is already being implemented in the healthcare sector, agriculture, etc. Another sector at the center of digitalization is the fnancial one. Financial technologies form new markets and products. Non-banking companies penetrate into the areas occupied by classical banks, competing and even displacing them.These processes are observed both in Japan and in other countries of the world, including Russia. Therefore, studying the Japanese experience of integrating digital technologies into the fnancial sector is important. Although Russia is among the leaders in the digitalization of the financial sector, it is difcult for fntech companies to break into the Russian market due to pressure from large classical banks, as well as the lack of trust in fntech companies from the population.Conclusions and Relevance: in contrast to the manufacturing sector, digitalization of non-manufacturing areas is slower in Japan. This is due to a shortage of qualifed personnel, fnancial risks, etc. Today, the priority for fnancial institutions remains to create the basis for the introduction of digitalization and improve management efciency. From the point of view of ensuring the stability of the fnancial system, it is expected that the Bank of Japan, together with the government, will encourage initiatives in the feld of fnancial development.