MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research)
ISSN / EISSN : 2079-4665 / 2411-796X
Current Publisher: Publishing House Science (10.18184)
Total articles ≅ 346
Latest articles in this journal
MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research), Volume 11; doi:10.18184/2079-4665.2020.11.2.128-147
Purpose: is to study the experience of mass implementation of remote work (telecommuting) in Russian companies during the isolation regime caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, to assess the opportunities for further development of this type of labor relations and emerging trends in the labor market.Methods: to accomplish the research tasks, universal general scientific methods are used: analysis, synthesis, abstraction, generalization, analogy, comparison, forecasting. The paper uses secondary analysis and interpretation of applied research data related to remote work issues. Also in the study the elements of statistical and structural-functional analysis are used. Results: we have studied the research conducted during the pandemic in relation to the opinions of employers and staff of Russian organizations about the experience of remote work. This made it possible to identify groups of its negative and positive factors. The main problem for everyone was the shortcomings of the organization of the remote work process, which affected the efficiency of labor. The main advantage was the economic benefits of the remote format. According to experts, today Russians have an interest and sufficient readiness for remote work. This is confirmed by the identified characteristics of the domestic labor force and data on the level of their digital literacy. However, on the part of employers, the continuation of this practice raises a considerable number of questions. Their problems are caused by a whole list of organizational factors that can neutralize the positive effect of the introduction of a new type of labor relations. At the same time, experts expect to increase the use of remote work in Russia, as well as expanding the scope of its application. The reviewed foreign experience shows a number of very successful examples of remote activities of English-speaking companies. International research reports predict a further increase in the spread of remote work. This will affect even those countries of the world where remote work was not widespread before the crisis.Conclusions and Relevance: despite the advantages and disadvantages, the practice obtained during the isolation regime revealed the potential of remote work and played a role of a catalyst in the development of this format of labor relations in Russia. Among the main trends emerging in the labor market are: improving the legal framework of remote labor relations, developing forms of remote work and labor management, applying it in new areas of activity and increasing the staff of companies working remotely.
MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research), Volume 11; doi:10.18184/2079-4665.2020.11.2.196-215
Purpose: the study methodological approaches to assessing the level of development of the digital economy and develop recommendations for improving digitalization development management processes.Methods: the research methodology is based on the use of elements of various types of analysis, statistical methods and macroeconomic modeling methods. The empirical base is represented by a set of thematic materials, including statistical data from European Union countries.Results: the study presents various interpretations of the content of the concept of "digital economy", indicating its content in accordance with the evolutionary development of society and the progress of scientific and technological progress. Approaches to measuring the level of development of the digitalization of the economy on a global scale are considered. The absence of the universally recognized universal indicators and methods recognized in this field has been revealed. An analysis of the development of the digital economy in the countries of the European Union using the Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI) is carried out. A model has been developed that allows the grouping of EU countries taking into account the level of development of the digital economy and the characteristic features for each selected group of countries, which will increase the efficiency of managerial decisions in the direction of the development of CEs in specific conditions.Conclusions and Relevance: the differentiation in the level of development of the countries of the European Union determines the presence of significant differences in strategic priorities in the implementation of the digitalization of the economy. The main direction of digitalization of the economy should be considered industrial production. A new production paradigm is the formation of intelligent production based on the introduction of digital production and digital information technologies in the main stages of the product life cycle. Sociocyberphysical systems capable of solving key problems, both in the digitalization of production systems and becoming the locomotives of the growth of the new economy, are being formed in this context. They have the ability to interact with both the environment and the social sphere through the creation of new jobs. The developed model is focused on taking into account the specific features of the development of a country (group of countries), allows you to identify key problems in the development of the digital economy and timely take the necessary measures to solve them.
MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research), Volume 11; doi:10.18184/2079-4665.2020.11.2.179-195
Purpose: determination of the opportunities and definition of prospects of diversification in the field of production of new products (in the case of the nuclear industry), which allows to match the level of a new technological stage and to achieve state goals for import substitution, production of high-tech civilian products of the defense enterprises, creation of mechanisms for state support of leading industries.Methods: the research is based on a comprehensive analysis of diversification and production of new products using scientific and technical, institutional, organizational, and marketing approaches. Methods of empirical analysis were used to assess the opportunities and prospects for the production of new products by nuclear industry enterprises. The research also used methods of comparison, generalization, classification, and graphical representation.Results: as part of the study of diversification processes, the need for a special understanding of the term "new" in relation to technologies and products that correspond to both global technological trends and novelty from the point of view of the manufacturer has been identified. The reasons that motivate nuclear enterprises to develop new products (the need to diversify activities related to nuclear energy, expanding the production of high-tech products by defense enterprises) were determined. Global and national markets, major competitors, government support measures for a number of new products manufactured by the enterprises of the ROSATOM State Atomic Energy Corporation – wind energy, additive technologies, composite materials, digital technologies – were evaluated. It was shown that ROSATOM in some cases forms these markets in Russia creating opportunities for other enterprises. ROSATOM activities meet the world's leading manufacturers practice – the entire technology chain from materials to finished product building, key manufacturers combining. ROSATOM is developing the directions that require interaction between the state and business.Conclusions and Relevance: diversification, including the production of new products, corresponds to both promising organizational and technological trends (industry 4.0, etc.) and the needs of import substitution and diversification. The effective organizational approach is the competencies unification that allows to cover all redistributions and compete with leading global manufacturers. It is necessary to create national markets using public-private partnership where public corporations can play a leading role in order to develop the most promising technological areas. The state should form a system for supporting promising areas in new technologies and products fields.
MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research), Volume 11; doi:10.18184/2079-4665.2020.11.2.148-161
Six years of the implementation of the Federal Law “On Strategic Planning in the Russian Federation” were focused on the development of documents and recommendations for them. This determined the fragmentation of public administration and strategic planning. However, according to the author, the basis of the strategic planning system that meets modern challenges and threats should not be documents, but processes. The introduction of new tools will allow the transition from project management and strategic planning to strategic management in the Russian Federation. Such tools include the introduction of management cycles of strategic planning, resource support for the realization of goals, the organization and implementation of the monitoring and control process, a system of continuous indicative planning and balance sheets.
MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research), Volume 11; doi:10.18184/2079-4665.2020.11.2.216-232
Purpose: to consider the evolvement of relationships between the structural elements of the financial mechanism in the public procurement framework and estimate their qualitative change under the influence of financial and economic instruments from the point of view of increasing the efficiency of using financial resources in the context of a program-oriented approach to budget expenditure planning.Methods: the research was conducted with the application of general and specific scientific methods, which include statistical analysis, analytical data processing methods, analogies, scientific generalizations, etc.Results: based on the analysis of changes in legal framework the author of the research performed evaluation of the interaction of structural elements of financial mechanism on the stages of planning, supplier selection, performance of contract; there were analysed perspectives of its development through transformation of integrated use of instruments, and defined evaluation marks of procurement monitoring within the governmental programs. The research demonstrated that, as the result of state procurements made within the period from 2017 – early 2020, upon the modernization of tools applied in the system, there can be observed a qualitative enhancement in interconnection of structural elements, which means decrease in labour efforts and duration of procurement procedures, as well as higher level of transparency on different stages of the process.Conclusions and Relevance: the analysis of legislative framework in state procurements segment and statistical data of the practice of their application demonstrates that the intensive reforming in state procurements segments is reasoned completely by the need to achieve the main foal of the public administration funding, which lies in the enhancement of effectiveness in the use of common financial resources. The fulfilment of the governmental order through the system of competitive procurements is aimed at the most complete satisfaction of the demands of all economic agents, including state, society, and population. The quality modernisation of tools applied on the state of procurement process provides an opportunity to lower the ordering customers’ labour efforts for elaboration of a schedule, diminish the terms envisaged for the planning, deciding on the supplier and performance of the contract. The switch to the electronic form of interaction among the participants, including the procurement documentation, reveals the opportunity to optimize the mechanism of financial control management and organization.
MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research), Volume 11; doi:10.18184/2079-4665.2020.11.2.162-178
Purpose: the article is devoted to the ways to create adaptive production systems, taking into account the experience of the economies that have successfully emerged from the terminal crisis. One of the tasks is to improve the adaptability of the production system or, at the best, of the socio-economic system as a whole, in a now situation of uncertainty and unpredictable social, technological, structural, economic dynamics.Methods: an approach is based on the provisions of systemic economic theory, specifically on the representation of the socio-economic system in the form of a tetrad, comprising several key subsystems (sectors) that exchange resources (powers) that they possess.Results: noticeable contemporary conditions and the characteristics of the global socio-economic system are identified as a terminal crisis, which is determined by the depth and breadth to cover the regions, countries, industries with serious changes of a new quality in the functioning of economic objects at the different hierarchy levels. Such a crisis, in contrast to a structural crisis, affects all social groups, spheres of subject affairs and actors relations. The paper argues the quite relevant issue of how to make a systemic transition to a new model and paradigm of the economy. With this purpose, we have identified three groups of factors on which a model of the economy in a post-pandemic world can be based at least. Theoretical grounds and practical conclusions are given in order to carry out system assembly (synthesis) of a production system based on the model of the tetrad.Conclusions and Relevance: it is shown that the synthesis of all types of systems – socio-economic, industrial, innovation system – should be carried out on the basis on systemic economic paradigm, taking into account both the new current phenomena and peculiarities on the different economic levels. According to the author conclusion, some of the principles, proposed to organize and manage the corporate systems by Deming, can be used to increase adaptive ability of the production systems at least at the micro level of the Russian economy, which will inevitably be being transformed in a post-pandemic world.
MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research), Volume 11, pp 233-242; doi:10.18184/2079-4665.2020.11.2.233-24
Purpose: this research is about the impact of the product quality, price, halal labeling, and brand ambassador for the purchasing decision of halal cosmetics product.Methods: the research samples involves 400 female respondents with age 20–49 based on income category, education and kinds of jobs in Palembang city, analysis using the Logit Analysis Method.Results: (1) the probability of the dominant factor in affecting the purchasing decision of the halal cosmetics product namely price; (2) the product quality, income, halal labeling, and brand ambassador have positive and significant impact; (3) the price has negative and significant impact for the purchasing decision of the purchasing decision of the cosmetics product.Conclusions and Relevance: overall, there are five potential factors which affect the purchase of the halal cosmetic product. This important aspect should be attention in the cosmetics halal purchase, because it is not only about the price but also the religiosity aspect such as knowledge, attitude, Islamic brand and subjective norm before deciding to buy the product.
MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research), Volume 11; doi:10.18184/2079-4665.2020.11.2.114-127
Purpose: the main goal of the research is to develop a humanistic approach to digital transformation management based on the principles of social responsibility in the current uncertain environment.Methods: the research is based on the integration of conceptual approaches to understanding the specifics of the functioning of a modern organization in the context of digital transformation and the impact of the new crisis on Russian business. The author attempts to determine the emerging trends in the impact of the coronavirus pandemic on the decisions made by company managers in relation to their employees. The basic concepts of the research cover the areas of digitalization of the economy, humanization of economic growth, human capital, personnel management, and social responsibility of business.Results: the analysis of the combined influence of factors of economic, technological, demographic and cultural Genesis on the formation of a new approach to the construction of interaction between organizations and people in the direction of greater emphasis on anthropocentrism. It is determined that this kind of relationship should be based on the principles of socially responsible business behavior, recognizing the person as the main resource for digital transformation, achieving commercial success and sustainable development. The article assesses the real situation in the labor market and in Russian companies under the influence of digital challenges and the coronavirus pandemic. It is emphasized that the demand for social orientation of business increases many times during crisis periods, during which there is a rethinking of values and the formation of new foundations for future development. Recommendations are given for eliminating or minimizing the conflict between humanistic and technocratic approaches in the management of companies based on the principles of social responsibility.Conclusions and Relevance: the solution of a set of tasks for the digital transformation of the economy, saturating the business environment with new technological solutions, in the current conditions of uncertainty formed under the influence of the coronavirus pandemic, actualizes the problem of preserving humanity in a technologizing world. It is imperative to find ways to remove the generally accepted (perhaps far-fetched?) contradictions between human essence and technological transformations. Companies, while adopting strategic guidelines in the field of goal setting, building their potential and building prospects, should give priority to the development of human resources as an integral element of technological progress and a key factor in creating long-term value for companies and society as a whole.
MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research), Volume 11; doi:10.18184/2079-4665.2020.11.1.29-43
Purpose: development of an economic-mathematical model for quantifying the economic processes of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation as part of the implementation of regional strategic planning procedures as an instrument for solving the problems of modernizing the Russian economy. To achieve this goal, the following tasks were solved: requirements for the model were formulated; composition fixation and categorization of economic processes completed; the layout of numerical indicators; justified the use of the modeling method; the proof of model performance.Methods: in the study of the problem, the search and development of solutions, methods of comparative analysis, economic and mathematical modeling (regression analysis, correlation analysis, factor analysis, index methods), statistical data processing methods, as well as specially developed application software were used. The regional economic system is considered as a structure that includes a number of autonomous subsystems, each of which is characterized by certain objectively measurable indicators.Results: an economic-mathematical model of the regional economic system of the subject of the Russian Federation has been developed, the functionality of which is sufficient to justify causal relationships between indicators characterizing its current state. Seven systemic economic processes are formalized, the corresponding pairs of «factor-indicator» are arranged, where the factor is an indicator directly controlled by regional authorities, and the indicator mainly shows the macroeconomic quality and dynamics of the process. The proof of the model’s performance was carried out by the experimental method, including in the calculations the indicators of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation that are part of the North-West, Volga and North Caucasus federal districts.Conclusions and Relevance: applying the developed methodological and practical approaches in practice, it is possible to reasonably solve the problems of regional strategic planning, that is, to form a system of priority long-term guidelines that can be achieved using the appropriate set of measures. It is assumed that the applied solution developed for the purposes of this study, subject to its refinement and adjustment to the tasks of a particular region, can become the core of a development management decision support system.
MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research), Volume 11; doi:10.18184/2079-4665.2020.11.1.12-28
Purpose: to justification of the need to develop new-generation domestic technologies that ensure the competitiveness and stability of the Russian economy to external challenges. Using the laws of accelerated development of various systems, objects and processes of the material world will allow us to construct a mechanism for analysis, decision-making and management of the justification, development and implementation of new generation technologies.Methods: the research method is based on the generalization of forecasting the accelerated development of various processes under the conditions of growth restrictions, methods for constructing targeted information-logic models, decision-making methods for justifying the costs of upgrading one-generation technology options and analyzing domestic and foreign technology development experience new generation.Results: within the space of creation and development of new generation technologies, in accordance with the well-known concept of the full life cycle, the process of development and implementation of new generation technologies in the form of a logistic curve has been specified. The solution to the problem of managing the creation of new generation technologies is presented as the fastest possible implementation of projects to search for innovative solutions that meet the requirements of competitiveness. Mathematical models of the formulated problem are considered. Examples of practical tasks for managing the development and development of new generation technologies are given.Conclusions and Relevance: the dynamics of development and the economic conditions for the transition to technology modernization are determined by the need for further development of new generation technologies in the interests of full use of the innovative potential of this generation. Information-logical and mathematical models have been developed for making decisions on managing the justification of the necessary resources for the implementation of projects in the full cycle during the transition from innovative solutions to new technologies and innovative products.