Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2354-5690 / 2579-3594
Published by: Journal of Consumer Sciences (10.29244)
Total articles ≅ 122
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Anisa Utami, Harianto Harianto
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 9, pp 79-87; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2021.9.2.79-87

Abstract:
Along with the importance of the rice industry in the agricultural sector and rural development in Indonesia, it arguably requires the understanding of whether rice farmers have been experiencing changes in their agricultural practices. Within the existing literature, it is commonly found that most farmers in developing countries are characterized as subsistence farmers. This paper aims to explore what factors affecting the degree of farmers’ subsistence in the Indonesian rice industry. To this end, this study employed regression analysis using data from the national agricultural survey in 2014. The empirical results find that both the characteristics of farm households and rice on-farm characteristics have statistically significant effects on the farmers’ decision whether to commercialize or become subsistence. In addition, the farm gate price is also found to have a statistically significant effect, but the effect is found to be relatively small. In general, this study suggests that subsistence farming in the Indonesian rice industry is still significant though many literatures have emphasized the existence of structural change in the agricultural system in Indonesia.
Silvia Sari, Rini Septiowati, Sevty Wahiddirani Saputri
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 9, pp 154-165; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2021.9.2.154-165

Abstract:
One of the alternatives to reduce waste in Indonesia is the establishment of a Waste Bank. The role of waste bank actors is not the same as collectors or scavengers, they are expected to have entrepreneurial and personal characteristics. The purpose of this study is to analyze the forming factors of entrepreneurial activity in waste banks that contribute to the growth of a sustainable waste processing business. This research was conducted in Sawangan Depok. The first research stage collected primary data using a questionnaire on 111 active waste bank actors using the purposive sampling technique, then analyzed the data using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The results showed that the goodness fit criteria were met and the measurement variables in the model had good reliability (CR≥0,70, VE≥0,50). The entrepreneurial activities of waste bank actors are most influenced by entrepreneurial characteristics (γ = 0,70) and resources (γ = 0,63). The entrepreneurial characteristics of the waste bank actors are well shaped by motivation (λ = 0,40), risk (λ = 0,49), and innovation (λ = 1,00). The implication is that to grow a sustainable waste bank requires an innovative character for the waste bank actors.
Aris Farianto, Tuti Karyani, Lucyana Trimo
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 9, pp 88-104; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2021.9.2.88-104

Abstract:
Shallots in Indonesian society as a complement to spices in cooking, are also needed as raw material for the fried onion industry and have many benefits of high economic value. Shallot consumption has risen year after year, resulting in a rise in shallot commodity development. The scale of onion farming variety from small to large scale; it demands a significant amount of capital gets started. One of the most essential aspects of initiatives to promote a shallot commodity, which is intended to boost farmers' income, is the availability of funding. The purpose of this study was to determine the income between shallot farmers who access credit to formal and informal financial institutions. The research was conducted in Nganjuk Regency because it is one of the centres of shallots in East Java Province. The analysis in this research is analyzing farm income and examining the differences between farms that have access to formal and informal. The results showed that the income of shallot farming in Nganjuk Regency was very profitable and there was a difference between the income of shallot farming who accessed formal and informal financial institutions.
Pinta Aftaprilia Rizki Ananda, Rita Nurmalina, Burhanuddin Burhanuddin, Harry Suhada
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 9, pp 131-142; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2021.9.2.131-142

Abstract:
Beef cattle breeding is one of the most important production factors and the quality of beef cattle breeds can affect the level of beef production. The increase in demand for beef is not followed by an increase in population and national beef productivity. The government is trying to fulfil the needs of domestic cattle breeds by establishing a Technical Implementation Unit for beef cattle breeding in various regions, one of which is Padang Mengatas BPTU-HPT. The most widely bred cattle breeders are local cattle, called pesisir’s cattle. Pesisir’s cattle are local cattle that have the potential to be developed because have several advantages over other local cattle. Therefore, in this study, it is needed to analyze the sustainability of pesisir’s cattle breeds in BPTU-HPT Padang Mengatas because pesisir’s cattle an important role as a meat supplier in West Sumatra whose population has decreased, it is necessary to see how sustainable the pesisir’s cattle are so that the supply of meat in West Sumatra is available sustainably with the germplasm of locally owned cattle. Data were processed using the Rap-Local Beef Cattle Breeding ordination technique through the Multi-Dimensional Scaling (MDS) method for sustainability analysis. Our results indicated the sustainability status of pesisir’s cattle breeding in multidimensional is quite sustainable because the index value is at an interval of 50,01 until 75,00 with a value of 72,89 in the economic dimension 67,96 in the ecological dimension 67,78 in the social dimension and 56,04 in the technological dimension.
Rivani Hilalullaily, Nunung Kusnadi, Dwi Rachmina
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 9, pp 143-153; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2021.9.2.143-153

Abstract:
Rice can grow in almost all of the islands in Indonesia, but 57 per cent of it was produced in Java, which is less than 10 per cent of the national area in Indonesia. To anticipate the increasing need for rice consumption, it is important to study the prospects for increasing national rice production, especially by utilizing the potential of agricultural land outside Java island. The purpose of this study was to identify the prospects for the development of national rice, especially outside Java island, from the perspective of rice production factors and technical efficiency at the farm level. Using stochastic frontier analysis, the translog production function showed that the increasing use of inputs (land, seeds, fertilizers, pesticides) will not significantly increase rice production both in Java and outside Java island (inelastic). Technical efficiency analysis indicated that rice production in Java and outside Java island was 28 and 39 per cent below its frontier, respectively. Further analysis showed that irrigation, land status, farmer groups, and farmer education were significantly improved technical efficiency. This study concluded that the potential to increase rice production by increasing technical efficiency outside of Java island was greater than in Java island. However, increasing the efficiency of rice production outside Java may be constrained by the availability of irrigated agricultural land. To significantly increase national rice production both in Java and outside Java island, a breakthrough in new rice production technology is needed.
Ulta Marta Seli, Lukman Mohammad Baga, Bayu Krisnamurthi
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 9, pp 166-176; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2021.9.2.166-176

Abstract:
The auction market for crumb rubber is a business unit owned by KUD Berkat. The auction market was formed to obtain the highest price at the farmer level for the sale of crumb rubber. Therefore in this study, it is necessary to evaluate the effectiveness of the auction market for crumb rubber seen from the price, quality, volume, and the number of auction market players and to analyze farmers' perceptions of the effectiveness of the auction market from the auction market output, auction market flexibility, and whether there is tension between institutions in auction market with proportion test. Data collection uses secondary data and primary data obtained by interviewing respondents from weighting a Likert scale, and secondary data obtained from related institutions. The results showed that evaluation of effectiveness the auction market for crumb rubber seen from the price in line with the international market, the quality according to SNI standards and 98% of farmers had fulfilled the 60% KKK, the average of quantity (volume) of crumb rubber every farmer was in a low category, the number of farmers who participated auctions in the five years ago still increased. Farmers' perceptions of the auction market institution for crumb rubber based on the proportion test of more than 50% mean the auction market in KUD has a high level of effectiveness and is feasible to run.
Yogy Rasihen, Andriyono Kilat Adhi, Suprehatin Suprehatin
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 9, pp 177-187; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2021.9.2.177-187

Abstract:
Coconut plantation is one of the strategic commodities in the national economy and community welfare. The problems related to smallholding coconut farmers, namely the reduction in area and coconut production every year. Research needs to be conducted to determine the sustainability status of smallholings’ coconut farmer plantations through the MDS method bin Indragiri Hilir Regency. Data were collected from 45 respondents in each sub-district, namely Indragiri Hilir Regency, namely Enok, Keritang, Mandah, and Pulau Burung Districts, and analyzed with the Multidimensional Scalling (MDS) method covering economic, environmental and socio-cultural dimensions. Primary data were obtained from direct interviews with farmer respondents and several experts who concentrated on the coconut which were selected purposively, secondary data obtained from the Central Statistics Agency, Agriculture and Plantation Service, and other kinds of literature that support this research. The results of the ordination Rap-technique on the MDS method showed that the index value of the sustainability of the smallholder coconut plantations in Indragiri Hilir Regency ranged from 25,01 to 50,00 which was categorized as less sustainable. In particular, the sustainability index is 48.01, 33,76, and 28,06 for the economy, ecology and socio-culture, respectively. The sustainability of smallholdings’ coconut plantation farming in each dimension has a different sustainability index, the different sustainability index indicates a need for different policies to improve the sustainability status of smallholder coconut plantations in Indragiri Hilir Regency.
Herawati Herawati, Harianto Harianto
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 9, pp 188-199; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2021.9.2.188-199

Abstract:
Food products are the main concern for the government and people of Indonesia. Changes in food prices have significant effects on the welfare of the population. Covid-19 pandemic has significantly affected community activities and the food agribusiness system. This study analyzes patterns of changes in prices and marketing margins of seven main food products in Indonesian food consumption i.e. rice, shallots, garlic, red chillies, cayenne pepper, cooking oil, and sugar, after the Covid-19 pandemic by presenting descriptive statistics of daily food prices data from the National Strategic Food Price Information Center (PIHPSN). Based on empirical results, except for shallots and cooking oil, most food prices at various market levels have fallen during the Covid-19 pandemic. On the other hand, the risk of food prices at various levels of the market has been increasing. During the Covid-19 pandemic, the magnitude and variability of marketing margins along the marketing chain also have been increasing. These findings imply the urgency of Institutional policies that can increase market transparency and competition appears to be more effective in the long term at reducing the price shocks caused by Covid-19 at various levels of the market than price interventions.
Fauji Yamin, Anna Fariyanti, Siti Jahroh
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 9, pp 105-121; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2021.9.2.105-121

Abstract:
Skipjack tuna is the result of the main capture fisheries in the South Halmahera district which experienced significant growth of 4,2 percent during the 2016-2018 period, but increased production experienced constraints in the marketing system and caused income uncertainty for fishermen and traders. The purpose of this study was to determine the marketing system of skipjack tuna in the South Halmahera Regency using a structural, behavioural, and performance (SCP) approach. The sampling method uses snowball sampling which started with 68 fishermen. The results showed that the market structure formed was an oligopsonistic market structure and there was a barrier to market entry of 14 percent. Meanwhile, market behaviour shows that fishermen only act as price takers. Based on the marketing margin analysis, there are 10 (ten) skipjack fish marketing channels. Judging from the value of large skipjack fish, marketing channel 7 has the highest margin value of 70,4 percent and the lowest is channel 8 of 53,9 percent. Meanwhile, the marketing channel of small fish the highest margin value is marketing channel 9 of 73,9 and the lowest is channel 9 of 65,1 percent. While the value of farmer share, channel 1 has the highest value of 70 percent and the lowest is channel 7 of 36 percent. Overall, skipjack tuna marketing channels have not been efficient.
Innike A Fahmi, Rafeah Abubakar, Sisvaberti Afriyatna
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 9, pp 122-130; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2021.9.2.122-130

Abstract:
Pasar Modern Plaju is a modern market, which was relocated from the traditional market Pasar Plaju so that there is a change in management of the market. Vegetables are the most widely sold commodity in the market, one of which is potatoes. Potatoes harvested area and production in South Sumatra had fluctuated in the past five years. Producer and consumer prices also fluctuated but have positive trends. Changes in market management and potato prices are always fluctuating, which would affect the market structure. The study aimed at determining the buying and selling activities and the structure of the potato market in Pasar Modern Plaju. The data came from 10 potato retailers. The data collected is daily data from buying and selling activities during January 2020 and was analyzed quantitatively. The analysis used was market concentration ratio (CR) and HHI (Herfindal-Hirschman Index). The result showed the diluent traders bought potatoes from a collector at a maximum of 600 kg per purchase, did not do grading, and the payment system was in cash. The market concentration ratio showed 59,18% CR4 and 93,27% CR8 was indicated that the structure of the potato market in Pasar Modern Plaju was oligopsony. HHI value 1.313 also showed that the potatoes market structure trend to word oligopsony market. These findings imply that the structure market can be influenced by the type of market.
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