Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 23545690 / 25793594
Current Publisher: Institut Pertanian Bogor (10.29244)
Total articles ≅ 97
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Rachmat Fitranto, Nanang Dwi Wahyono, Yossi Wibisono
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 58-68; doi:10.29244/jai.2020.8.1.58-68

Abstract:
Indonesian has been ranked as 5th mango producer in the world with total production reached 2.18 million, however, Indonesian has not included the top ten world mango exporter countries. Indonesian total export was 1,240 tons and only fulfilled 0,6% of the world export value. PT. Trigatra Rajasa is one of the Arumanis 143 mango producers in Indonesian. The research objective was to analyze internal and external factors which influence marketing mango of PT Trigatra Rajasa including the arrangement of strategic recommendation to incline market value. Data collection was done from January to May 2019 through observation and respondent interview. Questioner with SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats)and QSPM (Quantitative Strategic Planning Matrix) method was used during the interview. Analysis tools such as IFE, SWOT and QSPM were utilized in this research. The result showed that IFE (internal factor evaluation matrix) and EFE (external factor evaluation matrix) calculation matrix were given total score 2,85 and 2,8, respectively. Adding result of both matrix was positioning the mango marketing reality of PT Trigatra Rajasa in compartment V, mean hold and maintain. In this compartment, market penetration and product development strategy were suggested to be applied. Market penetration was recommended strategy to increase marketing of mango PT. Trigatra Rajasa based on QSPM (4,03) and efficiency of production budget through the utilization of mechanization (3,00) were suggested.
Rizki Puspita Dewanti, Harianto Harianto, Rita Nurmalina
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 69-82; doi:10.29244/jai.2020.8.1.69-82

Abstract:
As the world's largest coconut producer, Indonesia has the opportunity to become the main exporter of processed coconut products. Crude coconut oil (CCO) is one of the leading processed coconut products which is currently increasing in demand. In the export market of crude coconut oil, Indonesia deals with intense competition with other crude coconut oil exporters. The objective of this study was to analyze the factors that influence the import demand of Indonesian crude coconut oil and competition between Indonesian crude coconut oil with other crude coconut oil exporters in the international market. The analytical method used was the Almost Ideal Demand System (AIDS). The results showed that the factors that influence import demand of Indonesian crude coconut oil in the international market were various and Indonesian crude coconut oil could compete with crude coconut oil from Philippine in the US and German markets. The competition was indicated by the positive cross elasticity value (substitution). The decreasing price of crude coconut oil of Philippine will reduce the market share of Indonesian crude coconut oil. Therefore, Indonesia needs to improve its marketing strategy and increase crude coconut oil production to increase Indonesian crude coconut oil exports.
Ida Kurnia Saragih, Dwi Rachmina, Bayu Krisnamurthi
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 17-32; doi:10.29244/jai.2020.8.1.17-32

Abstract:
Oil palm plantations are strategic commodities in the national economy and public welfare. Smallholder oil palm plantations as part of the palm oil commodity supply chain currently face business sustainability issues. This study aims to analyze the sustainability of community oil palm plantations based on index assessment using the Rap-Palmoil method through the Multidimensional Scaling (MDS) method. Multidimensional analysis of MDS in terms of economic, social, environmental, institutional, and technological dimensions as aspects examined in this study. This research was conducted in two regencies of oil palm plantations in a broad area of ​​land in Jambi Province, namely Muaro Jambi Regency and Merangin Regency. The data used are primary and secondary data, primary data are obtained from interviews with farmers while secondary data are obtained from the Central Statistics Agency, Plantation Service, and literature that supports this research. Respondents in this study were 99 farmers selected purposively. The results of the multidimensional sustainability analysis of the Jambi Province oil palm plantation sustainability index were 57,79 included in the quite sustainable category. While the results of the sustainability index analysis for the five dimensions are 54,11 (economy), 66,83 (social), 58,64 (environmental), 46,40 (institutional), 59,02 (technology). All dimensions are overall included in the "moderately sustainable" category except the institutional dimension in the "less sustainable" category. The sustainability of oil palm plantations in each dimension has a different sustainability index so that different policies are needed to evaluate the sustainability of community oil palm plantations in Jambi Province.
Wan Abbas Zakaria, Teguh Endaryanto, Lidya Sari Mas Indah, I Rani Mellya Sari, Abdul Mutolib
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 83-93; doi:10.29244/jai.2020.8.1.83-93

Abstract:
This study aims to (1) analyze the level of income and (2) analyze the factors that influence the level of household welfare of cassava farmers. The study was conducted in Gunung Agung Village, Terusan Nunyai District, Central Lampung Regency with a survey method. The sample of farmers 78 respondents was taken by proportional stratified simple random sampling. Data analysis using quantitative descriptive methods include income analysis, welfare level analysis according to BPS and Sayogyo, and using a binary logit model. The results show that the source of household income of cassava farmers is increasingly diverse and leads to off and non-farm activities. Revenue from cassava farming has decreased but is still dominant. Based on BPS and Sayogyo criteria, most cassava farming households are in a decent and prosperous life group. The factors that influence the level of welfare of cassava farmers are the amount of work, cassava farming experience, and household income.
Muhamad Agus Kurniawan, M. Rondhi
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 43-57; doi:10.29244/jai.2020.8.1.43-57

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to find out: the perception of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) Products and preferences of risk consuming GMO as well as the factors that influence decisions of the scientific community in consuming GMO. This research used descriptive and analytic method. Determination of the area by purposive method at the University of Jember. Method of determining the sample uses purposive sampling, namely students and lecturers from the Public Health Faculty and Agriculture Faculty. Furthermore, determining the number of samples using quota sampling, 150 students and 90 lecturers. The method of collecting survey data using questionnaires and data were analyzed based on questionnaires that returned and were responded to as many as 120 for students and 30 for lecturers. The results of the study show that (1) public perceptions regarding GMO based on health and agriculture are agreed, while the economy is hesitant. (2) risk of preference majority of the scientific community is a risk lover, which is as many as 80 people. (3) Factors that influence the scientific community's decision to consume GMO products significantly, type of work, age, amount of allowance or income per month, daily food expenditure, knowledge level and risk aversion level.
Luriana Taslim, Amzul Rifin, Siti Jahroh
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 33-42; doi:10.29244/jai.2020.8.1.33-42

Abstract:
Cassava is the most processed staple food crops in Indonesia. Processed cassava micro and small enterprises (MSEs) are responsible for most cassava value-adding process. The major obstacle to the growth of MSEs is financing—a problem of the limited source of fund. Despite the presence of government financing support to MSEs, the number of processed cassava MSEs that have involved financing is still low. This study aimed to analyze the financing impact on the performance of processed cassava MSEs and to identify which factors influence the performance of processed cassava MSEs. Cross-sectional data of the MSEs Survey conducted in 2015 by Badan Pusat Statistik and analysis tool Multiple Linear Regression was used to answer the research objectives. Results showed that financing had a positive and significant impact on processed cassava MSEs’ sales revenue, but did not have any impact on their assets. Factors that significantly affected the performance of processed cassava MSEs were working hours per day, input value, training, products marketed in town, and business belongs in chips industry.
Dian Verawati Panjaitan, Steven Raja Ingot, Arie Mardiansyah, Leo M. Christoffel
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 1-16; doi:10.29244/jai.2020.8.1.1-16

Abstract:
The discussion on Restrictions on Agricultural Exports (ER) in the World Trade Organization (WTO), which is a mechanism to temporarily stop the export of agricultural products aimed at preventing food shortages in exporting countries has been intensively negotiated. However, as a net importer of agricultural products and a member of the G33 countries, Indonesia must overcome the ER policy because it might have the potential to increase prices and threaten food security in the Indonesian domestic market. This study uses descriptive qualitative statistical analysis to determine the Import Dependency Ratio (IDR) and Independence Ratio (SSR) for five of Indonesia's main import agricultural products such as rice, corn, soybeans, wheat, and horticulture. Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) analysis using GTAP ver.9 is also used to analyze the impact of restrictions on exports of agricultural products for the five products analyzed on macroeconomic and sectoral indicators. Based on IDR and SSR it can be concluded that almost all G33 countries are highly dependent on wheat imports, as many as 36 countries are dependent on imported wheat with IDR values ​​varying between 70% - 215%. The analysis shows that export restrictions will harm Indonesia's macroeconomic. However, by sector, Indonesian farmers and producers can take advantage of the impact of the export restriction policy as an opportunity to increase their production in the context of meeting domestic demand as a result of declining demand for imported food products in the country.
Alghif Aruni Nur Rukman, Harianto Harianto, Suprehatin Suprehatin
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 7, pp 129-140; doi:10.29244/jai.2019.7.2.129-138

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze the effect of changes in macroeconomic variables, namely exchange rates, interest rates, and inflation on stock prices of agribusiness companies on the LQ-45 index. This study used monthly time series data from 2008-2018 and analyzed by the VECM method. The results showed that the stock price reaction of eight agribusiness companies in the LQ-45 index varies with changes in macroeconomic variables both in the short and long term. In the short term, changes in exchange rates had a positive and significant effect on one company stock prices, while changes in inflation and interest rates had a negative and significant effect on four companies and one company respectively. In the long term, the results showed that changes in exchange rates had a positive and significant effect on two companies’ stock prices, while it had a negative and significant effect on five companies. The result also showed that changes in inflation had a positive and negative effect on one company and six companies respectively in the long term. Also besides changes in interest rates had a positive and negative effect on two companies’ stock prices respectively.
Fitri Yutika, Eko Ruddy Cahyadi, Heti Mulyati
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 7, pp 102-112; doi:10.29244/jai.2019.7.2.102-112

Abstract:
Indonesian palm oil plantation industry is confronted with sustainability issues that potentially restrict trade access in theglobal market. Smallholders are actors who have an important role in palm oil plantation sustainable development. Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) and past behavior are used as the theoretical basis to see the influence of attitude toward sustainability, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control and past behavior toward smallholders' intention to implement sustainable palm oil production practices. This study aims to analyze differences in smallholders' intention to implement sustainable palm oil production practices between independent farmers and plasma farmers. The study sample consisted of 121 independent farmers and 121 plasma farmers wich is spread across Kampar Regency. Data collection was done by distributing questionnaires and analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) with Partial Least Square (PLS) program. The result of this study indicates that attitude toward sustainability, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control and past behavior have a positive and significant effect on plasma farmers' intention to implement sustainable palm oil production practices, whereas subjective norm has no effect on the independent farmers' intention to implement sustainable palm oil production practices.
Dwi Putriana Nuramanah Kinding, Wahyu Budi Priatna, Lukman M. Baga
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 7, pp 113-128; doi:10.29244/jai.2019.7.2.113-128

Abstract:
Knowing the performance of a company is needed in order to be able to determine the extent to which goals have been achieved. The final objective of this research was to analyze the performance of Al-Ittifaq vegetable supply chain for each of its members in order to achieve a common goal, by maximizing the resources they have with their best practices. The analytical method used in this research was the Supply Chain Operational Reference (SCOR) model by considering the internal and external attributes of the foodSCOR card. The four attributes used in this study were reliability, responsiveness, agility ,and assets. The results of measuring internal performance in the supply chain at all levels in the responsiveness and agility attributes had achieved superior performance positions on the foods card. The value of Al-Ittifaq vegetable supply chain performance on reliability attributes in conformity performance with the standards was still in the advantage position, while the delivery performance and order fulfillment were already in a superior position. The internal performance of the Al-Ittifaq vegetable supply chain in each section for the cash to cash cycle time attribute had reached a superior position. The daily inventory performance was still in the advantage position, therefore Al-Ittifaq it still needs improvement in performance by not doing a daily inventory to reduce storage costs and to always provide fresh vegetables.
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