Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia
ISSN / EISSN : 2354-5690 / 2579-3594
Published by: Journal of Consumer Sciences (10.29244)
Total articles ≅ 138
Latest articles in this journal
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 10, pp 180-199; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2022.10.1.180-199
The issue of an imbalance in demand and supply of red chili and fluctuating red chili prices have initiated the Ministry of Economy, especially the Deputy for Food and Agribusiness Coordination, to implement a pilot of closed loop partnership model. The partnership is a form of cooperation that is beneficial for parties who have agreed, usually, partnerships are formed and carried out between parties who have agreed and have been bound by an agreement, SOP, or contract. The purpose of this study is there is an impact on the income and farm efficiency of chili farmers in partnership with non-partner farmers in Garut and Sukabumi Regency?. The data analysis carried out includes qualitative data analysis methods that are described descriptively in the analysis of farm performance. The quantitative analysis method used farm income analysis, income and cost comparison analysis (R/C Ratio), and different test analyses to determine the level of efficiency of chili farming commodities by partner and non-partner farmers in Garut and Sukabumi Regency. The results of this study indicate that the profit of closed loop chili farming is more profitable (IDR89.889.654/ha/season with R/C=2,06). Although the productivity and quality of chili produced by closed loop farmers (8,691 tons/ha) is relatively similar to non-closed loop farmers (8,491 tons/ha), it can be seen that the price received by closed loop farmers is higher (IDR15.457/kg) compared to the price received by non-closed loop farmers (IDR11.998/kg). The closed loop partnership model can be considered to have a positive impact on the income and efficiency of chili farming.
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 10, pp 169-179; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2022.10.1.169-179
E-marketing has various advantages and can be used as an alternative for marketing. However, the use of e-marketing in the agricultural sector is still low even though the agricultural sector has the potential to be developed in the form of e-marketing. The use of e-marketing requires farmers to have the ability to master technology or known as digital literacy skills. The higher digital literacy of farmers is expected to increase e-marketing literacy in the agricultural sector. The study aims to measure the level of digital literacy and e-marketing literacy of farmers and analyze the effect of digital literacy on the e-marketing literacy of farmers. The sample used in the study was a 21 samples farmers who partnered with Sayurbox. The level of digital literacy and e-marketing literacy among farmers is measured by Partial Least Square Path Modeling (PLSPM). In addition, the analysis of factors affecting digital literacy and e-marketing literacy of farmers used multiple linear regressions. The results showed that farmers' level of digital literacy and e-marketing literacy was in the moderate category. In the digital literacy section, farmers have weaknesses in the sub-construct of information retrieval and the security and the use of technology. Meanwhile, in e-marketing literacy, farmers have weaknesses in developing information sub-construct that received. Then, digital literacy has a significant positive effect on e-marketing literacy. It showed that digital literacy can measure a farmer's e-marketing literacy. Meanwhile, education significantly affected digital and e-marketing literacy, while age has a significant positive effect on e-marketing literacy.
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 10, pp 159-168; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2022.10.1.159-168
The pandemic Covid-19 has impacted global economy, including Indonesia. In response to dealing with the spread of Covid-19 cases, Indonesian government has imposed social restrictions which directly impacts people’s economic activities including food sector. Considering rice as the main food product for most Indonesian people, this study aimed to analyze the transmission of rice prices from the producer level to the consumer level during the Covid-19 pandemic. Price transmission describes the impact of changes in the price of an item at one market level on changes in the price of the item at another market level. The data used is daily time series data from March 2020 to March 2021. The data analyzed using the Vector Autoregressive (VAR) approach. The VAR estimation results show that producer prices and consumer prices do not affect each other. The absence of price transmission between producers and consumers may indicate that government intervention to maintain rice prices during the Covid-19 pandemic has been effective.
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 10, pp 152-158; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2022.10.1.152-158
The number of young people who want to work in the agricultural sector is decreasing compared to the non-agricultural sector. A farmer who has a young age usually has high enthusiasm for trying new things in determining suitable commodities. The education level of those working in the agricultural sector is low, with the majority having or not completing primary school. The level of education is very important to absorb new information and technology. Income is one of the factors for someone to determine a job because it is to meet the needs of daily life. Income in the agricultural sector depends on crop yields and fluctuations in market prices. The social environment plays an important role in the mindset of the younger generation in determining a worker. This study aims to determine the relationship between age, education, income, and social environment with the work motivation of young people in the agricultural sector. The approach used is descriptive quantitative with a purposive sampling method. The analytical method used is correlation analysis using Spearman rank. The younger generation studied were aged 20-44 years. The research location is in Jumo Village, Kedungjati District, Grobogan Regency, Central Java. Respondents consist of 50 young people who work in the agricultural sector using open land. The results showed that there is a significant and positive link between variables of age, education, income, and social environment with the younger generation's motivation to work in agriculture.
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 10, pp 142-151; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2022.10.1.142-151
The Special Efforts Program (UPSUS) is a government program to achieve sustainable food self-sufficiency, one of which is the commodity of corn. The success of the UPSUS program is inseparable from the participation of farmers. Some factors affect the level of farmer participation. This study aimed to analyze the factors that influence farmers' participation in the UPSUS program. The study was carried out from August to October 2019 in Pandeglang Regency. The research involved 94 respondents who were joined in the UPSUS Program on maize commodity. The data obtained were statistically analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling - Partial Least Square (SEM-PLS) analysis. The results showed that the ability of farmers and the opportunity factor had a positive and significant effect on the level of farmer participation. This implies that the higher farmers’ ability and the number of opportunities obtained by farmers increase the level of farmer participation in the UPSUS corn program. Farmer characteristics have a positive impact but do not possess a significant effect on the level of farmer participation.
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 10, pp 126-141; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2022.10.1.126-141
Indonesia is the fifth largest areca producer with a land area of 137,600 ha in 2015 with a production of 47.000 tons and a productivity of 0,34 tons/ha (Directorate General of Plantations, 2016). Aceh Province is one of the centers for areca cultivation in Indonesia. Areca is a commodity that is mostly cultivated by farmers in Bireuen Regency. So that, this commodity has an important role in the life of farmers in Bireuen Regency because their income depends on the areca cultivated. Generally, the weak bargaining position of farmers is due to the lack of market access and market information. Different price levels received by farmers will create marketing margins. This study aimed to identify and analyze areca marketing and analyze the operational efficiency of areca marketing in Bireuen Regency, Aceh Province. Qualitative descriptive analysis was used to analyze areca marketing channels. Meanwhile, quantitative analysis is used to measure the efficiency of areca marketing by using marketing margin analysis, farmer's share. The results showed that there were 3 marketing channels in Bireuen Regency which involved three marketing agencies, namely village collectors, sub-district collectors and wholesalers. There are 38 farmers (66,67 percent) that chose the first channel (Farmer – Village Collector Traders – Wholesalers). When viewed from the lowest margin (Rp 5.975,00/Kg) and the highest farmer's share (65,37 percent), the relatively efficient marketing channel is channel 2, namely Farmers-Wholesales. In the areca marketing, it appears that there is no institutional role at the farmer level in increasing the bargaining power of areca farmers in Bireuen Regency. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen the role of farmerlevel institutions in the processing and marketing of areca in order to improve the bargaining position of areca farmers.
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 10, pp 101-112; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2022.10.1.101-112
The increase of Indonesia’s dairy imports confirms that Indonesia is dependent on imports. Practically, the bigger import dependence leads to the bigger exposure of import to GDP. The characteristics of imports are also described by the degree of import concentration. These research objectives are: (1) to find out the level of import dependency and the degree of import openness of Indonesian dairy imports; and (2) to find out the import concentration of Indonesian dairy imports based on commodity and geographic concentrations. This study uses the Import Dependency Ratio (IDR) method, the degree of import openness (DKI), the degree of commodity concentration (DKK); and degree of geographic concentration (DKG). This research used annual time series secondary data in 2014 to 2018 for the dairy HS code as follows: (1) HS 0401, (2) HS 0402, (3) HS 0403, (4) HS 0404, (5) HS 0405, and (6) HS 0406. The results showed Indonesia has a high dependence on dairy products; with an average of 40,42 percent of Indonesia's dairy needs are met from imports. However, the degree of import openness of dairy imports is still relatively low; Indonesian dairy import spends 0,14 percent of Indonesia's GDP. Indonesian dairy imports are relatively distributed in the six dairy HS codes. Geographically, only HS code 0405 imports which are concentrated from one source, specifically from New Zealand. Meanwhile, dairy imports from other HS codes are relatively distributed from various countries.
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 10, pp 113-125; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2022.10.1.113-125
Robusta coffee is a leading commodity in West Lampung Regency. The existence of a gap in coffee prices at the producer and consumer level by 49,04 percent is suspected that a large number of marketing institutions are involved, resulting in high marketing costs. This has led to allegations of unequal pay among marketing institutions. It has an impact on the level of coffee marketing efficiency in the Sekincau District. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze the Robusta coffee marketing system that is formed, based on the institutions involved, and analyze the Robusta coffee marketing efficiency in Sekincau District. Research data was obtained from observations, interviews using questionnaires, and supporting data from relevant agencies. The results showed that four marketing channels carried out each marketing function. Based on quantitative calculations, channel I is the most efficient channel with a margin of Rp 5.669 per kg and a farmer’s share of 76,77 percent. Efforts to overcome coffee marketing inefficiencies in Sekincau District, West Lampung Regency through the optimal implementation of marketing functions at each marketing agency, efforts to improve post-harvest quality and sales of coffee products that have been processed into sangria coffee or powder to encourage increased selling prices and farmers' income.
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 10, pp 76-84; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2022.10.1.76-84
The Covid-19 pandemic brings around a multidimensional crisis that sway the world’s economy and believed to affect the performance of any industry. Cocoa processing industry, which is well known greatly contributes to Indonesia’s economy, is one of industry that is suspected has a significant effect to the performance of Indonesia’s economy. As one of export commodity, during the pandemic (2019-2020) the cocoa processing industry contributed for about USD 548 million to total Indonesia’s foreign exchange. This lead to a question: does the increase implies that the cocoa processing industry has a good financial performance? Therefore, this study aims to evaluate the financial performance of two cocoa processing company before and during Covid-19 pandemic by occupying the financial report of PT Bumi Teknokultura Unggul TBK and PT Wahana Interfood Nusantara from 2018 till 2020. The Economic Value Added approach was used to evaluate the financial performance of both company. The result of Economic Value Added (EVA) Analysis confirmed that this pandemic seem affecting the financial performance of the two company, which is both company’s performance tend to decrease. Yet, a different performance between the two was depicted as well by EVA, in which the EVA of PT Wahana Interfood Nusantara is positive while the PT Bumi Teknokultura Unggul Tbk’s is negative. This implies that PT Wahana Interfood Nusantara has a better financial performance than PT Bumi Teknokultura Unggul Tbk.
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 10, pp 85-100; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2022.10.1.85-100
Serang Regency is one of the broiler producing regions in Banten Province. Broiler’s production in Serang Regency faces a high risk of chicken production and mortality. Production risk also has an impact on the breeder’s income and decisions to breed broilers. This research aimed to analyze the risk of the broiler breeder’s production and analyze the effect of partnerships on the risk of broiler breeding in Serang Regency. This research was conducted in Serang Regency, Banten Province. The selection of respondents was done by purposive sampling to collect 64 broiler breeders. The number of samples is divided into 32 partnered breeders and 32 independent breeders. The Just and Pope model is used to analyze production risk. The results of the analysis showed that the production risks faced by partnered breeders are higher than independent breeders. Besides that, partnerships do not have a significant influence to reduce the risk of production of broiler breeding. The results of the analysis showed that the factors of production that are increasing production risk in broiler are vaccines, labor, medicines, husks, dummy partners, and dummy seasons. Factors that are reducing production risk in the business of broiler are feed, heat, and vitamins.