Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia
ISSN / EISSN : 2354-5690 / 2579-3594
Current Publisher: Institut Pertanian Bogor (10.29244)
Total articles ≅ 104
Latest articles in this journal
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 131-141; doi:10.29244/jai.2020.8.2.131-141
Besides having a high economic value, Pumpkin honey also has good nutritional content, technically honey pumpkin cultivation is no different from other plants, but in pumpkin, honey cultivation requires a higher investment, especially at variable costs, this study was conducted in Pandeglang district, in general, it is suitable for pumpkin honey cultivation. The objectives of this study include to: (1) Financial feasibility of pumpkin honey farming. (2) The rate of sensitivity (sensitivity) to the decline in selling prices, increase in production costs and decrease in the amount of production (3) The feasibility of the aspects of cultivation, social environment, economics and marketing of Pumpkin Honey. tabulation and computational methods to facilitate analysis. Data analysis uses quantitative analysis and qualitative descriptive analysis. Quantitative analysis analyzes financial feasibility (B/C Ratio, NPV, IRR and PBP) and sensitivity analysis using applicable interest rates, qualitative descriptive analysis is used to determine the feasibility of cultivation, social environmental, economic and marketing aspects. The results showed that (1) Honey Pumpkin Cultivation in Cipeucang and Cimanuk Subdistricts of Pandeglang Regency was feasible to be cultivated with Gross B/C Ratio, Net B/C Ratio, NPV.IRR and Payback Period (PBP) feasible. (2) The possibility of a decrease in production, a decrease in output prices, and an increase in production costs, according to investment criteria and in a proper condition, and have a good level of sensitivity. (3) The technical aspects of cultivation from climate and rainfall following the Pumpkin Honey plant, the social and environmental aspects are feasible, the marketing aspects are feasible and very promising.
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 164-174; doi:10.29244/jai.2020.8.2.164-174
A partnership is a form of cooperation that is needed to be done for business development so that it can be globally competitive. With the existence of a partnership, it can improve the ability of small businesses through capital support and professional resource training to increase business income and continuity. In Indonesia, tofu business is one of the micro and small businesses that have the potential to be developed. To improve business performance, it is necessary to collaborate among tofu businesses and large businesses or state-owned enterprises. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of partnerships and other factors on the performance of the tofu business in Indonesia. Tofu businesses can be grouped into two categories, namely partner and non-partner businesses. To estimate the performance of tofu businesses in Indonesia, multiple linear regression method was used. The data used in this study were collected from the Central Bureau of Statistics and the Ministry of Cooperatives and SMEs, in which 237 tofu businesses were taken as samples. The results showed that partnership had a positive and significant impact on tofu businesses income. Besides, business life, raw material cost, labour force and marketing allocation also positively significant affected tofu businesses income. However, the level of education, the age of the entrepreneur, the number of tools used, business capital, training, sales distribution, and cooperatives did not significantly affect tofu businesses income.
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 115-130; doi:10.29244/jai.2020.8.2.115-130
Koto Mesjid village is familiar with named “Kampung Patin”, one of pangasius fish cultivator is CV. Graha Pratama Fish. The purpose this research was to analyze value-added of frozen pangasius fish fillets, to know the person of the supply chain in frozen pangasius fish fillets, to know circle supply chain in frozen pangasius fish fillets and to analyze the performance of supply chain in frozen pangasius fish fillets. Using a case study, data was analyzed by Model DEA-CCR. This result evidence that value-added obtained is IDR 6,391 per Kg. The person of the supply chain in frozen pangasius fish fillets are a supplier of pangasius fish raw material, entrepreneur of frozen pangasius fish fillets and customer. The circle supply chain consists of product flow, financial flow and information flow. The performance SCOR of frozen pangasius fish fillets generally is performing well. DEA in frozen pangasius fish fillets has 5 suppliers that achieve 100% efficiency in green condition, from December 2018 to January 2019. While the frozen pangasius fish fillets supply chain achieve 100% efficiency in green condition obtained in January 2019. Cash-to-cash cycle time sensitivity is the most influential variable on efficiency value of the pangasius fish supply chain and there is no sensitivity value that most influences the efficiency of frozen pangasius fish fillets. Recommendations for improvement of the total potential improvement namely variable input cash-to-cash cycle time 98,78% and input costs 1,22%.
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 152-163; doi:10.29244/jai.2020.8.2.152-163
Indonesian rattan was one of the natural commodity which has been traded since long time ago. As one of the natural wealth, rattan has an important role in economic growth for Indonesia. The availability of rattan is abundant in the forests of Indonesia, especially in Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Sumatra, making Indonesia a major supplier of rattan world needs, but the export value of Indonesian rattan furniture in the last few years dropped. This research aims to analyze the competitiveness of Indonesian rattan furniture to the largest European importing countries and the determinant factors affecting the competitiveness of Indonesian rattan furniture. The data used in this study were annual time series data from 2007-2016. The methods used were the competitiveness test with the approach of Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) and Revealed Symmetric Comparative Advantage (RSCA) was used to analyze the competitiveness of Indonesian rattan furniture to the European importing countries. The results showed that Indonesia had strong competitiveness in 4 European importing countries, especially the United Kingdom and Italy rattan furniture market that had a higher point of competitiveness with 141,01 & 100,95 RCA’s point respectively. This made both as a major export option of Indonesian rattan furniture in the future.
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 106-114; doi:10.29244/jai.2020.8.2.106-114
This study aims to map the types of vegetables that are feasible to be developed in Lampung Province. The mapping will be analyzed using the Location Quotient (LQ) method which will produce commodities that are classified as either base or non-base commodities. The data used are secondary data on vegetable production in Lampung Province for six years (2013-2018) obtained from the Central Statistics Agency of Lampung Province. The results showed that two types of vegetable plants became superior commodities, seen from the LQ value greater than 1, namely chilli and Chinese cabbage, with an LQ value of 1,26 for chilli and 1,17 for Chinese cabbage, respectively.
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 142-151; doi:10.29244/jai.2020.8.2.142-151
The research objectives are to 1) determine the role of organic fertilizers, vegetable pesticides, seeds and labour on the productivity of organic rice farming; 2) factors that cause inefficiencies in the use of production inputs in organic rice farming in Banyumas Regency. The research method used was survey method, the method of determining respondents in a purposive manner (38 farmers). The analytical method uses the stochastic frontier production function analysis method. The results showed that technically the increased use of seeds, manure, liquid organic fertilizer (POC), liquid organic KCl fertilizer and nutrition could increase the productivity of organic lowland rice in Banyumas Regency. Labor has a significant and negative effect on the productivity of organic rice farming. While pesticides have no significant effect on increasing the productivity of organic lowland rice. Management factors that influence the technical inefficiency of organic rice farming according to the signs of hope are formal education and dummy membership in farmer groups. While age and experience did not significantly affect technical inefficiency. The coefficient value of the educational variable is -0,3329 and has a significant effect on the technical inefficiency of organic rice farming. The negative sign of the formal education variable indicates that the higher the farmer's formal education level, the lower the technical inefficiency or the higher the farm's technical efficiency.
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 95-105; doi:10.29244/jai.2020.8.2.95-105
The study was to determine the magnitude of the costs and income of farmers and to determine the distribution of farmers' income. The research uses a survey method by taking census samples and data are analyzed by the Gini Index and Gini Ratio analysis. The results showed that organic rice farming benefited farmers because the net income of farmers per hectare per season was Rp 14.645.643 or farmer revenue is Rp 20.095.247,00 and the total cost of farming was Rp 5.449.604 with R/C of 3,687. It means that for each Rp 1.000 will result in Rp 3.687 revenue. The distribution of income of organic rice farmers amounted to 0,4012, meaning that organic rice farming can evenly distribute farmers' income distribution.
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 17-32; doi:10.29244/jai.2020.8.1.17-32
Oil palm plantations are strategic commodities in the national economy and public welfare. Smallholder oil palm plantations as part of the palm oil commodity supply chain currently face business sustainability issues. This study aims to analyze the sustainability of community oil palm plantations based on index assessment using the Rap-Palmoil method through the Multidimensional Scaling (MDS) method. Multidimensional analysis of MDS in terms of economic, social, environmental, institutional, and technological dimensions as aspects examined in this study. This research was conducted in two regencies of oil palm plantations in a broad area of land in Jambi Province, namely Muaro Jambi Regency and Merangin Regency. The data used are primary and secondary data, primary data are obtained from interviews with farmers while secondary data are obtained from the Central Statistics Agency, Plantation Service, and literature that supports this research. Respondents in this study were 99 farmers selected purposively. The results of the multidimensional sustainability analysis of the Jambi Province oil palm plantation sustainability index were 57,79 included in the quite sustainable category. While the results of the sustainability index analysis for the five dimensions are 54,11 (economy), 66,83 (social), 58,64 (environmental), 46,40 (institutional), 59,02 (technology). All dimensions are overall included in the "moderately sustainable" category except the institutional dimension in the "less sustainable" category. The sustainability of oil palm plantations in each dimension has a different sustainability index so that different policies are needed to evaluate the sustainability of community oil palm plantations in Jambi Province.
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 58-68; doi:10.29244/jai.2020.8.1.58-68
Indonesian has been ranked as 5th mango producer in the world with total production reached 2.18 million, however, Indonesian has not included the top ten world mango exporter countries. Indonesian total export was 1,240 tons and only fulfilled 0,6% of the world export value. PT. Trigatra Rajasa is one of the Arumanis 143 mango producers in Indonesian. The research objective was to analyze internal and external factors which influence marketing mango of PT Trigatra Rajasa including the arrangement of strategic recommendation to incline market value. Data collection was done from January to May 2019 through observation and respondent interview. Questioner with SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats)and QSPM (Quantitative Strategic Planning Matrix) method was used during the interview. Analysis tools such as IFE, SWOT and QSPM were utilized in this research. The result showed that IFE (internal factor evaluation matrix) and EFE (external factor evaluation matrix) calculation matrix were given total score 2,85 and 2,8, respectively. Adding result of both matrix was positioning the mango marketing reality of PT Trigatra Rajasa in compartment V, mean hold and maintain. In this compartment, market penetration and product development strategy were suggested to be applied. Market penetration was recommended strategy to increase marketing of mango PT. Trigatra Rajasa based on QSPM (4,03) and efficiency of production budget through the utilization of mechanization (3,00) were suggested.
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 69-82; doi:10.29244/jai.2020.8.1.69-82
As the world's largest coconut producer, Indonesia has the opportunity to become the main exporter of processed coconut products. Crude coconut oil (CCO) is one of the leading processed coconut products which is currently increasing in demand. In the export market of crude coconut oil, Indonesia deals with intense competition with other crude coconut oil exporters. The objective of this study was to analyze the factors that influence the import demand of Indonesian crude coconut oil and competition between Indonesian crude coconut oil with other crude coconut oil exporters in the international market. The analytical method used was the Almost Ideal Demand System (AIDS). The results showed that the factors that influence import demand of Indonesian crude coconut oil in the international market were various and Indonesian crude coconut oil could compete with crude coconut oil from Philippine in the US and German markets. The competition was indicated by the positive cross elasticity value (substitution). The decreasing price of crude coconut oil of Philippine will reduce the market share of Indonesian crude coconut oil. Therefore, Indonesia needs to improve its marketing strategy and increase crude coconut oil production to increase Indonesian crude coconut oil exports.