Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan

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ISSN / EISSN : 2355-8032 / 2614-6703
Total articles ≅ 71
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Yasmiin Khoirul Bariyyah, Endang Sawitri, Rahmat Bakhtiar
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan, Volume 9, pp 142-150; https://doi.org/10.30650/jik.v9i2.2256

Abstract:
Diabetes Mellitus is the disease which causes premature mortality, and the leading cause of blindness, heart disease, and kidney failure in the world with increasing prevalance. Exercise is fundamental in Diabetes Mellitus management which functions to improve insulin sensitivity and control blood glucose level. A number of studies have been carried out to explore the effect of aerobic exercises on blood glucose level among patients with type-2 Diabetes Mellitus. The research aimed to evaluate the effect of aerobic exercise’s type, frequency, intensity and duration on blood glucose level among patients with type-2 Diabetes Mellitus. This study was systematic review. The literature searches were specified from 2005-2020 through Pubmed and Google Scholar. 40 studies in total based on specific criteria was included to this study. Thirty-nine out of forty studies revealed that a variety of aerobic exercises such as walking, gymnastic (diabetic, aerobic, foot, ergonomic), step test as well as static cycling give impact on lowering blood glucose level. Seventeen out of forty studies fulfilling the criteria of frequency, duration and intensity showed that exercise helps reduce blood glucose level. In conclusion, performing aerobic exercise regularly and appropriately helps to lower blood glucose level among patients with type-2 Diabetes Mellitus.
Darmin Darmin, Sarman Sarman
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan, Volume 9, pp 90-96; https://doi.org/10.30650/jik.v9i2.2984

Abstract:
One of the health service facilities that have a very important role in providing health services to the community is the Community Health Center. Assessment of the quality of health services is very important because it can be used as material for self-evaluation of health care provider organizations. assessment of research respondents using a questionnaire consisting of 30 statements. This research is a type of qualitative research, using an observational analytic approach with a questionnaire as a tool in collecting data. The research was conducted at the Kotamobagu City off all Public Health Center in April 2021. The population in this study were all 1000 patients undergoing treatment at the Kotamobagu City Public Health Center, North Sulawesi province. samples in this study as many as 200 patients were determined using a Slovin calculation technique. The sampling technique in this study uses probability simple random sampling. The quality of health services at the Public Health Center in Kotamobagu City is not optimal, it is known that the health services felt by the community are not following what was conveyed by the health service manager at the Kotamobagu City Health Center with a significant level of (α = 0.000 < 0.05). The quality of health services received by the community who utilize services in all Public Health Centers in Kotamobagu City is considered not optimal because the dimension that is lacking in its implementation in public health centers is the dimension of Reliability Responsiveness Assurance Empathy.
Nur Juliana, Anwar Mallongi, Wa Ode Megasari
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan, Volume 9, pp 81-89; https://doi.org/10.30650/jik.v9i2.2995

Abstract:
Home industries, especially at gold craftsmen in Malimongan Village, Makassar City, working indoors can experience pressure on hot and cold. In addition, the working period has been decades and used personal protective equipment are rarely used at gold craftsmen as protection from exposure of toxic in the work of environment. This study aims to analyze of humidity, temperature, working period, and used of personal protective equipment in home industry at gold craftsmen. This type of research is a descriptive survey. Direct collection was used a thermohygrometer, Samples of 30 houses, interviews through questionnaires at gold craftsmen amounted to 30 human sample were chosen using the simple random sampling. The analyzed using the frequency distribution of each variable. The results showed that the humidity in the room was mostly 66,7% not eligible requirements and 33,3% qualified requirements, an average of 62,90%. Most of the air temperature 86,7% not eligible requirements and 13,3% qualified requirements, an average of 32,430C. The working period at gold craftsmen >5 years is 96,7% and working <5 years is 3,3%, the working period between 3-32 years, an average of 15,57 years. Respondents never used of personal protective equipment such as face mask 93,3% and 6,7% sometimes used by towel for cover their nose. It is expected in home industry needs to increase ventilation in the workspace so that air of circulation can enter properly. In addition, at gold craftsmen need used of personal protective equipment while working.
Adrian Sali, Muhammad Risal
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan, Volume 9, pp 106-117; https://doi.org/10.30650/jik.v9i2.3118

Abstract:
Menstrual pain, or dysmenorrhea, is a problem that practically all women, regardless of age, suffer during their menstrual cycle. However, the adolescent age group has the highest prevalence of women experiencing this. The symptoms of dysmenorrhea include pain in the lower abdomen extending to the waist that typically begins 2-3 days before menstruation and lasts for 1-2 days throughout menstruation, along with certain associated symptoms such as heartburn, pains, or prickles.1 The purpose of this study is to assess the effect of turmeric stew on the pain scale used to diagnose dysmenorrhea in students attending Senior High School 1 East Pamona, Poso Regency. With a total of 34 respondents, this study used the Quasy Experiment method with a non-randomized control group pre-posttest design and a purposive sampling strategy. The study's data were gathered utilizing general data collection sheets and NRS pain scale measurement sheets (Numeric Rating Scale). The Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test and the Mann Whitney U-Test were used to analyze the data. Before drinking turmeric stew, both the treatment and control groups had moderate pain. Meanwhile, the average pain intensity after drinking the turmeric stew was 68.8 % mild pain and 31.2 % no pain in the treatment group, and 37.5% mild discomfort and 62.5 % moderate pain in the control group. Following statistical analysis with the Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test, a p-value of 0,000 ≤ α 0,05was achieved, showing that turmeric stew affected both groups. Additionally, a statistical test utilizing the Mann-Whitney U-Test yielded a value of 0,000 ≤ α 0,05, showing a significant difference in pain scale reduction between the treatment and control groups. To summarize, ingesting turmeric stew has a substantial effect on lowering the pain scale for dysmenorrhea in students. Keywords: Turmeric stew, Dysmenorrhea, High school students
Deenadearlova Putri Daryani, Eka Yuni Nugrahayu, Sulistiawati Sulistiawati
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan, Volume 9, pp 118-126; https://doi.org/10.30650/jik.v9i2.3109

Abstract:
Academic procrastination is an act of intentionally postponing completion of assignments and can prevent individuals from starting of finishing assignments. This study aims to describe the prevalence of academic procrastination among students at Medicine Faculty, Mulawarman University. This is a descriptive observational study and the respondents were selected through purposive sampling technique. There were 216 students of 2018, 2019, and 2020 Academic Year at Medicine Faculty selected as the respondents. The primary data were obtained from the questionnaire. The findings revealed that academic procrastination occured to 55.1% respondents more than the average.
Supriyono Supriyono, Silviani Kesuma
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan, Volume 9, pp 97-105; https://doi.org/10.30650/jik.v9i2.2272

Abstract:
Background. This study aims to determine the differences in the results of teaching and learning training in regional health planning (Renkesda) in Batam National Health Training Center (Bapelkes) in 2016. Methods. The population in this study were all participants in the Renkesda training. The sample in this study was saturated, where all participants were taken as samples, with the number of respondents as many as 60 people. Before being subjected to treatment the two classes (X and Y) tested their homogeneity with different mean tests based on the average value of learning outcomes. Data collection methods are tests, observation, and documentation. Results and Discussion. The data analysis technique used was the Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test which previously tested normality and homogeneity. The results of the study at the 95% significance level obtained p-value 0.556 and 0.908> 0.05. Thus it can be said that there were no differences in learning outcomes of class X and class Y. Furthermore when compared between pre and post-test, the following results were obtained: in class X Z value of -4,795 with a p-value of 0,000 <0,05 and in class Y Z value of -4,715 with the value of 0,000 <0,05. Conclusion. Based on Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test test results, obtained Z value of -4,582 with a p-value of 0,000 <0.05, so it can be concluded that there are significant differences in the scores of the pre-test and post-test in class X and class Y Keywords: Renkesda, pre and post-test, comparative study
Muhammad Bachtiar Safrudin
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan, Volume 9, pp 127-136; https://doi.org/10.30650/jik.v9i2.2992

Abstract:
Adolescence shows changes in emotional characteristics that tend to be unstable, where adolescence is considered a period of hurricane storms. Changes in the stages of this developmental body when viewed from the characteristics, it is not known for sure whether there are differences between groups of male and female adolescents and the age level (early, middle and late) in these adolescents. This study aims to describe the picture and determine the differences in emotional regulation in terms of gender and age range in adolescents at the Uswatun Khasanah Orphanage in Samarinda. The research respondents were 104 which were divided by gender and age range. This study uses emotion regulation instruments that refer to standard research and tools. This research approach uses quantitative descriptive-comparative research. The results showed that there were differences in the emotional regulation of gender in adolescents at the Uswatun Khasanah in Samarinda orphanage with a value of sig (2 tailed) = 0.000. Other results show that there are differences in emotional regulation with values ​​of sig (2 tailed) = 0.005, 0.001 and 0.000 in terms of the age range of early, middle and late adolescents at the Uswatun Khasanah Orphanage. Recommendations for further research to compare groups of adolescents who are in orphanages and adolescents who live with their parents, with a larger and more evenly distributed number of respondents, are important suggestions for future research
Ana Amalia, Fendri Luukmanto
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan, Volume 9, pp 151-161; https://doi.org/10.30650/jik.v9i2.2285

Abstract:
Hypertension is a type of disease that is difficult to control, this is because in some cases there are no signs and symptoms that appear. The provision of pharmacological therapy is deemed insufficient to control the patient's blood pressure, so it is necessary to conduct research related to complementary therapies. Complementary therapy that can be given can be in the form of garlic capsules which contain allicin which is efficacious in lowering blood pressure. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of complementary therapy with garlic capsules (Allium Sativum Linn) on the value of Mean Arterial Pressure (MAP) in patients with uncontrolled hypertension. The study design was a Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT). Measurement of MAP was carried out pre-post therapy, namely at week 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4. The sampling technique used simple random sampling, the sample was divided into a control group (placebo) and a treatment group each consisting of 30 people. The results of sociodemographic characteristics show that more people with hypertension are at the age of 45-54 years, female gender, last education is high school, work as a farmer, long suffering from hypertension <5 years. Paired t-test analysis showed that the average result of the decrease in MAP in the garlic capsule group was 20.23 with a P Value of 0.000, which means that there is a significant difference between the MAP value before and after administration of garlic capsules. The placebo group had a P Value of 0.258, this shows that there is no difference in MAP before and after giving placebo. The conclusion of this study is that giving garlic capsules can reduce blood pressure in hypertensive patients.
Indah Indah Sulistyarini, Diah Arum Sari, Muhammad Ryan Radix Rahardian
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan, Volume 9, pp 162-171; https://doi.org/10.30650/jik.v9i2.2284

Abstract:
The stems of red dragon fruit (Hylocereus polyrhizus) are known to have several antibacterial compounds. The purpose of this study was to determine the antibacterial activity of ethanol extract, n-hexane, ethyl acetate, and water fractions from dragon fruit stems on the growth of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and to determine the types of compounds that are antibacterial. The data on the greatest antibacterial activity was found at a concentration of 30% both in the ethanol extract (1,850cm); n-hexane fraction (1,948 cm); ethyl acetate fraction (1,640 cm) and water fraction (0.884 cm). Meanwhile, the results of contact bioautography showed that the antibacterial compounds of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) were flavonoids, saponins, and steroids.
Gusti Ferri Sandaria, Sulistiawati Sulistiawati, Cicih Bhakti Purnamasari
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan, Volume 9, pp 137-141; https://doi.org/10.30650/jik.v9i2.2257

Abstract:
Problem-based learning is a learning method which applies scenario arranged thoroughly according to specific themes and performed through group discussion. The effectiveness of problem-based learning determines the success of students’ learning. This study aims to find the relationship between scenario quality and the effectiveness of problem-based learning seven jumps discussion among medical students of Mulawarman University. This observational analytic study applied cross sectional approach. The respondents of this study were medical students of Mulawarman University which were selected through simple random sampling technique. The data analysis methods were descriptive data analysis and analytic data analysis using Pearson test. There were 202 respondents fulfilling both inclusive and exclusive criteria with 18 – 22 age range. The male respondents were 50 (24.8%) and the female respondents were 152 (75.2%). Each respondent filled in questionnaires twice to evaluate different scenario. A total of 404 data were obtained from 202 respondents. The finding revealed that there was a correlation between scenario quality and problem-based learning seven jumps discussion with p value = 0.000. In conclusion, scenario quality had a relationship with the effectiveness of problem-based learning seven jumps discussion among medical students of Mulawarman University.
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