Journal of Educational Issues

Journal Information
EISSN : 2377-2263
Published by: Macrothink Institute, Inc. (10.5296)
Total articles ≅ 399
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Aydin Ilhan, Hayrettin Gumusdag
Published: 9 October 2022
Journal of Educational Issues, Volume 8, pp 46-55; https://doi.org/10.5296/jei.v8i3.20121

Abstract:
In this study, it was intended to examine the eating attitudes of individuals who do fitness in terms of some variables. Voluntary participation of 151 fitness individuals selected by random methods was ensured in the study. Information form of personal and Eating Attitude Test (YTT-40) were used to measure the eating attitudes of the individuals participating in the study. The Eating Attitudes Test (YTT-40) is a 6-point (Always, Very Often, Often, Sometimes, Rarely, Never) Likert-type scale consisting of 40 items based on self-report. It was developed to identify adolescents with eating disorders by Garner and Garfinkel (1979) and to measure the symptoms of anorexia nervosa, which can be applied to people older than eleven years of age, and the Turkish adaptation of this scale in Turkey was made by Savasir and Erol (1989). To determine the distribution of the participants’ socio-demographic information; Since descriptive statistics and T test and Anova test were used because the data showed normal distribution. As a result, it was determined that the eating attitudes of the participants showed an important difference in terms of gender and regularly participating in a bodybuilding program.
Canan Bastık, Hayrettin Gümüşdağ
Published: 9 October 2022
Journal of Educational Issues, Volume 8, pp 14-24; https://doi.org/10.5296/jei.v8i3.20110

Abstract:
The aim of this study is to examine the attachment styles in the relationships between coach and individual and team sports athlete. Attachment styles are related to how people interact with other people and how they are influenced by their experiences. Attachment styles may vary in stability later in a person’s life. Because of this, it is possible that the attachment styles of athletes, coaches or educators can be influenced by each other in sports environments. Relations between coach-athlete/athlete-coach are very important for the success of the sporting. The universe of the research is composed of athletes and coaches living in Çorum province, and the sample of the research is composed of 179 athletes (99 woman, 89 man) living in Çorum province and selected by random methods. Turkish version of the Attachment Styles Scale developed by Davis and Jowett (2013) and adapted by Zengin (2019), consisting of 19 items and 3 sub-dimensions, was used in the Relationships between the personal information form created by the researchers and the coach-athlete. It was transferred to the SPSS program and made ready for analysis. The Independent Simple T Test and One Way Anova tests were used from the parametric tests.As a result, it determined that there is a significant difference in the safe attachment sub-dimension between the genders of the athletes and the level of attachment of the athlete to the coach. The relationships between coach-athlete/athlete-coach are very important for performance and success, it is recommended that research be conducted in this direction and its results be revealed.
Ugur Sonmezoglu
Published: 9 October 2022
Journal of Educational Issues, Volume 8, pp 69-83; https://doi.org/10.5296/jei.v8i3.20174

Abstract:
The aim of this research is to examine the individual social responsibility and social entrepreneurship levels of university students in terms of some variables and to examine the effects of individual social responsibility levels on their social entrepreneurship orientations. Relational survey model, one of the quantitative research methods, was used in the research. The study group of the research consists of 200 students who study in sports sciences at universities in Turkey. SPSS statistical program was used in the analysis of the data. First, descriptive statistics were examined, and parametric tests were used for inferential statistics. In addition, Independent Samples t Test, Pearson correlation analysis and simple linear regression analysis were performed. When the research findings are evaluated, the fact that students have been involved in a social project before, except for the sub-dimension of financial return, has social entrepreneurship orientations and individual social responsibility levels; Taking the community service practice course has a positive effect on the development of their individual social responsibility levels and their social vision from the dimension of social entrepreneurship. In addition, it has been revealed that university students’ whether they do sports or not has no effect on their individual social responsibility and social entrepreneurship. It has been revealed that as the individual social responsibility levels of recent students increase, their social entrepreneurship orientations also increase, and individual social responsibility has a positive effect on social vision, innovation, sustainability, and social networks in social entrepreneurship sub-dimensions.
Zeynep Yildirim
Published: 9 October 2022
Journal of Educational Issues, Volume 8, pp 135-148; https://doi.org/10.5296/jei.v8i3.20175

Abstract:
This study aimed to determine the effect of exercise training on mental adaptation levels and communication skills in mentally handicapped individuals who were at an educable level. Based on this purpose, the Performance Determination Form for Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities, which was created in 2018 within the scope of the Ministry of National Education, General Directorate of Special Education and Rehabilitation Services, and Hacettepe Spiritual Adaptation Scale developed by Gökler and Öktem (1985) were given to the families of 11 mentally disabled individuals, (3 girls and 8 boys), with a mean age of 11.90. Afterward, 130 hours of adapted physical education and sports activities were applied to 11 trainable mentally retarded individuals, 90 minutes a day, 2 days a week for 12 weeks. After this activity, the same measurements were performed by the families again and the differences were examined. As a result of SPSS, although there was no statistical significance in the behavioural and neurotic results, which were the sub-dimensions of the psychological adjustment variable, a decrease was observed in the post-test mean scores after the exercise program was applied. This result proves that physical education and sports activities have positive effects on the mental adjustment of individuals with educable mental disabilities. Findings on receptive language skills and expressive language skills, which were sub-dimensions of the participants’ communication skills, were examined. While the mean receptive language skills pre-test score was 31.72±3.00, the post-test mean score was 127.09±6.18, the expressive language skills pre-test mean score was 13.27±2.37, and the post-test mean score was 54.63±1.56. The observed difference was statistically significant. As can be seen, it was determined that physical education and sports activities applied have positive effects on individuals with educable mental disabilities, both in terms of psychological adaptation and communication skills. As a result, it has been determined in this research that physical education activities, which are an integral part of education, are very beneficial in terms of mental adaptation and communication skills, which are vital for individuals with mental disabilities.
Meltem Işık Afacan
Published: 9 October 2022
Journal of Educational Issues, Volume 8, pp 35-45; https://doi.org/10.5296/jei.v8i3.20112

Abstract:
Research based on life story is based on seeing from the perspective of the person being researched and revealing the social structure and processes that make up this perspective (Yildirim, 1999). For this reason, studies based on biographical sociology are one of the most appropriate qualitative studies in terms of explaining the life story of the researched person. Disability is a condition in which a person cannot fully perform certain movements, senses, or functions due to a physical or mental disorder that occurs at birth or later. Many scientists have done various studies on this situation. One of them is the founder and Honorary President of Turkish Spastic Children Foundation (TSCV), Prof. Mehmet Hifzi Ozcan. Ozcan, who is a professor of neurology, has contributed to the better recognition and solutions of spastic children, especially disabled people and their problems in Türkiye. The life, Works and contributions of Ozcan, who is one of the names who construct the infrastructure of the current situation of disability with the books he wrote and the thoughts he put forward, are discussed in this research. Thus, it is aimed that Mehmet Hifzi Ozcan, who has contributed to the participation of Türkiye in the Special Olympic Games, will be better known in our sports culture.
Hamza Kaya Beşler
Published: 9 October 2022
Journal of Educational Issues, Volume 8, pp 115-123; https://doi.org/10.5296/jei.v8i3.20199

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of 8 weeks of HRV (Heart Rate Variability) training on the happiness and coherence levels of university students. According to this purpose, 20 sports management students from the same class volunteered to participate in the study. 10 students were selected randomly as the experimental group while the other 10 were control group. Data was collected with Oxford Happiness Inventory and Inner Balance HeartMath (biofeedback device). 8 weeks of HRV training was applied to the experiment group every night before going to sleep. After 8 weeks, the results showed a significant difference between pretest and post-test results p < 0.05. The experimental group increased their happiness and coherence while the control group decreased. In other words, the experimental group is now happier and more coherent.
Ersin Afacan, Ahmet Uslu
Published: 9 October 2022
Journal of Educational Issues, Volume 8, pp 25-34; https://doi.org/10.5296/jei.v8i3.20111

Abstract:
There are many important controversial issues related to psycho-social areas in sports which involve daily life. One of the controversial topics is the 10.000-hour rule. Indeed, in the book of Malcolm Gladwell entitled “Outliers: The story of success”, the question of “Is the 10.000-hour rule a general rule for success?” is present as a discussion question.It is a problem for scientists to set off from rules rather than theories in the scientific discussions and research related to sportive issues. This situation manifests itself in the subjective measurement of events, phenomena, and objects that should be measured objectively in the first place. In this respect, it is important to identify and describe the issues that harm the scientific perspective of sports.In this regard, the fact that the 10.000-hour rule for success put forward by Malcolm Gladwell is advocated by some sportspeople increases the significance of this study. Therefore, the aim of this study was to make a scientific analysis of the 10.000-hour rule and examine the perspectives of sportspeople. In addition to this, whether the 10.000-hour rule, which has been accepted by limited circles in sports culture, is a myth or not was discussed epistemologically. Document analysis was performed in this descriptive study.As a result, it was determined that the 10.000-hour rule was expressed by limited circles in sports culture and that it had no scientific value. It is recommended to act in accordance with theories and models rather than rules while evaluating sportive events, phenomena, and objects.
Ersin Afacan, Senol Güven
Published: 9 October 2022
Journal of Educational Issues, Volume 8, pp 56-68; https://doi.org/10.5296/jei.v8i3.20130

Abstract:
Thanks to the rapid change and development of technological opportunities in sports, training can be carried out in an electronic environment and with electronic tools. Among these tools, we can mention a desktop computer, a printer, a scanner, a projection device, a smart phone, a portable computer also called as laptop, glasses for simulation, and a wearable measuring device such as a polar clock. Through these tools, it is also easier to evaluate the educational activity performed.Digital sports can be defined as sports that are produced, performed and evaluated in an electronic environment. In this context, digital sports means changing and transforming all kinds of modern information about sports, scientific and philosophical views, theories and concepts related to technology. Digital sports, which contains more than one understanding of sports and technical narration about sports, questions the interaction of the sportsperson with his environment and technology, especially with himself.Therefore, a digital sport, as in every newly developing perspective on sports, is supported in a broad context by long-term studies that select multiple perspectives. One of these studies is mental training study in which the basic principles of cinema therapy are applied. Mental training is one of the trainings made using technological opportunities in sports. This training is carried out by making sports people, especially athletes, watch movies or scenes from movies, in line with the principles of cinema therapy, with the help of a computer and a projection device.The main purpose of this study is to consider cinema therapy in mental (psychosocial) training education as an example of digitalization in sports. As a data collection method, the data compiled were blended from sources in different fields such as digital technology, sociology, psychology, sports sociology, sports psychology and psychiatry. It is thought that this study, which is one of the rare studies on the subject, will be an example for similar studies in the future.
Hakan Yarar, Mehmet Can Akgul, Muhammed Enes Akgul, Tugce Cig
Published: 9 October 2022
Journal of Educational Issues, Volume 8, pp 84-97; https://doi.org/10.5296/jei.v8i3.20186

Abstract:
Nutrition is one of the most important factors for a healthy life, growth, development, appropriate body weight, defense against diseases, and sportive performance. The person’s age, gender, daily physical activity status, and before, after, and during training and competitions should be fed appropriately. Since the performance in athletes takes place by expending physical effort, the supply of necessary energy plays a key role in performance. Purpose: This study aims to examine athletes’ nutritional information in different Olympic sports branches. 313 athletes with an average age of 22.53 years, a body weight of 68.87 kg, a height of 174.44 cm, and an average sports age of 8 years, active in different Olympic sports branches, participated in the study. In the study, the data, the “Athlete Nutrition Knowledge Scale” was used. The arithmetic mean and standard deviations, descriptive properties, and percentage distribution frequencies of the obtained data were determined, and the SPSS 20 package program was used for all statistical analyses. Important findings were obtained within the scope of the study; Protein is the main source of energy used by muscles during exercise in 54.8% of athletes. When 50.2% of people want muscle gain, the basic dietary change required is to increase the amount of protein in the diet. 48.4% of vegetarian athletes can meet their protein requirements without using protein supplements. 45.8% Fruits and Vegetables are the best sources of calcium. Milk, Yogurt, and Cheese with 49.2% are the best sources of magnesium. 57.2% of Athletes A physically fit person with an adequate diet can improve his performance by consuming more vitamins and minerals. 66.2% of athletes should take vitamin C as a routine supplement by athletes. 50% of athletes test the purity and safety of all supplements before the sale. As a result of the study, when the above findings were examined, it was concluded that the knowledge of the athletes interested in the Olympic branches is not at the desired level and that they have partially wrong nutrition information. It is thought that it is necessary to increase nutritional knowledge.
Sadettin Erol
Published: 9 October 2022
Journal of Educational Issues, Volume 8, pp 1-13; https://doi.org/10.5296/jei.v8i3.19972

Abstract:
This study was planned to investigate the effect of resistance training applied using functional exercise band (TRX) and body weight applied to male basketball players aged 15-17 on selected physical characteristics. 30 elite basketball players in the youth category of Turkey were included in the study. Athletes; 13 athletes with a mean age of 16.00±0.707 years in the control group (CG) and 17 athletes with a mean age of 16.05±0.747 years in the experimental group (EG) were randomly divided into two groups. The experimental group was given TRX suspension training for 8 weeks with routine basketball training (3 days/week), a total training time of 45 minutes. The control group only did routine basketball training. Pre-tests of 2 groups of 30 athletes (leg extension leg curl, push-ups, sit-ups, (20 m) sprint, vertical jump and agility were taken at the end of 8 weeks before the exercises. Fully repeated measures ANOVA were used to make separate comparisons for the pre and post-measurements in the 8-week training sessions for the experimental and control training groups.Pre- and post-measurements of the groups were compared.; According to the analysis of the data, a significant difference was observed in the values of leg extension, leg curl, push-ups, sit-ups and vertical jump tests (p < 0.05). In the comparison between the groups (20m), significant difference was observed between sprint and agilityt test values (p > 0.05).However, TRX suspension training has shown that it can better improve leg curl, push-ups, sit-ups, and vertical jump performances in basketball players’ objects.
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