Journal of Management Research

Journal Information
EISSN : 1941-899X
Published by: Macrothink Institute, Inc. (10.5296)
Total articles ≅ 485
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Hossein Jamshidi, Emeka Dunu, Guy Posey
Journal of Management Research, Volume 13, pp 18-34; doi:10.5296/jmr.v13i3.18347

Abstract:
This empirical study deals with integration of Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) with multi-item inventory management using Part-Period Algorithm. Among many variables which affects inventory systems, this study considers the variables of lot-sizing rules, sequencing, demand pattern, coefficient of variations, and change over cost. AHP is used to pick a sequencing rule and performance criteria. This study describes the application of AHP methodology in the form of multiple tables that will assist production managers in a Group Technology environment, to minimize employee and machine idleness. It will help managers make decisions on production order quantity, the sequence in which jobs should enter work centers, and in the determination of uniform production cycle times.
Jean Michel Chapuis
Journal of Management Research, Volume 13, pp 1-17; doi:10.5296/jmr.v13i3.18810

Abstract:
When confronting discriminations during the buying process, the consumers may perceive unfair transactions and some untrustworthy providers. Price steering is a common manipulation of listing offers tailored to a customer’s request. The consumers receive a same-products list in a different order for the same query on e-shop. The study questions whether its performance is related to discrimination among consumers. This paper mobilizes the theory of Justice to explore perceptions of fairness and trust in the practice of price steering. The proposed framework states that the post-purchase stage reveals perceptions intervening in the effect of price steering on willingness to pay.An experiment with a total 883 respondents is simulating an online shopping. The list of options shown online is manipulated. This study documents the main effect of price steering such as a higher willingness to pay and driving online purchasers toward certain choices. This effect is found to generate up to 20% of extra revenue. The analysis also finds a negative influence on perceptions with no difference between the discriminated segments of the market. Implications for researchers and managers: the pricing schemes should be carefully tailored to maintain fairness, as well as profitability, by considering rate parity across online channels and purchasing experiences.
, Rebeca Moreno Caetano
Published: 18 February 2021
Journal of Management Research, Volume 13, pp 22-47; doi:10.5296/jmr.v13i2.18217

Abstract:
Drawing on two datasets of companies, this paper investigates the underlying dynamics of corporate startup collaboration (CSC) in Brazil as well as the reasons why corporations engage with startup and vice versa. The authors have used several types of collaboration found in the literature and the reasons of collaboration, as the basis to support the research. It suggests that the search for a line of radical innovation and collaboration strategy and also be part of an ecosystem are associated with the significant increase in two years in number of companies, programs, and engagement, resembling international data on the subject. This search for innovation and collaboration strategy and be part of an ecosystem are likely to be driven by three industry sectors that most stand out. Matchmaking, Training & Mentoring and Pilot Project Contracting were the top three types of engagement. They are seen as partnership between corporation and startup, where both sides can learn and grow in this process, rather than an one-off transaction. The results offer insights into the emerging trend of corporate startup collaboration, especially companies and startups, that are not yet engaged with each other, can take results as a basis to start engaging and/or create a line of innovation and engagement strategy by understanding the nature of engagement and its programs. This study also shed lights on Brazilian startups and their collaboration with incumbents (local and international) as well as on industry sectors that most standout.
Raw A Hijazi
Published: 18 February 2021
Journal of Management Research, Volume 13, pp 70-86; doi:10.5296/jmr.v13i2.18520

Abstract:
Construction industry is crucial for the economy of any country. Learning from failure is important to reach effective quality performance in construction projects. This will, in turn, contribute to the development of the construction industry and the country as a whole. Although quality is an important criterion in the project management success, but it receives less attention than cost and time in project management literature. Moreover, critical success factors (CSFs) are identified more often than critical failure factors (CFFs) in construction literature. Hence, there is still a lack of attention on critical failure factors affecting quality performance in construction projects. Construction industry is full of uncertainties, especially in the current era of COVID-19 Pandemic. This adds to the necessity of studying critical failure factors in construction industry. This study aims to identify the critical factors that have adverse effect on quality performance in construction projects, address their relative importance, and suggest ways to attain good quality performance in construction projects. Based on literature review, an initial list of failure attributes of quality performance in construction projects was prepared. Then it was refined based on suggestions from experienced professionals in the construction industry in the Jordanian context. A questionnaire was distributed to experts in the construction industry. The responses were analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). The analyses used here are factor analysis and tests of its appropriateness. Using these analyses, the most critical factors that impede quality performance in construction were identified and ranked. The study revealed that the most influencing failure factors are the managerial factor, the culture and environment factor, and the contractor factor.
Solomon Abekah Keelson, Joseph Ahinful Johnson
Published: 18 February 2021
Journal of Management Research, Volume 13, pp 48-69; doi:10.5296/jmr.v13i2.18423

Abstract:
Green marketing has been widely studied because of its importance in marketing theory. The purpose of this green marketing study unlike previous ones was to examine student’s awareness of how their green consumer behaviour impact environmental sustainability. A total of three hundred and seventeen (317) tertiary students from the Technical Universities of Ghana were used as respondents in a simple random sampling approach, using the internet survey method. Using the OpenBUGS Bayesian statistical technique, the findings of the present study showed an average level of awareness of green products; students consider the potential environmental impact of their actions when making purchase decisions, and as their purchase habits are affected by their concern for the environment. Thus, students are able to distinguish between green product and non–green product. Again, they know the benefits of green products, and would prefer buying green product as first option. Moreover, they believe green buying behavior can contribute to saving the environment because the study showed a direct relationship between buying behavior and the environmental concerns. Finally, the ANOVA results revealed that male students’ response to green product is positive compared to their female counterparts, whose response to green product are negative. The study recommended that institutions could include in their marketing curricula subjects that train students on consumer knowledge, awareness, values, attitudes, expectations, perceptions and concerns for the environment.
Husam Alfahl
Published: 18 February 2021
Journal of Management Research, Volume 13, pp 1-15; doi:10.5296/jmr.v13i2.18303

Abstract:
The use of mobile devices and smartphones is increasingly becoming a critical part of many people’s lifestyle. Such usage can vary from playing games to accomplishing work-related tasks. Being able to use organizations’ persuasive technologies via mobile business services or to achieve work-related tasks ubiquitously at any time means that such devices provide a valuable service, especially for employees who are working online. This paper explores the impact of mBusiness on the social life of employees. In the research, structural equation modeling was applied to validate the research model. Employees in Saudi organizations were surveyed to test the research hypotheses. The research results confirmed that there are some negative effects of using mBusiness technologies on the social life of employees. Based on the analysis, the findings revealed that addiction to mBusiness technologies significantly increases the perceived work overload, which also significantly increases work-family conflict. The paper concludes with some implications of this research.
Gajendra Sharma, Toshika Ojha
Published: 18 February 2021
Journal of Management Research, Volume 13, pp 15-21; doi:10.5296/jmr.v13i2.17634

Abstract:
This study explores how the first-year undergraduate students in School of Engineering, Kathmandu University learns their very first programming language i.e. C programming. The students were requested to response to an online questioner, where they were asked about their perception about the programming language they are learning, their motivation on learning that particular language and their strategy on preparing for the subject. Student’s concept on C programming and their approach for preparing for the exam are categorized. Our results show what kind of different strategies they use to learn this particular programming language. Additionally, the insights of this paper point that learning theory of programming and practicing programming goes hand in hand in C programming course and the focus here is on learning difficult topics which involves investigating students perceptions and conceptions of causality in relation to learning difficulties (Berglund et al., 2009). This study is intended to be helpful for future teachers and students in programming courses in Nepal.
Chikashi Tsuji
Published: 18 February 2021
Journal of Management Research, Volume 13, pp 1-15; doi:10.5296/jmr.v13i2.18441

Abstract:
This study examines the Japanese equity returns and return premia by focusing on firm size- and corporate operating profitability-sorted portfolios over the period from 1990 to 2020. As a result of our explorations, this study derives the following much beneficial findings. (1) The effects of corporate operating profitability and firm size are generally continuously seen in the Japanese equity market. More specifically, (2) the size effect is much stronger in our latter half sub-period; while the operating profitability effect is similarly seen in both our former half and latter half sub-periods. Furthermore, (3) we stress that this study employs the data in US dollars, and calculates several key statistics and measures for not only our full sample period but also many different sub-periods, in which economic and business circumstances are much different. Therefore, for both Japanese and international equity investors, our findings shall be highly useful for enriching and furthering the understanding of returns and return premia of Japanese equity portfolios.
Journal of Management Research, Volume 13, pp 1-20; doi:10.5296/jmr.v13i1.17348

Abstract:
Our conventional wisdom indicates that because of their spread-out nature, performance networks for large projects are bound to experience perfect power diffusion where no one player is likely to gain hegemony over others. We might be wrong about that. It is possible that oligarchic network positioning and influence may emerge (Ansell, Bicher, Zhou, 2016) as political considerations and dominate the more traditional bureaucratic ones. These are applicable for decisions that involve an allocation of resources, adoption of technology, design of control systems, and methods of project appraisal (among others). While considerations for these seem to be dedicated to the limited set, there is a large shortage of work on the application of power in the larger context of networks and very large initiatives (VLI) that may be found in customs, trade, economic, and political unions. This can also be found in any political integration or economic integration projects, for example in the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). The contention is that exchanges of power in formal regulated structures may be predictable, it is the informal and unregulated condition that influence performance of integration. This paper focuses on the structures for minority control and suggests these strategies to influence a network come from the influence of nodes and edges of the network, and not from top down control.
Ghayth Tahat
Journal of Management Research, Volume 13, pp 43-66; doi:10.5296/jmr.v13i1.18147

Abstract:
The importance of new product development (NPD) and innovative capabilities in marketing, innovation, and business strategy has been recognized by management and researchers. Knowledge management and organizational capabilities are also explored and evaluated by researchers and practitioners. However, the current literature shows a lack of connection between NPD, innovative capabilities, integrated shared knowledge, and organizational capabilities. Also, there is limited knowledge on the impact and the contribution of the integrated shared knowledge and the organizational capabilities to the firm's success, performance, and sustainability. This study aims to determine if there is a link between NPD and innovative capabilities and the integrated shared knowledge and the organization's capability and explore how shared knowledge and the organization's capabilities influence and contribute to NPD, innovative capabilities, and innovative management. A qualitative, multi-site case study through one-on-one, in-depth interviews with primary decision-makers from technology and innovative companies in Jordan is employed. The primary research question is, how do shared knowledge and the organizational capabilities that influence NPD and innovative capability contribute to the firm's success, performance, and sustainability? Respondent interviews are imported and analyzed through NVivo qualitative data analytics software. Findings are also determined using NVivo 11 through theme analysis. A key finding is that shared knowledge and the organization's capabilities are linked and critical for NPD's success and innovative capabilities.
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