Arhitektura i urbanizam

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ISSN / EISSN : 0354-6055 / 2217-8074
Total articles ≅ 165
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Arhitektura i urbanizam pp 60-68;

The quality of common open public spaces is conditioned, among other things, by the layout and characteristics of the facilities located in their immediate vicinity, but also by the functions and contents, equipment and materialization of the ground floor of those facilities. For this reason, interventions on existing facilities and the construction of new ones around common open public spaces can positively or negatively affect the quality of these areas. The construction of New Belgrade began in 1948 and continues today. In the area of New Belgrade, the network of common open public spaces covers more than 50% of the total area of the municipality. Initially, the blocks in New Belgrade were built on the basis of a unique planning solution. The transformation of the blocks began in the 1990s in the post-socialist period, when it became possible to change the legal regulations and enable a greater participation of private investments in the processes of reconstruction and new construction. In order to determine the real impact of the reconstruction of mega blocks on the quality of common open public spaces, this paper will present the criteria for determining the quality of these spaces. The criteria will help to examine the differences between the quality of common open public spaces within a block that has had frequent interventions and one where there have been no significant interventions over the last few decades. The conclusions should provide an answer as to whether and to what extent spatial interventions affect the quality of common open public spaces.
Vladimir Lojanica
Arhitektura i urbanizam pp 103-115;

The NCR campus is the first facility completed within the newly-planned unit of Block 42, according to an urban and architectural competition from 2014, which includes the design of a bus and train station, with an accompanying complex of business facilities and towers. The building in question is a business facility, positioned directly next to the platforms of the railway station, which leans on the existing physical structure with accentuated horizontality, and which has space in front of it reserved for a square, green areas and urban elements. The structure of the building is linear, longitudinal, and defi ned by the functional and technological conditions of the program and urban parameters, and the public square planned in front of it is an important integrative element in the composition. All of the floors in the facility are exclusively for business use, with offices, and rooms for meetings and presentations, and the necessary accompanying amenities. The facade is characterized by free, sculptural access to glass planes and aluminium brise soleils, and segmenting of the extremely long facade front into smaller units reduces the impression of the size of the building, introducing it to measurable urban dimensions. On the northeastern facade, facing the square, glass panels of different reflections have been placed at different depths and are intersected with a frame of horizontal and vertical metal brise soleils, creating an impression of spontaneity and irregularity. The facade oriented towards the railway platforms has a more industrial character and accentuated horizontal elements. The quality of the final aesthetic experience of the building was achieved by carefully applying the technical characteristics of the materials and functioning of the adopted details.
Mirko Stanimirović
Arhitektura i urbanizam pp 15-26;

This paper presents the competitions for developing urban-architectural solutions for Orthodox churches in Niš which took place from 1998 to 2021. In the past two years, student competitions for churches in Niš have taken place under the theme of "Sacred Architecture" at the Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, University of Niš, in cooperation with the Orthodox Diocese of Niš. In addition to documenting the award-winning works, the paper analyzes the results of the competitions, with the aim of improving competition practice. The review of the competition entries is also related to the possibility of introducing sacral architecture into architectural educational, with the aim of improving the architectural design of Serbian Orthodox churches and documenting the competitions in Niš in order to development ideas for Serbian Orthodox churches. Based on the entries presented and analysis of the award-winning solutions, the importance of this phenomenon is highlighted.
Arhitektura i urbanizam pp 44-59;

This paper analyses the conditions and possibilities with regard to preserving vernacular architecture in the area of Stara Planina Mountain, Serbia. The field research, conducted from 2003 to 2015, recorded and documented architectural heritage in the villages on the western slopes of Stara Planina Mountain. The areas of Gornji Visok and Zabrdje on the slopes of Vidlič were primarily explored. Considering that the valuable architectural heritage in this area is in a state of alarming threat, and disappearing at high speed, the article discusses the possibilities with regard to its preservation through the formation of an architectural reserve, as a spatially defined and functionally unique place based on a synthesis of created and natural heritage. The reserve's structure would consist of architectural cores that are entire villages, or isolated localities with authentic houses of vernacular architecture. The architectural cores would be interconnected by road infrastructure, forming a specific architectural route. The constituent elements of the reserve would also include natural heritage, and geomorphological, geological, hydrological and hydrogeological features. The formation of the architectural reserve also aims to utilise built and natural structures, educate inhabitants and visitors, and develop tourism. In that way, the potential for financing the preservation of the unique architectural heritage of Stara Planina could be initiated.
Arhitektura i urbanizam pp 5-14;

This paper points out the importance of assessing the cultural, historical and ecosystem values of protected areas using the protected areas benefit assessment tool (PA-BAT). This method has so far been applied in seven Dinaric Arc countries (Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Albania and Serbia) in south-eastern Europe, as well as other countries in the world (Colombia, Turkey, Myanmar, USA and Ethiopia), with the aim of helping to gather information on the values and benefits of individual protected areas in relation to ecosystem services, using a participatory approach. Using the case study of Djerdap National Park (in the Republic of Serbia), the results of applying the PA-BAT method are given, that is, the results of assessing 22 ecosystem values with special reference to cultural and historical values as one of the ecosystem services of this protected area, as well as the results of previously conducted assessments of the ecosystem values of this area. The aim of this paper is to contribute to a better understanding and promotion of applying the concept of ecosystem services in the preservation of cultural, historical and ecosystem values by applying PA-BAT evaluation methods.
Arhitektura i urbanizam pp 3-3;

The aim of this paper is to interpret the term Aquatecture in the design process for Zone 8 of Belgrade Linear Park, as a case study for understanding the concept and methodology used, as well as their application in operational architectural and urban practice. The paper describes the methodological procedure applied to structuring the space using water, with the aim of designing ambiences inspired by nature. This methodological experiment is illustrated with graphical representations of the process itself, in which the colors and shapes of water are analyzed through the observation of water droplets under the microscope. The research hypothesis is that one drop of water contains information important for architectural activities, and therefore the research offers a set of procedures and methods that can be applied and controlled through the creative act of coloring and shaping, or more precisely the creation of Spatial Images. The methodological procedure in the research can be described as poetic and artistic, at the same time containing a scientific element in the analysis and observation of the water sample under the microscope. All other visual perceptual observations and results in the interpretation of the observed environment and the water droplets, as well as their colors and shapes, are offered as extremely intuitive. The research is presented in the form of a Tableau consisting of seven parts and a set of photographs, drawings and images, as well as tone maps (color palette), according to which the results are applied through Spatial Images. Spatial images are interpreted as Ambience inspired by nature, at a specific location: Zone 8 of Belgrade Linear Park, as a case study for researching this methodological procedure. The data obtained in this way is applied in the structuring of the park's aquatecture and pavilions. The waterflows in the park itself are explained in the text, as well as the spatial structures such as the landscape fountain on the square and the main park pavilion itself, which is interpreted as a one-of-a-kind House of water. Therefore, as a product of the work, an environmental project inspired by nature is offered as the Aquatecture of Zone 8 in Belgrade Linear Park, illustrating the practical application of water as a methodological tool, and an inspiration in the processes of architectural design and water space structuring. In this way, the case study of the Conceptual Architectural and Urban Design of Zone 8 of the Linear Park in Belgrade offers new interpretations and understandings of Aquatecture in Belgrade in professional practice. More precisely, it re-examines ways of applying and understanding the concepts of the Blue Green Dream (BGD) and Nature Based Solutions (NBS) in shaping public spaces in the city.
Arhitektura i urbanizam pp 69-86;

Belgrade Fairground, built in the 1930s, was the first urban complex designed according to modern principles and the first physical structure built in Belgrade on the left bank of the Sava. During its existence, the complex has undergone radical changes - from a fairground, through a concentration camp during World War II, an art colony in the post-war period, to its current state as a marginalized urban segment inhabited by the homeless, with uncontrolled commercial development . These transformations over time have resulted in the creation of numerous layers of identity, which, from a contemporary point of view, the space itself should testify to. The paper examines the transformations that have taken place in the space, and refers to the mutually opposed events that to some extent have hindered the recovery and development of the former Belgrade Fairground. The paper, in the form of a case study, analyzes the space by exploring the application of dissonance in preserving and revitalizing the architectural heritage, since the concept of dissonance is important for articulating opposing meanings and emphasizing the plurality of values. In order to shed light upon all the characteristic phases of the complex's existence, its morphological transformations and then its functional transformations were analyzed, followed by a presentation of how its social relationship with the Belgrade Fairground has been transformed. Accordingly, the ultimate goal was to find a way to manifest the diversity of the fairground's value and its re-perception as belonging to the urban space.
, Sanja Simonović-Alfirević
Arhitektura i urbanizam pp 27-43;

Polyvalence (gr. poly multi, nlat. valentia value - multivalued, ambiguous, multipurpose) is a term that has a wide range of uses in science and art. Polyvalence usually implies different ways (regimes) of using the same space, i.e., the adaptability of space to different human needs, with minimal physical modifications. It is a common opinion in science that the term polyvalence in residential architecture primarily refers to the level of an entire apartment or house, i.e., to the possibility of reorganizing the internal structure (conversion of the premises), which can be seen as a broader interpretation of the term. On the other hand, there is a narrower interpretation which refers to the polyvalence of a part of an apartment, to a particular space or room, i.e., to the possibility of overlapping housing functions at different times in the same space, a so-called open plan. The research considers the concepts of spatial organization in polyvalent residential spaces with an open plan. The scientific analysis of reference sources, the interpretation and analysis of characteristic examples, and the deductive method, were used to investigate polyvalent open-plan living spaces, with the aim of ascertaining their most important characteristics and the principles of their spatial organization.
Arhitektura i urbanizam pp 57-64;

By redefining the notion of fragmentarity and existing theoretical conceptions, from romantic fascination with ruins to the contemporary position of variability, the paper places incompleteness as the essential potentiality of form, imagination and contingency in a way that opens new spacetime categories. In the paper, fragmentation is understood as a model for interpreting reality and for examining the capacity of architectural incompleteness. Setting complexity as the context, change as the method and variability as the model for understanding the architectural contemporaries within its reality, spatial and temporal uncertainty become characteristics of the fragmentation and destabilization of relations - their reflection. This way of structuring order out of chaos, or destabilizing order for the purpose of new structures, is the complexity of a higher order. The uncaptured nature of all things, in distracting the new, transports its own limitations, thematized through places of change, separation and path - specific singularities, allowing flexibility through imperfection. The elusive nature of all things, in opening to the new, transcends its own limitations, thematizing itself through places of change, separation and cracking. These are specific singularities that allow flexibility through incompleteness, thus opening up towards new forms of reality, between uncertainty and indeterminacy - in the zone of their overlap, space and time become fragmented. This true spontaneity is the greatest complexity that carries within itself the power of change and essential potentiality - a meaning that is always just emerging. The question of the degree of incompleteness is in the core of the concept of openness, in which the alteration of form and geometry take place.
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