World Journal of Education

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1925-0746 / 1925-0754
Current Publisher: Sciedu Press (10.5430)
Total articles ≅ 674
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Cüneyt Taşkın, Umut Canlı
Published: 20 February 2021
World Journal of Education, Volume 11; doi:10.5430/wje.v11n1p11

Abstract:
School climate, which is the sum of behaviors in a school, is also defined as the character of the school. A school’s climate has a significant impact on the quality of education, and on student success or failure. From this point of view, this study aims to examine the school climate from the perspectives of physical education and sports teacher candidates. To this end, the "School Climate Scale for University Students", developed by Ali R. Terzi, was applied to 303 physical education and sports teaching department students with three sub-factors. The data obtained were first subjected to a structure analysis and then to the reliability validity test, and the validity of the scale was determined. According to the type of variables, independent groups t-tests, one-way analysis of variance tests, post hoc tests, or effect size (Eta-square) tests were applied. While the answers given by the teacher candidates did not differ according to gender, a significant difference was found according to the grade they were studying in (in favor of first and fourth year students).
Mustafa Kabataş
Published: 20 February 2021
World Journal of Education, Volume 11; doi:10.5430/wje.v11n1p1

Abstract:
This work; Kastamonu University, Department of Fine Arts Education Faculty of Education was made to students in the Music Department in Turkey. The study is a descriptive field study and it was conducted with a questionnaire model. The study group of this study consists of all students of Kastamonu University Education Faculty Music Education Department. The aim of this study is to get an idea about the use of smart phones by music department students. In the study, a review was made of how music students use their smartphones. The questionnaire method was used to answer questions such as what kind of applications they use on smartphones and how much they benefit from the applications they use professionally. Research questions were asked which applications are the most popular for personal and school use, which applications are satisfied and which applications they are not satisfied with. The data obtained were presented in the form of a table and interpreted. It was concluded that the students used certain programs on their smartphones beneficial for their field education. The study is important because it contributes to researchers, field experts and similar studies.
Thitipong Sukdee
Published: 17 February 2021
World Journal of Education, Volume 11; doi:10.5430/wje.v11n1p94

Abstract:
This paper develops indicators for transformational leadership of undergraduate students at Thailand National Sports University. The development of these indicators was based on in-depth interviews with six informants. The research instrument was a semi-structured interview form. The data collected were inductively analyzed. The development of indicators was accomplished through the synthesis of the data and the conceptual framework for this research investigation. Evaluate indicators of Accuracy Standard Propriety Standard with of five experts was compared with the principle of 3.50, using the research instrument was an Evaluation Form and thence the verification of the quality of the congruence of the indicators. The sample population consisted of 4 5 0 undergraduate students at Thailand National Sports. The research instrument was a rating-scale questionnaire. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was utilized in conjunction with reliance on the maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) technique. Findings were as follows: 1) In regard to the development of indicators for transformational leadership of undergraduate students at Thailand National Sports University, results were as follows: The aspect of idealized influence engendered eight keywords and twenty-two subtopics. The aspect of inspiration motivation exhibited six keywords and thirteen subtopics. The aspect of intellectual motivation evinced six keywords and fourteen subtopics. The aspect of individualized consideration displayed five keywords and eleven subtopics. 2) Assessing indicators for transformational leadership of undergraduate students at Thailand National Sports University All aspects were significantly higher than the threshold 3.50 at the .05 level. 3) The development of indicators for transformational leadership of undergraduate students at Thailand National Sports University were found to have twenty-five indicators. The verification of the quality of appropriateness for the indicators for transformational leadership of undergraduate students at Thailand National Sports University showed that chi-square (χ2) was at 552.93; (probability-value [p-value] at 0.000); degrees of freedom (df) at 271; relative χ2 at 2.04; goodness of fit index (GFI) at 0.91; adjusted goodness of fit index (AGFI) at 0.90; Normal Fit Index (NFI) at 0.99; Comparative Fit Index (CFI) at 0.99 and the root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) at 0.04. It is concluded that transformational leadership of undergraduate students at Thailand National Sports is consistent with empirical data.
Habis Saad Al-Zboon, Almothana M Gasaymeh, Mohammed S Al-Rsa'I
Published: 15 February 2021
World Journal of Education, Volume 11; doi:10.5430/wje.v11n1p75

Abstract:
This research aims to identify science and mathematics teachers’ attitudes towards integrating Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in their educational practice through applying the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT). A questionnaire instrument was developed based on the constructs of the UTAUT (performance expectancy, effort expectancy, social influence and facilitating conditions) and attitudes scale. The study sample consisted of a group of mathematics and science teachers in governorate of Ma’an. The participants were randomly selected. Descriptive and regression analysis were used to analyze the data. The results showed the attitudes of science and mathematics teachers towards integrating information and communication technology in the educational process were high and positive. In addition, the results showed that science and mathematics teachers had positive and high perceptions of integrating information and communication technology in the educational process in all dimensions (performance expectancy, effort expectancy, social influence, and facilitating conditions). Furthermore, the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology was valid in explaining the attitudes of Science and Mathematics teachers toward the integration of ICT in the in their educational practice.
Hong Shi
Published: 15 February 2021
World Journal of Education, Volume 11; doi:10.5430/wje.v11n1p86

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze the relationships among self-efficacy, strategies, and goal orientations of college-level English Language Learners (ELLs). Participants who were more than 25 years old had a lower level of strategy use than those who were less than 25 years old. Greater strategy use could result in higher level of self-efficacy and goal orientations. When mastery goals increased, use of overall strategy, compensation, cognitive, metacognitive strategy and social strategy increased. Teachers are suggested to use scaffolding, set goals and adopt assessment methods to promote ELLs’ ability and mastery of class content instead of external evaluation to improve learners’ self-efficacy and confidence.
Ameen Ali Alhaznawi, Abdullah Saleh Alanazi
Published: 14 February 2021
World Journal of Education, Volume 11; doi:10.5430/wje.v11n1p51

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to explore the attitudes of faculty members at higher education toward inclusion for students with high incidence disabilities in higher education. For the aim of this study, a sample of 247 higher education faculty members were therefore collected. Multiple linear regression was conducted for data analysis. Results have shown that university-type accommodation services, training, academic rank, and university region are statistically significant predictors of higher education faculty members’ attitudes toward the inclusion for students with high incidence disabilities in higher education. Some recommendations are hence provided to help improve the inclusion of students with high incidence disabilities in higher education in Saudi Arabia.
Osman Akhan
Published: 14 February 2021
World Journal of Education, Volume 11; doi:10.5430/wje.v11n1p62

Abstract:
The purpose of this research is to determine the opinions of Turkish and Russian history teachers regarding teaching of history, and to present, on a comparative basis, the understanding of history in the two countries as well as the methods of history teaching preferred by the teachers there. The research was designed as a case study, which is one of the qualitative research methods. The sample consisted of 13 Turkish and 13 Russian teachers working as history teachers in Turkey and Russia in the 2020- 2021 academic year. The convenience sampling method was used in the study. The data of the study were collected by correspondence via e-mail with a questionnaire form consisting of open-ended questions created by the researchers. Descriptive analysis was used to analyze the data. When the results of the study are evaluated in general, it is observed that the Russian history teachers are more flexible in history teaching and attach more importance to innovative history teaching, while the Turkish teachers perform more curriculum-centered history teaching compared to their Russian colleagues. In addition, it can be said that Russian history teachers pay more attention to their professional development than Turkish history teachers, and they incorporate more historical thinking skills in classroom activities. It is possible to say that the results of the study originate from the objectives of history teaching in the two countries.
Mona M ElShaabany
Published: 12 February 2021
World Journal of Education, Volume 11; doi:10.5430/wje.v11n1p42

Abstract:
Accounting and finance courses are critical to any management programs as they are relevant to other vocational courses. Does these courses help in improving soft skills also? This is a question which is not much probed in literature and is the focus of the study. The objective of the research is to analyze the effect of two independent variables (interest of students and their educational/professional background) on the soft skill learning in accounting and finance courses under the mediating effect of readiness for the course and the technical learnings from the course. The research is based on a survey of respondents from three stakeholders (students, faculty and professionals) and uses regressions to analyze single variable and multi variable mediations. The study found a suppression effect of interest of students on soft skill learning in the presence of technical learning. Also, soft skill learning was found to be positively affected by educational/professional background of students, readiness of students to take the course and technical learning, taken together. The findings of the study would enable business schools to prepare a better curriculum for enhanced learning in accounting and finance courses, which ultimately affects the three stakeholders.
Reham Mohammad Almohtadi, Intisar Turki Aldarabah
Published: 10 February 2021
World Journal of Education, Volume 11; doi:10.5430/wje.v11n1p20

Abstract:
The aim of the study was to examine students’ attitudes toward the formal integration of Facebook in their education at Al- Hussein Bin Talal University and to examine the relationship between their attitudes and their perceptions of Facebook’s attributes. The investigation was guided by Rogers' (2003) attributes of innovation. A descriptive method was adopted in which a questionnaire was used to collect data from 99 undergraduate university students from the college of education. The results show that the students have positive and high attitudes toward the formal integration of Facebook in their teaching. In addition, the students have positive perceptions of Facebook in terms of its relative advantage, ease of use, compatibility, trialability, and observability. Furthermore, Regression analysis showed that 46% of the variance of the students’ attitudes toward the formal integration of Facebook in their education can be accounted for by its linear relationship with the five independent variables: relative advantage, ease of use, compatibility, trialability, and observability. Based on the results, set of recommendations were provided.
Emrah Ateş, Muhammet Özdemir
Published: 10 February 2021
World Journal of Education, Volume 11; doi:10.5430/wje.v11n1p29

Abstract:
This research aims to analyze the effects of argumentation-based teaching (ABT) on the 4th-grade students’ academic achievement, argumentative tendencies and attitude towards science. The universe of the research was 4th-grade students studying in Yığılca district of Düzce province in the 2017-2018 academic year, in Turkey. The sample of the research consists of 37 4th grade students studying in two different classes. The pretest-posttest matched control group design was used which is one of semi-experimental design techniques. While activities related to ABT were administered to the experimental group, the existing curriculum was applied for the control group. The data of the research were collected using three tools: science achievement test (AT), science attitude scale (SAS), and argumentativeness scale (AS). All data collection tools were administered to experiment and control groups as pre-test and post-test to determine if there was a difference after the application. The findings revealed that the academic achievement of the students was significantly influenced by the activities related to ABT. However, there was no significant difference between experimental and control groups in terms of argumentative tendencies and their attitude towards science.
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