World Journal of Education

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1925-0746 / 1925-0754
Current Publisher: Sciedu Press (10.5430)
Total articles ≅ 687
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Afraa Ali Al Hosni, Rayya Salim Al-Manthari
Published: 16 April 2021
World Journal of Education, Volume 11; doi:10.5430/wje.v11n2p15

Abstract:
This study aimed to examine the multiple intelligences among the ninth-grade students in the North Al Batinah Governorate in the Sultanate of Oman. The study sample contained 112 randomly selected students. For the purposes of this study, the researchers designed two multiple intelligences scales, consisting of the eight types of intelligences: linguistic-verbal, visual-spatial, logical-mathematical, interpersonal, naturalistic, bodily-kinesthetic, intrapersonal, and rhythm-musical. Each type of intelligence includes 8 descriptive items, with a total of 64 items for the whole scale. The results showed that the first, second, and third ranks came in favor of interpersonal intelligence, mathematical-logical, and visual-spatial, respectively, among students in general, whereas the results also revealed that interpersonal intelligence, logical-mathematical, and naturalistic were ranked in the first three ranks among male students. The interpersonal intelligence, visual-spatial intelligence, and the mathematical-logic intelligence were ranked in the first three places, respectively, among the female students. The results showed there are statistically significant differences at the 0.05 significance level between the arithmetic means of students in multiple intelligences due to the gender variable in favor of women in each of the visual-spatial and intrapersonal intelligences. Based on the findings of the study, a number of recommendations were proposed, most notably the following: Applying multiple intelligences scales at the beginning of each academic year, classifying students according to their intelligence to build and implement lesson plans in light of these classifications, preparing educational curricula in light of students’ multiple intelligences to take into account the differences between them, diversifying the learning environments according to the intelligence differences among students, conducting diagnostic studies for the prevalent multiple intelligences among all students in all classes and educational stages, and engaging in studies that test the effectiveness of employing the theory of multiple intelligences and its educational applications in developing language and intrapersonal skills and enhancing academic achievement.
Likhit Junkaew, Prayoon Wongchantra, Wutthisak Bunnaen
Published: 16 April 2021
World Journal of Education, Volume 11; doi:10.5430/wje.v11n2p56

Abstract:
The purposes of this research were to study and compare knowledge about Khok Hin Lad community forest, environmental ethics, and environmental volunteers from learning activities of undergraduate students before and after activities, to study and compare knowledge about Khok Hin Lad community forest, environmental ethics, and environmental volunteers of undergraduate students with different gender and GPAs. The sample used in the research was 99 second-year undergraduate students in Environmental Education, Faculty of Environment and Resource Studies, Mahasarakham University, which are derived from purposive sampling. The research instruments were a manual of environmental learning activities in Khok Hin Lad community forest by using area-based learning, knowledge test about Khok Hin Lad Community Forest, Environmental ethics test, and environmental volunteers test. The statistics used in the research were frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation. And hypothesis testing using t-test, F-test (One – Way MANOVA, One – Way MANCOVA, and Univariate Test). The study found that: 1) The student's knowledge average score of Khok Hin Lad community forest, environmental ethics, and environmental volunteers after learning activities were higher than before the learning activities' statistical significance (p< .05). 2) There was no different knowledge of Khok Hin Lad community forest, environmental ethics, and environmental volunteers between students of different gender (p> .05). 3) There was no different knowledge of Khok Hin Lad community forest, environmental ethics, and environmental volunteers between students with different GPAs (p>. 05).
Selçuk Alkan, Ebru Korkmaz
Published: 16 April 2021
World Journal of Education, Volume 11; doi:10.5430/wje.v11n2p46

Abstract:
In this study, the design and educational aspects of digital games on Steam (Digital Game Sales Platform) were examined. Case study, one of the qualitative research methods, was used in the research. Universal design model and principles, educational and game mechanics were used in the analysis of the games. The games were analyzed using the Deconstructing method. In parallel with the findings obtained, it is seen that game mechanics are more various than learning mechanics in games. Also in game designs, it is considered that entertainment is more important than educational use. It was determined that question-answer mechanics are used more frequently among learning mechanics in games. One reason for this may be the ease of construction of question-answer mechanics. The main goal is to establish an interaction between education and game mechanics. In addition, it was defined that another important mechanic used in games is "instant feedback". In addition, in line with the findings, it was detected that in-game rules, levels and awards facilitate learning and increase motivation.
Maria Toro-Troconis, Julie Voce, Jesse Alexander, Santanu Vasant, Manuel Frutos-Perez
Published: 16 April 2021
World Journal of Education, Volume 11; doi:10.5430/wje.v11n2p1

Abstract:
This paper introduces the COM-B model (Capabilities-Opportunities-Motivation:Behaviour) and its use in combination with the Behaviour Change Wheel (BCW) in developing an intervention which aims to promote the adoption of learning design methodologies by academic staff working with learning technologists in Higher Education (HE). Qualitative structured interviews were conducted among members of staff from five UK universities based on the COM-B model to identify the main behavioural determinants for the use and implementation of learning design methodologies. The analysis suggests that the implementation of learning design methodologies/frameworks might be more likely to occur if academic staff and learning technologists’ psychological capability, physical and social opportunities, and intrinsic and extrinsic motivations are addressed. The COM-B model and the BCW have been effective in the context of learning design to analyse the behaviour of academic staff and learning technologists when engaging in the design of online/blended learning programmes.
Thitipong Sukdee, Dittachai Chankuna
Published: 16 April 2021
World Journal of Education, Volume 11; doi:10.5430/wje.v11n2p24

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to examine factors influencing the adjustments made to physical education and sports learning among students in the Faculty of Education at Thailand National Sports University after the COVID-19 pandemic. 595 students were selected using stratified random sampling from undergraduates in the Faculty of Education at Thailand National Sports University during Academic Year 2020. The data were then analyzed in terms of descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation, and Stepwise Multiple Regression Analysis. The potential influences to the adjustments made to physical education and sports learning after the COVID-19 pandemic among students in Faculty of Education at Thailand National Sports University comprised these 5 variables: 1) activities to promote knowledge of COVID-19 prevention within the university; 2) the university’s policies promoting the prevention of COVID-19; 3) facilities within the university; 4) imitating a classmate’s adjusted behaviors; and 5) learning in class. These 5 factors could predict the adjustments in physical education and sports learning after the COVID-19 pandemic in the studied group with the percentage of 73.60. The significance predicted by equations were as follows: In terms of raw scores: Y/ = -0.175 + 0.384 (X3) + 0.265 (X1) + 0.224 (X4) + 0.084 (X5) + 0.064 (X6) In term of standard scores: Z / Y = 0.357 (ZX3) + 0.356 (ZX1) + 0.207 (ZX4) + 0.067 (ZX5) + 0.062 (ZX6)
Hasan Can Ceylan, Naciye Hardalaç, Ali Can Kara, Fırat Hardalaç
Published: 16 April 2021
World Journal of Education, Volume 11; doi:10.5430/wje.v11n2p36

Abstract:
Because the classification saves time in the learning process and enables this process to take place more easily, its contribution to music learning cannot be denied. One of the most valid and effective methods in music classification is music genre classification. Given the rapid progress of music production in the world and the significant increase in the number of data, the process of classifying music genres has now become too complex to be done by humans. Considering the successful results of deep neural networks in this field, the aim is to develop a deep learning algorithm that can classify 10 different music genres. To reveal the efficiency of the model by comparing it with others, we make the classification using the GTZAN dataset, which was previously used in many studies and retains its validity. In this article, we use a convolutional neural network (CNN) to classify music genres, taking into account the previous successful results. Unlike previous studies in which CNN was used as a classifier, we represent music segments in the dataset by mel frequency cepstral coefficients (MFCC) instead of using visual features or representations. We obtain MFCCs by preprocessing the music pieces in the dataset, then train a CNN model with the acquired MFCCs and determine the success of the model with the testing data. As a result of this study, we develop a model that is successful in classifying music genres by using smaller data than previous studies.
Cengiz Taşkıran, Murat Salur
Published: 16 April 2021
World Journal of Education, Volume 11; doi:10.5430/wje.v11n2p72

Abstract:
Thanks to digital literacy skills in Social Studies program, it is purposed to provide students with easy access to accurate and reliable information among complex information masses. Digital literacy skill not only provides accurate access to information, but also enables students to study on a legal level, in compliance with ethical rules. In addition, digital literacy makes it easier to use information accessed in daily life, to rearrange information, to generate new information, and to critically evaluate information. In this context, it is expected from a digital literate individual to acquire some knowledge and skills such as using cognitive skills at the highest level, using technological tools in a useful and effective way, accessing information and documents easily, and carrying out this through ethical rules. Social studies course, which plays a key role in providing students with digital literacy skills. In this sense, it contributes to critical and analytical thinking of students by equipping them with cognitive, affective, and social skills. The purpose of this study is to determine the opinions of teachers on digital literacy skills in social studies program. Research group consists of 50 Social Studies teachers working within Ministry of National Education in the provinces of Muş, Malatya, Elazığ, and Şanlıurfa in 2019-2020 academic year. The opinions of teachers were obtained through semi-structured interview form. The obtained data were analyzed by using qualitative data analysis technique. As a result of this study, it was concluded that social studies teachers have different perceptions of digital literacy skills, and some recommendations were provided in the light of findings.
Cüneyt Taşkın, Umut Canlı
Published: 20 February 2021
World Journal of Education, Volume 11; doi:10.5430/wje.v11n1p11

Abstract:
School climate, which is the sum of behaviors in a school, is also defined as the character of the school. A school’s climate has a significant impact on the quality of education, and on student success or failure. From this point of view, this study aims to examine the school climate from the perspectives of physical education and sports teacher candidates. To this end, the "School Climate Scale for University Students", developed by Ali R. Terzi, was applied to 303 physical education and sports teaching department students with three sub-factors. The data obtained were first subjected to a structure analysis and then to the reliability validity test, and the validity of the scale was determined. According to the type of variables, independent groups t-tests, one-way analysis of variance tests, post hoc tests, or effect size (Eta-square) tests were applied. While the answers given by the teacher candidates did not differ according to gender, a significant difference was found according to the grade they were studying in (in favor of first and fourth year students).
Mustafa Kabataş
Published: 20 February 2021
World Journal of Education, Volume 11; doi:10.5430/wje.v11n1p1

Abstract:
This work; Kastamonu University, Department of Fine Arts Education Faculty of Education was made to students in the Music Department in Turkey. The study is a descriptive field study and it was conducted with a questionnaire model. The study group of this study consists of all students of Kastamonu University Education Faculty Music Education Department. The aim of this study is to get an idea about the use of smart phones by music department students. In the study, a review was made of how music students use their smartphones. The questionnaire method was used to answer questions such as what kind of applications they use on smartphones and how much they benefit from the applications they use professionally. Research questions were asked which applications are the most popular for personal and school use, which applications are satisfied and which applications they are not satisfied with. The data obtained were presented in the form of a table and interpreted. It was concluded that the students used certain programs on their smartphones beneficial for their field education. The study is important because it contributes to researchers, field experts and similar studies.
Thitipong Sukdee
Published: 17 February 2021
World Journal of Education, Volume 11; doi:10.5430/wje.v11n1p94

Abstract:
This paper develops indicators for transformational leadership of undergraduate students at Thailand National Sports University. The development of these indicators was based on in-depth interviews with six informants. The research instrument was a semi-structured interview form. The data collected were inductively analyzed. The development of indicators was accomplished through the synthesis of the data and the conceptual framework for this research investigation. Evaluate indicators of Accuracy Standard Propriety Standard with of five experts was compared with the principle of 3.50, using the research instrument was an Evaluation Form and thence the verification of the quality of the congruence of the indicators. The sample population consisted of 4 5 0 undergraduate students at Thailand National Sports. The research instrument was a rating-scale questionnaire. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was utilized in conjunction with reliance on the maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) technique. Findings were as follows: 1) In regard to the development of indicators for transformational leadership of undergraduate students at Thailand National Sports University, results were as follows: The aspect of idealized influence engendered eight keywords and twenty-two subtopics. The aspect of inspiration motivation exhibited six keywords and thirteen subtopics. The aspect of intellectual motivation evinced six keywords and fourteen subtopics. The aspect of individualized consideration displayed five keywords and eleven subtopics. 2) Assessing indicators for transformational leadership of undergraduate students at Thailand National Sports University All aspects were significantly higher than the threshold 3.50 at the .05 level. 3) The development of indicators for transformational leadership of undergraduate students at Thailand National Sports University were found to have twenty-five indicators. The verification of the quality of appropriateness for the indicators for transformational leadership of undergraduate students at Thailand National Sports University showed that chi-square (χ2) was at 552.93; (probability-value [p-value] at 0.000); degrees of freedom (df) at 271; relative χ2 at 2.04; goodness of fit index (GFI) at 0.91; adjusted goodness of fit index (AGFI) at 0.90; Normal Fit Index (NFI) at 0.99; Comparative Fit Index (CFI) at 0.99 and the root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) at 0.04. It is concluded that transformational leadership of undergraduate students at Thailand National Sports is consistent with empirical data.
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