World Journal of Education

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1925-0746 / 1925-0754
Published by: Sciedu Press (10.5430)
Total articles ≅ 733
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Anastasia Papanthymou, Maria Darra
Published: 13 October 2022
World Journal of Education, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.5430/wje.v12n5p19

Abstract:
The main purpose of this paper is to investigate the perceptions of primary school teachers of all specialties in the Dodecanese (Greece) regarding the implementation of differentiated instructional strategies to support students with learning difficulties in the classroom. The research was conducted through quantitative approach using an anonymous electronic questionnaire on a sample of 174 primary school teachers of all specialties in the Dodecanese, during the period from February 13, 2021 to April 28, 2021. As for «content differentiation», the strategy most frequently used by teachers is the selection of the most crucial assignments for underachieving students with learning difficulties. As for «process differentiation», the strategy most often used is to adjust the pace of instruction to each student’s needs with learning difficulties. Regarding the «product differentiation», the strategy most used by teachers is to offer extra support to students with learning difficulties, who have difficulty finishing activities. In terms of «assessment differentiation», the strategy most frequently used is to give more time to students with learning difficulties to complete tasks or exams, while, in terms of «learning environment», the strategy most commonly used by teachers is to make a conscious effort to ensure that students engage consistently and fairly in class.
Abdurrahman Kırtepe, Fatih Mehmet Uğurlu
Published: 13 October 2022
World Journal of Education, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.5430/wje.v12n5p1

Abstract:
This study aimed to investigate the youth leadership qualities and characteristics of university students who volunteer at the Elazig Youth Center, Turkey. The population of the study consisted of 146 university students, 86 females and 60 males. Youth Leadership Qualities Scale, which was developed by (Cansoy & Turan, 2016), was used as the data collection tool. Within the scope of the study, the Cronbach alpha internal consistency coefficient was determined as 0.91 for the entire youth leadership qualities scale and it was observed that the Cronbach alpha internal consistency coefficients varied between 0.70 and 0.80 calculated for the reliability of the factors. Thus, it was determined that the scale was a valid and reliable measurement tool. In the study, non -parametric tests were used in the data analysis. Additionally, the Mann-Whitney U test was to determine the difference between the groups in binary variables while the Kruskal-Wallis test was used for the variables with more than two groups. In the Kruskal-Wallis test, the MannWhitney U test was used to determine between which groups the difference existed. The analysis of the data was conducted using the licensed SPSS 25 software. In conclusion, it was determined that female students were more reliable in terms of leadership characteristics and their sense of responsibility was higher than male students. Moreover, it was determined that as the age of the students increased, their problem-solving skills also increased. Furthermore, university students who engaged in volunteer activities viewed themselves as successful in the activities they participated in based on youth leadership characteristics.
Konstantina Tsoli, Thomas Babalis, Nikolaos Alexopoulos, Roza Tselepidi
Published: 13 October 2022
World Journal of Education, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.5430/wje.v12n5p10

Abstract:
The aim of this study was to investigate the views of 100 primary school teachers regarding the proposal of assigning two principals in Greek primary schools, one responsible for managerial duties and one to assume the pedagogical responsibilities. Teachers from the metropolitan area of Athens completed an online self-report questionnaire between February and March 2021. The questionnaire was constructed by the researchers for the needs of the present study based on theory and research on the field. The results showed that there is a positive attitude toward the notion that two principals would be better than one. However, most participants were apprehensive of the possible professionalization of the principal’s role. This probably indicates that the Greek educational system is not ready to accept this proposal. Educational policy leaders and academic program planners of higher education institutions could consider the findings of this study when designing educational programs aiming to prepare adequately future school principals.
Duli Pllana
Published: 13 October 2022
World Journal of Education, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.5430/wje.v12n5p40

Abstract:
Highschool homework as an integral part of the study skills benefits students' learning outcomes significantly. Consistency of completing homework contributes to rising scores in any given assignment such as quizzes, regular tests, standardized tests, etc. The purpose of homework aims at different targets and it is designed for specific groups and occasions. Generally, there are four types of homework: a) Practice, b) Preparatory, c) Extension, and d) Integration. On the other hand, there is a great variety of homework with various tasks. The daily length of the high school assignments is within the frame time of ninety minutes to three hours. Too long or too short time consuming on completing the task does not result effectively in positive learning outcomes. The optimal time for completing an assignment resonates with the Aristotle mean, and it provides maximum benefits in learning outcome. Despite the fact of the dispute between education stockholders on benefits of homework, they still agree that homework elevates study skills to a certain degree with regard to the exams or study skills.
Ali Yıldız
Published: 20 August 2022
World Journal of Education, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.5430/wje.v12n4p1

Abstract:
The aim of the study is to investigate the level of understanding of light-related concepts of teacher candidates who took the “Basic Science in Primary School” course in the classroom teaching undergraduate program. This research is a descriptive study. The study group consists of 65 teacher candidates, 51 female, and 14 male studying in the first year of the classroom teaching undergraduate program at a state university. In the study, an opinion form containing five open-ended questions prepared by the researcher was used as the data collection tool. The grouped answers of the teacher candidates, and their background knowledge were calculated and separately transferred to the relevant tables for each question. For each table, the inferences, and comments about the grouped expressions of the participant teacher candidates have been provided. In addition, interviews were conducted with six randomly selected participants. It has been revealed that the pre-service teachers' scientific knowledge about the concepts related to the light is not at the desired level. Based on the findings of the study, some suggestions were made.
Teuku Zulfikar, Emawati Emawati, Syarifah Dahliana, Saiful Akmal, Didin Nuruddin Hidayat
Published: 15 August 2022
World Journal of Education, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.5430/wje.v12n4p21

Abstract:
Teaching is a complex career in which teachers and those involved in teaching are required to engage in professional development programs to improve teaching competences and guarantee effective teaching. This qualitative case study interviewed top management in higher education institutions and thirty lecturers from three universities. Findings generated through in-depth interviews and focus group discussion (FGD) suggesting several strategies taken and programs joint by English lecturers to improve their professional competences. Some of the strategies taken by university management are improving qualification through doctorate programs, article publications, peer discussions, reviews of journal articles, exploration of educational websites, and joining professional associations. In addition, there are some other programs engaged by lecturers, such as international conferences, workshops, and research projects. In addition, lecturers reported that they improved teaching awareness and became better scholars, allowing them to self-correct their own mistakes. Finally, this study also found that institutional supports are obvious in some universities, while in some others are still lacking.
Baker Mawajdeh, Eyad Garalleh, Ahmad Al Khattab, Mansour Talhouni, Abdullah Mara’Yeh
Published: 15 August 2022
World Journal of Education, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.5430/wje.v12n4p35

Abstract:
This study aimed at revealing the extent to which e-learning is used in teaching the Islamic Education curriculum in the schools of Ma'an Governorate from the teachers' point of view. In order to achieve this, the researchers developed a questionnaire consisting of (20) items. The validity and reliability of the questionnaire were verified, which reached (0.86%). The study sample consisted of (70) male and female teachers. The descriptive survey method was used in order to achieve the objectives of the study. To answer the questions of the study, the arithmetic averages, standard deviations, one-way ANOVA and Scheffe test were calculated. The results showed that the most important teachers’ estimates of the extent to which e-learning is used in teaching the Islamic education curriculum in schools of Ma’an Governorate were as follows in descending order: the reasons for poor usage of e-learning, the availability of e-learning, the ability to choose appropriate e-learning methods, and the reality of using e-learning. Moreover, the results showed that there were no statistically significant differences attributed to the variables of gender and educational qualification. The results also showed the presence of statistically significant differences attributed to the variable of work experience in favor of the group of more than (14) years, in the field of reasons for poor usage of e-learning. The study recommended the necessity of conducting training workshops for new teachers, and providing the necessary infrastructure in the field of e-learning in all schools.
Juladis Khanthap
Published: 15 August 2022
World Journal of Education, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.5430/wje.v12n4p50

Abstract:
This research aimed to investigate the innovative leadership factors and leader characteristics of school administrators in affecting teachers’ involvement in the professional learning community of primary education schools in Bangkok and its vicinity of Thailand. Hence, the researcher would shed light on a linear structural relationship model to examine the impacts of innovative leadership factors and leader characteristics of primary school administrators on teachers’ involvement in the professional learning community. A quantitative approach survey design was employed in this research. A total of 840 respondents responded to questionnaires in a proportional of two teachers to one school administrator from 280 primary schools. The respondents participated in a survey utilizing a multi-stage sampling technique. The researcher planned to test whether the identified innovative leadership factors and leader characteristics are fitting with empirical data as the key research output. The findings indicated that there was a total of five innovative leadership factors and three leader characteristics in a professional learning community model. The linear structural relationship model was supported to the empirical data, with χ2 = 42.321, df = 31, χ2 /df = 1.3652, CFI = 0.998, TLI = 0.997, RMSEA = 0.021, and SRMR = 0.01, p = 0.0845. In conclusion, the linear structural relationship model for primary school administrators has a goodness of fit with the attained data. Finally, the findings of this research have successfully proposed a linear structural relationship model that would be guidelines for a primary school administrator to develop his capabilities to promote a professional learning community.
Ufuk Töman, Ömer Gökburun
Published: 15 August 2022
World Journal of Education, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.5430/wje.v12n4p8

Abstract:
The aim of this study is to determine the algebraic thinking levels, misconceptions and understanding levels of algebraic expressions of 6th, 7th and 8th grade students. In this research, developmental research methods, which is one of the descriptive studies, were used. This study was carried out with secondary school students (6th, 7th and 8th grades) studying in a public school located in a province of the Eastern Anatolia Region in Turkey. The sample of the study consists of 82 students studying at secondary school in the second semester of the academic year 2020-2021. Algebraic thinking levels determination form (ATLDF), consisting of 8 questions and 4 levels, and interview were used as data collection tools. The test was administered to 33 students from 6th grades, 21 students from 7th grades and 28 students from 8th grades, and then interviews were conducted. From the tests and interviews, it was seen that the students had 30 misconceptions about algebraic expressions, that their algebraic thinking levels were quite low, that there were only 3 students who could reach Level-4 and all of these students were female students. From the results, it was concluded that the algebraic thinking level of the students who have problems in the transition from arithmetic to algebra is low; and therefore, it was suggested that the connection between arithmetic and algebra should be established firmly, and studies should be done in this direction.
Dayang Suryati Ibrahim, Abdullah Mat Rashid
Published: 23 June 2022
World Journal of Education, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.5430/wje.v12n3p1

Abstract:
Teaching Design and Technology that focuses only on the end product had led to students less exposure to collaboration skills in their learning. Therefore, a study that determines the teaching method in applying collaboration skills among students and its effect is required. The two teaching methods used were the ‘doing a project’ method for the control group and project-based learning for the treatment group. A quasi-experimental study was carried out with a nonequivalent control group. Two groups were selected from two different daily schools consisting of 34 students for the control group and 32 students for the treatment group. A pre-test, followed by an intervention for 7 weeks was carried out. After the intervention, a post-test was carried out for both groups. A questionnaire regarding collaboration skills was used in both tests. The data obtained were analyzed descriptively and by inference. The pre-test showed that there was no significant difference in the level of collaboration of both groups. However, the results of the post-test showed that the level of collaboration in the treatment group is significantly higher than in the control group. Thus, the study showed that collaboration can be applied and cultivated among students by using project-based learning. This can be achieved by structured discussion from explicit planning, and student-centered learning activities with teaching and learning aids that support the execution of students’ project work.
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