Jurnal Manajemen dan Organisasi
ISSN / EISSN : 2088-9372 / 2527-8991
Current Publisher: Institut Pertanian Bogor (10.29244)
Total articles ≅ 177
Latest articles in this journal
Jurnal Manajemen dan Organisasi, Volume 12, pp 1-9; doi:10.29244/jmo.v12i1.34376
Farming is including a business entity because its activities include not only planting on land but also being able to maintain relationships that focus on business interests, such as increased sales and income. As the actor in the business, they are required to be able to have marketing and entrepreneurial skills so that their business performance can be sustainable. The purpose of the research is to understand the relationship between marketing and entrepreneurship to the farming performances, with organization innovation as intervening variables. It is quantitative research and has been conducted in Singosari sub district Malang, Indonesia. Analysis was done by SEM-PLS while 40 farmers were chosen purposively as respondent. The result shows that the Indonesian farmer has basic marketing and entrepreneurship orientation. Both of them has positive and highly significant with the value of 0,41 and 0,53 to farming performance. As an intervening variable, Organizational innovation has positively associated with farmer’s performance. Improving the human resources of farmers has been a very important aspect of sustainable business and human resources itself in Agriculture. An experienced and trained farmer will be able to keep working event in an unstable situation.
Jurnal Manajemen dan Organisasi, Volume 12, pp 21-35; doi:10.29244/jmo.v12i1.34033
Pluit Reservoir has a big role in DKI Jakarta. Efforts to optimize the Pluit Reservoir are facing various problems, such as silting the reservoir, water quality pollution, the existence of illegal settlements of the population, thus decreasing the function of the Pluit Reservoir as flood control and water resources. In an effort to overcome the problem, the government has made normalization of reservoir policy. Information regarding the level of knowledge / perception, attitudes and level of satisfaction of the community and management is important to consider the management of the Pluit Reservoir. The purpose of this study is to analyze the level of knowledge / perceptions of the community and managers on the functions, problems and management policies of the Pluit Reservoir, to analyze the attitudes of the community and managers towards the Pluit Reservoir management policy, to analyze the level of community and manager satisfaction with the Pluit Reservoir management policy. The analysis method is descriptive quantitative and qualitative methods using a Likert scale and supply-demand analysis. The results showed that the level of knowledge / perception of both managers and the community was still low on the program of land acquisition and relocation of flats, reservoir dredging programs, and waste cleaning and handling programs. The attitude of both the manager and the community is still low towards the land acquisition and relocation program to flats. The level of satisfaction that is still low both from managers and the community regarding land acquisition and relocation to flats and also with the reservoir dredging program.
Jurnal Manajemen dan Organisasi, Volume 12, pp 10-20; doi:10.29244/jmo.v12i1.35373
An increasing business transaction can cause rapid growth in online shops and marketplace. One of the affected is an online shop. From several logistic services, tracking and tracing information services are the main focus in this study because online shops as the business partner have a lack of attention in these services. The objective of this study is to investigate the factors of online shop behavior in using tracking and tracing information services.This study used a unified theory of acceptance and use of technology (UTAUT) as the framework. The quantitative data were collected through questionnaires from 207 samples of online shops selling women’s fashion and listed in the marketplace. Data were analyzed using structural equation modeling (SEM) with LISREL 8.70.The result of this study found that “the intention to use” the tracking and tracing information services depend on the effort expectancy (EE) dan social influence (SI), while “user behavior” depends on facilitating condition (FC) and the intention to use. The ease of access factor and learning the tracking and tracing information services are the important factors for the intention to use, whereas electronic devices and internet network factors used by the online shops are the main factors for the user behavior. Logistics companies need to provide information services that can help the online shops in controlling their goods in a good way where the ease of access and learning become the main focus that needs attention. Furthermore, online shops need to facilitate their admins with technological devices and a good internet network to make the admins easy to access information services.
Jurnal Manajemen dan Organisasi, Volume 11, pp 143-157; doi:10.29244/jmo.v11i3.33968
The Indonesia government conducts several fiscal strategies to solve Revenue and Expenditure Budget (APBN)’s deficit due to corona pandemic by relaxation of APBN’s deficit policy, using surplus balance, upsizing loan and bond in domestic and valas currency. Upsizing or issuance a new Indonesian bon called SUN, would increase cost of rate is paid by government and its maturity that impacted to yield curve and risk of SUN. It has inspired this research to (1) investigate the determinant of yield curve due to shocks that occur in Indonesian macroeconomic during the pandemic (2) the impact of the pandemic on SUN’s risk and (3) the forecast of the yield curve in SUN after the pandemic using the VAR / VECM method. The reasearch used secondary data of bond yield from Indonesian Stock Market and imposed the effect of such as inflation, BI Rate, Kurs and foreign exchange that is taken from several sources such as BPS, Central Bank of Indonesia and Bloomberg during 2015 January until 2020 May. This research proves that the five main macroeconomic indicators have an influence in the short and long term on the yield curve. YIELD, GDP and BIR variables have a significant negative effect in the short term on the yield curve, whereas CPI, KURS and CD have no significant effect. The ECT’s coefficient shows the speed of adjustment towards the long-term balance and the BI Rate adjustment is faster than other variables with an ECT coefficient of 0,33. The estimation results show that the average R-squared is above 55 percent with the highest value of 79,35 percent, this indicates that the equation was formed because the research variables amounted to the R-squared results.
Jurnal Manajemen dan Organisasi, Volume 11, pp 189-202; doi:10.29244/jmo.v11i3.32445
This paper empirically investigates the various approaches to model time-varying systematic risk in Indonesia and Thailand by using time-series data from 2009 to 2017. Indonesia and Thailand were used as examples because of their growing economics since the turn of 20th century. As recent empirical studies have been conducted on stock markets in developed countries, there is an increasing need for testing in emerging markets, which have grown and become increasingly popular with international investors, such as Indonesia and Thailand. This study examines dynamic beta models using GARCH (1,1), EGARCH, TARCH, Schwert-Seguin, and the Kalman-Filter group to empirically find the most optimal time-varying beta model. This study uses the Fama-French Five Factors asset pricing model to include other factors that might influences value of systematic risk for each portfolio in both countries. This model can capture five factors that can affect returns, namely market factors (CAPM), size, book to market equity, profitability, and investment. By incorporating volatility and state space estimation, this study compares all tested models based on information criteria (AIC, SIC, and HIC). The results of this research proves that GARCH (1,1) in Indonesia and TARCH in Thailand outperforms other models in capturing the systematic risk. This study will be useful for future economic studies in Indonesia, Thailand and their neighboring countries.
Jurnal Manajemen dan Organisasi, Volume 11, pp 136-142; doi:10.29244/jmo.v11i3.32886
Coffee pulp waste is one of the most significant industrial wastes today because, in the last three years, the coffee business has increased in Indonesia, especially in urban areas. Coffee pulp waste has economic value if it can use it. This study is conducted to (1) describe the interest of coffee shops in South Jakarta to provide coffee pulp waste as cosmetic raw materials, (2) to apply green marketing as a social business strategy to develop creative industries. This research is a qualitative descriptive study with a case study approach. To discover coffee shop owners' interests to utilize coffee grounds waste, data collection through interviews with 30 coffee shop owners in South Jakarta, and observation. Determine the strategy of implementing green marketing in coffee shops through the utilization of coffee grounds waste produced. The results showed that coffee shops in South Jakarta produced 1-5 kg of coffee waste per day. All owners have not utilized the coffee grounds waste. The interview results showed the coffee shop owner's desire to provide coffee pulp waste produced for use as raw material for making cosmetics. Utilizing this coffee pulp waste can lead to new businesses that can be developed as creative industries. The new company is a social business that impacts solving social problems, namely creating new jobs in environmentally friendly cosmetics made from coffee grounds waste.
Jurnal Manajemen dan Organisasi, Volume 11, pp 158-169; doi:10.29244/jmo.v11i3.34013
In the development of new and renewable energy (EBT), biomass is one alternative energy source that will be developed. Apart from the industrial plantation program (HTI), the development of energy forestry has the opportunity to be developed through forest farmer groups and other schemes, such cooperative. Energy forestry can be defined as a forest producing biomass for energy. At present, the forest land managed by the community in the form of HKm (community forest) has reached 244,434.67 ha in 2018, and will continue to increase in the following years. Energy forestry development on HKm land in West Lombok’s Forest Stakeholder Unit (KPH) is a supposition, which is an effort to extent the development of energy forestry. Interpretative Structural Model identifies problems in developing energy forestry in HKm land. Energy forestry on HKm land in West Lombok’s KPH can basically be developed by reducing obstacles encountered. These obstacles include the strict SKAU, lengthy to harvest, uneasy marketing, agricultural land competition, disrupted daily needs, and lack knowledge of conservation. The results of ISM processing show that the obstacles needed firstly to be addressed are strict SKAU and Lack knowledge of conservation, which are followed by agriculture land competition, subsequently disrupted daily needs, uneasy marketing, and lengthy to harvest. In order to conquer the initial obstacles, there is a need to facilitate issuing SKAU without reducing supervision for security. At the same time, it is important to transfer knowledge of conservation with a pilot project.
Jurnal Manajemen dan Organisasi, Volume 11, pp 179-188; doi:10.29244/jmo.v11i3.31695
The new epidemic phenomenon called Covid-19 which originated in Wuhan, China continues to increase its victims. This article aims to provide an explanation of the new outbreak and analyze planning management regarding the important role of government policies that must synergize with the community by 4 strategies from the government, namely promotive, preventive, curative and social safety net strategies which will later impact on strategies that are can the government apply in passing a pandemic disaster. The method used in writing this article is a qualitative method that explains something based on data and numbers narrated in concluding sentences, besides that, the writing of this article is library research, collecting data through available documents. and using triangulation techniques in analyzing the data that has been collected. The results obtained are the role of the government constantly reminding and asking for the participation of the community to achieve maximum government policy results, the need for the role of the community in an effort to overcome the pandemic to carry out all existing policies so that there is synergy to break the chain of spread of the COVID-19 virus and It was also found that the Head of RT / RW is one way that can assist the government in carrying out synergy with the community. This research is expected to be a source of reference for the government in planning the next policy in the process of overcoming the COVID-19 pandemic.
Jurnal Manajemen dan Organisasi, Volume 11, pp 170-178; doi:10.29244/jmo.v11i3.32657
Kasus covid-19 muncul pertama kali di Wuhan Cina pada akhir tahun 2019 dan menyebar ke seluruh dunia termasuk Indonesia. Wabah ini menyebabkan kekhawatiran baik di kalangan masyarakat, pemerintah, maupun dunia usaha. Respon masyarakat dan pemerintah dalam melakukan upaya-upaya pencegahan yaitu social distancing dan pemberlakuan Pembatasan Sosial Berskala Besar (PSBB) di berbagai daerah di Indonesia menimbulkan roda perputaran ekonomi melambat. Penyebaran wabah covid-19 yang sangat cepat di Indonesia memberikan pengaruh yang besar pada sektor ekonomi khususnya pasar keuangan di Indonesia. Ketidakpastian pasar keuangan yang tinggi tercermin dari volatilitas Indeks Harga Saham Gabungan (IHSG). Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis pengaruh covid-19 terhadap pergerakan Indeks Harga Saham Gabungan (IHSG). Pengumpulan data sekunder penelitian diperoleh dari data harian perkembangan jumlah kasus covid-19 dan IHSG periode Maret – Mei 2020. Metode analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis regresi linier sederhana dan uji hipotesis menggunakan Uji F. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa jumlah kasus covid-19 di Indonesia pada hari sebelumnya berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap fluktuasi IHSG hari ini. Kata Kunci: covid-19, IHSG, saham
Jurnal Manajemen dan Organisasi, Volume 11, pp 71-82; doi:10.29244/jmo.v11i2.30650
Baluran National Park is one of the Indonesian interesting tour destinations to be visited by local and foreign tourists which is located in Situbondo, East Java. Promotion and condition of tourist destination components are needed to attract visitors. This research aimed to determine the effect of the promotion mix and tourist destination components on the decision to visit Baluran National Park. Primary data was taken by observation, interview with managers and also offline and online surveys. Purposive sampling with criteria minimal come in the last 2 years was used and taken of 100 respondents. The analytical method used descriptive analysis and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) method with the Partial Least Square (PLS) approach. The results of the study showed that from variable promotion mix (advertising, promotion selling, direct marketing, public relation) and tourist destination components (Attraction, Accessibility, Ancillary, Amenities), only 3 variables; promotion selling, Attraction and Amenities were significant affect on visitors decision to come Baluran National Park.