DAVID AGHMASHENEBELI UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL „SPECTRI“

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Published by: Association For Science (10.52340)
Total articles ≅ 23
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Mindia Iobashvili, Irma Jikia, Tamar Gogia, Lali Bekauri, Maka Jorbenadze, Marina Failodze
Published: 21 June 2022
Abstract:
Leiomyoma is known to be a benign tumor of unknown etiology of the uterus. It is most common in women of reproductive age with a cumulative frequency of 5.4% to 77.0%, and 80.0% of them suffer from this problem throughout their lives. However, some authors question the binding role of estrogen-progesterone in the growth of leiomyoma. However, due to the ineffectiveness of conservative treatment of leiomyoma, surgical intervention is still an effective method of curing the patient. There are no means of complete regression and prevention of this pathology. The aim of our study was retrospective analysis of operative material of patients of reproductive period with leukemia of the uterine body. Patients in both groups were divided into 40-year-olds and 41-50-year-olds according to age. The obtained results were processed using SPSS-21 software package of mathematical statistics. Pearson x2 criterion was used to test the reliability.Comparison of retrospective analysis of archival material revealed:
Miranda Gurgenidze
Published: 15 June 2022
Abstract:
The National Intellectual Property Center of Georgia Sakpatenti is a governmental agency – a legal entity of public law. In accordance with the Georgian legislation, Sakpatenti determines the policy in the field of intellectual property.A major tool for protection of intellectual property rights outside Georgia is the full integration of the country into the global IP systems, which became a priority policy direction for Sakpatenti. At present Georgia is a member of all main conventions and agreements on intellectual property protection and is a party to a number of bilateral international treaties.The scientific article consists of an introduction, a main part and a conclusion. The introduction presents the urgency of the legal problem. The main part discusses the issues of European patent validation, which should be implemented in the Patent Law of Georgia. Under the Validation Agreement, applicants will be able to validate their European patent applications and patents granted by the European Patent Office in Georgia, even though Georgia is not a contracting state to the European Patent Convention. European applications and patents validated in Georgia will have the same legal effect here as Georgian applications and patents. Along with this, legal actions will be regulated by the Georgian legislation.The European Patent Organisation (EPO) is a second largest organization in Europe rendering public services. EPO carries out examination of applications to obtain patents for inventions and grants European patents, its activities are directed tofacilitate development of innovations, competitiveness and economic growth in Europe, which is ensured by means of offering high level services according to the European Patent Convention. At present the European Patent Organisation (EPO) unites 38 countries, including all the 28 member states of the European Union and, in addition, some countries that are not the EU member states.
Tinatin Doliashvili, Khvicha Gogia, Monika Lataria
Published: 15 June 2022
Abstract:
The COVID-19 pandemic has caused the unprecedented damage to the aviation industry. In order to prevent the spread of the disease, the issue of air traffic restrictions was put on the agenda, which led to the sudden cancellation of tens of thousands of flights around the world and made travelling difficult for passengers. At the same time, aviation turned out to be an area that played a crucial role in the effective management of the epidemic and from the very beginning it was actively involved in the preventive measures against the spread of the disease. According to the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), during this period, the passenger air transportation worldwide was decreased with about 60%. The unfavorable forecasts were also foreseen regarding the process of restoring air traffic. According to the most optimistic scenario of the European Organization for the Safety of Air Navigation (EUROCONTROL), the European region will approach the air traffic figures of 2019 only by 2023, and will surpass in 2024. The mentioned was possible if the vaccine would be released into the world on time - by 2021. Under the same scenario, Georgia will return to the indicators of 2019 in 2022, and will be able to improve the indicators of 2019 by 2023. However, if the vaccine turns out to be ineffective, both Georgia and the European region will not be able to return to the air traffic figures of 2019 in 2024.
Khvicha Begiashvili
Published: 15 June 2022
Abstract:
For the scientific article: Problematics related to the terms of undercover investigative activities and notification on undercover investigative activities of a criminal case, according to the Criminal Procedure Code of Georgia. From October 1, 2010, Georgia has a new Criminal Procedure Code, which as per recommendations of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe, ensured simplification and acceleration of an investigation. Regardless of the mentioned, the Criminal Procedure Code still contains the problematic issues, which are not unequivocally defined by the law and hinder the simplification of an investigation and procrastinate an investigation in some cases due to establishment of the unfounded artificial legislative barriers or faulty practice. The article examines the problematic issues arising in practice related to the terms of undercover investigative activities and notification on conducting undercover investigative activities; the advantages and disadvantages of the regulatory procedural norms of the mentioned issue and their settlement; the role of undercover investigative activities in acceleration and simplification of judicial procedure.The content of the article reveals the experience of foreign countries and former procedural rules of Georgia on the issues to be discussed and international recommendations. The mentioned article will hopefully arouse the interest of both practitioners working on criminal cases and scientists of the criminal field.In conclusion, it is worth mentioning that all procurators and investigators of Georgia almost every day face the problem discussed in the article in their daily activities. Consequently, scientific analysis of the issue and sound settlement of the raised problems will hopefully lead to the necessary legislative changes, which will assist the satisfaction of requirements of a timely, thorough and successful investigation of criminal cases.
Nestan Bostoganashvili, Rusudan Kvanchakhadze, Eka Tatarashvili, Irma Tskhovrebadze, Nana Tskhovrebadze
Published: 15 June 2022
Abstract:
The balance of intestinal microbiome is very important for a healthy human body, especially for the immune and endocrine systems. In recent years, increasing attention has been paid to changes in the intestinal microbiome in the pathogenesis of various endocrine diseases, including thyroid disease. Along with the main treatments, the selected probiotics can play an important role in the treatment of thyroid pathologies. A probiotic is a non-pathogenic living organism, the adequate dose of which provides significant benefits to the host organism. It has the ability to restore intestinal permeability by improving mucosal function and increase intestinal motility. A very good example of such probiotic is "UltraBiotique"- Probiotic presented by French Company "Vitarmonil", having high quality and experience and has been well established on the Georgian market.
Ketevan Arabidze, Irakli Gogokhia, Nodar Lebanidze
Published: 15 June 2022
Abstract:
Perry and postoperative pain management remain an acute problem to this day. The intensity of pain depends on various objective and subjective factors, on the individual characteristics of the patient. The course and severity of acute postoperative pain determine the likelihood of developing chronic postoperative pain.Then. Multimodal analgesia is the effect on the peripheral and / or central nervous system, acting on drugs and techniques with different mechanisms of action (including non-pharmacological techniques), with synergistic and additive effects that can achieve higher quality analgesia than using these methods alone. Use low-dose medications to avoid dose-dependent side effects. Fractionation of analgesics at all stages of the perioperative period.Postoperative pain prevention should begin as soon as surgical treatment is planned. The multidisciplinary team of physicians, based on the conclusion made after assessing the patient's condition and risk factors, develops a perioperative plan for pain relief. Multimodal analgesia is unequivocally a priority and most effective in the world literature today.
Maka Dolidze
Published: 15 June 2022
Abstract:
In the 21st century, Georgia and Ukraine are in danger of apocalypse. Russia has tried to bring these countries under its influence once again. Georgia and Ukraine are in front of catastrophe.By spreading misinformation, Russia tried to convince the people of Russia and Georgia, as well as the international community, that Georgia started the war on August 8, 2008 on ethnic grounds and that Russia was constrained to enter Georgia to "establish peace" to "protect" the population. And in 2014, Russia was "obliged to protect the people of the Crimea and Sevastopol," and the facts of 2022 are related to the protection of Russia from those who "being Ukraine hostage" and tried to use it against Russia.Both Georgian and foreign media drew parallels between Georgia and Ukraine. According to their observations, there were many similarities between the events in Georgia in 2008, and between the facts in Ukraine in 2022, the publicists talked about the relationship of the West in this war. On the severity of Russia, which called the full-scale war a "special military operation." But, actually, Russia was trying to make an efforts its influence and importance both in Georgia and Ukraine, it was an unprecedented severe military aggression that could be called genocide.The Russian propaganda media tried to persuade the public that Russia was not killing peaceful populations in Ukraine. It was spreading that videos and photos that were from past conflicts. Some of them were created to spread misinformation and propaganda. The Russian propaganda media lights up the facts in a biased manner. Propaganda was an inseperable part of the media. The aim of the propaganda was for the government to justify itself and gain public support.
Tamar Sultanishvili, Ramaz Khetsuriani, Manana Arabuli, Mzia Tsiklauri, Shalva Petriashvili
Published: 15 June 2022
Abstract:
Objective: Deterioration of health in the process of studying at university can be caused by many factors: The aim of our research is to examine the self-assessment of student health in Georgian students. Materials and methods: 766 students from Georgian universities were interviewed, a one-point, cross-sectional study was conducted using a questionnaire compiled by us, the validity of which was determined in previous studies - using Krombach alpha. The following groups of factors were studied: academic achievement, extra work, sports activity, diet type and regimen, sleep hygiene, skills, doctor referral. Universities and students were selected through randomization. The relative chance of morbidity was determined through regression analysis. Results: Among the diseases detected during the student period with the highest frequency are: pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract - 99 (12.92%); Cardiovascular diseases - 39 (5.09%); Nervous system disorders - 106 (13.84%); Hypovitaminosis - 32 (4.18%); Diseases of the nervous system; Visual impairment - 22 (2.87%).Drug use increases the relative chance of neurological diseases during the student period - OR = 10.22 (95% CI: 2.74-38.10); Remuneration work - OR = 1.64 (95% CI: 1.05-2.55); Insomnia - OR = 1.92 (95% CI: 1.23-2.99); Doctor referral - no OR = 1.98 (95% CI: 1.08-3.64); Decreases - family, living with parents - OR = 0.15 (95% CI: 0.03-0.79); Hypodynamics - OR = 4.58 (95% CI: 1.99-10.54); Alcohol - OR = 4.64 (95% CI: 2.23-9.68); Living Alone - OR = 3.05 (95% CI: 1.48-6.29); Excess food intake - OR = 4.03 (95% CI: 1.68-9.70). Increases the chance of relative vision impairment: night training - OR = 10.79 (95% CI: 2.54-45.77); Hypodynamics - OR = 8.36 (95% CI: 2.15-32.44); Marijuana Consumption - OR = 11.62 (95% CI: 2.34-57.59); Single mother - OR = 68.18 (95% CI: 14.81-313.74); Intermittent sleep - OR = 5.22 (95% CI: 1.49-18.35): Daytime exercise - OR = 0.18 (95% CI: 0.05-0.73); Drowsiness - OR = 0.07 (95% CI: 0.02-0.31); Living Alone - OR = 3.49 (95% CI: 1.13-10.78). Increases the relative chance of developing hypotaminosis: Unpaid work - OR = 2.88 (95% CI: 1.22-6.76); Intermittent sleep - OR = 3.24 (95% CI: 1.58-6.67); Fast food - OR = 2.05 (95% CI: 0.99-4.21) Conclusion: The development of diseases during studenthood is determined by bad habits, poor sleep, diet and exercise regimes. Socio-economic status of the family.
Maia Ispireli
Published: 15 June 2022
Abstract:
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the skin. Its development is multifactorial and is the result of interactions between genetic, immunological and environmental causes. It is mainly manifested in children, infants, and adults. The prevalence of atopic dermatitis in adults is poorly studied and generally amounts to 5-8%, and there are a number of scientific studies on the prevalence of this disease in military personnel, according to which atopic dermatitis is the third most common disease in military personnel after acne and dermatophytosis. Atopic dermatitis is characterized by skin rashes, itching, sleep disturbances, often requires a specific diet, which has a great impact on the quality of life of the patient and dramatically reduces the ability to work. Many scientific papers have been devoted to the study of the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis. The ongoing immunological processes in atopic dermatitis are quite well studied, although treatment of the disease is not always effective, especially in the presence of attached skin infections.
Lali Gujejiani
Published: 15 June 2022
Abstract:
The aim of the study was to determine the prognostic value of the initial troponin level in terms of hospital mortality during STEM.Materials and Methods: The study was based on the clinical data of 603 patients hospitalized with ST-elevation MM diagnosed in 2009-2010 at Adapti Angiocardiology Clinic Ltd.Sensitivity and specificity of the test, predictive value and diagnostic accuracy were determined, troponin threshold for mortality was predicted. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 23 software package.
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