Academy of Education and Social Sciences Review

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2790-8348 / 2789-6781
Total articles ≅ 10
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Latest articles in this journal

Sana Zaidi
Academy of Education and Social Sciences Review, Volume 2, pp 33-46; https://doi.org/10.48112/aessr.v2i1.110

Abstract:
The present research study was conducted to explore the barriers and issues of inequality experienced by female faculty members at their workplace and how they dealt with them. The study employed purposive and referral sampling techniques to conduct in-depth-interviews with 20 female faculty members working at public and private universities of Karachi, Pakistan. A total of 12 open ended questions were asked from individual participants, both in person and on call. Each interview was 40 to 60 minutes long. The data were analysed through thematic analyses by identifying the initial codes, categorizing and analysing the themes, and finalizing the results. The findings of the study show lack of family support, traditional culture, and gender stereotype as the major barriers in females’ career advancement. The study ends with recommendations to plugin these barriers by creating equal opportunities for working women.
Muhammad Farhat Habib, Muhammad Kamran Alvi, Ali Raza Nemati
Academy of Education and Social Sciences Review, Volume 2, pp 22-32; https://doi.org/10.48112/aessr.v2i1.108

Abstract:
Counter-productive behaviour is believed to be having a significant impact on organizational performance. This study aimed find how interpersonal aggression, presentism, and perceived organizational politics impact employees’ counter-productive behaviour in an organization. Using quantitative survey method, the data was collected via Google docs having 5 points likert scale from employees currently serving in the armed forces universities in the federal territory, Islamabad. Regression statistical technique was employed to test the hypothesis whether the chosen variables affected the employees’ counter-productive behaviour in the selected universities. The results showed that interpersonal aggression, presentism, and perceived organizational politics do not have impact on the counter-productive behaviour of employees in the armed forces universities. The study indicates the presence of lesser counterproductive behaviour in armed forces universities of Pakistan. Non-armed forces universities in Pakistan are recommended to adopt a unique style of management armed forces universities to liberate the counterproductive behaviour of employees.
Wajdan Raza
Academy of Education and Social Sciences Review, Volume 2, pp 01-11; https://doi.org/10.48112/aessr.v2i1.92

Abstract:
Pronouns are few and fixed, but used frequently in language and their forms and functions have been reviewed in the past. The qualitative study theoretically underpinned by various linguistic philosophers is a teacher’s reflection about the use of English pronoun we in ninety-six extended written responses of English language learners studying two disciplines of knowledge in a public institution of higher education in Karachi. The data were collected from ninety-six participants in 2018, analyzed in 2019 and drafted in 2020. The occurrence of the royal we in the sentences of the participants was reportedly too low to connect it with exclusive-we. However, its deictic use was a frequent representation of togetherness. The study’s usefulness lies with further investigations into this linguistic behavior of the pronoun among its users.
Sarah Khan
Academy of Education and Social Sciences Review, Volume 2, pp 12-21; https://doi.org/10.48112/aessr.v2i1.98

Abstract:
The COVID-19 outbreak has blatantly exposed the drawbacks of our education systems around the globe. It is important that the possible opportunities which have to ascend in these circumstances be utilized to make the education systems more objective, inclusive, and resilient. The aim of the action research was to recognise and examine the traits of effective leadership and the strategies used during the COVID-19 pandemic at a local private O level school. The key focus was on how the school leadership has ensured to support the teachers during these challenging times. The findings of this study revealed that the school leaders adopted various approaches to cope with the emerging issues. Through this research, we can offer some noteworthy recommendations, which would be useful for researchers, academic scholars, school leadership teams, and experts in the educational context.
Muhammad Saleem Akhtar, Jam Muhammad Zafar, Syeda Lubna Shoukat, Muhammad Ali Naseem
Academy of Education and Social Sciences Review, Volume 2, pp 49-58; https://doi.org/10.48112/aessr.v2i1.93

Abstract:
The Shyness, reluctance, hesitation, and unawareness hamper to react in a safe way and may cause causalities. Usually children between the age of 13 to 15 get involved in road accidents due to carelessness. Safety awareness reduces the chances of accidents and injury happenings. A sample of 200 students and 99 teachers from secondary level public schools was taken. In order to develop awareness among secondary school students, action oriented SW instructional methods through hands-on-activities, experiential learning, labs, weather safety precaution, fire, electricity safety, and ways to motivate students to protect themselves and conserve their wellbeing were used. By using valid and reliable survey questionnaire and observation protocol, perceptions about SW were assessed after interventions and prominent awareness and behavioural changes were declared such as reduced number of accidents and injuries. The results are useful for the school administration and teachers to reflect on the inclusion of safety and wellbeing activities.
Samiullah Sarwar, Mahwish Basit Hussain
Academy of Education and Social Sciences Review, Volume 1, pp 26-37; https://doi.org/10.48112/eassr.v1i1.52

Abstract:
The predominant teachers’ professional development practice in Pakistan can be stated as limited, fragmented, short termed, and pre-packaged as it occurs on margins of having more focus on training sessions rather than problem-solving. This qualitative research aims to share the results of a small-scale study, involving 12 college teachers working in public sector institutions on their perceptions of professional development and the support they get from their educational institutions. It then proposes a three-branched solution that includes: (a) government and institution supported PD; (b) availability and delivery of multiple PD approaches based on the needs assessment of the teachers; and (c) on-going follow-up and evaluation of teachers’ professional development system to suit the local context. This study recommends that effective PD, if considered wisely, can become the process through which educators can examine thoughtfully and critically the purpose, role, structure, and organization of the institutions concerning the increasingly diverse students and communities they serve. The educational field in Pakistan needs a new ethics for PD; one that is sincerely supported and reflected in the educational policies of the country.
Rashida Ali Asghar, Naina Hassan Ali
Academy of Education and Social Sciences Review, Volume 1, pp 14-25; https://doi.org/10.48112/eassr.v1i1.48

Abstract:
The widespread COVID 19 pandemic has affected learning and development of students at all ages and the sudden closure of schools has led to the new experience of online learning during this period. The study aimed to explore the perceptions and challenges faced by the teachers and parents of primary students regarding excessive use of technology during online learning. A qualitative approach using an exploratory method was applied to collect the data by deploying self-developed semi-structured interview protocols to collect the data. Three major themes emerged after the data analysis: (a) the debate on online classes versus physical classes; (b) the negative impact of technology on the development of children; and (c) appropriateness of online learning for young learners. The data illustrated that teachers and parents of primary students are not satisfied during online learning because of the adverse effect of technology on the learning and development of young learners. Hence, it is recommended that alternatives should be suggested by the school authorities and government, so that their learning and development are not hampered by the use of technology.
Adeeba Ahmad
Academy of Education and Social Sciences Review, Volume 1, pp 01-13; https://doi.org/10.48112/eassr.v1i1.50

Abstract:
This research study was conducted to explore the grade retention practices in private schools of Karachi. The study focused on the impact of grade retention and investigated its effectiveness in terms of its merits versus demerits. The context of the study was six private schools of Karachi and scorecards of the failed students from the selected schools, who were in grade six, seven and eight. To achieve the objectives of the study, a mixed method was undertaken to collect the data. The quantitative data were derived from the scorecards of 84 students of two years, summing to a total of 168 scorecards of 84 failed students, who repeated the class in the same school. Paired sample t-test, one sample t-test and two-way MANOVA were applied to analyze the data. The researcher conducted interviews of six teachers and three principals. The interviews were transcribed and decoded, followed by categorization to explore the themes that emerged. The most crucial finding of the research is that retention and social promotion are ineffective solutions for the struggling learners.
Rahat Tanvir
Academy of Education and Social Sciences Review, Volume 1, pp 38-50; https://doi.org/10.48112/eassr.v1i1.45

Abstract:
The prime purpose of this paper is to investigate the motivating factors that make university students participate in classroom activities and these factors correlate with their learning and grades. Furthermore, the study tried to identify whether intrinsic motivational factors drove them more to be part of in-class activities or extrinsic motivational factors. The topic under consideration required a qualitative case study with an exploratory design to identify these factors. The study was based at a renowned private sector university in Karachi. The research study used a purposive sampling method and gathered data by conducting semi-structured short interviews of students and faculty with some probing on the answers. The results led to a list of factors such as pedagogy, motivation, role of faculty attitude, role of student attitude, and marks-driven motivation. The findings support the notion that extrinsic motivators play a significant role in class participation of students at the tertiary levels.
Narjis Unar, Muhammad Arshad, Tunio Shahnawaz
Academy of Education and Social Sciences Review, Volume 1, pp 51-61; https://doi.org/10.48112/eassr.v1i1.49

Abstract:
The objective of this study is to determine how satisfied students are with the course experiences provided by the learning facilities in Pakistani universities. This study looks into the factors of what they think is important for their learning environment, because students are the key stakeholders of the learning and education system. On the other hand, the missionary objectives of any university is to provide quality education and produce better alumni, because students’ achievements not only contribute to their scholastic development, but also build the reputation of an institution. Therefore, to measure the students’ satisfaction level of their course experiences, a self-structured survey questionnaire was used to collect the required data from students of different departments. A number of 141 master’s level students were identified from a local university. The data illustrated that the students’ satisfaction level in the provision of courses was low on given choices, like motivational characteristics, ICT application, and life-long learning skills; moderately satisfied for development of analytical and reflective thinking skills; and high level of satisfaction on all these elements except choices that have been reported of low importance.
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