The Journal of Palembang Nursing Studies

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2827-8496 / 2827-8100
Published by: Palembang MediRose Foundation (10.55048)
Total articles ≅ 20
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Latest articles in this journal

Ly Chanvatanak, Phai Somnang, Yi Rosa, Sann Marong, Long Saw Oun, Tha Chourin, Park Soonbok, Sreyly Kieng
The Journal of Palembang Nursing Studies, Volume 1, pp 115-124; https://doi.org/10.55048/jpns.v1i3.52

Abstract:
Background: HIV/AIDS as a global pandemic forced the nursing student to have appropriate knowledge and attitudes toward caring for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Purpose: This study aims to explore the level of knowledge, attitudes, and willingness of pre-clinical nursing students to provide nursing care for PLWHA. Methods: A descriptive and cross-sectional study is conducted. A total of 185 pre-clinical nursing students enrolled in Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN), and Associate Degree in Nursing (ADN) programs were recruited. Data was collected from April to May 2019 using a self-reported questionnaire and analysed with descriptive statistics, a t-test, and Pearson’s correlation test with a significant level of 0.05. Results: Overall pre-clinical nursing students had moderate knowledge about HIV/AIDS, but students had a negative attitude toward HIV/AIDS. The students’ mean score of willingness to care for PLWHA was 5.45. BSN students had better knowledge than ADN students, and the difference was significant. However, differences in attitudes and willingness to manage between BSN and ADN students were insignificant. In addition, the differences in knowledge, attitudes, and desire to care between males and females were insignificant. The result revealed that attitudes and willingness to care for PLWHA were significantly correlated. Conclusions: Based on the study results, it is essential for nursing students to have accurate knowledge about HIV/AIDS and positive attitudes toward people with HIV/AIDS to ensure that they can provide high-quality and effective care for PLWHA as well as protect themselves from being infected with HIV.
Yuli Renaningtyastutik, Sih Ageng Lumadi, Feriana Ira Handian
The Journal of Palembang Nursing Studies, Volume 1, pp 107-114; https://doi.org/10.55048/jpns.v1i3.29

Abstract:
Background: Giving spinal anaesthesia is an effort to relieve pain to create optimal conditions for surgery operation consciously. A shivering event frequently follows the phenomenon of the long duration of the operation. Purpose: The study aimed to determine the relationship between operation duration and shivering in post spinal anaesthesia patients. Methods: The study design is a quantitative study and uses a cross-sectional approach. Sampling used a systematic sampling technique on the population of patients undergoing surgery under spinal anaesthesia. The instrument used Croessley and Mahajan’s observation sheet. This study uses Spearman rank rho as the statistical test with a significant value of p=0.05. Results: The study showed almost respondents, as many as 86.15 respondents (56 patients) experienced shivering. Based on the Spearman statistical test, the p-value is 0.046. Conclusions: It can be concluded that there was a relationship between operation duration and incidence of shivering. Therefore, to reduce the occurrence of shivering, it is necessary to take measures such as giving warm blankets, warm fluids, and tools to maintain body temperature (force air warming).
Rosnani Rosnani, Devi Mediarti
The Journal of Palembang Nursing Studies, Volume 1, pp 134-138; https://doi.org/10.55048/jpns.v1i3.59

Abstract:
Natural transition from labour to post-partum can cause lifestyle changes that impact the mother’s physiological and psychological effects. Physical changes that include changes in diet, fluids, elimination, and obesity, as well as psychological changes such as anxiety, sleep disturbances, and depression, are common during this transitional period. For this reason, we use the Healthy Lifestyle approach to provide an overview and information regarding the mother’s adaptation during the post-partum period. Healthy lifestyle emphasizes that lifestyle has an important impact on health in which there is a role for individuals and others. In this case, nurses have a vital role in identifying and conducting analysis to determine the proper lifestyle and make mothers adapt easily during the transitional period from childbirth to post-partum. The main point of the intervention is to improve the well-being of the mother and baby.
Anisa Purnamasari, Ashar Prima, Desrinah Harahap, Amzal Mortin Andas
The Journal of Palembang Nursing Studies, Volume 1, pp 101-106; https://doi.org/10.55048/jpns.v1i3.28

Abstract:
Background: Typhoid fever is a significant health problem in many countries. Globally, it is estimated that 21 million toddlers suffer from this disease each year. Purpose: This research aimed to analyze the relationship between handling body temperature and diet on the length of stay for typhoid fever among toddlers. Methods: This research was a cross-sectional study design. The population in this study were 87 toddlers with typhoid fever Lepo-Lepo Health Care Center. The sampling technique was purposive sampling and obtained a total sample of 46 children under five. Results: We found that Treatment of body temperature on length of stay (X2 = 5.642; p = 0.003) and diet management on length of stay (X2 = 4.920; p = 0.001) at the level of confidence 95% (α = 0.05). It means that there is a relationship between handling body temperature and diet with the length of stay in toddlers with typhoid fever. Conclusions: This study provides information about the body temperature and diet contributing to toddlers with typhoid fever. Clinical and community nursing can provide intervention by considering temperature and diet.
Mardiansyah Mardiansyah, Rizka Febtrina, Sri Yanti, Dendy Kharisna
The Journal of Palembang Nursing Studies, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55048/jpns.v1i3.25

Abstract:
Background: Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is divided into 3 levels, the use of which is adjusted to the location of health services due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The second level of PPE is intended for health workers who work in patient care rooms. One of the causes of high cases of nurses contracting viral infections is the lack of knowledge and compliance in using PPE. Purpose: The aim of this study was to find out the correlation between knowledge and nurse compliance in the use of PPE level 2. Methods: This study was a quantitative research with correlational analytic type. The number of respondents was 62 nurses. Collecting data using a knowledge (8 qoestions) and compliance (10 questions) questionnaire of nurses in the use of PPE level 2. The analysis used was univariate and bivariate analysis with the Pearson Product Moment test with level of significance at the alpha = 0.05. Results: The results of the univariate analysis of knowledge obtained a mean value of 6.16 with a standard deviation of 1.04 and nurses’ compliance obtained a mean value of 34.67 with a standard deviation of 3.56. The results of the study concluded that there was no significant correlation between knowledge and nurse compliance in the use of PPE level 2 in Petala Bumi Hospital, Riau Province with p = 0.513 and r = 0.085. Conclusions: This study suggests that nurses increase knowledge and compliance with the use of level 2 PPE in providing nursing services by attending training, seminars and workshops on preventing disease transmission, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Rohman Hikmat, Urip Rahayu, Sandra Pebrianti, Eka Maulidya Cahyani, Cindy Puspita Sari, Ghea Afrilia
The Journal of Palembang Nursing Studies, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55048/jpns.v1i3.24

Abstract:
Background: Breast cancer become the most incident of cancer among women, especially in Indonesia. Non-pharmacological therapy becomes the additional intervention to address the pain after breast cancer surgery. Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine various non-pharmacological therapeutic interventions that can be performed in pain management in post-operative breast cancer patients. Design: The design used in this literature review is a systematic scoping review. Data Sources: This study used a scoping review system where after obtaining articles from three databases there are CINAHL, Pubmed, and Proquest. Review Methods: The articles will be synthesized and assessed using the clinical appraisal tools of Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI). JBI version of Randomized controlled trial. Results: From the total of 577 articles searched in the database, we obtained seven articles included in the study. The interventions to reduce pain include music therapy and progressive muscle relaxation therapy, acupuncture, foot reflexology, massage and meditation, autology, mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT), and neuromuscular taping on musculoskeletal (NMT). Apart from relieving pain various interventions that can be done can improve well-being, reduce stress, and reduce the length of treatment or treatment. Conclusions: The result of this study can be an additional intervention that can be applied by nurses and other health care workers.
Nurhayati Nurhayati, Asih Dewi Setyawati
The Journal of Palembang Nursing Studies, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55048/jpns.v1i3.17

Abstract:
Background: The world has now impacted by COVID-19. Indonesia is one of the countries predicted to be affected over a longer period. The rapidly screening of COVID-19 status among Indonesians is important to prevent the massive spread of COVID-19. Purpose: The study aimed to investigate the covid status, and its prevention among Indonesians. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed among Indonesians using a web-based survey that was randomly distributed using social media after a year of the outbreak of COVID-19 in Indonesia. There were 247 respondents enrolled this study. An emerging COVID-19 tool was utilised for data collection. Descriptive statistics and linear regression were applied with the significance value of 0.05. Results: From a total of 247 participants, 89 respondents had a travel history to the red zone area of COVID-19. 33% of them felt good but isolating after COVID-19 exposure. Most of them used facemasks (50.2%) and washing hands (36%) as health prevention during the COVID-19 outbreak. Conclusions: Identification of Covid status is important to prevent COVID-19 exposure.
Marnila Yesni, Dwi Yunita Rahmadhani
The Journal of Palembang Nursing Studies, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55048/jpns.v1i3.12

Abstract:
Background: Puskesmas as public health facility encounter challenges in facing COVID-19, including nurses who provides care for patients who faces challenges in this emergency. The frequent interaction of nurses with patients put nurses in a high risk of being exposed to COVID-19. This situation triggers a negative stigma towards nurses in the community which impacted a lot of nurses. Purpose: The purpose of this study is the relation between anxiety level and stigma on nurses during the COVID -19 pandemic. Methods: The study used a descriptive analytic study with a cross-sectional study design with 96 respondents from Puskesmas Jambi City. Statistical test used in this research is Chi Square. Results: Statistical test result shows that there is a significant relation between stigma and anxiety on nurses in Puskesmas Jambi city with p value=0.001. Conclusions: Nurses are COVID-19 front liners, who are always exposed with patients, along with the stigma that comes from the community. The stigma could affect the nurses psychologically. Therefore, more attention is needed regarding this matter. Increasing public knowledge regarding infectious disease is one of the first steps in handling this issue as it could change the public perception regarding COVID-19 and its urgently needed to eliminate the negative stigma against nurses. for the next study, it can be a reference and research more about other factors that cause anxiety in nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic
Wella Juartika
The Journal of Palembang Nursing Studies, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55048/jpns.v1i3.15

Abstract:
Background: Nausea, vomiting after chemotherapy is still major problem that interferes with the process of treating cancer, especially breast cancer. There are 2 things that can be done to reduce nausea, vomiting, pharmacologically and non-pharmacologically. Drinking cold water is one of the non-pharmacological ways for patients who experience nausea, vomiting after chemotherapy. These actions can reduce acute nausea and vomiting delayed due to chemotherapy Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of drinking cold water on nausea and vomiting after chemotherapy in breast cancer patients in RSUP M. Djamil Padang. Methods: This research was a time series. Sampling by consecutive sampling and determination of intervention and control groups by randomization of simple subject allocations. The research sample consisted of 38 respondents, consisting of 19 respondents as an intervention group who were treated with cold drinking water for 3 days and 19 respondents as a control group Results: Testing the difference in the decrease in the average score of nausea and vomiting in the intervention group using the repeated measure ANOVA test. The results showed an average decrease in the intervention group of < 0.001. Conclusions: The conclusion significantly drinking cold water can reduce nausea and vomiting after chemotherapy in breast cancer patients in RSUP M. Djamil Padang. It is recommended that drinking cold water be applied as part of nursing intervention in providing nursing care to patients who experience nausea and vomiting after chemotherapy.
Sirikanok Klankhajhon, Anonthasha Sthien
The Journal of Palembang Nursing Studies, Volume 1, pp 49-60; https://doi.org/10.55048/jpns.v1i2.16

Abstract:
Obesity is an important global health issues in pregnancy that impact on pregnant women and newborn such as gestational diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular diseases. The scoping review six stages is used to review an exercise during pregnancy, which is associated to potential maternal and newborn’s physical, psychological and social health aspects both short and long terms. The prescription of exercise during pregnancy for low risk pregnant women without any contraindications should take moderate level of exercise at least 3 times a week, at least 30 minutes or more of accumulated exercise a day, which include a 5-10 minutes warm up and cool down period, 20-30 minutes exercise from protocol: muscular workouts and/or cardiovascular training. Pregnant women should exercise as muscular workouts and cardiovascular training and unsafe activities should be avoided. Nurses’ role support pregnant women to enhance knowledge of exercise and increase exercise behaviour during pregnancy through nursing process at antenatal care clinic.
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