International Academy Journal Web of Scholar
ISSN / EISSN : 2518167X / 25181688
Current Publisher: RS Global Sp. z O.O. (10.31435)
Total articles ≅ 292
Latest articles in this journal
International Academy Journal Web of Scholar; doi:10.31435/rsglobal_wos/30092020/7147
The transition to an informational lifestyle significantly increases the creative potential of society as a whole, and the individual in particular. Along with this, there is a significant increase of the load on the human’s mind under conditions of increasing flows of information and its turbulence. The information environment essentially becomes the main source of information for a person, has a direct impact on his mental activity, on the formation of his social behavior. A person is forced to live in this environment, to perceive its realities adequately, to adapt to information threats from this environment. The awareness of these threats has led to careful attention to information security. A child, being a specific member of a society, nevertheless acts as a full-fledged participant in information relations, and must be in such a state of protection, in which there is no risk associated with information causing harm to his health, physical, mental, spiritual and moral development.A child in his development, processing information, actively assimilates social experience, as well as a system of social connections and relationships, and subsequently reproduces all this in his life. In the course of this process, he acquires the qualities, values, beliefs and forms of behavior that he needs for normal life.Ensuring the information security of a child implies protection because of the destabilizing effect of information on health and mental, spiritual and moral development; creation of conditions for the information environment for positive socialization and individualization of the personality, optimal social, personal, cognitive and physical development, preservation of somatic, mental and psychological health and well-being, the formation of a positive worldview. The latter is possible when determining the main directions of state policy in the interests of children and the key mechanisms for its implementation, based on the generally recognized principles and norms of the international law.
International Academy Journal Web of Scholar pp 3-9; doi:10.31435/rsglobal_wos/30062020/7125
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of tolerance of uncertainty on the executive functions in people with psychological trauma. To study the neuropsychological correlates of tolerance of uncertainty in people with psychological trauma, 55 subjects aged 21 to 66 years (25 men and 30 women) were involved. The control sample included 56 subjects aged 22–67 years (21 men and 35 women). Research methods: "New questionnaire of tolerance-intolerance of uncertainty", "Iowa Gambling Task", Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-IV (CAPS-DX), Method of verbal-color interference (Stroop test). Results: psychological trauma causes a decrease in the level of tolerance of uncertainty (ToU), an increase in the level of intolerance of uncertainty (IoU) and an increase in the level of interpersonal intolerance of uncertainty (IIoU). ToU can be seen as a protective factor in the case of psychological trauma. ToU can alleviate the manifestations of executive dysfunction (when treating both ambivalent and indeterminate stimuli) in people with a history of psychological trauma. IoU can be considered as a psychological construct that interferes with the normal functioning of executive functions in the control group (persons without a history of psychological trauma). Psychological trauma causes an increase in the level of IIoU in a way that is not associated with executive dysfunction.
International Academy Journal Web of Scholar pp 31-35; doi:10.31435/rsglobal_wos/30062020/7129
The aim. To investigate and used a multimodal diagnostic scheme during the first stage of reconstructive surgical treatment of wounded with soft tissue defects at the second level of medical care.Materials and methods. By identifying thermographic areas with gunshot wounds of the soft tissues, we observed at the second level of medical care during 4 months of 2020 (from March to July) 37 cases.Results. We used a multimodal scheme in the pre-, intra- and postoperative period helps to reduce the area of defects in 23 (62.2%) cases out of 37 against the background of restoration and preservation of microcirculation in the damaged structure, and the number of subjectively unsatisfactory military personnel in 4 (12.8%) of the total the number of wounded, a decrease in the loss of functional ability in 19 (51.2%) cases.Conclusions. The combination of dynamic digital thermography in combination with an audio doppler at the second level of medical care can improve the quality of primary surgical treatment by performing surgery with clear indications of the proposed technique; maintain a larger volume of viable tissues, reduce the area of the defect and the number of complications in the further treatment of the wounded.
International Academy Journal Web of Scholar pp 17-24; doi:10.31435/rsglobal_wos/30062020/7127
Вступ. Системний червоний вовчак супроводжується ураженням життєво важливих органів та систем і суттєво знижує тривалість життя хворих. Були спроби виокремити основні чинники, які погіршують прогноз хворих та збільшують ризик смерті, однак отримана інформація часто була фрагментарною, результатом аналізу лише поодиноких чинників, а деколи суперечливою.Мета дослідження. Виявити чинники, які впливають на смертність хворих на системний червоний вовчак.Матеріали й методи дослідження. У рандомізований спосіб із попередньою стратифікацією за наявністю системного червоного вовчака у проспективне дослідження залучено 294 хворих. Дослідження проводили у два етапи: перший етап, який складався з трьох послідовних кроків, де на першому кроці ми аналізували інформацію з паспорта хворих, на другому – наявність критеріїв ACR, а на третьому – наявність патогенетично асоційованих із СЧВ уражень органів, присвячений аналізу тих виокремлених на кожному кроці чинників, які впливають на виживання хворих на СЧВ; другий етап присвячений виявленню констеляцій ознак, які найбільш вагомо впливають на ризик смерті.Результати дослідження. Чинниками, що збільшують смертність хворих на СЧВ, є чоловіча стать, вік (молодші за 42,5 років), протеїн- та циліндрурія, судоми, лімфопенія, вовчаковий антикоагулянт, також наявність міокардиту, пневмоніту, автоімунного гепатиту, асептичного некрозу кісток та хронічного карієсу, проте найбільш вагомим є поєднання чоловічої статі, збільшеної маси тіла понад 92,5 кг та автоімунного гепатиту.
International Academy Journal Web of Scholar pp 25-30; doi:10.31435/rsglobal_wos/30062020/7128
In originally issued as document our work, the goal was to study the pathological manifestations of angio and neuromyopathy as a result of chronic exposure to therapeutic doses of opioid analgesic and the possibility of simultaneous correction of these changes with the drug pentoxifylline in the early stages restrukturizatsii changes in the retinal layers. The goal was achieved through the use of histological techniques retinal. Histological preparations were made by the conventional method with the use of dyes, hematoxylin, eosin, and (adhan) by the method Heidenhaina.The results of the study in the future will form a pathological base, with clinical guidelines that to unwanted simultaneous use of pentoxifylline and opob. These data can be used for the comparative performance, relative to the processes of the dynamics of increase of pathological changes in the layers of the retina during short and long term exposure of low doses of opioids and correction of these changes with the drug pentoxifylline on early and psdn terms of opioid effect. The above will further provide the opportunity to establish the most optimal timeframe for which a characteristic set of pathological manifestations elementary phenomena ungeneralised in the layers of the retina that can best be coregular influence.
International Academy Journal Web of Scholar pp 10-16; doi:10.31435/rsglobal_wos/30062020/7126
The results of an experimental study conducted on white male rats and females of reproductive age were analyzed in order to detect submicroscopic changes in the structural components of the spleen under the action of monosodium glutamate in the dynamics. For two, four, six and eight weeks, the animals received monosodium glutamate at a dose of 0.07 g / kg body weight daily with food. Sections of the spleen were made on a UMTP-6M ultramicrotome with a diamond knife (DIATOM) and double contrast was performed according to Reynolds and uranyl acetate. Submicroscopic examinations of the organ were performed using an electron transmission microscope TEM-100. The investigated material was photodocuted using a SONY – H9 digital camera. The first violations of the structural components of the spleen are observed after two weeks, namely the expansion of intercellular spaces in both white and red pulp of the spleen, which contain vacuole-like structures, an increase in plasma cells, the cytoplasm of which is filled with dilated tubules. In dynamics with increase in duration of reception changes deepen, reaching a maximum in 8 weeks of experiment. Electron microscopy revealed that the signs of adaptive-compensatory processes by the end of the experiment lead to a loss of regenerative function.
International Academy Journal Web of Scholar pp 23-26; doi:10.31435/rsglobal_wos/31052020/7090
Heavy rainfall affects almost all spheres of human life and the economy, the intensity of this impact may depend on their type and quantity, duration and phase state, as well as geographical properties of the territory. In the paper determined the dynamics of severe precipitation (heavy and extreme rains and snowfalls) in the Transcarpathian region for 1990-2019. Information on severe precipitation was obtained from the observation points of the state hydrometeorological network of the Transcarpathian Regional Center for Hydrometeorology. Also included are data from the Pozhezhevska snow avalanche station (Ivano-Frankivsk region) as a representative observation point for the highland zone of the eastern part of the Transcarpathian region. Involvement of information from hydrological posts allowed to discover more cases of dangerous weather phenomena. The study revealed trends in the formation of heavy and extreme rains and snowfalls over the area with complex orography.
International Academy Journal Web of Scholar pp 27-32; doi:10.31435/rsglobal_wos/31052020/7091
The article analyses the provisions of the legislation of Ukraine covering the assignment of economic intellectual property rights. It concluded that legal acts provide various terms and synonyms. The article provides the overview of the relevant clauses of the elaborated draft laws in intellectual property field. It is noted that in these draft laws changes in terminology are not given due attention. The article proposes the changes to the Civil Code of Ukraine, Laws of Ukraine "On Protection of Plant Variety Rights", "On Protection of Rights to the Composition of Semiconductor Products" and draft laws of Ukraine "On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine (on Patent Legislation Reform)" , "On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine Concerning Strengthening the Protection and Advocacy of Rights to Trademarks and Industrial Designs and Combating Patent Trolling" and "On Copyright and Related Rights".
International Academy Journal Web of Scholar pp 41-48; doi:10.31435/rsglobal_wos/31052020/7094
The article introduces causative-systemic approach implemented in a didactic model targeting the formation of scientific worldview. The said model is exercised while teaching master's school students the integrative course "Universal scientific worldview: methodology of natural science". This article highlights a number of aspects of modeling the natural-scientific component within the structure of this course. The paper discusses fundamental principles of theoretical modeling the content of future biology teachers' professional training and focuses on their application to natural scientific education as well as conditions of their realization.In the content of the suggested experimental course modern knowledge from the fields of biology, chemistry, astronomy, mathematics and physics is integrated and represented as a socio-cultural phenomenon that fits the universal laws of nature.
International Academy Journal Web of Scholar pp 53-59; doi:10.31435/rsglobal_wos/31052020/7096
The article is devoted to the development of educational and pedagogical forecasting in Ukraine in the imperial era (1900 − 1917). The author emphasizes that at the turn of the XIX − XX centuries there are a number of new concepts of education and upbringing, which together formed a qualitatively new theoretical basis for the development of schooling. The teacher notes that the beginning of the twentieth century is marked by a manifestation of the national crisis, which was exacerbated by the defeat of Russia in the war with Japan, as well as the events of the first democratic revolution of 1905 − 1907 in the Russian Empire. The scientist emphasizes that the development of educational and pedagogical forecasting in the early twentieth century, in particular in the field of general secondary education, due to the initiative of the Ministry of Education on April 29, 1900 program of secondary school reform. The author provides information on teacher training during the specified period. The researcher notes that the government of Nicholas II, constantly changing the ministers of education (M.P. Bogolepov, P.S. Vannovsky, etc.), practically did not allow even the adoption of documents aimed at reforming education in the new socio-economic conditions, not to mention already about their implementation, although many of the proposed projects, including the Ministers of Education, contained many progressive ideas and provisions. The author reveals the potential of the Ministry of Education in the field of vocational education.