Journal Research of Social, Science, Economics, and Management

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ISSN / EISSN : 2807-6494 / 2807-6311
Published by: CV. Syntax Corporation Indonesia (10.36418)
Total articles ≅ 139
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Abd. Rahmattullah Rorano S. Abubakar, Atma Suganda
Journal Research of Social, Science, Economics, and Management, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.36418/jrssem.v1i11.209

Abstract:
Law Number 12 of 2008 violates the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia. Article 157(1) of Law Number 8 of 2015 stipulates that the settlement of disputes over the results of direct regional head elections is under the jurisdiction of a special court, but until the establishment of a special court, the Constitutional Court still has the power to resolve disputes over the results of direct elections. The results of the research are expected to be able to answer constitutional issues in Indonesia, especially regarding the urgency of the establishment of a special court for the election of regional heads and the extent to which the design model for special courts for the election of regional heads is in order to ensure the quality of democracy. In addition, as a discourse for students who are in the field of Constitutional Law, it requires constructive thinking. This research uses a normative juridical approach which emphasizes literature research. The portrait of dispute resolution on the results of regional head elections continues to experience dynamics along with interpretations of the institutionalization of regional head elections as part of the general election regime or not.
Nurmilasari Evi, Yuliantini Tine
Journal Research of Social, Science, Economics, and Management, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.36418/jrssem.v1i11.196

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to identify and determine the effect of Organizational Culture (OC), Work Motivation (WM) and Transformational Leadership (TL) on Employee Performance (EP) and the implication on Organizational Performance (OP) in National Research and Innovation Agency. The research was conducted through the distribution of questionnaires, and the population of this study were employees of the National Research and Development Agency. That was done to 179 respondents using a quantitative approach. The approach used in this research is Structural Equation Model (SEM) based on variant or Partial Least Square (PLS) with Smart-PLS analysis tools 3.3.9. The results of this study are that Organizational Culture, Work Motivation has a significant positive effect on Employee Performance and Organizational Performance. Transformational Leadership has a significant negative effect on Employee Performance and Organizational Performance. Employee Performance has a significant positive effect on Organizational Performance.
Julia Christy Labetubun, Dian Ayubi, Tri Krianto
Journal Research of Social, Science, Economics, and Management, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.36418/jrssem.v1i11.211

Abstract:
Health care providers (HCP) are a group that has a high risk of being exposed to COVID-19. Due to the large number of personnel needed to handle COVID-19, in several hospitals, health volunteers were involved to assist in the treatment process. As workers who deal directly with COVID-19 patients, volunteers are the targets in this study. HCP's health behavior can influence the escalation of prevention and control cases at their level. Therefore, this study aims to examine the practice of knowledge, attitudes, prevention (KAP) and factors related to the application of 5M on volunteers (HCP) at Hospital "X", Jakarta, Indonesia. This type of research is a quantitative study, with a cross-sectional research design. A cross-sectional study, with multiple logistic regression analysis conducted on 232 volunteers (HCP) in 2021. The instrument used was a modified questionnaire from 7 previous studies, both regional and international, which have been tested for validity and reliability in the same study. group (30 volunteers) and the same hospital. Based on the results, it was found that the implementation of 5M volunteers were categorized as "poor prevention practices" (67.7%), "inadequate knowledge" (58.2%) and "negative attitudes" (55.2%), with R square through multivariate test of 0.630 which means that the influence of the independent variable on the dependent variable is 63% and the variables related to 5M behavior (p-value <0.05) are knowledge and attitudes. Attitude is known as the most dominant variable with a p-value of 0.014.
Bambang Yuniarto, Heru Chakra Setiawan, Afif Gita Fauzi
Journal Research of Social, Science, Economics, and Management, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.36418/jrssem.v1i11.213

Abstract:
The Ottoman Empire experienced a golden age during the reign of Sultan Sulaiman Al-Qanuni (1494-1566 AD), but after his reign weakened due to advances in European science and technology, in the 18th century the Ottoman Turks tried to restore its glory. by Westernization known as the Reorganization of Turkey. While socio-religious at that time experienced a decline, more than that, dynamism, creativity, progressivity and freedom of thought also decreased. This study aims to explore the origins of the westernization movement in the history of the development of Islamic education in terms of socio-political, socio-religious and social education. It is hoped that a precise definition of the ideal Islamic education will be obtained that is in accordance with the times and always provides the latest benefits for modern times. This study uses a socio-historical approach, which seeks to uncover and analyze the transformation process of the Islamic education system from a traditional system to a modern system. As a result, it was found that the cause of the decline of Muslims was the thinking of the Turkish people who were shackled by fatalism.
Wery Gusmansyah, Wahyu Abdul Jafar
Journal Research of Social, Science, Economics, and Management, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.36418/jrssem.v1i11.161

Abstract:
This study aims to comprehensively determine the customer protection of Baitul Maal Wa Tamwil (BMT) from an economic law perspective. This study is a literature review, which uses a normative juridical approach. The data collection technique used in this research is the documentation technique. At the same time, the analytical technique used in this study is descriptive qualitative, where the author will describe the data related to Baitul Maal Wa Tamwil (BMT) in detail and then do an inductive analysis using the perspective of economic law. After conducting in-depth research, it was concluded that customers who deposit funds at Baitul Maal Wa Tamwil (BMT) do not receive guarantees from the government (because no law regulates it) if there is a crisis in BMT. Therefore, if a Baitul Maal Wa Tamwil (BMT) goes bankrupt, then based on the Civil Code (KUH Perdata), customers who deposit funds in Baitul Maal Wa Tamwil (BMT) are in the same position as concurrent creditors. As a concurrent creditor, the right to get a refund must be shared with other creditors after the Baitul Maal Wa Tamwil (BMT) assets are used to settle the obligations of the Baitul Maal Wa Tamwil (BMT) to the preferred creditor
Muhamad Apep Mustofa, Nandan Limakrisna, Hari Muharam
Journal Research of Social, Science, Economics, and Management, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.36418/jrssem.v1i11.210

Abstract:
An increasingly competitive business environment encourages high levels of competition and has a strong impact on marketing performance. Marketing performance plays an important role in business growth. Studies on marketing performance have been carried out by a number of researchers involving various variables including logistical support and the competitive advantage of a company. The logistical support and competitive advantage can identify marketing performance as a benchmark to remain competitive. The purpose of this study is to examine and analyze the effect of logistics support on competitive advantage, test and analyze the effect of logistics support on marketing performance, test and analyze the effect of competitive advantage on marketing performance, and test and analyze the effect of logistics support through competitive advantage on a company's marketing performance. The research method used is a quantitative approach using 25 samples consisting of staff, supervisors, and company managers under study. The results of the study indicate that there is a positive and significant direct effect of logistics support on marketing performance, and a positive and significant indirect effect of logistics support on marketing performance through competitive advantage.
Ryan Mahardiansyah, Etny Dyah Harniati, Ismaya Aria Sari
Journal Research of Social, Science, Economics, and Management, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.36418/jrssem.v1i11.188

Abstract:
Changes in the color of teeth to become darker are a lot of complaints by the public. Bleaching is a whitening treatment for teeth that have changed color. Home bleaching is a bleaching that can be done at home under the supervision of a dentist using 10% carbamide peroxide for a period of more than 2 weeks. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of 10% carbamide peroxide as a home bleaching agent with an extended period of time against tooth discoloration. This type of research is Literature Review using Google Scholar, Web of Science, and Pubmed using keywords that have been carried out, obtaining 9 articles that match the research criteria. The results showed that 10% carbamide peroxide with an application of more than 2 weeks gave effective and stable results, but the effect was also greater. The use of 10% carbamide peroxide as a home bleaching agent with an additional effective time for discoloration was seen based on a literature review
Devi Asari Manik, Ega Hanaya Syalomita Br Ginting
Journal Research of Social, Science, Economics, and Management, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.36418/jrssem.v1i11.189

Abstract:
Companies need weapons to compete in the market, so they need to survive in business competition. Companies need a lot of money and must be able to manage the resources needed to produce optimal results. This program aims to analyze whether liquidity, profitability, firm size and leverage affect dividend policy, either partially or simultaneously. The research method used is descriptive analysis method and multiple linear regression analysis. The population in this study amounted to 29 companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange. The data used in this study were obtained through the website www.idx.co.id and the company's official website. The results showed that partially Current Ratio had a significant effect on the Dividend Payout Ratio, Return on Assets had a significant effect on the Dividend Payout Ratio, Company Size had a significant effect on the Dividend Payout Ratio and Debt to Equity Ratio had a significant effect on the Dividend Payout Ratio. Simultaneously Current Ratio, Return on Assets, Company Size and Debt to Equity Ratio have a significant effect on the Dividend Payout Ratio.
Nunuk Helilusiatiningsih, Micko Widiyatmoyo
Journal Research of Social, Science, Economics, and Management, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.36418/jrssem.v1i11.212

Abstract:
Vegetables that contain vitamins, minerals and fiber to maintain a healthy body. Green mustard is a horticultural crop commodity that is easy to cultivate and is widely consumed by the public because it has a good taste. The purpose of the study was to determine the response to development and production with the application of POC Nasa and NPK Mutiara fertilizer. The experiment was carried out in the rice fields of Sukoharjo Village, Kayen Kidul District, Kediri Regency. The location has an altitude of 91 m above sea level with a tropical climate with an average air temperature of 28 oC and a rainfall of 2,443 mm/year, allivial soil type with a pH of 5.5. The research method used a factorial randomized block design with 2 factors, the first factor was the concentration of liquid organic fertilizer consisting of 4 levels (K), the second factor was NPK fertilizer consisting of 4 levels coded D, repeated 3 times with 48 research plots. The results were analyzed by the F test, followed by the 5% BNT test and 5% DMRT if there was an effect. The results of this study can be concluded as follows: 1. There was an interaction between the concentration of POC Nasa and the dose of NPK on the variables observed for the number of leaves (21, and 28 days), leaf area (28 days), and wet weight per plant (28 days) and the best is K3D2 (POC 18 ml/L and NPK 6 gr/polybag) with 15, 31 leaves, 288 cm2 leaf area, and a wet weight of 163.87 grams/plant.
M. Irfani Hendri, Hasanudin Hasanudin, Vitriyan Espa, Juanda Astarani
Journal Research of Social, Science, Economics, and Management, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.36418/jrssem.v1i11.203

Abstract:
Poverty and socio-economic disparities in the border areas in West Kalimantan are the most conspicuous issues. But on the other hand, the border area has very rich natural resources but has not been utilized/exploited optimally. This study aims to describe the potential of the Indonesia-Malaysia land border area in Sajingan Besar District and Paloh District (PALSA) in Sambas Regency then a synergy model of economic empowerment program for border area communities will be developed. The approach used in this research is a qualitative approach and this type of research is a case study. For the purposes of analysis, data collection uses triangulation data collection methods which include observation, interviews and documentation. Based on the research results, several programs that synergize with economic empowerment programs include: a) Entrepreneurship Program for prospective new entrepreneurs; b) Business incubator establishment program at each university; c) village incubator program based on village superior products; d) Business development service program (village/kelurahan); e) BUMDes program based on village innovation and f) Leverage program: MSME big house tourism.
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