Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan
ISSN / EISSN : 2338-1604 / 2407-8751
Published by: Diponegoro University (10.14710)
Total articles ≅ 160
Latest articles in this journal
Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan, Volume 9, pp 213-225; https://doi.org/10.14710/jwl.9.3.213-225
The development of an economic activity that occurs in the city center when it is saturated will experience a movement towards the outskirts of the city. Singaraja City, one of the areas that are experiencing development towards the outskirts of the city. The study aims to analyze the development of the outskirts of Singaraja City spatially by looking at the pattern of urban development due to the influence of urban sprawl and the factors that cause it. This study was analyzed using a spatial analysis approach to determine the pattern of urban development and using a socio-spatial analysis approach to identify the factors causing urban sprawl on the outskirts of Singaraja City. On a macro level, Singaraja City and its outskirts experience a pattern of spatial development in the form of leap-frog development that moves from the city center to the west and east, namely Bakti Seraga Village, Banyuasri Village, and Banyuning Village. The factor that causes urban sprawl to occur on the outskirts of Singaraja City is the high desire of the community to change the orientation of agricultural activities into commercial economic activities by opening shops and services to facilitate student needs. These economic growth factors encourage spatial development in the city center and beyond the administrative boundaries of the city to the outskirts of Singaraja City.
Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan, Volume 9, pp 293-305; https://doi.org/10.14710/jwl.9.3.293-305
Forest fire is a hydrometeorological disaster that routinely occurs in Indonesia every dry season and often hits areas with extensive peatland cover. The lack of scientific references explaining peatlands' physical parameters and their relationship to hotspots' occurrence also contributes to the government intervention's ineffectiveness in forest fires suppression because they are mainly executed in severe drought conditions. Strengthening mitigation, especially at the preparedness stage, is needed to detect forest fires earlier, prevent not from spreading widely, and not cause many environmental, social, and economic losses. This study aims to explain the gaps in forest fire disaster management in Indonesia, which have not maximized the results of observations from physical land and weather conditions as a basis for making decisions for more preventive forest fire mitigation. This study’s analysis is conducted using literature studies method from several reports, scientific articles, and regulations related to forest fires. This study’s analysis results explain how physical land monitoring and observation can provide a scientific basis that can be used as input in formulating policies, especially regarding the determination of disaster status on forest fire phenomena. Furthermore, this study explains how a paradigm shift in forest fire disaster management is needed in Indonesia through a more preventive approach to implement forest fire disaster mitigation can be more effective and efficient.
Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan, Volume 9, pp 256-271; https://doi.org/10.14710/jwl.9.3.256-271
The watersheds upstream degradation in Java, is alarming and trigger changes to overall hydrological character of watersheds and its ecosystem services. Maintaining healthy watershed from future degradation can be initiated by a means formulating policies and designing appropriate management plan. The Logawa sub-watershed is not a critical watershed, nonetheless the upstream is part of mountain slope with very high annual rainfall. The headwater of Logawa sub-watershed plays an important role in catching annual rainfall and provide the underground and surface water supply for Kota Purwokerto. It is important to study the government's regulation related on its management, to determine the current management policy. This study aims to analyze the district level spatial and regional planning regulation related to the upstream management of the Logawa Sub-watershed. When this study was conducted, Local Government Regulation Number 10 year of 2011, concerning regional spatial planning was the only regulation of the Banyumas district that could regulate management of the upstream zone of Logawa sub-watersheed. This spatial regulation assign the upstream area of the Logawa sub-watershed as conservation zone, as well as the development area for generating electricity and river tourism, but does not specifically stipulate a minimum conservation zone forest land cover. The regulation is not sufficient for managing healthyness of the upstream Logawa Sub-watershed for the future, as well as to manage the upstream zone of the Logawa Sub-watershed as an upstream watershed ecosystem.
Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan, Volume 9, pp 226-238; https://doi.org/10.14710/jwl.9.3.226-238
The problem of climate change is defined by continued sea-level rise, melting of the ice caps, and increasing global temperatures. However, despite increasing informational awareness towards these facts by government and grassroots advocacy in many countries, emissions as the leading determinant of climate change continue to rise, with the growing consumption and activities being major emitters. In behavioral studies, this gap between perceived concerns and reflected actions is called the ‘value-action gap’ (VAG). This research evaluates the existence of a VAG among the Indonesians as increasingly significant emitters. Therefore, this researchaims to determines whether relationships exist between climate change knowledge, reported concerns, and exhibited actions taken to mitigate climate change. The research proposes the hypotheses that concerns and awareness of climate change are high among the studied population, but do not influence high climate behavior. The research gathers three class variables through a quantitative sampling, namely climate change knowledge, climate change concerns, and climate change behaviors. The gap is then calculated as a subtraction score between the latter two variables. Moreover, discrepancies between the actions taken and reported concerns are assessed, showcasing policy implications going forward.The findings of this research based on the sample suggest that varying income groups of urbanite households hold significant knowledge of climate change and have reported concerns towards the issue, and that the two as variables are linked to each other.
Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan, Volume 9, pp 239-255; https://doi.org/10.14710/jwl.9.3.239-255
The increase in population every year and the relatively high economic growth in Balikpapan City have had a negative impact on the environment related to the use of water resources. Human activities in the protected forest areas have caused degradation and deforestation of protected forest areas resulting in the three rivers currently unable to meet water needs during the dry season. This study aims to assess the feasibility of river water in the Sungai Wain protected forest in terms of quantity and quality as an effort to provide alternative sources of raw water for the development of urban facilities. Analysis of water samples was carried out at the Regional Health Laboratory, Balikpapan City Health Office. The results showed that the Wain river water discharge was 0.334 m3/s, the Bugis river was 0.258 m3/s, while the Sengkuang river was 0.032 m3/s. The physical quality of water from the three rivers meets the standards of environmental health quality standards. The chemical quality of water indicates the pH and iron parameters do not meet environmental health quality standards. The biological quality of water indicates the total number of coliform in Bugis river is 920; Wain River 350, and Sengkuang River 350. The results of analysis of Escherecia coli bacteria showed that the content of Escherecia coli bacteria exceeded the maximum allowed amount. The results of this research can be taken into consideration for the Balikpapan city government to plan the development of river water utilization in the Sungai Wain protected forest area.
Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan, Volume 9, pp 272-292; https://doi.org/10.14710/jwl.9.3.272-292
There are pros and cons to the results of previous studies regarding the relationship between trade openness and the environment, prompts a deeper investigation of the mechanisms of trade in influencing the environment. This study aims to examine the relationship between trade openness and the level of per capita CO2 emissions in Indonesia during the period 2010-2018, through three mechanisms, namely scale effects, technique effects and composition effects, as well as comparing the results of using two types of trade intensity measures, namely trade share and composite trade share. The analysis was conducted at the provincial level and using the random & fixed effects panel estimation method. The results of the study show that trade openness has a positive relationship with the level of per capita CO2 emissions in Indonesia, with the scale effect being more dominant than the technique effect. Furthermore, the composition effect caused by the high capital-labour ratio in a region is the main contributor to the increase in emissions compared to the composition effect due to trade activities induced by the comparative advantage between regions which have negative elasticity. Moreover, the composite trade share index is able to explain trade openness more comprehensively than the trade share.
Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan, Volume 9, pp 306-323; https://doi.org/10.14710/jwl.9.3.306-323
Sungai Raya sub-district is one of a peri-urban areas of Pontianak City as an urban core. As the provincial capital, Pontianak City has a high dynamic of development that has an impact on the development of Sungai Raya Subdistrict as a peri-urban area with direct borders. One of the impacts is the socio-economic aspect. In general, the socio-economic conditions in Sungai Raya District have changed from an agricultural to non-agricultural character. In addition, population growth in Sungai Raya District has also increased over the last five years. It is feared that the development will become uncontrollable. The study aims to determine the typology of the area based on the socio-economic aspects in Sungai Raya District. The method used is a scoring analysis that produces three typologies, namely the primary urban peri, secondary urban peri, and rural peri urban. Based on the results of the analysis, it is known that livelihoods, economic resilience index, growth and population density show a relevant relationship between the conditions of peri-urban areas in characterizing urban and rural characters. This is evidenced by the deviation value of the correlation between these variabels, which is <50%. Furthermore, the scoring analysis showed that 35% of Sungai Raya District (seven villages) were classified as primary peri urban typology, 10% (two villages) were secondary peri urban typology and 55% (eleven villages) were rural peri urban.
Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan, Volume 9, pp 186-197; https://doi.org/10.14710/jwl.9.2.186-197
Indonesia is committed to implementing a sustainable development agenda by considering its quality and maintaining economic growth by improving public education and regional income. This study aims to estimate the relationship between education and regional income level with the environmental quality of Indonesian provinces. By applying the descriptive analysis and panel data regression, it is observed that regions with a high-level level of education and income are likely to have low environmental quality, which shows that education level has a negative relationship with environmental quality. In contrast, income level has no relationship with environmental quality. The empirical estimation revealed that higher education and regional income correlate with a lower level of environmental quality. It implied that the regional development in Indonesia has been at the cost of environmental degradation. It advised establishing an incentive and disincentive mechanism for economic actors to utilize energy resources and environmentally friendly production technology and bring the country into a sustainable development direction.
Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan, Volume 9, pp 172-185; https://doi.org/10.14710/jwl.9.2.172-185
Study on domestic wastewater management policies is still minimal. Previous research was based on law. This research was conducted to discuss according hierarchy of regulations, then policy analysis under the stakeholders’ understanding. Wastewater management is important because it involves human health and the availability of clean water. The problem in Depok City is untreated domestic wastewater polluting rivers. This condition is caused by the communal Waste Water Treatment Plant (WWTP) that has not been able to reach all settlements and housing. The study aims to conduct a policy analysis of domestic wastewater management to reduce household pollution in Depok. The study was conducted in 2018. Primary data were consisting of perceptions of domestic waste policy makers at regional to national level. Secondary data were previous studies and policy products of Depok City. Qualitative research is determined by the results of content analysis and stakeholder analysis. Primary data obtained through interviews and focus group discussion. The finding is domestic wastewater pollution comes from settlements established before 2012 and settlements that are not served by integrated communal WWTP in Depok City. These conditions can be overcome by building inexpensive and easy to operate domestic wastewater treatment system. The research recommendation is the application of a constructed wetland. The policy implication is adoption of WWTP system in Depok City regulations.
Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan, Volume 9, pp 109-126; https://doi.org/10.14710/jwl.9.2.109-126
The availability of regional road network, as an infrastructure for accommodating activities and interregional interactions has made the areas of Demak Regency divided into several areas according to the differences in dynamics of their development process. All areas in Demak Regency have transformed gradually with some different level dynamics in each area. It is important to understand the transformation process in the district including in each area. This study aims to examine the regional transformation process in each area in Demak Regency and find out which areas are undergoing rapid transformation or development than others. Land use transformation is analyzed by using the Maximum Likelihood and Calculate Area analysis techniques in Arcgis. Population transformation analyzed using quantitative descriptive analysis techniques and economic transformation analyzed using LQ analysis techniques and descriptive analysis. The result shows that the south-west and north-west areas, which are bordering to the Metropolitan City of Semarang and traversed by regional road network tend to have a more dynamic transformation than other areas that are more far from the city. There are some factors that bring some areas of Demak Regency to develop rapidly, such as the proximity to the metropolitan city, the availability of regional road networks, and the development of activities in the area. It is also found that the formulation of the RTRW for Demak Regency has not taken the different dynamics of development of areas in the district into account. So, there are some areas that need more attention from the Government of Demak Regency, like the east-north and central areas whose development is still under the level directed in the RTRW, so that their development needs to be encouraged. as a result of the formulation that has not paid attention different dynamics in each areas.