American Journal of Computational Mathematics

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2161-1203 / 2161-1211
Current Publisher: Hans Publishers (10.4236)
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Total articles ≅ 392
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Latest articles in this journal

Xiaojie Zheng
American Journal of Computational Mathematics, Volume 11, pp 83-93; doi:10.4236/ajcm.2021.112008

Abstract:
In theorem LP [1], Liu proves the theorem when N = 2, but it can’t be ex-tended to the general case in his proof. So we consider the condition that the families of holomorphic curves share eleven hyperplanes, and we get the theorem 1.1.
Yoshihiro Tanaka, Mitsuru Togashi
American Journal of Computational Mathematics, Volume 11, pp 23-30; doi:10.4236/ajcm.2021.111002

Abstract:
There are a few studies that focus on solution methods for finding a Nash equilibrium of zero-sum games. We discuss the use of Karmarkar’s interior point method to solve the Nash equilibrium problems of a zero-sum game, and prove that it is theoretically a polynomial time algorithm. We implement the Karmarkar method, and a preliminary computational result shows that it performs well for zero-sum games. We also mention an affine scaling method that would help us compute Nash equilibria of general zero-sum games effectively.
Haiduke Sarafian
American Journal of Computational Mathematics, Volume 11, pp 42-52; doi:10.4236/ajcm.2021.111004

Abstract:
In search of nonlinear oscillations, we envision a 3D elliptic curva-ture-dependent nonuniform charge distribution to creating an electric field along the symmetry axis causing a massive point-like charged particle placed on the symmetry axis to oscillate in a delayed/hesitant nonlinear mode. The charge distribution is a 3D twisted line creating nontrivial electric field causing an unexpected oscillation that is non-orthodox defying the common sense. Calculation of this research flavored investigation is entirely based on utilities accompanied with Computer Algebra Systems (CAS) especially Mathematic [1]. The characteristics of the delayed oscillations in addition to embodying classic graphics displaying the time-dependent kinematic quantities are augmented including various phase diagrams signifying the nonlinear oscillations. The output of our investigation is compared to nonlinear non-delayed oscillations revealing fresh insight. For comprehensive understanding of the hesitant oscillator a simulation program is crafted clarifying visually the scenario on hand.
Yuelong Tang
American Journal of Computational Mathematics, Volume 11, pp 53-63; doi:10.4236/ajcm.2021.111005

Abstract:
In this paper, we consider a fully discrete finite element approximation for time fractional optimal control problems. The state and adjoint state are approximated by triangular linear fi nite elements in space and L1 scheme in time. The control is obtained by the variational discretization technique. The main purpose of this work is to derive the convergence and superconvergence. A numerical example is presented to validate our theoretical results.
Haiduke Sarafian
American Journal of Computational Mathematics, Volume 11, pp 64-69; doi:10.4236/ajcm.2021.111006

Abstract:
It is customary to apply Newton’s cooling as the standard model investigating the temperature profile of a hot substance exposed to a cool ambient. The rate of change of temperature in Newton’s model is simplistically related to linear-temperature difference of the two e.g. [1]. In our research flavored investigation, we consider a fresh model, cooling that depends to the difference of temperature-squared conducive to similar results. Utilizing a Computer Algebra System (CAS), especially Mathematica [2] we show the equivalency of the two.
Vardges Melkonian
American Journal of Computational Mathematics, Volume 11, pp 1-22; doi:10.4236/ajcm.2021.111001

Abstract:
In this paper we develop modeling techniques for a social partitioning problem. Different social interaction regulations are imposed during pandemics to prevent the spread of diseases. We suggest partitioning a set of company employees as an effective way to curb the spread, and use integer programming techniques to model it. The goal of the model is to maximize the number of direct interactions between employees who are essential for company’s work subject to the constraint that all employees should be partitioned into components of no more than a certain size implied by the regulations. Then we further develop the basic model to take into account different restrictions and provisions. We also give heuristics for solving the problem. Our computational results include sensitivity analysis on some of the models and analysis of the heuristic performance.
Gastón Vergara-Hermosilla
American Journal of Computational Mathematics, Volume 11, pp 31-41; doi:10.4236/ajcm.2021.111003

Abstract:
In this work we develop necessary and sufficient conditions for describing the family of anti-Hurwitz polynomials, introduced by Vergara-Hermosilla et al. in [1]. Specifically, we studied a dual version of the Theorem of Routh-Hurwitz and present explicit criteria for polynomials of low order and derivatives. Another contribution of this work is establishing a dual version of the Hermite-Biehler Theorem. To this aim, we give extensions of the boundary crossing Theorems and a zero exclusion principle for anti-Hurwitz polynomials.
Haiduke Sarafian
American Journal of Computational Mathematics, Volume 11, pp 71-82; doi:10.4236/ajcm.2021.112007

Abstract:
We consider the motion of a massive point-like projectile thrown with initial velocity with respect to horizontal in a two-dimensional vertical plane under the influence of gravity in a viscose media. Two different velocity-dependent resistive media models are considered—linear and quadratic. With an objective to utilizing a Computer Algebra System (CAS), specifically Mathematica [1] numerically we solve the corresponding equations of motions. For a set of compatible parameters characterizing viscose forces graphically we display comparing the trajectories explicitly showing the impact of the models. Utilizing the model-dependent trajectory equations numerically we evaluate their associated arc-lengths. What distinguishes our approach vs. the existing body of work is the notion of the “reverse engineering”. Meaning, utilizing our numeric data we establish their corresponding analytic counter parts. Ultimately, utilizing both outputs numerically and analytically we determine the matching initial projectile angles maximizing their respective arc-lengths.
Dan Gabriel Cacuci, Ruixian Fang
American Journal of Computational Mathematics, Volume 10, pp 503-528; doi:10.4236/ajcm.2020.104029

Abstract:
This work extends to third-order previously published work on developing the adjoint sensitivity and uncertainty analysis of the numerical model of a polyethylene-reflected plutonium (acronym: PERP) OECD/NEA reactor physics benchmark. The PERP benchmark comprises 21,976 imprecisely known (uncertain) model parameters. Previous works have used the adjoint sensitivity analysis methodology to compute exactly and efficiently all of the 21,976 first-order and (21,976)2 second-order sensitivities of the PERP benchmark’s leakage response to all of the benchmark’s uncertain parameters, showing that the largest and most consequential 1st- and 2nd-order response sensitivities are with respect to the total microscopic cross sections. These results have motivated extending the previous adjoint-based derivations to third-order, leading to the derivation, in this work, of the exact mathematical expressions of the (180)3 third-order sensitivities of the PERP leakage response with respect to these total microscopic cross sections. The formulas derived in this work are valid not only for the PERP benchmark but can also be used for computing the 3rd-order sensitivities of the leakage response of any nuclear system involving fissionable material and internal or external neutron sources. Subsequent works will use the adjoint-based mathematical expressions obtained in this work to compute exactly and efficiently the numerical values of these (180)3 third-order sensitivities (which turned out to be very large and consequential) and use them for a third-order uncertainty analysis of the PERP benchmark’s leakage response.
Ruixian Fang, Dan Gabriel Cacuci
American Journal of Computational Mathematics, Volume 10, pp 529-558; doi:10.4236/ajcm.2020.104030

Abstract:
This work presents the results of the exact computation of (180)3 = 5,832,000 third-order mixed sensitivities of the leakage response of a polyethylene-reflected plutonium (PERP) experimental benchmark with respect to the benchmark’s 180 microscopic total cross sections. This computation was made possible by applying the Third-Order Adjoint Sensitivity Analysis Methodology developed by Cacuci. The numerical results obtained in this work revealed that many of the 3rd-order sensitivities are significantly larger than their corresponding 1st- and 2nd-order ones, which is contrary to the widely held belief that higher-order sensitivities are all much smaller and hence less important than the first-order ones, for reactor physics systems. In particular, the largest 3rd-order relative sensitivity is the mixed sensitivity of the PERP leakage response with respect to the lowest energy-group (30) total cross sections of 1H (“isotope 6”) and 239Pu (“isotope 1”). These two isotopes are shown in this work to be the two most important parameters affecting the PERP benchmark’s leakage response. By comparison, the largest 1st-order sensitivity is that of the PERP leakage response with respect to the lowest energy-group total cross section of isotope 1H, having the value , while the largest 2nd-order sensitivity is . The 3rd-order sensitivity analysis presented in this work is the first ever such analysis in the field of reactor physics. The consequences of the results presented in this work on the uncertainty analysis of the PERP benchmark’s leakage response will be presented in a subsequent work.
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