Journal of Textile Science and Technology

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2379-1543 / 2379-1551
Current Publisher: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. (10.4236)
Former Publisher:
Total articles ≅ 77
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Latest articles in this journal

Zubair Bin Sayed, Naba Afrose, Shabrina Kabir
Journal of Textile Science and Technology, Volume 07, pp 66-76; doi:10.4236/jtst.2021.71006

Abstract:
The carding cycle affects the sliver quality and the subsequent yarn attributes since it is the main sliver formation step. Processing parameters assume a significant part in affecting the nature of the eventual outcome in any sorts of production. In the case of carding machine, a higher production rate makes the operation more sensitive. And this will cause degradation in product quality. So optimization of speed is the talk of the town in spinning field [1]. Extreme higher speed can prompt fiber harm and unnecessary neps generation will corrupt the end result. Again lower speed will lessen the production rate which isn’t reasonable. So we need to discover the ideal speed which will be advantageous to both product quality and production rate. In carding machine, real operational activity happens between flats and cards [1]. From an ordinary perspective, high produce able cards generates higher level of speed. Speed of the cards impacts the carding cycle and the nature of the yarn and in practical point of view, flat’s level of speed is advanced and optimized. The aim of the project was to find out the optimum flat speed in the context of yarn quality. 40 Ne cotton yarns were produced with the slivers manufactured at different flat speeds such as 240, 260, 280, 300 and 320 mm/min. The quality parameters of slivers and yarns were tested and analyzed.
Mohammad Forhad Hossain, Mustafijur Rahman
Journal of Textile Science and Technology, Volume 07, pp 91-100; doi:10.4236/jtst.2021.72008

Abstract:
Due to some intrinsic functional behavior of alginate, many potential applications in the healthcare industry especially in wound care sector are observed. Many researches have been carried out to develop potential biomedical biocompatible products in different forms from alginate fibres. Alginate nanofibres were prepared from sodium alginate polymer with the presence of poly-(ethylene oxide) (PEO), a small amount of Triton ×100 surfactant. A homogeneous spinning solution was prepared for producing Na-alginate/PEO nanofibers in electrospinning device. Nanofibres were produced by electrospinning from 70:30 and 80:20 Na-alginate/PEO of 4% solution. After a series of trials, the electrospinning parameters were optimized at 16 cm working distance, 0.4 mL/h flow rate and 10.5 kV applied voltage. The results show that the 4 wt% of 70:30 Na-alginate/PEO solution with 0.5 wt% Triton × 100 surfactant yielded smooth and stable electrospinning. The surface morphology of the fibres was investigated using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and found the uniform fibres with an average diameter of 124 nm containing few thick or spindle-like fibres. FTIR investigation identified the chemical structure and molecular changes that occurred in the fibers.
Rowena Fatchu Kansanba, Vincentia Okpattah, Mercy Ampofowah Osei, Solomon Marfo Ayesu, Abraham Ekow Asmah
Journal of Textile Science and Technology, Volume 07, pp 41-54; doi:10.4236/jtst.2021.71004

Abstract:
Kaba is considered to be a kind of traditional apparel worn by the women in Ghana. Though, it’s worn to accentuate female modesty, chastity and elegance among the women folks. The modern day woman faces a lot of physical and emotional challenges when it comes to breastfeeding. There is a need to redesign and improve upon the kaba apparel for breastfeeding purposes. This study, therefore, sought to redesign functional kaba apparel for breastfeeding mothers. Based on the apparel design framework of Lamb and Kallal, design requirements were identified from breastfeeding mothers and incorporated into the designed apparel. Five prototype designs were made and tested by three selected mothers towards effective breastfeeding. Findings revealed that the prototype apparels made of fasteners and openings in the horizontal, diagonal and vertical directions with zippers and buttons were said to be suitable, comfortable to use and hence acceptable for implementation. This added functional part of the apparel boosted the comfort and confidence of the mother without compromising on their expressive values.
Zubair Bin Sayed, Nusrat Jahan, Shabrina Kabir
Journal of Textile Science and Technology, Volume 07, pp 55-65; doi:10.4236/jtst.2021.71005

Abstract:
Knitted structures are progressively built up from row after row of knitted intermeshed loops known as knitted loops. Apart from this knitted loops, tuck or miss loops may be produced by varying the timing of the intermeshing sequence of the old loop and new loops. These loops are main and prominent part of the design of the weft knitted structures. Structures having float or miss loop exhibits many noticeable characteristics. The fabrics renders better surface appearance or color pattern. Dimensional stability is significantly improved. Fabric width is reduced and areal density is also increased considerably due to the presence of float loops in the structure. Therefore, the dimensional and physical features of different knitted structures having knit-miss loops may be studied carefully to find the influence of float stitch or loop on fabric width and areal density. In this project work, such an attempt has been made to specify some specific single jersey structures, which will be ensured as an effective tool for product research and development as well as for meeting up customer’s quality requirements of high class products.
Gazi Farhan Ishraque Toki, Akash Banik, Taosif Ahmed, Rony Mia, Rezaul Karim Khan Alave, Jarin Jahan, Mostafizur Rahman Palash, Salman Farsee
Journal of Textile Science and Technology, Volume 07, pp 1-13; doi:10.4236/jtst.2021.71001

Abstract:
Corduroy yarn is generally introduced in a fabric structure of garments due to developing different designs in terms of appearance of fabric which is called corduroy garment. In this study, both corduroy and denim garments have been made to develop a denim-like wash effect on corduroy garments that will create a new fashion, value addition and sustainability in washing technology. Both the garments are treated with the same washing process. Also, some physical properties have been investigated for both washed garments such as Washing Effect Test, Tear Strength Test, GSM Test, and Rubbing Test. Then a comparative study has been done on both washed garments. The appearance of washed corduroy garments is satisfactory. The physical properties also show a better result. Finally, a satisfactory result is achieved from this work.
Elsayed A. ElNashar
Journal of Textile Science and Technology, Volume 07, pp 14-21; doi:10.4236/jtst.2021.71002

Abstract:
Objectives of the research to present a modern theory of water purification for multiple purposes entitled “a novelties filtration theory of liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry” is an exceedingly sensitive and specific analytical technique in volume layers woven fabrics that can precisely determine the identities and quantities of compounds within volume Nanotube of cotton filament of layers woven fabrics. The problems are that the filters in the local and international markets have increased complications in configuration, installation and cost without reaching the efficiency that humanity hopes. Throw materials and methods the chromatography-mass spectrometry in layers woven fabrics, and throw the nanotube of cotton filament for purification of water dyes and smells. Industry, in which mass spectrometry is a convenient, versatile method for characterization and identification of process throw the Nanotube of cotton filament for purification of water dyes and smells. Results came up with a theme “innovations in textiles”, and also, for characterization of fibers and contaminants of the fabrics. Additive manufacturing in layers woven fabrics, are the processes used to synthesize a volume object under computer control with successive material layers that have been used and highlighted. The conclusions has included chromatography-mass spectrometry drop, physico-chemical, biological, combined physical-biological and chemical-biological treatment processes recently being developed to meet Jet-filtration, the strict discharging limits set by ASTM standards. Some important aspects of both qualitative and quantitative data analysis have been described and the power of using mass profiles to enhance selectivity and sensitivity has been demonstrated.
Rashedul Islam, Ummul Khair Fatema
Journal of Textile Science and Technology, Volume 07, pp 77-90; doi:10.4236/jtst.2021.72007

Abstract:
A study was carried out to compare several colorimetric, physical and comfort properties of polyester fabric dyed with indigo type vat dye and traditionally used disperse dye. It was observed that in terms of colorfastness properties the results were found similar for both the dyes, however in some cases indigo showed slightly better performances. While comparing physical properties, though pilling resistance was found similar, abrasion resistance and bursting strength were found better for disperse dyed fabric. The lower drape co-efficient, bending length and flexural rigidity exhibited the improvement of limpness of the indigo dyed sample. The comfort property was also found improved attributed by the enhanced air permeability of the indigo dyed polyester fabric.
Rafiqul Islam, Suza Ahmed, Abubakar Siddik, Sadik M. Ashique
Journal of Textile Science and Technology, Volume 07, pp 22-40; doi:10.4236/jtst.2021.71003

Abstract:
This article presents a comparative analysis of the properties of cotton yarn spun on aerodynamic compact spinning and open-end rotor spinning systems. Yarn samples with a linear density of 50 Tex, 37 Tex, 30 Tex, 25 Tex, and 20 Tex were spun both on the aerodynamic compact and rotor spinning systems using the same finisher drawn sliver of medium staple cotton which were produced by a specific mixing. The quality parameters such as mass variation, imperfection index, hairiness, and tensile behavior (strength in count strength product, elongation percentage) of the yarn samples were assessed and analyzed. The results revealed that aerodynamic compact spun yarn had a lower unevenness and mass variation, a higher imperfection in case of a finer count, less hairiness, higher tensile strength, and lower elongation% compared to the open-end rotor spun yarn samples. Finally, paired- samples t-test and regression analysis were carried out by using IBM SPSS 25 to check the significance of yarn quality parameters and correlation among them.
A.C.S. Gonçalves, Dib Junior Karam, Suzana Avelar
Journal of Textile Science and Technology, Volume 06, pp 190-199; doi:10.4236/jtst.2020.64016

Abstract:
This article seeks to highlight some significant aspects that involve the cyber universe in today’s society, linking these concepts with the evolution of fashion in the technological segment, since it is understood as an object of body extension, and technologies understood as extension support for this body. Is based on a supposed premise that it is necessary to understand that, when discussing the possibilities that wearables bring, one cannot neglect the pervasive performance of these devices permanently in the coexistence between humans and technology, to the point of one day not dissociating both?
A. T. M. Mohibullah, Umme Magreba Takebira, Saiful Islam, Abdur Rahman Robin, Mustafizur Rahman Shipto, Razu Ahmed, Fazlay Rabby, Laila Zaman
Journal of Textile Science and Technology, Volume 06, pp 153-167; doi:10.4236/jtst.2020.64013

Abstract:
Fully fashioned knitwear has a problem that the texture and dimension of the garment, consumption and costing cannot be decided until the pattern is sincerely knitted and carried out environs of stipulations involved in the knitting process. The study finds out a total regular consumption, costing system and its parameters that are required to make a cost sheet of knitwear (sweater). The analysis gives the complete manner of sweater costing with the recommended aid of inspecting the elements that have an impact on costs. Required consumption and costing techniques such as yarn, trims, accessories, testing, rate of manufacturing and FOB are on hand in this study about exhibiting a special model of costing. The cost sheet consists of huge costs incurred at an extensive range of tiers of business operations. The analysis intends to show off from received tech pack to closing cost sheet. Therefore, the producers will obtain a sturdy reflection of a sweater costing method. Effective costing suggests the way to exist in this internationally competitive market.
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