English Education and Literature Journal (E-Jou)

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EISSN : 2775-0493
Total articles ≅ 17
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Hastri Firharmawan
English Education and Literature Journal (E-Jou), Volume 2, pp 24-36; https://doi.org/10.53863/ejou.v2i01.377

Abstract:
This study deals with Janet Quin-Harkin’s novel entitles “California Girl”. It was aimed to see the main character’s motivation in achieving her dream. It’s a qualitative study which employed psychological approaches. The primary data were in the forms of written expressions found in the narrations, dialogues, sentences and paragraphs in the novel showing the character’s behaviour and motivation in pursuing her dream. Data analysis applied procedures, namely data collection, data reduction, data serving, and drawing conclusion. To validate, data sources triangulation was used. The researcher read some related theories through books and articles. The study concluded that: First, Janet portrayed Jennie as a girl who was tall and skinny for her age with short mid-brown hair. She didn’t have a good physical outlook. She was introvert; and, therefore she had problem with social relationship. She was emotionally unstable and worried about losing her chance to make the Olympic team. Second, Jennie achieved her dream by trying to fulfil her fundamental needs for priorities. She ate enough food for her physical calories. After that, she fulfilled her psychological needs. She found love in Mark and never let him down. She also wanted to be accepted by her mother. Besides, swimming was her chosen sport to show that she was worth appreciating. Keywords: Analysis, motivation, dream
Dwi Lia Rakhmasari
English Education and Literature Journal (E-Jou), Volume 2, pp 48-57; https://doi.org/10.53863/ejou.v2i01.373

Abstract:
Human cannot communicate with one another without language. Good language will affect the effectiveness of the information delivery. Using a good adverb clause is one of effective sentence example. However, the continuous use of adverb clauses will also create redundancies in the delivery of information. Therefore, it is necessary to have a variety of uses of adverb clauses, one of which is the use of reducing adverb clauses. This research provides a description of what elements that can be reduced in the Reduced Adverbial Clause and what changes that occurs in Reduced Adverbial Clause after the reduction process is carried out. The data of this research is collected from corpus with note-taking technique. This study uses qualitative methods with interactive techniques. Interactive technique covers three components, namely data reduction, data presentation and conclusion drawing. This research found that adverbial clause can be reduces as long as it has the same subject. Elements that can be reduced in adverbial clause are subject, subject and auxiliary, and conjunction. The changes of reduced clause can be in the form of present participle, past participle, and clause without subject and auxiliaries. Keywords: Reduced Adverbial Clause, Language, Adverbial Clause
Eni Suriyah, Mazulfah
English Education and Literature Journal (E-Jou), Volume 2, pp 58-68; https://doi.org/10.53863/ejou.v2i01.368

Abstract:
The purposes of this study were (1) to know how is perceptions of student in learning English through Communicative English Club (CEC) IAIN Salatiga and (2) to know how is the student’s perception of the stimulus for the English material given by the Communicative English Club (CEC) IAIN Salatiga. This study uses qualitative research to find out the purposes. Sample is chosen by the researcher or called a purposive sample. Six students who joined in Communicative English Club (CEC) were interviewed. From the results of this study, it is concluded that students who join the Communicative English Club (CEC) Student Activity Unit (UKM) had a positive perception of learning English at CEC and the materials that were given. CEC activities or work programs improve their English language skills, especially speaking skills. Although not aiming to learn English, students got an experience of learning English at CEC that is different from learning in the classroom. They got the opportunity to practice English more often. In addition, CEC provides environmental and mental support for learning English. Students consider English material to be not just written grammar material, but English material can be obtained through an environment, discussion, and experience that can improve their English language skills. Keywords: students’ perception, learning, English, English club
Andrian Nuriza Johan, Gunawan Panji Krismono, Juita Triana
English Education and Literature Journal (E-Jou), Volume 2, pp 11-23; https://doi.org/10.53863/ejou.v2i01.375

Abstract:
This study aims to find out the text genres, the generic structure and language features in English textbook Pathway to English used by tenth grade students. This study analyzed the genre of the text, generic structure, and language features. A descriptive qualitative method is used to analyze the genre in Pathway to English textbook. There were four genres found in collecting data, descriptive text, narrative text, recount text, and announcement text. Then the researcher analyzing the generic structure and language features used in the text. After analyzing the data, the researcher found that from 18 texts taken, 4 texts (22%) data were descriptive text, 5 texts (28%) data were narrative text, 5 texts (28%) data were recount text, and 4 texts (22%) data belonged to announcement text. Based on the theories, the generic structure and the language features of each genre found in Pathway to English textbook were correct in English. Keywords: genre, text, textbook
Endah Mitsalina, Rissa Filyang
English Education and Literature Journal (E-Jou), Volume 2, pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.53863/ejou.v2i01.145

Abstract:
This research aims (1) to find out a significant difference in teaching reading comprehension between students who learned using the Jigsaw II technique and those who did not. (2) To find out the extent to which Jigsaw II technique used in teaching reading comprehension to the tenth-grade students of SMK N 1 Gombong to be effective. This research was experimental research. The research design used the pre-test-posttest control and experimental class. The population in this study was X grade students of SMK Negeri 1 Gombong. Sampling used a random sampling technique with the results of X TKJ C as an experimental class and X TKR C as a control class. Data collected with pre-test and post-test given to the experimental class and the control class. The validity used content validity and construct validity. Content validity carried out by expert judgment. The construct validity has done with the help of the Pearson program. The instrument reliability test conducted using split-half in the SPSS program and a value of 0.889 was obtained. The data analysis technique used the Mann Whitney test with a significance level of 5%. The results of testing the requirements analysis showed that the pre-test and post-score scores were not normally distributed and homogeneous. The results of the study can be concluded as follows: first, there is a significant difference in reading comprehension skills between experimental class that got learning using Jigsaw II techniques and control class that got learning without using Jigsaw II techniques in X grade students of SMK Negeri 1 Gombong. It can be proven from the results of the Mann Whitney test post-test control class and the experimental class were obtained by Asymp Sig = 0,000. Secondly, the Jigsaw II technique has been proven effective to improve reading comprehension of the X grade students of SMK Negeri 1 Gombong. It can be proven from the calculation results of the experimental class Gain Score of 23.78 and the control class 6.11. Keywords: Effectiveness, Jigsaw II technique, Reading Comprehension
Berlin Pratiwi
English Education and Literature Journal (E-Jou), Volume 2, pp 37-47; https://doi.org/10.53863/ejou.v2i01.376

Abstract:
Language teaching should have portions for cultural reviews and studies that are relevant to the topics and learners’ needs. This research was qualitative descriptive aimed to describe the cross-cultural understanding implementation in business and economic ESP class. It is significant to describe the class realization toward cultural aspect understanding since the findings are expected to enhance future class preparation. Better cultural-based-prepared material is believed to bring a better social impact on learners. Lecturers’ and students’ perspectives based on several interviews were the basis for final finding construction. Three English lecturers were involved. Snowball sampling was the sampling method employed resulting in 40 students involved in interviews. In the context of business and economics ESP in Universitas Putra Bangsa, lecturers provided material related to cross-cultural understanding in verbal realization i.e. in the level of words, phrases, clauses, and sentences. The above levels were introduced by the lecturers with cultural and contextual approaches. Students expected more strategic-applicable utterances for daily communication in a workplace setting. Lecturers delivered the general importance of non-verbal cross-cultural understanding in the form of kinesics (eye contact and gesture), proxemics, and artifactual in a workplace setting. Kinesics was prominent, while proxemics and artifactual were least prepared. Students found practical activities in non-verbal cross-cultural understanding realization were interesting and challenging. Keywords: communication; cross-cultural understanding; English for specific purposes
Yayu Sri Rahayu
English Education and Literature Journal (E-Jou), Volume 1, pp 54-61; https://doi.org/10.53863/ejou.v1i02.121

Abstract:
The research paper is entitled “Analysis on GraError of Student’s Writing Descriptive Text”. The aims of the research were to find out what kinds of grammatical error made by eight grade students of SMP Negeri 1 Pasirjambu in writing descriptive text and to analyze what causes of the grammatical error in writing descriptive text. The sample of the data was collected by giving writing test , which consisted of 31 students. Qualitative research was used by the researcher as the research method. From the total of 246 sentences of the samples, the research finding showed that misformation was the highest error that students made in writing descriptive text. The percentage of the errors was 104 (53%) from the total error 196. Whereas, the lowest percentage of the error was found in misordering with the percentage 19 (10%). On the other hand, there were some causes of the error made by students of the eight grade of Junior High School in writing descriptive text suc as the language interference, carelessness and translation. The highest cause of error on percentage 53% was found in first language interference. Meanwhile, the lowest cause of error was translation with the total percentage 10 %. It showed that the students still had difficulties in writing descriptive text. It was caused by the language interference, the second was Therefore, the teacher had to give the appropriate method for the students in teaching descriptive text and using appripiate media and interesting material to help them easy to understand the lesson. So that the error related to writing descriptive text could be minimized. Key words: Descriptive text, error, error analysis, grammar
Rakaisa Somara, Eka Nurhidayat, Yayah Nurhidayah
English Education and Literature Journal (E-Jou), Volume 1, pp 62-71; https://doi.org/10.53863/ejou.v1i02.142

Abstract:
Virtual learning implementation obtained more exposure along with the pandemic situation in Indonesia. The drastic shift taken by the government policy made all formal institutions moved into the full-online course after trusted ordinary, face-to-face classroom routine for years. The purposes of this study are to reveal students' experience and possible challenges in implementing virtual learning at English Education Study Program. The method used in this research was qualitative design with a case study approach. The instruments of this research were questionnaire and interview. The results showed that students enjoyed more flexibility in learning and spent less time and energy to reach campus. They found the course quite challenging to cope with, but students experienced virtual learning as the necessary option in a pandemic situation. The most prominent challenges in this system are infrastructure-related (gadget, internet connection) and learning arousement.
Hellaisna Nur'Aini Garwan, Henny Priyanti
English Education and Literature Journal (E-Jou), Volume 1, pp 72-84; https://doi.org/10.53863/ejou.v1i02.141

Abstract:
Teaching vocabulary is one way to increase students' knowledge so they can make grammatical sentences. Teaching vocabulary must also be equipped with strategies that are suitable for students. Many strategies can be used by teachers. In vocabulary, there are many things that must be equated and good handling must be taken so that students can understand what vocabulary is. This research was conducted at MTs N 7 Kebumen. The subjects of this study were the English teachers in seventh grade. The purpose of this research is to find the strategies used by English teachers in teaching vocabulary. This research find out students' responses toward the application of teachers' strategies in teaching vocabulary to seventh grade students of MTs N 7 Kebumen. In the interview with an English teacher at MTs N 7 Kebumen, the researcher found out some obstacles experienced by the teacher. One of the obstacle was students have little vocabulary. Therefore the teacher used strategies which easily accepted by students. The teacher also felt not easy to teaching English. This research discusses about analysis the teachers’ strategies in teaching English vocabulary. This research method used descriptive qualitative to describe the strategy of English teachers in teaching vocabulary. The research focused on the strategies of the English teacher in teaching vocabulary in the classroom. The researcher used interview, docummentation, and questionnaire for data collection techniques. First, the researcher interviewed with English teacher. Second, the researcher conducted data analysis using pictures, lesson plans and syllabus as data docummentation. Third, the researcher also gave questionnaires to students in seventh grade MTs N 7 Kebumen using Google Forms. Based on the analysis, the results of the research are three findings that can be taken. First, there are some strategies used by teachers to teach vocabulary, namely presentation, translation, memorization, playing games, reading, pantomime, action, and body movements. Second, this research found out the media used to convey the material, the media used are real things, videos, pictures, English books of students. Third, the researcher found out students' responses with strategies used by the teacher. The researcher concluded that students can enjoy teaching and learning that the teacher gives. By using presentations, translations, memorization, playing games, words, mime, actions, and movements. Students also can remember new words more easily. Keyword: Strategies, Students, Teachers, Teaching, Vocabulary
Atik Muhimatun Asroriyah
English Education and Literature Journal (E-Jou), Volume 1, pp 85-92; https://doi.org/10.53863/ejou.v1i02.146

Abstract:
This study highlights the use of references in the element of cohesive devices in English news article of The Jakarta Post and New York Time written by Indonesian non-native and American native. The purpose of this study is to identify the similarities and differences in using personal references, demonstrative references and comparative reference. The method of this study is descriptive qalitative. The data were taken from online newspaper; The Jakarta Post and New York Times articles. There are 20 articles which are analyzed in this study, 10 articles from each online newspaper in any field of these newspaper. The data were analyzed use (Halliday and Hasan’s : 1976) the theory of cohesion. The result of this study explained that the use of references in the New York Time articles higher than The Jakarta Post articles. The most dominant use the type of reference is personal reference both of the articles.
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