TRANSACTIONS OF TELAVI STATE UNIVERSITY

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ISSN : 1512-0600
Published by: Association For Science (10.52340)
Total articles ≅ 48
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Irma Shioshvili, Nino Kakhashvili
TRANSACTIONS OF TELAVI STATE UNIVERSITY; https://doi.org/10.52340/tuw.2022.18

Abstract:
The present scientific work outlines “the idea of suffering” as an essential part of author and characters. Studying author’s spiritual world is one of the distinguished matters. Profound analysis of writers’, artists’ or musicians’ biography was always taken place and it is obvious that author’s real-life events and personal pains have a great impact on their works. The article underlines the viewpoint of Georgian philosopher and writer, Konstantine Kapaneli worked at the beginning of the twentieth century, who dedicated serious transactions to “the idea of suffering”. He considers that only private ideas are the main determinants of creation. The fact that all authors pass their peculiar, private way of suffering is also noted in the article. There exists a delighted, light-hearted author. Even in Georgian literature, dated by 19th century, all authors passed their “cursing and damning way”; together with feeling love from people they have endured terrible strokes or they couldn’t bear the world injustice. The article deals with the matter of literary character as well. In particular, is it possible to become reader’s favorite and worthy character without suffering? It’s almost impossible to find out a literary character who is beloved without torturing. The same thing can be said about Ilia Chavchavadze’s Archili (“Otaraant Kvrivi”/Otar’s Widow). He was a “kind” nobleman who becomes a favorite character only after starting grief for Giorgi and suffers with his fate or existing inequality. The article emphasizes that it’s almost impossible to find out a literary character beloved by readers without torturing. Their spiritual world gets more and more beautiful after suffering. We can hardly find characters having a relaxed, calm life, spending time in carelessness and at the same time are the favorite ones of readers. Literary characters mentioned in the article suffer with the strikes of misfortune, though all of them reveal high moral dignities during an over-critical condition and still remain humans. In the article it is noted that the author himself and even his characters pass a long way of suffering and the latter facilitates hardening their spirits. Convincingly it is worth mentioning that suffering is an important accompanying thing for a professional artist. It was revealed that only those characters, who have to endure the greatest suffering, stay forever in our mind as life instructors.
Gogiashvili Nino
TRANSACTIONS OF TELAVI STATE UNIVERSITY; https://doi.org/10.52340/tuw.2022.15

Abstract:
The moment we mention Georgian poetic performance, we immediately think about Zurab Rtveliashvili; he was a poet-performer, who passed away at a young age recently, although during his passionate and explosive life, just like his poetry, left us many wonderful verses, performances and memories. Performance is a syncretic form of art, where alternates word, sound, rhythm, music, gesture and etc. Postmodern, time-relevant poetry in a performance is far more acceptable (for listeners and spectators) than poetry in a book (for readers), due to lack of time, deficit of concentration and postmodern superficiality. Zurab Rtveliashvili’s “sound poetry” is the latest art-form saturated with inexhaustible energy, in which the poet varies with political and social topics; his poetic vice is often aggressive and pretentious and is distinguished by civil and personal uncompromisingness. Despite such poetically “heavy” thematic, he still remains as lingual poet – he explores its depths, uses its potential and transforms it into his own, unusual language; in his poetry topical is Zaum, the linguistic material of Dadaists and Futurists. However, Zaum does not mean absence of thoughts and Zurab Rtveliashvili’s language is also rich with utterances and content passages.A stream of new consciousness is born by overcoming or even avoiding the mainstream culture; or vise-versa. One of the essential parts of culture is language and a new consciousness also appears through “overcoming” existing languages, a clear example of which is Zurab Rtveliashvili’s poetry. The paper also discusses contemporary Georgian performance, its representatives and Zurab Rtveliashvili’s special position in this space. It would be right to say that Georgian poetic performance is uniquely associated with Zurab Rtveliashvili’s name.
Teimuraz Kareli
TRANSACTIONS OF TELAVI STATE UNIVERSITY; https://doi.org/10.52340/tuw.2022.25

Abstract:
The paper is devoted to the study of generational problems within the framework of the American Cycle Theory, which is focused on the repetitive, sustainable events in human society (country, nation) by analogy the of natural events regularities (time of year, day-night shifts, etc.). The paper states that the founder of the cyclical development theory of American history is considered a famous American historian Arthur Schelesinger-Senior. In the 1940s, he proposed a cyclical model for the the United States governess with a natural shift between the “Innovation Party” and the “Conservative Party”. Later, his son, Arthur Meier Schlesinger Jr refined the theory of cycle and tried to modify it. He stated that the basis of the American political process was the rivalry between liberalism and conservatism and that the cycles of American political development had two phases - "public activity" and "private interests." During the period of "activism" the reformism experienced, positive changes in progress, as for the second phase it is characterized by passivity, hedonism, declining public activity, and a critical understanding of current developments. Schlesinger Jr. discusses the most important institutions in the prism of alternating cycles, such as the presidential institution and the bipartisan system. The driving force of the cycle theory “pendulum theory” is considered the alternation of generations. The article deals with the definition of the notion of generations, which also has a prognostic aspect and is defined by three decades during the time of political domination, emphasizing that political changes depend on the character of a new generation involved in active political life (for example, the generation of John F. Kennedy). The idea of American history cycles was elaborated by William Strauss and Neil House; they created the "generational theory." The definition of a generation includes a group of people born in the frame of 20 years period or during the certain lifespan (childhood, youth, middle age, and old age). The paper highlights three-generational identification criteria that describe the history of the United States, including its 13 colonies. Generation theory is a complex set of ideas based on several works. The research revealed that there are, historical analogies between the past and present generations. Hence, as a result, researchers have discovered four types of behavioral patterns in the history of Anglo-American generations, consequently four different types of cycles. The paper examines certain studies devoted to generational biographies by Strauss and Hess conducted in different years: “Generations” (1991), “The Thirteenth Generation” (1997), “The Fourth Transformation: American Prophecy”, (1997), "The Rise of the Millennium Generation: The Next Great Generation" (2000). (2000).
Tsignadze Shorena
TRANSACTIONS OF TELAVI STATE UNIVERSITY; https://doi.org/10.52340/tuw.2022.13

Abstract:
In his book, Obole, Aka Morchiladze retells a well-known historical event with a charm of a story-teller characteristic of him. While reading Obole, the past events come to life and we have wonderful opportunities to travel in time and space. Furthermore, we are endowed with a certain sensibility to meet and keep fictional characters forever in our memory. The author possesses a unique style of telling any story so that it reaches the deepest bottom of readers’ hearts and makes them totally engaged with the subject matter. Aka Morchiladze often employs dialectical lexis in his fiction. In this relation, we should mention that in most cases, the writer does not use one specific dialect in one work but he uses a blend of various dialect patterns. This is not true for Obole for here the author favors the Lechkhumian dialect. Thus, the vast majority of dialect forms are those of the Lechkhumian.There are instances of phonetical processes such as assimilation in the book. The diphtongs [ai, oi ] are transformed as [ei]; respectively: [au] →[eu], [au] →[ou]. For instance, there is [geikhara] (გეიხარა), instead of [gaikhara], [shoushva] (შოუშვა) instead of [sheushva], [chourbine] (ჩოურბინე) instead of [chaurbine], [choujeqi] (ჩოუჯექი) instead of [chaujeqi]. We also have an example of sound metathesis in the following: [navkhe] (ნავხე) instead of [vnakhe]; an example of extra sound formation: sound [v] is formed in front of [o] in the following words [vori] [vorve] [vorsartuliani] instead of [ori] [orive] [orsartuliani]. There are cases of the final sound omissions, especially in complex sentences with the conjunction; we have [ro] instead of [rom] (so that). Also, the writer often uses [cha] and [mi] verbal prefixes instead of the prefix [da]. In Aka morchiladze’s fiction proper names are often made diminutive by suffixes which is characteristic of certain dialects of western Georgia. Here too, we have some diversions from the norm. Namely, we have [e] instead of [a] which becomes even more complex and has the suffixes [-ik] [-uk-el] [-ik-un] [-ik-o] preceeding it. In Obole by Aka Morchiladze there are also such lexical units of colloquial spoken speech such as slangs and barbarisms. By using them, the writer gives additional semantic and stylistic air to the text and makes its expressiveness more marked. Consequently, the langueage of the book acquires ironical, playful manner.
Tsisana Modebadze
TRANSACTIONS OF TELAVI STATE UNIVERSITY; https://doi.org/10.52340/tuw.2022.07

Abstract:
Coronapandemia has affected not only human health but also the economy, politics, daily life and even language. Language is a living organism, it is born, grows and develops continuously, including in times of crisis. Language reflects everything that happens in the world. Coronapandemia affected all languages, including German. New vocabulary have been created, which are gathered in a special digital dictionaries. The purpose of our study is to determine what impact Coronapandemia on German vocabulary. The object of research is: digital coronaplexes created during the coronapandemic period. The word "coronavirus" was introduced into the German language in 1984 (in the context of the AIDS study) and not in 2020. Coronapandemia has changed the vocabulary of the German language. None of the events had such an impact as the coronary crisis in 2020 on the German language vocabulary. Corona and Covid have become the main words in public communication. Coronapandemie became the word of the year. The German language is distinguished by the abundance of composites. Coronapandemia further increased the number of composites. Several structures were identified. Particularly common are two-component: (noun + noun) Coronageneretion- Corona generation and three-component composites: (essential Name + Noun + Noun) Coronaviruspandemie- Coronavirus pandemic. The introduction of restrictions also gave rise to neologisms: Zoomschule- Zoom school. The coronapandemia had a profound effect on the vocabulary of the German language. In a short time the German language was enriched with a comprehensive pandemic-related vocabulary. For example, working at home, Heimarbeit has a better chance of staying in the language than a virtual party (Coronaparty), as working from home has been shown to be more profitable for some companies as it is less expensive and may continue in the aftermath of a pandemic.
Mariam Zakariashvili
TRANSACTIONS OF TELAVI STATE UNIVERSITY; https://doi.org/10.52340/tuw.2022.20

Abstract:
The theory of human-computer interaction is a new scientific direction today. Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) is a field of research and practice that developed in the early 1980s. Human-computer interaction (HCI) is an accompanying multidisciplinary field (e.g., engineering, psychology, ergonomics, design) that studies the theory, design, implementation, ways and methods of evolution of how people use computer devices and how they interact with them. Many researchers work to develop human-computer interaction. They represent a wide range of sciences: design, psychology, journalism ... Human computer interaction (HCI) specialists are in great demand in technology companies, which in turn influences the development of human computer interaction (HCI) training courses at universities. The paper discusses the basic theoretical and technological principles of HCI (Human Computer Interaction) human-computer interaction, based on the research papers of well-known scientists (Mandel Theo; Alan Dix; Janet Finlay; Russel Beale; John M. Carroll; Gregory Abowd; John Brooke; Jonathan Grudin; Emily LR Harriosn; Deborah Gail Tatar; Phoebe Sengers; Brad A. Myers; Christofer D. Wickens; John Lee; Yili D. Liu; Sallie Gordon-becker; Donald Norman; Elizabeth Churchill; Anne Bowser; Jennifer Preece; Gerard Jounghyum Kim; Hinze-Hoare Vita; Jakob Nielsen; Wilfred J. Hansen etc.) working in this field. The paper reviews the historical aspects of the development of human-computer interaction is; Its essence as a science is defined in the manuscript. The focus is on important aspects of human-computer interaction. Namely, the goals of human-computer interaction; Structure; Principles; Models; Systems; The principles of human-computer interface design are outlined, the importance of interface functionality and usability in the human-computer interaction process is shown; The concepts of interaction and interface are compared. Human-computer interaction approaches with current and future technologies are presented.
Lali Chagelishvili-Agladze, Koba Chagelishvili
TRANSACTIONS OF TELAVI STATE UNIVERSITY; https://doi.org/10.52340/tuw.2022.19

Abstract:
Changes are inevitable when managing company crises, it is essential for the country as well as for business development. The world around us is changing. Changes are seen in technologies in demands ,environmental problems, globalization, depletion of natural resources and etc.. All these circumstances are related to changes that are necessary and inevitable. If it is necessary for a company to have a goal, around which all staff will be united, then it is important for all participants of the process, to know about their purpose, role, obligations and responsibilities in the process.The aim of this paper is to study the crisis management practices at the micro level. Identify weaknesses in anti-crisis management and develop recommendations. Empirical and expert research in the paper revealed the inadequate readiness of companies operating in Georgia to overcome crises. Most companies do not have crisis management experience, moreover, there are no anti-crisis plans and programs. The staff at the company does not have complete information on crisis management. At the end of the study, based on a scenario approach, the effectiveness of short-term crisis management marketing program and process optimization is determined. It is noted that central figure of the anti-crisis program should be the customer, whose individual request will be focused on the main messages of the company. In times of crisis, the primary task of a company is to retain the customer, who should ensure the company reputation and image stability.Abovementioned becomes even more important in modern conditions, when Internet technologies are getting more and more widespread and implemented in the corporate culture, on the basis of which communication with B2B and B2C sectors is easy and fast.
Eka Metopishvili, Mari Rubashvili
TRANSACTIONS OF TELAVI STATE UNIVERSITY; https://doi.org/10.52340/tuw.2022.24

Abstract:
Within the bounds of the presented article, we will talk about one of the most essential, although very problematic issues in the world civil law, such as “Negotiorum Gestio” (which can be translated as “management of affairs without mandate“). There exist many different views in the world law literature regarding this institution. The legislation of some countries recognizes and puts “Negotiorum Gestio” into practice, although there are some, including Georgian legislation, where this system remains on a doctrinal level only and that makes it less utilized in judicial practice. Due to this problem, the main accent of the paper will be on all the problems, on the basis of which stated institution couldn’t establish in practice. In accordance with that, in order to highlight the problematic nature of the stated issue, we used systematic research method as well as a comparative-legal method and set Georgian and German judicial practice off against each other regarding Negotiorum Gestio.
Irina Petukhova, Maryna Zaushnikova
TRANSACTIONS OF TELAVI STATE UNIVERSITY; https://doi.org/10.52340/tuw.2022.22

Abstract:
The relevance of this article is due to the fact that suicide remains one of the leading causes of death at a young age. Suicide is not only a medical or psychological problem, it is a problem of modern society. The causes of such a complex phenomenon as suicide include social, economic, psychological and social risk factors. Suicide prevention is an important task, the implementation of which is possible with the effective interaction of different sections of society and the dissemination of the necessary information.Improving mental health literacy, training gatekeepers, and developing skills to better recognize and support vulnerable people is an important part of suicide prevention.Gatekeeper training for suicide prevention is teaching non-professionals and professional gatekeepers about the warning signs of a suicide crisis and how to respond, debunking the myths and stigmas about suicide. There are many negative prejudices, stigmas and myths about suicide in our society. Overcoming such prejudices, stigmas and myths is an important part of training gatekeepers. The gatekeeper must recognize and refer a person with signs of a suicidal crisis to other people or professionals (parents, friends, neighbors, psychologists, police officers, etc.). The gatekeeper performs actions according to the algorithm, which consists of 6 steps: 1 – ask, 2 – listen, 3 – provide security, 4 – be there, 5 – help establish communication (redirect), 6 – track. It is also important for gatekeepers to take care of themselves and their emotional state in order to continue to successfully perform their tasks.
Basiladze Nodar Basiladze
TRANSACTIONS OF TELAVI STATE UNIVERSITY; https://doi.org/10.52340/tuw.2022.23

Abstract:
Nodar Dumbadze's works have a great deal of patriotic-international education problems. He draws attention to this issue in his novels, stories and articles. In this respect, especially his novels: "I see the sun", "Do not be afraid mother," "white flags"; Stories: "Helados", "Roma", "Stop"! Inchu Hamar! "And others. For a great writer, "Motherland is all you can't live without."
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