International Journal of English and Applied Linguistics (IJEAL)

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EISSN : 2797-9482
Total articles ≅ 52
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Bambang Purnama, Roi Boy Jon, Ari Safar Wadi
International Journal of English and Applied Linguistics (IJEAL), Volume 2, pp 281-286; https://doi.org/10.47709/ijeal.v2i2.1589

Abstract:
Using a method in the teaching-learning process that is by the condition of students to maximize the purpose of English learning. In the Indonesian context, limited time to learn speaking skills for EFL students is still one of the issues found in the classroom. The method that can be used to maximize the process of teaching and learning is picture strip story. This research aimed to find out the EFL students' perception of using picture strip stories in learning speaking skills. The participants of this research consisted of twelve students. The writer collected data by using focus group discussions with a semi-structured interview. The researcher used data display, condensation, drawing, and verification in data analysis. The result of this research was positive perceptions from EFL students toward using picture strip stories in learning speaking skills, such as improving students' confidence to speak with others, developing the students' proficiency in language competence, improving students' motivation, and adding the eggar the students to learn speaking skills.
Dang Arif Hartono, Stefanus Angga Badara Prima, Wisnu Sakti Dewobroto
International Journal of English and Applied Linguistics (IJEAL), Volume 2, pp 301-312; https://doi.org/10.47709/ijeal.v2i2.1654

Abstract:
This study investigates how a multinational cosmetic company uses its advertising to promote green cosmetics in Indonesia. Using Multimodal Critical Discourse Analysis (MCDA), the study analyzes how Garnier utilized linguistics features and discourse strategies and positioned their customers in the Garnier Green Beauty advertisement. The analysis revealed that Garnier employed some linguistic features (e.g., positive adjectives, pronouns, repetitions, etc.) and scientific-sounding words as a discourse strategy in the advertisement. It was also found that Garnier made a deliberate marketing decision to employ advertising, positioning their customer as empowered actors to create socio-environmental change. The findings also discuss the features distinguishing green cosmetics advertisements from typical ones.
Stefanus Prima, Budi Riyanto, Dang Hartono
International Journal of English and Applied Linguistics (IJEAL), Volume 2, pp 295-300; https://doi.org/10.47709/ijeal.v2i2.1630

Abstract:
This study investigates the Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Score (FLCAS) of students in English classes before the pandemic (offline class) and during the COVID-19 pandemic (online class) in a private university in Jakarta, Indonesia. There were 145 participants in total, 67 of which attended the offline class of English 1, while 78 others attended the online class of English 2. The 33 items of the questionnaire were adapted from FLCAS and were analyzed by three aspects: Communication Apprehension, Fear of Negative Evaluation, and Test Anxiety. The questionnaire items were translated into Indonesian and distributed online using Survey Monkey. The study used Independent Samples t-test to test the hypothesis, and the writer analyzed items to categorize the FLCA scores into high and low anxiety levels of each anxiety category. The writer found the FLCAS difference between offline and online classes insignificant (p > 0.05). Furthermore, The writer revealed that Fear of Negative Evaluation, especially judgment from classmates, was the dominant aspect that caused anxiety among students of both classes. On the other hand, it was also found that learners from both classes had no problem having their teacher correct their errors when using English.
Muhammad Rifqi Subakti Bahtiar, Hishamuddin Salim, Ari Safar Wadi
International Journal of English and Applied Linguistics (IJEAL), Volume 2, pp 271-280; https://doi.org/10.47709/ijeal.v2i2.1588

Abstract:
A leader is prevalently a communicator in an organization, no matter the rule. A good leader typically has good communication skills, which allow them to elicit participation from the people they oversee. In particular, Muslim scholars are also pioneers of social and religious growth. Thus, competent communication efficiency is essential for them to lead people to a better way of life by part of Allah SWT. However, it is still found vast of Muslim scholars, which is uneven Islamic teaching presentation quality. Thus, the goal of this study is to come up with a decent speech that anaesthetizes the audience. This was accomplished by examining the use of hidden rhetoric in the address of TGB. Muhammad Zainul Majdi, the best Indonesian preacher in 2021. As a result, this qualitative study uses discourse analysis to examine his two speeches as samples and data sources. The result indicated that TGB. Muhammad Zainul Majdi applied a variety of hidden rhetorical techniques. In his Safari Da'wah Nusantara and national addresses, Muhammad Zainul Majdi used similitude, reverence, expertise, intelligence, and goodwill to demonstrate credibility or ethos and persuade the audience. Love or friendship versus hatred, Fear versus Confidence, Indignation versus Pity, and Admiration versus Envy are some of the pathos he uses. In terms of logos, He deals with three issues: parables, enthymeme, and data.
Paramita Kusumawardhani, Ani Rakhmanita
International Journal of English and Applied Linguistics (IJEAL), Volume 2, pp 207-215; https://doi.org/10.47709/ijeal.v2i2.1501

Abstract:
Languages all over the world have their own grammar for constructing words and their components. The aim of the research is to recognize, classify and analyze noun phrases by reading Hansel and Gretel short story. A noun phrase is a part of the syntax. The syntax is a part of Linguistics. It has meaningful elements together to form words, words together to form phrases, phrases together to form clauses, clauses together to form sentences, and sentences together to form texts. Noun phrase has some aspects; they are identifier, adjective, noun modifier, quantifier, preposition phrase, participle clause, conjunctions, and indefinite clause. Hansel and Gretel short story was used as the research instrument about noun phrases. The method used to do the research was descriptive qualitative. The participants of this research are the 1st semester of accounting students at the University of Bina Sarana Informatika. The results of this research are: there are 25 noun phrases, 16 noun phrases are about rules 1, determiner + headword, meanwhile 9 other noun phrases are about common noun phrase, found in Hansel and Gretel short story.
Nurhayati S., Rahmi Aulia Nurdini
International Journal of English and Applied Linguistics (IJEAL), Volume 2, pp 234-244; https://doi.org/10.47709/ijeal.v2i2.1586

Abstract:
According to (Sharpe, Orientation to the TOEFL iBT, 2019), the TOEFL iBT assesses the test-taker’s ability to understand and use English for academic purposes. The TOEFL has four sections: listening, reading, speaking, and writing, each with its own set of instructions. The writing section assesses test-takers' ability to write essays in English. They write one essay about an academic topic (integrated task) and one essay about a familiar topic during the test (independent task). The academic essay requires them to relate information from a reading passage to information from a listening passage. The researchers conducted a similar study to learn about EFL learners' challenges when taking the test to improve TOEFL iBT writing instruction strategies. This study aims to investigate the errors and to discover if there are any new findings, as diverse techniques are found in participants' writing tasks, which could provide more general information for researchers and readers. The results showed that the typical grammar errors were almost in line with the previous studies. Another comparison was that Khoshkou and Keyvanfar did not provide missed information and conclusion insertions as other typical mistakes in the integrated task. However, the other errors—plagiarism, adding one's ideas, and question-addressing—are consistent with the study's findings. It suggests the researchers, as TOEFL iBT tutors, emphasize paraphrasing techniques and for participants with weaker English proficiency need more practice time to advance.
Syamsia Syamsia, Junaidi Hamdi
International Journal of English and Applied Linguistics (IJEAL), Volume 2, pp 216-225; https://doi.org/10.47709/ijeal.v2i2.1569

Abstract:
This research is aimed at describing the strategies used by the English teacher of the students of SMA Negeri 9 Haltim in teaching speaking. Based on pre-observation, the researcher found that SMA Negeri 9 Haltim applied teaching strategies in the teaching and learning process, especially in speaking and it makes the students easier to understand speaking English. This study was conducted by using a descriptive qualitative design. The subjects of this research were the English teacher and the students of SMA Negeri 9 Haltim. The data was gained by observation, interview, and documentation. The results indicated that there are five strategies in teaching speaking which applied by the English teacher. They are drilling, simulation and role play, the portrait interview, creative tasks, and group work. There were also two principles applied by the teacher to develop vocabulary mastery and fluency, the first is the activity is meaning-focused, and the second is the learners take a part in activities where all the language items are within their previous experiences. The teacher applied those strategies to help the students become active so that they can understand the lessons and also enjoy the teaching and learning process.
Melania Mendrofa, Marchellina Wijaya
International Journal of English and Applied Linguistics (IJEAL), Volume 2, pp 263-270; https://doi.org/10.47709/ijeal.v2i2.1583

Abstract:
This paper aims to analyze the significance of drilling repetition in enhancing second language learners' speaking ability. In learning a second language, some learners may overcome problems in saying words or sentences. In some cases, they also mispronounce the words. These can occur because of some problems, such as a lack of confidence, a lack of practice, and less feedback from the teacher. Based on this issue, this paper is concerned with the discussion of how the drilling technique can be a solution to the problem and its benefits to the students' speaking performance. This paper uses qualitative research analysis and a descriptive method to discuss the finding. The equipment that was implemented for this paper is journals and books. The benefits of drilling repetition are providing learners with intensive practice in hearing and saying particular word phrases. They can help with memorization and automation of common language patterns, providing the opportunity for learners to get immediate feedback, assisting learners in noticing the correct form or pronunciation of a word or phrase, which makes the learners speaking ability accurately, and building confidence. This paper finally points out that the benefits of adopting drilling repetition in enhancing second language learners' speaking ability are helpful to building learners' confidence and fluency in speaking the second language.
Rizky Vita Losi, Takkas Josua Bernardo, Todo F. B. Sibuea, Rizki Ananda
International Journal of English and Applied Linguistics (IJEAL), Volume 2, pp 313-324; https://doi.org/10.47709/ijeal.v2i2.1676

Abstract:
This study aimed to describe the persuasive techniques of Starbucks and Burger King advertisements on Instagram posts. The categories of persuasive techniques were referred to as Lamb's theory (2014). By using the descriptive qualitative method, the researchers collected one hundred data on Starbucks and Burger King advertisements on Instagram posts. Then, the data were analyzed by classifying and interpreting them into correct categories. The result of the study showed that: 1) Fifty data were taken from Starbucks advertisements on Instagram posts by the distribution as follows: 3 data of Alliteration, 3 data of Connotation, 6 data of Colloquial Language, 5 data of Evidence, 4 data of Hyperbole, 9 data of Inclusive Language, 6 data of Imagery, 4 data of Pun, 4 data of Repetition, 4 data of Rhetorical Question and 2 data of Simile, 2) Fifty data were taken from Burger King advertisements on Instagram posts by the distribution as follow: 4 data of Connotation, 4 data of Colloquial Language, 5 data of Evidence, 4 data of Hyperbole, 5 data of Inclusive Language, 6 data of Imagery, 2 data of Metaphor, 3 data of Pun, 5 data of Repetition, 10 data of Rhetorical Question and 2 data of Simile. Starbucks dominantly used Inclusive Language in their advertisements, while Burger King dominantly used Rhetorical questions in their advertisements. Both of them chose different persuasive techniques to represent their products.
Melia Nova, Syarifudin Syarifudin, Soni Ariawan
International Journal of English and Applied Linguistics (IJEAL), Volume 2, pp 325-331; https://doi.org/10.47709/ijeal.v2i2.1671

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to find out the improvement of students speaking ability through the implementation of the self-directed dialogue technique, and student activities when the Self-directed Dialogue was applied to English subjects in the first grade of MA Darussalam, Beremi for the 2021/2022 academic year. In this study, the researcher used classroom action research as a research design by employing observation, tests, and documentation as techniques to gain the data. Observations were made to determine the application of self-directed dialogue techniques during the teaching and learning process while tests were used to measure student achievement in speaking ability. The subjects of this study were students in first grade of MA Darussalam Bermi with 21 students in the class. Researchers used qualitative and quantitative data analysis in calculating and analyzing data. The results of this study indicate that the self-directed dialogue technique can improve students' speaking ability. This can be seen from the results of a significant increase in each cycle. The score before implementing the technique was 48, the result of post-test 1 was 74.43, and post-test 2 was 84.43. This means that the students' speaking ability increases after applying the self-directed dialogue technique in the first grade of MA Darussalam Bermi in the 2021/2022 academic year.
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