Indian Journal of Environment Engineering

Journal Information
EISSN : 2582-9289
Published by: Lattice Science Publication (LSP) (10.54105)
Total articles ≅ 14
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Indian Journal of Environment Engineering, Volume 1, pp 1-8; https://doi.org/10.54105/ijee.c1821.051322

Abstract:
Moving from a much more sustainable social, environmental and economic system confronts the government, the community, the people and the industry. There is far-reaching conceptualization of the necessity for minerals. The present status and blend for the production of minerals may well not be absolutely demanded by a more sustainable economy. But beneath any reasonable definition of necessity, there will be a significant need for some mineral products deep in the nearest future. In the recent world beamed with the rays of extremely competitiveness in which economic attainments rely widely on the ability to be innovative; Nigeria is only clamouring to attain a better innovation outcome. Irrespective of being one of the under-developed nations, globally, Nigeria still stands a strong dynamic Black- Africa by position of its headcount census and the economy. This study assessed the inherent innovation and endowment in Nigeria.
Indian Journal of Environment Engineering, Volume 1, pp 5-14; https://doi.org/10.54105/ijee.c1822.051322

Abstract:
In this work, hourly global radiation and extraterrestrial data for three locations in Ghana, namely Accra, Kumasi, and Navrongo, were used to estimate the daily clearness, monthly mean clearness index, and monthly-averaged hourly clearness index of the study areas. It was observed that the monthly average clearness index of Accra ranged from 0.4505 to 0.6975 and that of Kumasi and Navrongo varied from 0.4553 to 0.6908 and 0.4529 to 0.6949, respectively. There was no overcast sky in the year 2018 for all the three study areas in Ghana, and approximately two-thirds of the year’s day length experienced clear-sky conditions. Partly cloudy conditions were predominant in the wet season of the year.
Lata Ramrakhiani
Indian Journal of Environment Engineering, Volume 1, pp 19-37; https://doi.org/10.54105/ijee.c1828.051322

Abstract:
The present review focused on various advantages and hazardous aspects of therapeutically used nanoparticles. Therapeutic applications of nanoparticles have been covered in cancer diagnosing and therapy, surgery, bio-detection of disease markers, molecular imaging, implant application, tissue engineering, and devices for gene, drug, radionuclide, and protein delivery. Many therapeutic nanotechnology applications are still in their beginning stages. However, promising applications are being developed especially in the field of cancer therapy. Nanoparticles are proficient as carriers for chemo-therapeutic drugs and enhance their therapeutic index. These NPs act as therapeutic agents in gene and photothermal therapy. Furthermore, they function as molecular imaging agents to distinguish target cells and monitor cancer progression. Finally, the generations of toxic biological responses of these nanoparticles are mentioned based on detailed explanations of NPs toxicity assessment. Evaluation of potential toxicity of NPs are mainly comprises of its physicochemical properties, inclusive particle characterization (such as size, shape, specific surface area, agglomeration, solubility, element impurity etc.), function of cellular and non-cellular in vitro toxicity assessment and animal supported toxicological measures.
Olotu Y., Bada A.O., Elamah D, Akharia O.O., Erayanmen I.R.
Indian Journal of Environment Engineering, Volume 1, pp 38-42; https://doi.org/10.54105/ijee.c1829.051322

Abstract:
Limestone and other solid minerals exploitation have been a major activity at Okpella and its environs. This has tremendously contributed to the economic development of the host community, and on the other side poses a great danger to the health and the well-being of Okpella due to the continuous release of carbon emission, suspended particulate matter, and defying noise pollution from the mining and hauling equipment. However, long extraction of limestone has been attributed to land degradation as responded by 43.6% of the sampled population, whereas 19.2%, 14.6%, and 12.7% agreed to the use of heavy-duty equipment, land clearing, tailing dams, and application of toxic materials as responsible for land degradation and devaluation. Conversely, 39.4% of the respondents indicated that the exploration of limestone and other solid minerals could be attributed to cough, 22.5% to catarrh, and 13.2% to malaria. In conclusion, it is obvious that limestone exploration is beneficial to the socio-economic development of the host community but detrimental to their human and environmental health.
Olotu Y., Ibrahim R, Eboreimen L., Eriakha C.E, Gimba I.N
Indian Journal of Environment Engineering, Volume 1, pp 43-46; https://doi.org/10.54105/ijee.c1826.051322

Abstract:
The physicochemical parameters of groundwater at Auchi and South-Ibie were investigated to determine underground water quality in this environment. Water sampled locations in Auchi were categorized as Iyekhei (Iyekhei), Auchi Poly Water (Auchi PW), Auchi Poly Hostel (Auchi PH), Double Delight Hostel (DDH); South-Ibie locations are Levis Gas Plant (LGP), Pastoral Centre (PC), Global Castle Hostel Sawmill Road (GCHS), Arsenal Hostel and, Lagos Street (AHLS). A total number of 80 water samples from eight locations were collected and analyzed using some statistical metrics to determine the relationship among measured parameters. The pH of water samples ranged from 1.4 at GCHS to 4.12 at AHLS. The result indicated that all the investigated water samples have low pH values with a high alkalinity level. Total dissolved solids (TDS) of 300mg/L, 400mg/L, and 500mg/L were obtained from the water samples at Iyekhei, Auchi PH, and DDH. These values are within the allowable World Health Organization (WHO) standard. However, the chloride level for all locations was very high except for Iyekhei, with a value of 115 mg/L, which is accepted within the WHO requirement of 250 mg/L. Conductivity values of four sampled water locations; namely, Auchi PH, DDH, PC, and GCHS, are within the allowable limit. High conductivity values of 304 sm/cm, 116.7sm/cm, and 845 sm/cm were obtained for LGP, Auchi PW, Iyekhei, respectively. All the water sampled locations' results indicated that none of the sampled water is within the WHO required standard of 20oC to 23oC. The statistical metrics showed a strong relationship between the conductivity and chloride concentration with R2=0.7174; this may be related to some dissolved conductive ions in the water sampleThe research study's output is imperative to understand the relationship between different groundwater parameters to develop and good groundwater quality.
Indian Journal of Environment Engineering, Volume 1, pp 5-10; https://doi.org/10.54105/ijee.b1814.111221

Abstract:
Green spaces are inevitable for people to live and grow. These spaces form an ambit for interaction with nature and people from myriad groups. This paper examines the availability of such spaces in ward no. 102S and 101S of South Delhi and the resident’s accessibility to these spaces. The green cover available per person in Sarita Vihar is 14.645 Sq m/Person which fulfils the URDPFI and WHO guidelines in contrary to 3.969 Sq m/Person for Abul fazal enclave. The Public parks are located towards the periphery in Sarita Vihar, more than the walking distance of 400m. 1 public park exists in Abul Fazal Enclave toward the extreme periphery accessible with a ticket of Rs 30 for the adults. It concludes giving possible recommendations at a micro level for better allocation of green spaces based on factors of density and context of the settlement
, Lawal A.F., Ojo O.J
Indian Journal of Environment Engineering, Volume 1, pp 11-17; https://doi.org/10.54105/ijee.a1813.111221

Abstract:
The potential impacts of gully erosion over South Eastern Nigeria are a worrisome scenario. It has resulted in the displacement of millions of habitats, agricultural, and economic losses. The result of the effect of Nigerian Erosion Watershed Management Project (NEWMAP) monitoring and evaluation on the effect of gully erosion on economic development in this study has revealed a positive significant influence at P < 0.05 over the study region. Also, it is revealed that NEWMAP programmes have significantly covered some constructions of hydraulic structures for flood routing and soil erosion control in South East, Nigeria. This intervention has significantly reduced the rate of land degradation occasioned by soil erosion, protection of watershed and agricultural land, which has thus been responsible for improved agricultural production. In conclusion, it is imperative to conduct periodic monitoring and evaluation of the activities of NEWMAP to building a strong evidence-based mechanism that enhances assessment of the diverse range of intervention projects on the dwellers of South-East extraction.
Indian Journal of Environment Engineering, Volume 1, pp 18-24; https://doi.org/10.54105/ijee.a1812.111221

Abstract:
Mining of coal (fossil fuel) resources in Enugu resulted in groundwater pollution/depletion and left the mine site with the potentials of air pollution, loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation and soil contamination. Other Environmental impacts were extensive soil damage, alteration in microbial communities and affecting vegetation leading to destruction of vast amounts of land and displacement of dwellers. Reclamation is the process to restore the ecological integrity of these disturbed mine land areas. It includes the management of all types of physical, chemical and biological disturbances of soils such as soil pH, fertility, microbial community and various soil nutrient cycles that makes the degraded land soil productive. Mining does not mean permanent loss of land for other use. On the other hand it holds potential for altered and improved use apart from restoring for agriculture, forestry and irrigation. This paper attempts to view the best practices for reclaiming the abandoned Enugu coal mine site which ceased production since 2002.
Apar Chitransh, Sachin Kumar
Indian Journal of Environment Engineering, Volume 1, pp 1-4; https://doi.org/10.54105/ijee.a1809.111221

Abstract:
We know that sun is the only sources which is available free of cost in our environment for the PV module. when the sun strikes in to the PV cell it converts to the electrical energy. Now a days to fulfill the requirement of energy the solar energy plays a main role of that. But some time this solar energy is not sufficient to fulfill this requirement than some time we use the MPPT techniques which is increase the power generation and main advantage of this techniques is that this is work in any climate. The full form of MPPT is MAXIMUM POWER POINT TRACKER. It gets the maximum power from the available PV unit and it is not depending upon the any environmental conditions. In this paper we discuss in detail the several abilities that how they get the maximum power point and system convergence, efficiency and cost of implementation. In this paper we show that all type pf MPPT techniques.
Indian Journal of Environment Engineering, Volume 1, pp 22-24; https://doi.org/10.54105/ijee.a1805.051121

Abstract:
India is buried under waste stacks as more than 1.50 lakhs ofsolid waste (MT) per day is produced. Worse, nearly 90% of the total volume is collected (135,000 tonnes daily). Almost 15,000 MT of waste remains exposed each day, which leads to a “severe” amount of contamination of some 55 lakh of MT of solid waste disposed of each year in open surface. Just 20% (27 000 tonnes per day) of the total waste collected and 80% (1 08 000 tonnes per day) was disposed of. The remaining 80% is disposed of on site. Progress in the management of solid waste has resulted in materials that replace conventional materials, including bricks, blocks,tiles, aggregates, ceramics, cement, lime, soil, timber and paint. In this research, Eco blocks are generated using waste materials like fly-ash and waste using aggregates of cement and yard. It optimizes materials with various combinations and defines the compression strength of the eco-blocks. Days of 7.71, 5.8 and 9.10 N/mm2 are compressive strengths of 14 and 28. The strength of ecological blocks is equal to or above that of the local company’s regular concrete blocks. The study showed that solid waste can be used for solid block processing. We also analyzed how debris can be recycled to find an alternative to reduce natural resource costs and use.
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