IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences

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EISSN : 2411-183X
Total articles ≅ 721

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Andrey Zahariev, Ангел Ангелов, Petko Angelov, Margarita Mihaylova, Slaveyko Slavkov, Stanislav Mladenov
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 8, pp 49-57; https://doi.org/10.18769/ijasos.1077954

The project "Adaptation of strategies for corporate social responsibility to address the implications of the Industry 4.0" is currently in the second year of its implementation. It is executed within the ERASMUS+ Program, key activity "Strategic Partnerships in Higher Education" and is coordinated by a team of the "D. A. Tsenov” Academy of Economics (Svishtov, Bulgaria) in partnership with the National Federation of Employers of Disabled People (Sofia, Bulgaria), the Accreditation Council for Entrepreneurial and Engaged Universities (Münster, Germany), the Catholic University of Murcia (Murcia, Spain) and the University of Nis (Nis, Serbia). The project is focused on current challenges of corporate social responsibility as an expression of the impact of organizational activities on society and the environment. Currently, corporate social responsibility is an extremely important factor influencing the development of companies, the formation of their profits and maintaining the image of product brands. Along with their main activity, socially responsible enterprises also perform activities of social significance, such as offering donations, supporting charitable actions, social events, etc. Such companies also award grants and scholarships, provide support to disaster-affected areas and support other aid causes. As an ex post result from the project http://csr-project.eu/ the partners have developed a curricula for a bachelor degree subject entitled “Corporate social responsibility in Industry 4.0” for students in the field of economics, administration and management”. As an in medias result the academic lecturers and researchers are on the final stage of writing the content of the academic textbook containing 8 chapters grouped in two parts – theoretical and empirical. The first theoretical part “Theoretical developments of CSR in Industry 4.0” includes the following four chapters: 1) Evolution of corporate social responsibility; 2) Financial and managerial dimensions of CSR; 3) Emerging social challenges with Industry 4.0; 4) Strategic approach to corporate social responsibility. The second part entitled “Case studies of CSR in Industry 4.0” includes other four chapters: 5) National evidences for implementation of the concept of CSR; 6) CSR and Industry 4.0 - evidences from Spain; 7) CSR and Industry 4.0 - evidences from Germany; 8) CSR and Industry 4.0 - evidences from Bulgaria. As a main conclusion from the paper, we argue that the project "Adaptation of strategies for corporate social responsibility to address the implications of the Industry 4.0" with reference number: 2020-1-BG01-KA203-079025 is an excellent opportunity to create added value through international partnership under the Erasmus + program. The achievements as of the last month of the second stage of the project implementation give grounds to expect its successful completion and achievement of all set goals and objectives. Besides the initial project topic, the Covid-19 environment has opened before all main economic agents – the companies, the households and the government – a new opportunity to prove the concept of CSR is a vital and important attitude to be more health protecting and ecologically responsible.
Надежда Якимова
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 8, pp 58-62; https://doi.org/10.18769/ijasos.1074112

The history of world literature presupposes the coverage of those phenomena and processes that bring together various national literatures, certain groups of them [1]. The discovery of such sides will help to better and deeper understand both the composition and the plot features of adventure genres. The poetics of adventure prose has been sufficiently studied in many national literatures. Nevertheless, to date, the issues in the comparative perspective remain unresolved. In this sense, it is important to take into account the changed attitudes towards such areas of Chuvash fiction as fiction, detective, adventure, which have become very fascinating for modern readers. In terms of genre, they are short stories, novellas and novels. They are united by the commonality of the characters' lives, conflict situations and circumstances, ways of plotting. The article is devoted to the problem of studying adventure genres in literary studies of the Ural-Volga region, the manifestation of elements of adventure in artistic practice, the typology of the plot and the typology of heroes are investigated, attention is also paid to their plot-compositional features, to certain features of the hero, the nature of situations and circumstances.
Mıchalıs Varkas
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 8, pp 70-75; https://doi.org/10.18769/ijasos.1070507

Persistent mental fatigue induced by sustained task performance and mental workload has been shown to have serious cognitive effects such as lowered discrimination capacity, circumscribed range of attention, and increased distractibility, all reducing the ability to absorb information and leading to impaired learning. Studies show that having greater autonomy in choosing how to complete given cognitive tasks is associated with lower levels of strain and better educational outcomes. The present study investigated the effects of control opportunities over a series of information processing tasks on mental fatigue and learning. Adapting a yoked - subject experimental design, it was assumed that provision of varying degrees of personal control over the method and timing on a series of information processing tasks would determine the degree of participants’ mental fatigue. The overall pattern of results was consistent with our expectations as indicated by subjective measures of affective state prior to and after the information processing tasks. Enhanced opportunities for personal control over the timing and methods of action were associated with lower levels of mental fatigue. The results have significant implications for educational purposes. In terms of learning design, it is vital to reduce the time spent on exerting high effort. One way of doing this is by the provision of opportunities for performing information processing tasks in different ways and with different pace. This will enhance personal control over a given cognitive activity and result in low levels of fatigue, since more effort can be applied in parts of the task that are more interesting (tasks can be carried out in a preferable order and pace), while more boring parts can be dealt with by the application of less effort. A general conclusion can be drawn from the findings: Given mental tasks or activities that impose greater limitations on personal control are associated with less favourable results.
Nino Nikolaishvili
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 8, pp 76-81; https://doi.org/10.18769/ijasos.1071892

Written in the fantasy genre by Clive Lewis, the mythological paradigmatic text “The Chronicles of Narnia“ begins with the myth of creation and ends with eschatology – the end of the world. The creation of Narnia directly repeats the act of mythological creation with all its archetypal nuances. 1. “In the Chronicles of Narnia“ it is classically conveyed from darkness to word creation. “The Chronicles of Narnia“ is created with a cosmogonic model that is created with words and songs, chants. It is a parallel, literary version of the mythological cosmogony found in the Egyptian cosmogony of Memphis, Heliopolis, as well as the cosmogonies of the Indian Prajapati and the Maya, which was finally reinforced and loaded with the greatest religious authority by the biblical cosmogony of old perception. The supreme creator of Narnia is the lion Aslan. Aslan is not just an archetype of the god of mythological creation, the author of the “Chronicles of Narnia“ graced him with many Christian-theological symbolisms and strokes. 2. “The Chronicles of Narnia“ Consistently repeats the mythological cosmogonic archetypes that, after the creation of the universe, inevitably implies the enthronement of the King-Demiurge as an earthly double ordained by the supreme deity – the hypostasis of the deity himself. 3. Lewis’ characters are thrown with magical rings from our world – from Earth –in a fantasy world that has become an accomplice in the creation of a new world. All of them represent the three realms of the cosmos in the model architecture of the universe in a personified anthropomorphic form – the face of the supernatural is the lion Aslan, the face of the semisphere / earth is children, and the demonic representative of the underworld is the magician (who appears from another world). “The Chronicles of Narnia” is built not only on the principle of three scales / spheres but also on the mediating link between these spheres: the archetype of the cosmic axis without which the cosmic model cannot take the form of a final solid structure. Thus, in the Chronicles of Narnia, each character, as well as its dwelling or passage, approaches and expresses any part of the cosmic architecture of the universe. Such configuration of “Cosmos“ / Narnia and the characters seem to be a deliberate decision for Lewis – to fit everything into the traditional structure of the mythological cosmic model.
Amin Muhamad, Valeriy Komissarov, Margarita Danilova, Andrey A. Danilov, Anatoliy Danilov
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 8, pp 82-86; https://doi.org/10.18769/ijasos.1069253

The aim of the study is to consider issues of establishment and development of the German newspaper market in the postwar period and after the unification of Germany on a systemic level. Specific impact of these two processes on the formation of the newspaper market features in the country is revealed. Particular attention is paid to the transformation of the German newspaper market in recent years, from the late 1990s to present. During the given period, under the onslaught of new digital technologies, changes in the preferences of information consumers have been observed, especially with regard to the print media: reduction in the time for reading newspapers, decrease in circulation and advertising revenues, and the bankruptcy of several reputable periodicals. The article also focuses on the groundbreaking approaches of some newspapers and the views of experts on how to overcome the crisis of the print industry. Germany has played an outstanding role in the development of world journalism. Unification of the German lands in the second half of the nineteenth century strengthened the position of German newspapers and led to the emergence of the press barons. In the postwar period, all German print media were under strict censorship control of the British and U.S. occupation forces. The postwar development of the German media was largely determined by the political evolution of the fragmented country into two parts belonging to two coalitions. Germany had been a newspaper country for three centuries. However, at the beginning of the XXI century, the situation changed dramatically. Digital media have affected the existence of German print media. Nevertheless, the German newspaper market is still the largest in Europe and the fifth largest in the world.
Lyudmila Sukhorukova, Николай Фокин, Maxim Ivchenko, Tatiana Shestakova, Aleksandra Shestakova
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 8, pp 41-48; https://doi.org/10.18769/ijasos.1078706

Unification of educational institutions in post-Soviet Russia has been replaced by diversity of types, variability of curricula and educational programmes. So, a new type of general educational institutions - Cadet Schools (boarding schools) has become an important phenomenon in the system of Russian education. The relevance of the research is conditioned by the needs of the Russian society in development of state profile, pre-professional military education in the institutions of cadet education. Cadet education is one of the most important areas of specialised school development, providing all-round development of pupils, general education and military training. The aim of the research is justification of scientific and pedagogical bases of design of educational professional training programmes for cadet educational organization manager - master's level in the direction of Pedagogical education. Methods of research: method of historical- pedagogical analysis of scientific sources and its comparison; theoretical analysis of pedagogical, psychological, philosophical, scientific, methodological works on the topic of research; study of scientific periodicals; analysis of the research subject; empirical methods (study of innovative teaching experience in the sphere of training programs` professional and pedagogical design for heads of Suvorov schools, Cadet Corps and universities. The method of historical and pedagogical analysis allowed us to study the stages in the development of cadet education, from the time of Peter the Great ruling up to the present days. The methods of socio-pedagogical design, study of innovative pedagogical experience allowed to develop basic educational programmes for training of leadership and pedagogical staff of cadet educational organizations, based on the theories, technologies of personality-centred education, Russian and foreign military pedagogy and military psychology. One of the most important results of the study is a systematic description of the current development of the cadet education system in Russia. The paper takes into account, that there are signs of deficit in master`s programmes and additional professional education programmes to train the leaders of cadet educational organizations. As a result of scientific research analysis the main directions and forms of development of modern cadet education was recorded. The ideas are presented from a critical standpoint and the results of discussions on the content of cadet education in the system of secondary complete education, pre-university military education are summarized. For development of managerial competences of cadet educational leaders the necessity and design of master`s programme based on integration of general and military pedagogy, general and military psychology, theories and models of military education, relevant to cadet education are presented from critical positions. Scientific novelty of the research consists in attracting, systematization and analytical generalization of original material on the topical problem for the development of a master`s programme relevant to the Russian system of cadet education. The authors give a general overview of the development of cadet education, defining the content of the training for the leaders of cadet educational organizations. Materials of the study can be useful for specialists engaged in methodological developments and organization of educational process, such as teachers of military centres, military institutes, military gymnasiums, pedagogical specialties on the problems of educational security, adjuncts of military academies and military universities. The results of the study can find its application in practical terms for the formation and implementation of educational policies.
Mustafa Elsayed
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 8, pp 8-16; https://doi.org/10.18769/ijasos.1068347

Purpose: The outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic caused a sudden shift to online teaching and learning which resulted in confusion for higher education institutions not only in Saudi Arabia, but worldwide as well. Due to the broad availability of technology infrastructure in Saudi higher education institutions, Blackboard Collaborate is widely used in most Saudi universities. As positive perspectives were found to play an important impact in the adoption of new technology in earlier research, this paper aims to investigate Qassim University EFL Intensive Course Program (ICP) instructors’ perspectives towards utilizing the Blackboard Collaborate as an emergency remote teaching tool during COVID-19 pandemic. Design/methodology/approach: To collect data from the participants, the study employed a qualitative research method, namely, semi-structured interviews with 15 ICP EFL instructors. The interviews were face to face and included predetermined questions that focused on the pros and cons of utilizing Blackboard Collaborate as a remote teaching tool during Covid-19 pandemic. Findings: The study revealed the pros and cons of using the Blackboard Collaborate as a remote teaching tool during COVID-19 pandemic as perceived by ICP EFL instructors. While the pros included novel teaching methods in Blackboard Collaborate, offering interactive lessons via using Blackboard Collaborate, and a great deal of motivation resulted from using Blackboard Collaborate, the cons comprised ICP EFL instructors’ lack of competency in using Blackboard Collaborate, students’ lack of competency in using Blackboard Collaborate, and technical problems. Originality/value: Most literature published on using Blackboard Collaborate in the Saudi higher education context focused on using it in teaching EFL advanced learners with prior experience with Blackboard Collaborate. To my knowledge, this is the first paper to investigate the participants' perspectives towards using the Blackboard Collaborate in teaching secondary school leavers without prior experience with Blackboard Collaborate like ICP EFL students.
Rehab Hassaan
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 8, pp 30-40; https://doi.org/10.18769/ijasos.1071919

Fashion programs includes specified designing and making courses, such as fashion sketching and draping, other courses train the students on some skills which are related to fashion indirectly, such as fabrics dyeing, the model of the current study. Through observing, investigating, and within the experience of online teaching Fabric Dyeing at University of Nizwa 2020 Fall semester and 2021 Fall semester in pandemic time, the researcher found that the objectives concentrated on teaching definitions and procedures of dyeing, theoretically and practically. The objective of using dyed fabrics in the field of designing fashion is not included in the course syllabus, adding this objective (Dyed Fashion) unleashes and liberates creativity thinking and open the gate of producing creative fashion. Online learning which enhances critical thinking through sharing students the applications within LMS - learning management system, Moodle in the current study. Descriptive approach is followed, through three scales, measuring: Students' satisfaction of the current course, opinion scale for proposed dyed fashion designs and opinion scale for students' attitude toward the proposed lesson. The results indicate the actual need for developing the course and adding the proposed lesson (Dyed Fashion), the proposed lesson enhances the mental abilities of student and rising design sense, the proposed lesson is high potential for application through online teaching/learning
Petra Mitašíková, Barbora Vodičková
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 8, pp 17-29; https://doi.org/10.18769/ijasos.1070749

The present article defines fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), describes the aetiology, prevalence, manifestations, and consequences of FASD impacting the quality of life of individuals and their families, diagnostic, intervention approaches, and emphasises prevention. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) is an umbrella term covering a group of congenital neurodevelopmental defects and brain damage resulting from prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE). It is a continuum of bio-psycho-social impacts associated with PAE. There are multiple approaches to diagnosing and treating disorders associated with prenatal alcohol exposure during pregnancy worldwide. All persons with FASD have lifelong cognitive, social, and behavioural difficulties. Individuals with FASD present multidimensional challenges in childhood for parents and caregivers, with an impact on other family members. For this reason, families also need support from society. Evidence-based interventions need to be implemented to support individuals with FASD and their families. Addressing this issue requires a multidisciplinary professional approach. FASD is a costly issue for society, so it is reasonable to invest in significant prevention. Our qualitative research mapped the positive and negative influences on the quality of life of child with FASD and his/her caregivers/parents. We found that the negative aspects affecting the quality of life of the child with FASD and his/her caregivers/parents include: Significant manifestations of behavioural problems of the child with FASD in the school and home environment; Early traumatisation and re-traumatisation of the child with FASD; Disrupted relational bond between the caregiver/parent and the child with FASD and Negative impact of parenting a child with FASD on the mental and physical health of the caregiver/parent. We identified the following positive resources supporting the quality of life of the child with FASD and his/her caregivers/parents: Professional support as one aspect of enhancing the quality of life of the child with FASD and his/her caregivers/parents; Compensating for the learning difficulties of the child with FASD in the home environment; Consciously establishing a secure relational bond between the caregiver/parent and the child with FASD; Alternative teaching approaches to the child with FASD in school as a positive influencing factor. The topic of the quality of life of a child with FASD and his/her caregivers/parents is not sufficiently explored in the Slovak and international context. It is about the interconnected links between the child's situation with FASD himself/herself and the impact on his/her whole ecosystem (home environment, parents, siblings, school and broader community). This study presents pilot data on the quality of life of children diagnosed with FASD and their caregivers/parents in Slovakia. The research was supported by a grant Kega No. 002UK-4/2020 Supporting the child with sensory processing disorder through a multisensory environment.
Vasileios Papavasileiou, Georgıa IOANNİDOU, Dımıtrıos Poimenidis
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 8, pp 63-69; https://doi.org/10.18769/ijasos.1068776

The current paper attempts to investigate the views of primary school students of the 4th, 5th and 6th grade on the issue of stray animals and its inclusion in the school curriculum. Taking into consideration the negative impact of the existence of stray animals, it is regarded vital to educate children and formulate a policy aiming at minimizing the phenomenon. The lack of knowledge and training concerning the needs and welfare of animals prior to acquiring pets intensifies the issue as the needs of the animals are not fully understood increasing the likelihood of them being abandoned in most cases. Especially during the economic crisis, the incidents of abuse and abandonment increased rapidly. The research was conducted using questionnaires and the results showed incomplete knowledge of addressing the issue and the underlying cause. The students are aware of the animal needs but there are difficulties in proposing effective ways of managing the case. They consider that dogs are more directly dependent on humans than cats. They seem quite positive in their knowledge about dog and cat care. Nevertheless, the students do not prefer to be informed by teachers, as they consider that the teachers are not properly trained, although many of them desire animal care to be a topic in school textbooks. The students seem to have more trust on Animal Welfare Organizations as a source of information regarding animal care. In addition, it seems that fifth graders are more interested in learning about stray animal issues whereas this interest is declining in older students. Research also showed that a gender correlation exists as girls are more positive in terms of animal care awareness.
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