World Journal of Nano Science and Engineering

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 21614954 / 21614962
Current Publisher: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. (10.4236)
Total articles ≅ 132
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Donald C. Boone
World Journal of Nano Science and Engineering, Volume 9, pp 15-24; doi:10.4236/wjnse.2019.92002

Abstract:This computational research study analyzes the increase of the specific charge capacity that comes with the reduction of the anisotropic volume expansion during lithium ion insertion within silicon nanowires. This research paper is a continuation from previous work that studied the expansion rate and volume increase. It has been determined that when the lithium ion concentration is decreased by regulating the amount of Li ion flux, the lithium ions to silicon atoms ratio, represented by x, decreases within the amorphous lithiated silicon (a-LixSi) material. This results in a decrease in the volumetric strain of the lithiated silicon nanowire as well as a reduction in Maxwell stress that was calculated and Young’s elastic module that was measured experimentally using nanoindentation. The conclusion as will be seen is that as there is a decrease in lithium ion concentration there is a corresponding decrease in anisotropic volume and a resulting increase in specific charge capacity. In fact the amplification of the electromagnetic field due to the electron flux that created detrimental effects for a fully lithiated silicon nanowire at x = 3.75 which resulted in over a 300% volume expansion becomes beneficial with the decrease in lithium ion flux as x approaches 0.75, which leads to a marginal volume increase of ~25 percent. This could lead to the use of crystalline silicon, c-Si, as an anode material that has been demonstrated in many previous research works to be ten times greater charge capacity than carbon base anode material for lithium ion batteries.
Diganta Dutta, Roman Schmidt, Samodha C. Fernando, Indrani Ghosh Dastider
World Journal of Nano Science and Engineering, Volume 9, pp 1-14; doi:10.4236/wjnse.2019.91001

Abstract:Atomic force microscopy (AFM) is a device that is used for not only high-resolution imaging but also used for measuring forces. It is possible to quantify the surface density change for both colloid and nano probe as well as silica surface. By changing the quantity of ions within a potassium chloride solution, it then becomes possible to evaluate the quantity of ions that attach themselves to AFM colloid probe, nano probe and silica samples. In this study, the force was measured between AFM probes and silica surface in different ionic concentrations. Two different types of AFM probe were used: a colloid probe with a radius of 500 nano-meters and a nano probe with a radius of 10 nano-meters. This study is focused on measuring how the force magnitude, especially electrical double layer force, varied between the two types of probes by changing ionic concentrations. For all test trials, the results agreed with the electrical double layer theory. Although the micron probe was almost an exact match for all ranges, the nano probe was closest within its short-range forces. This is attributed to the formula use when analyzing the electrical double layer force. Because the formula was originally calculated for the micron probe, the shape and size of the nano probe created too many variables for an exact match. Along with quantifying the forces, this experiment allowed for an observation of Van der Waals force making it possible to calculate the Hamaker constant. Conclusively, all results show that the obtained surface charge density increases as the ionic concentration increases. In addition, through the comparison of the results obtained from the nano-sized probe and the micron-sized probe, it was concluded that nano size probe mapped higher surface charge density above the silica surface than the micron-sized probe under the same conditions.
Mohammad E. Khosroshahi, Maryam Tajabadi
World Journal of Nano Science and Engineering, Volume 8, pp 39-55; doi:10.4236/wjnse.2018.83003

Eppakayala Janardhan, Mettu Maheshwar Reddy, Pendyala Venkat Reddy, Madireddy Jaipal Reddy
World Journal of Nano Science and Engineering, Volume 8, pp 33-37; doi:10.4236/wjnse.2018.82002

Jyoti Prakash Pani, Royana Singh, Sanjay Singh
World Journal of Nano Science and Engineering, Volume 8, pp 1-31; doi:10.4236/wjnse.2018.81001

Abstract:Characterization is absolutely necessary and is a must in order to understand and estimate different silver nanoparticle (nm) size in specific group wise manner which corresponds to group wise in number & sizes, and their importance and effect on biological tissue and organs with agglomeration for nano toxicological studies in environments, the acute toxicity of colloidal silver nano particles (AgNps) were studied in fresh dissected tissues of Swiss Albino mice and their fetuses. In this manuscript, an attempt is made to demonstrate the synthesis and characterization of silver nano particles with a wide range of sizes (from 2.75 nm up to 1908.2 nm in radius) by reducing silver nitrate powder with polyvinyl pyrollidone in aqueous solutions in the presence of a sodium borohydride stabilizer. The resulting particles were found spherical aggregates with a rough surface and poly dispersity index below 18.26% (>0.783 PDI). The particle optical, cumulative, diluents and electrical conductivity properties were examined by dynamic light scattering and zeta potential but morphology was evaluated after examination by transmission electron microscopy & image-j. Silver nanoparticles were directly coated with polyvinyl pyrollidone with a sodium borohydride stabilizer. Optical properties on a single-particle level were studied by means of auto correlation function measurements. The effective poly dispersity index of the charged silver nanoparticles was low enough to form a colloidal crystal at low ionic strength. Colloidal form is found more toxic than suspended particles in 1.5 molar sodium chloride solution; this shows increase of silver nanoparticles size due to agglomeration, will reduce the toxicity but increase teratogenicity.
Sevda Hasan Abdullayeva, Teymur Yashar Orujov, Nahida Nazim Musayeva, Rasim Baba Jabbarov
World Journal of Nano Science and Engineering, Volume 7, pp 17-24; doi:10.4236/wjnse.2017.72002

Abstract:Increasing light extraction efficiency is an important task when it comes to manufacturing a powerful white light emitting diode with high luminous flux per watt. In this paper the fabrication of a pyramid-shaped 3-dimensional phosphor coating is reported. It is represented by a phosphor cover, shaped into an array of pyramid like formations. It is proposed that such a structure can improve the light extraction efficiency and the color distribution characteristics of any phosphor-converted white LED. The luminous flux and luminous efficacy are being studied as a function of the forward current across the die. It was found out that with this kind of technique it was possible to achieve an 8% - 14% increase in the efficacy of the pc-LED. This increase of light output power is being attributed to the reduction of the phenomena of total internal reflection (TIR) inside the packaging module.
S. K. Dora
World Journal of Nano Science and Engineering, Volume 7, pp 1-15; doi:10.4236/wjnse.2017.71001

Abstract:Real-time atomic force microscopy (AFM) imaging revealed for the first time, the detailed growth/dissolution mechanism of Lauryl glycol (LG) or 1, 2 dodecanediol molecules on HOPG at the nano-level after recrystallizing them from chloroform solution. At the early stage of recrystallization, parallelogram-like-structures having lengths of several microns and distinct widths (between ~ 100 - 400 nm) were observed. Growth/dissolution behavior of these parallelogram-like-structures as a function of time was investigated. While dissolution occurred along all three dimensions, growth was found to be strictly two dimensional. Both the growth and dissolution process were found to be logarithmic in nature. The average growth rates along their length and width were found to be 11 nm/min and 1.5 nm/min respectively. Average dissolution rate in percentage on HOPG surface was found to be ~ 0.078%/min. Based upon the recrystallization of LG molecules schematics are drawn for a better understanding of the recrystallization process.
Eirini Chainoglou, Varvara Karagkiozaki, Theodora Choli-Papadopoulou, Charisios Mavromanolis, Argiris Laskarakis, Stergios Logothetidis
World Journal of Nano Science and Engineering, Volume 6, pp 129-152; doi:10.4236/wjnse.2016.64013

T. Anitha Sironmani
World Journal of Nano Science and Engineering, Volume 6, pp 90-110; doi:10.4236/wjnse.2016.62010

Abstract:Nanotechnology has shown significant promise in development of drugs and drug delivery systems that can overcome all limitations and address urgent needs to improve efficacy of diagnosis and therapy of various diseases including cancer. The functionalization with neem compounds as synthesis and capping agent had shown very high anticancer activities against Gastric cancer cells in vitro. The biochemical factors like albumin, glucose, and DNA concentrations were modulated along with Protease inhibitor and Catalase activates, the various cancer specific proteins like p53, GRD 70 - 78 kDa and other proteins of sizes 35 - 40 kDa corresponding to H+K+ATPase protein etc. The apoptic activity and antiproliferative activity were demonstrated with Gastric cancer cells in vitro.