SEHATI: Jurnal Kesehatan
ISSN / EISSN : 2775-6955 / 2775-6963
Published by: Pelantar Press (10.52364)
Total articles ≅ 10
Latest articles in this journal
SEHATI: Jurnal Kesehatan, Volume 1, pp 47-56; https://doi.org/10.52364/sehati.v1i2.6
Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) is one of the protection measures aimed at all potentials that can cause danger, so that workers and other people in the workplace are always safe and healthy and all production sources can be used safely and efficiently. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between physical work environment (lighting, temperature, noise and humidity) and non-physical (knowledge of workers, behavior based safety, availability of tools and company regulations) to occupational safety and health (OSH) measures and to determine the most important factors. dominant in the physical work environment and non-physical work environment to the Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) action at PT. Mitra Bumi. This research was conducted at PT. Mitra Bumi in January-March 2020. This type of research is a quantitative study with a cross sectional study approach. The results showed that there is a relationship between the physical work environment (lighting, temperature, noise and humidity) to the Occupational Health and Safety (OSH) measures at PT. Mitra Bumi. There is no relationship between the non-physical work environment (workers' knowledge, behavior based safety, availability of company tools and regulations) to Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) actions at PT. Mitra Bumi. The most dominant factor on the action of Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) at PT. Mitra Bumi is a physical work environment, namely lighting and noise.
SEHATI: Jurnal Kesehatan, Volume 1, pp 73-82; https://doi.org/10.52364/sehati.v1i2.8
Skin disease can also be caused by poor personal hygiene behavior factors. The Anshor Al-Sunah Islamic boarding school in Kampar Regency is one of the Islamic boarding schools in Kampar Regency, and skin disease is a common health problem and is a major problem in the Anshor Al-Sunah Islamic boarding school in Kampar Regency. The incidence of skin disease in students in 2017 was recorded at 67 cases recorded at the UKS boarding school Anshor Al-Sunah, Kampar Regency, while in 2018 it increased to 86 cases. The research objective was to determine the effect of environmental sanitation on the incidence of skin disease among female students at the Anshor Al-Sunah Islamic Boarding School, Kampar Regency. This type of observational analytic quantitative research using a survey analysis research design approach. Survey analysis. The research was conducted at the Anshor Al-Sunah Islamic boarding school, Kampar Regency, Riau Province and from March to June 2020. Data collection tools used questionnaire sheets and observation sheets. The population was all students in the Anshor Al-Sunah Islamic boarding school, with a sample of 64 people, using proportional random sampling technique. Univariate, bivariate and multivariate analysis. The results of this study were ecological factors, personal hygiene factors that influenced the incidence of skin disease among students. It is hoped that pesantren managers will improve facilities and infrastructure in accordance with health standards to prevent skin disease transmission.
SEHATI: Jurnal Kesehatan, Volume 1, pp 57-62; https://doi.org/10.52364/sehati.v1i2.9
Dengue hemorrhagic fever is an infection caused by the dengue virus, the dengue virus is transmitted through the bite of the Aedes aegypti mosquito. The incidence of dengue hemorrhagic fever is influenced by various factors such as environmental sanitation, economy and behavior. This study aims to determine the effect of environmental sanitation and family behavior on the incidence of dengue hemorrhagic fever in Benai District, Kuantan Singingi Regency. This type of research is quantitative with cross sectional design. Data analysis used univariate, bivariate with chi square test and multivariate using binary logistic regression model parameter testing. The results showed that the variables of environmental sanitation and behavior in Benai District, Kuantan Singingi Regency were not optimal so that they were at risk of experiencing dengue fever. Environmental sanitation and behavior variables simultaneously and significantly influence the incidence of dengue hemorrhagic fever in Benai District, Kuantan Singingi Regency. This is related to the large amount of waste that is not properly managed around residents' homes and there are also clean water storage places that are not closed, this condition is due to the lack of public knowledge about the importance of maintaining environmental cleanliness and how to do 3M. Besides that, the attitude of the people who do not care about it also illustrates that the behavior of the people in the area is still lacking.
SEHATI: Jurnal Kesehatan, Volume 1, pp 63-72; https://doi.org/10.52364/sehati.v1i2.7
This study aims to analyze the influence of physical environmental factors (clean water facilities, latrine conditions, SPAL conditions, type of house floor, household waste management), economic factors (family income) and social environmental factors (nail hygiene, use of footwear, washing habits hands with soap, bowel habits) against helminthiasis in elementary school students in Seberang Tembilahan Village, Indragiri Hilir Regency. The research location was conducted in Seberang Tembilahan Sub-District, Indragiri Hilir Regency in January to February 2020. The study used a survey method. The analytical method used is univariate analysis, bivariate analysis with Chi Square (Fisher) and multivariate analysis with logistic regression. The results of the study of 72 elementary school students in 4 elementary schools who were examined by laboratory feces, found positive results of worm infestation of 23.61% or 17 students. The final results of the model test showed that although the clean water facilities and toilet conditions were not significant, the two variables influenced each other, it was possible that there was an interaction between the two variables in influencing the incidence of helminthiasis in elementary school students.The variable that most affected the incidence of helminthiasis in elementary school students was the latrine condition with adjusted OR of 4.01 so that respondents whose conditions did not meet the requirements were 4.01 times more likely to experience helminthiasis compared to conditions that were eligible after being controlled by other variables. Simultaneously the two variables (clean water facilities and latrine conditions) can explain the variation of helminthiasis in elementary students by 9.9%.
SEHATI: Jurnal Kesehatan, Volume 1, pp 39-46; https://doi.org/10.52364/sehati.v1i2.10
Infant and toddler mortality rates due to diseases that can be prevented by immunization still show quite high rates. Basic immunization serves to protect and reduce the risk of morbidity and mortality from diseases that can be prevented by immunization. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that influence mothers in providing routine routine immunizations in the work area of Inuman Health Center. This type of research is observational analytic with the "cross sectional" approach. The population in this study is mothers who have under two years (under two years) with a sample of 176 people with a sampling technique is purposive sampling. Data were analyzed by Univariate and Bivariate with Chi Square Test. Statistical test results found that there is a significant relationship between knowledge factors (p value: 0,000 α 0.05), education (p value: 0.018 α 0.05), employment (p value: 0,000 α 0.05), attitude (p value: 0,000 α 0.05), income (p value: 0,000 α 0.05), family support (p value: 0,000 α 0.05) and affordability to the posyandu service center (p value: 0,000 α 0.05) towards the provision of complete routine immunizations in the Inuman Community Health Center Work Area. It is recommended that the results of this study be considered by Inuman Health Center to conduct health promotion in the form of education about the importance of immunization for mothers who have babies and their families
SEHATI: Jurnal Kesehatan, Volume 1, pp 33-38; https://doi.org/10.52364/sehati.v1i1.1
Gold processing by amalgamation produces gold amalgam and waste mercury. Poor mercury waste management can pollute the environment. Ilegal gold miners are often found in West Sumatra. In the process of gold processing always use Hg for the purification of the gold. This study aims to determine the level of mercury (Hg) in the gold miner's urine and see the long-working relationship. Mercury (Hg) is a heavy metal grouped into groups having high toxicity levels. The use of mercury (Hg) in the gold processing process can cause negative impact. Determination of mercury (Hg) with Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (SSA) method. The population of this research is gold miner worker in Nagari Koto Tuo Sijunjung as many as 3 people and also as sample. The instrument used in this research is a questionnaire and testing of urine specimen dilaboratorium with wet destruction method in research in.i Factors studied are the characteristics of r0espondents including age, and length of work. Sampling was done as much as 20 ml of urine. Urine sample examination was done at Laboratory by using Wet Destruction method. The result of mercury (Hg) examination in gold miner's urine was obtained by an average of 15.8 μg / l Mercury (Hg) in urine with a threshold of 4 μg / l. The benefit of this research is to provide an overview of the level of toxicity that occurs due to gold mining in illegal gold miners in Nagari Koto Tuo Sijunjung, West Sumatra.
SEHATI: Jurnal Kesehatan, Volume 1, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.52364/sehati.v1i1.5
Human resources play an important role for the success of an organization or company, because humans are living assets that need special attention by the company. The fact that humans as a major asset in an organization or company must get serious attention and be managed as well as possible. In managing human resources, management is needed to be able to manage resources systematically, planned and efficiently. Of the many companies that move at high levels of potential hazards, one of them is the Oil and Gas Mining sector and in this sector work accidents often occur. In general, accidents are always interpreted as "unexpected events". Actually, every work accident can be predicted or suspected from the beginning if the actions and conditions do not meet the requirements. Statistics reveal that 80% of accidents are caused by unsafe acts, and only 20% by unsafe conditions (Silalahi, 1991). Several studies in Indonesia have been carried out to analyze Occupational Safety and Health (K3) on other elements in the company, including in the oil, gas and geothermal sectors, but the results are not always significant. PT. Chevron Pacific Indonesia (PT. CPI) is one of the largest oil, gas and geothermal energy companies in Indonesia. Many sections or departments in CPI are high-risk, one of which is the Minas Gas Turbine (MGT) found in the PGT department. The problems that exist are how a Safe Work Culture, Worker Competence, Work Safety Procedures and Regulations, Management Commitment (Economy) and Work Environment affect the Work Safety of Employees in the Minas Gas Turbine section of PT. Chevron Pacific Indonesia, Minas. By definition a turbine is a rotating machine that takes energy from the fluid flow. Simple turbines have one moving part, "rotor-blade assembly". One of the functions of the Minas Gas Turbine (MGT) is currently for power plants and gas producers whose uses are for production areas, offices, housing and buildings that are located around the production area. PT. Chevron Pacific Indonesia and has a 115KV voltage electricity network that is spread for transmission lines from one area to another. This is very influential on the safety track record of workers who become operational support as a whole. By examining some of the components that exist as research variables, it can be concluded that a Safe Work Culture, Worker Competence and Work Environment really needs special attention by the Project Management Team (PMT) in the Minas Gas Turbine section around 27.7-31.3% While Work Safety Procedures and Regulations are a very strong variable influence on Employee Safety that is equal to 89.5%. And there is a strong influence between Management Commitment (Economy) on Employee Safety, which is 47.6%.
SEHATI: Jurnal Kesehatan, Volume 1, pp 22-32; https://doi.org/10.52364/sehati.v1i1.2
In hospital health care facilities, sanitation problems are the most important thing, the existence of problems such as clean water, sewage systems, conditions of garbage bins, sewerage systems and sanitation of building spaces cause discomfort for patients being treated. The inpatient room is part of the inpatient installation and is the most important part of the hospital. Therefore, this study aims to determine the effect of sanitation on the satisfaction level of inpatients at the General Hospital of Kuantan Singingi Regency. This research is a quantitative study using the spearmank rank analysis method. The research subjects were patients or their families who were waiting for the patient in the ward. The sample in this study amounted to 70 respondents, with the sampling technique incidental sampling. The analysis was carried out by using the Chi-Square test, the results showed that there was an influence between clean water sources, the P value = 16,556, the sewage system (X2), the P value = 16,170, the trash bin condition (X3), the P value = 16,640 variables. condition of sewerage (X4) obtained P value = 12,685 and sanitation of building space (X5) obtained P value = 17,637 level of patient satisfaction at the General Hospital of Kuantan Singingi Regency. The results concluded that there is an influence between all independent variables (sanitation) and the dependent variable (satisfaction). Based on the results of research on inpatient respondents at the Kuantan Singingi Hospital, namely the patient was satisfied and comfortable with the services provided. The satisfaction of these patients can improve the image and quality of the Kuantan Singingi Hospital to be good among the public and the government in Kuantan Singingi Regency.
SEHATI: Jurnal Kesehatan, Volume 1, pp 16-21; https://doi.org/10.52364/sehati.v1i1.3
Control of use of chemical insecticides is one way to reduce the vector borne disease dengue hemmorrhagic fever (DHF)which are caused by the mosquito Aedes aegypti. This study aims to determine the susceptibility status of Aedes aegypti to cypermethrin insecticide, the differences susceptibility status in the Duku River Port and Sultan Syarif Kasim Airport Pekanbaru.This study was an descriptif study with cross-sectional design. Egg and Larva Aedes aegypti mosquito sample collected from ovitrap and larva-place from Duku River Port area and Sultan Syarif Kasim II Airport. Test of susceptibility to cypermethrin 0.05 % was done using impregnated paper refers to the WHO method, T independent test to considaret susceptibility status different both area.The result showed that Ae. aegypti in Duku River Port area and Sultan Syarif Kasim II airport areas have been toleran cypermethrin 0.05%.There is no difference in the susceptibility of cypermethrin 0,05% to the population of Aedes aegypti in Duku River Port and Sultan Syarif Kasim II Airport.
SEHATI: Jurnal Kesehatan, Volume 1, pp 6-15; https://doi.org/10.52364/sehati.v1i1.4
Pulmonary tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis which mostly attacks the lungs and can also attack other organs. Tuberculosis is transmitted by smear positive tuberculosis patients, Tuberculosis germs are transmitted through the air when the patient coughs and sneezes so that the germs spread in the air in the form of droplets (sputum sparks), so people can become infected if they inhale the droplet into the respiratory tract (Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia, 2014 ). According to Achmadi (2010) risk factors for tuberculosis transmission are environmental and behavioral factors. Environmental factors include ventilation, occupancy density, temperature, lighting and humidity. Whereas behavioral factors include smoking, spitting or sputum in any place, coughing or sneezing not closing the mouth and habit of not opening the window. Based on the results of a survey in Indonesia by the Directorate General of Communicable Disease Eradication and Environmental Health (2011), the high incidence of pulmonary TB is caused by a lack of knowledge. Knowledge of tuberculosis sufferers will affect the attitude and behavior such as throwing up spit or sputum that can be carelessly a source of transmission for people around him. Prabu in Fitriani (2013) explained that family heads who have an income below the regional minimum wage (UMR) will consume foods with nutrient levels that are not in accordance with the needs of each family member so that they have an nutritional status that is lacking and will make it easier to contract infectious diseases including Lung TB. According to WHO the number of cases of tuberculosis is ranked above HIV / AIDS. In 2016 there were an estimated 10.4 million new cases of tuberculosis or 142 cases / 100,000 population, 60% of new cases occurred in 6 (six) countries namely India, Indonesia, China, Nigeria, Pakistan and South Africa, and Indonesia ranked second (WHO Global Tuberculosis Report, 2017). Based on data on Indonesia's health profile in 2018 the number of tuberculosis cases in Indonesia in 2017 was 420,994 cases and increased in 2018 to reach 511,873 cases (Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia, 2018). The number of pulmonary tuberculosis in Riau Province in 2018 is 11,135 cases (Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia, 2018). Based on data on the health profile of Kampar Regency in 2017, tuberculosis is an environmentally-based direct infectious disease that ranks second with a total of 1,071 cases after diarrheal disease with a total of 1,076 cases. The number of positive AFB cases in 2017 in Kampar District reached 1071 cases, with the highest number of sufferers found in Tambang District, 78 cases. In 2018 the number of TB cases was 1079 cases, with the highest cases also occurring at the Tambang Health Center with a total of 67 cases and 43 new cases, followed by the Siak Hulu I Health Center with a total of 57 cases (Dinkes District Health Office, 2018). Based on this, this study aims to analyze and the risk of the relationship between the physical, social and economic environment with the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis in Tambang District, Kampar Regency.