International Journal of Robotics and Control Systems

Journal Information
EISSN : 2775-2658
Current Publisher: ASCEE Publications (10.31763)
Total articles ≅ 12
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International Journal of Robotics and Control Systems, Volume 1, pp 102-115; doi:10.31763/ijrcs.v1i2.306

Abstract:
This work investigates a fuzzy direct adaptive fuzzy fault-tolerant Control (FFTC) for a class of perturbed single input single output (SISO) uncertain nonlinear systems. The designed controller consists of two sub-controllers. One is an adaptive unit, and the other is a robust unit, whereas the adaptive unit is devoted to getting rid of the dynamic uncertainties along with the actuator faults, while the second one is developed to deal with fuzzy approximation errors and exogenous disturbances. It is proved that the proposed approach ensures a good tracking performance against faults occurring, uncertainties, and exogenous disturbances, and the stability study of the closed-loop is proved regarding the Lyapunov direct method in order to prove that all signals remain bounded. Simulation results are presented to illustrate the accuracy of the proposed technique.
International Journal of Robotics and Control Systems, Volume 1, pp 116-130; doi:10.31763/ijrcs.v1i2.311

Abstract:
This paper is looking to show to use of system data collected from wide-area monitoring systems (WAMS). They allow monitoring of the dynamics of power systems. Among the WAMS applications, there is the modal identification algorithm, which identifies critical oscillatory modes from PMU measurements. This application permits using data processors for estimating of frequency, damping, and amplitude of dominant mode oscillations observable in a specific electric signal (e.g., active power, frequency) recorded for the analyzed period. However, since modal identification of real-time measurements is based on an online optimization, the results usually have considerable fluctuations. Thus, it is essential to consider the complementary implementation of trend analysis for acquiring convenient early-warning indicators of oscillatory problems. This consideration allows avoiding erroneous information of the systems oscillatory behavior of the system real-time that modal identification of crude results could deliver. In this paper, the application of a l1 filter for determining the trend analysis of high-dimensional data set resulted from a commercial modal identification is explored. The algorithm is applied to an oscillatory event registered by the WAMS of the Ecuadorian National Interconnected System with promising results.
International Journal of Robotics and Control Systems, Volume 1, pp 131-144; doi:10.31763/ijrcs.v1i2.329

Abstract:
This paper presents the design of the LQR (Linear Quadratic Regulator) and SDRE (State-Dependent Riccati Equation) controllers for the flight control of the F-8 Crusader aircraft considering the nonlinear model of longitudinal movement of the aircraft. Numerical results and analysis demonstrate that the designed controllers can lead to significant improvements in the aircraft's performance, ensuring stability in a large range of attack angle situations. When applied in flight conditions with an angle of attack above the stall situation and influenced by the gust model, it was demonstrated that the LQR and SDRE controllers were able to smooth the flight response maintaining conditions in balance for an angle of attack up to 56% above stall angle. However, for even more difficult situations, with angles of attack up to 76% above the stall angle, only the SDRE controller proved to be efficient and reliable in recovering the aircraft to its stable flight configuration.
, , Karla Refugio Ramos-Téllez
International Journal of Robotics and Control Systems, Volume 1, pp 145-158; doi:10.31763/ijrcs.v1i2.344

Abstract:
There exist processes difficult to control because of the lack of inline sensors, as occurs in biotechnology engineering. Commonly the sensor is expensive, damaged, or even they do not exist. It is important to build an observer to have an approximation of the process output to have a closed-loop control. The biotechnological processes are nonlinear, thus in this work is proposed a fuzzy observer to endure nonlinearities. To improve the results reported in the literature, type-2 fuzzy logic was used to justify the membership functions used. The observer's gains were computed via LMIs to guarantee the observer's stability. To facilitate the fuzzy inference computation, interval type-2 fuzzy sets were implemented. The results obtained with the interval type-2 fuzzy observer were compared with a similar technique that uses a fuzzy sliding mode observer; this new approach gives better results obtaining an error 60% lower than the obtained with the other technique. They were designed three observers that work ensemble via a fuzzy relation. The best approximation was to estimate the intermediate concentration. It is important to know this variable because this sub-product was also toxic. It was concluding that by using the oxygen concentration and the liquid volume inside the reactor, the other concentrations were estimated. Finally, this result helps to design a fuzzy controller by using the estimated state. Using this approach, the estimation errors for the phenol and biomass concentrations were 49.26% and 21.27% lower than by using sliding modes.
International Journal of Robotics and Control Systems, Volume 1, pp 1-14; doi:10.31763/ijrcs.v1i1.206

Abstract:
Indonesian Abu Robot Contest (KRAI) in 2018 with the theme "Throwing a Blessing Ball". The main purpose of this robot is to be able to navigate automatically in an area that is bordered by walls to complete the mission. The main problem with the robot is the navigation system. The application of PID control in the wall following system has been able to make robot movements smooth, responsive, and fast. In this study, PID control aims to smooth the movement of the robot while walking along the wall in the race arena. The PID parameter is obtained from the results of tuning with the trial and error method, the values of KP = 3, KI = 0, and KD = 5. At the PWM 150 set point the value of the ultrasonic sensor distance reading to the object in the form of a wall with an average error of 4.4. cm. At the PWM 200 set point the value of the ultrasonic sensor distance reading to the object in the form of a wall with an average error of 0.4 cm. At the PWM 250 set point the value of the ultrasonic sensor distance reading to the object in the form of a wall with an average error of 0.8 cm. This error does not have an effect on the performance of the wall following system, because the system only uses the distance value reading data with a decimal value in front of the comma. So it can be concluded that the wall following system which is designed using ultrasonic sensors with measurement error that occurs is zero.
International Journal of Robotics and Control Systems, Volume 1, pp 15-26; doi:10.31763/ijrcs.v1i1.221

Abstract:
Dieng area is a mountainous area, dieng has land with high fertility levels so that they are increasingly high in the agricultural sector, especially potatoes. During the time, the technology for sorting potato seeds was still manual with humans, so it was less effective. The conveyor here is very useful as this device which will later work with loadcell as a weigher, and this device will be driven using a dc motor then the speed stabilization uses the PID algorithm with trial and error methods and this tool is supported using ultrasonic sensors and two servo sorting. This device works with 1 cycle, namely with 1 command with a value of KP 55, KI 20 and KD 0.001. The conveyor movement is quite stable with an average error value of 0.276 load cell with a standard deviation of 0.211877 with an achievement level of 80%.
International Journal of Robotics and Control Systems, Volume 1, pp 54-65; doi:10.31763/ijrcs.v1i1.247

Abstract:
In this study implementing odometry using RVIZ on a quadcopter flying robot that uses the Pixhawk Cube firmware version 3.6.8 as the sub-controller. Then the Lenovo G400 laptop as the main-controller as well as the Ground Control Station using the ubuntu 16.04 Linux operating system. The ROS platform uses the Kinetic and MAVROS versions as a quadcopter platform package using MAVlink communication with the telemetry module. The odometry system was tested using Rviz as navigation for Quadcopter movements in carrying out movements that follow movement patterns in certain shapes and perform basic robot movements. Data were collected using a standard measuring instrument inclinometer as a measurement of the slope of the robot and visualization RVIZ as a visual display of the odometric robot. The results of the research obtained are that the flying robot can maneuver according to the shape on the RVIZ according to the movements carried out directly at the airport, as well as the effect of the roll angle on the quadcopter (negative left roll, positive right) and the pitch angle on the quadcopter (negative forward pitch, the pitch returns positive).
International Journal of Robotics and Control Systems, Volume 1, pp 75-83; doi:10.31763/ijrcs.v1i1.285

Abstract:
The navigation of a humanoid robot is essential because it is the basic requirement of any assigned task. Singly used motion planning techniques may take a long path to reach the target and increase the computational cost. Therefore, in this article, a hybrid controller is employed in the humanoid NAO for motion planning assignment. The Eagle strategy (ES) with Ant colony optimization (ACO) is introduced in this article for evaluating precise steering angles for humanoid robots as they traverse a route from a reference point to a target point. This enables the robot to achieve its specific target more quickly by avoiding barriers and obtaining the minimal global direction. The hybridized ES-ACO approach is critical in determining precise steering angles to escape obstacles. The details of terrain are obtained using vision and ultrasonic sensors, which also include the barriers ranges to the ES as an input variable. The ES's input parameters are the barrier ranges from the NAO in front, left, and right directions, and the technique's output variable is the precise steering angle. The designed controller is tested in both a simulation and an experimental setting with a variety of obstacles. The outcomes of both simulation and experimental conditions are compared, and a strong correlation is identified in those with the fewest deviations.
International Journal of Robotics and Control Systems, Volume 1, pp 27-40; doi:10.31763/ijrcs.v1i1.225

Abstract:
The ability to walk straight on a dance robot is very important considering that in competitions, dance robots are required to be able to walk through several zones starting from the starting zone and ending with the closed zone. Therefore, a control system is needed in the Lanange Jagad dance robot so that the robot can control the direction of its walking motion and reduce errors in dance motion while walking on the dance robot. This control system uses a reading value based on the orientation of the rotating motion on the yaw angle axis on the MPU6050 gyroscope sensor which will later be used as a corrector for dance robots when performing various dance movements while walking in the competition arena. From the results of the overall test of the Lanange Jagad dance robot after adding the road direction control system, the percentage of the success rate in the battery power supply condition is 12 volts to 12.6 volts by 100% with the greater the battery power supply, the error in the robot's final angle average to The starting angle of the robot is getting smaller and the percentage of the success rate at the slope of the 0o to 4o race arena is 93.3%. With the tilted race arena, the error in the mean error of the robot's final angle to the starting angle of the robot is also greater, so it can be concluded that the robot can be controlled direction of walking and can walk straight to the finish in the closed zone.
International Journal of Robotics and Control Systems, Volume 1, pp 84-89; doi:10.31763/ijrcs.v1i1.296

Abstract:
In this study, modeling and LQR control of a reaction wheel inverted pendulum system is described. The reaction wheel inverted pendulum model is created by using a 3D CAD platform and exported to Simscape Multibody. The multibody model is linearized to derive a state-space representation. A LQR (Linear-quadratic regulator) controller is designed and applied for balance control of the pendulum. The results show that deriving a state-space representation from multibody is an easy and effective way to model dynamic systems and balance control of the reaction wheel inverted pendulum is successfully achieved by LQR controller. Results are given in the form of graphics.
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