#### Indian Journal of Advanced Physics

Journal Information

EISSN
:
2582-8983

Published by: Lattice Science Publication (LSP)
(10.54105)

Total articles ≅ 9

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#### Articles in this journal

Published: 30 April 2022

Journal: Indian Journal of Advanced Physics

Indian Journal of Advanced Physics, Volume 1, pp 14-16; https://doi.org/10.54105/ijap.c1020.041322

**Abstract:**

The objective of the work is to reveal the Association of special theory of relativity with De-Broglie wavelength of a particle. It shows that wave nature of a particle is always associated with it's relativistic properties. The phenomena of interference, diffraction and polarization of light can only be explained on the basis of wave theory of light. These phenomena show that light possesses wave nature. However, certain phenomena like photoelectric effect, Compton effect and discrete emission and absorption of radiation can only be explained on the basis of quantum theory. According to this theory , light propagates in a small packets or quanta and behave like corpuscles or particle. This shows that light possesses particle nature. thus, we can say that light possesses dual nature. The matter also possesses the same dual nature. In order to have wave nature, the particle must satisfy the equation Where m denotes the mass of particle when it is moving with certain velocity. h=6.62x10-34is the plank's constant. C is the velocity of light in free space. This shows that wavelength of a material Particle depends on mass. When mathematical operation is done on above equation, it give complete quantitative properties about the wave nature of a particle.

Published: 30 April 2022

Journal: Indian Journal of Advanced Physics

Indian Journal of Advanced Physics, Volume 1, pp 17-25; https://doi.org/10.54105/ijap.c1021.041322

**Abstract:**

This research is about the special theory of relativity on electric permittivity and magnetic permeability of electromagnetic wave. For this, Four Maxwell's electromagnetic equations play an important role. James Clerk Maxwell suggested that the light travel as electromagnetic wave which require no material medium for propagation. The speed of light (C) in free space is always constant and is independent of the speed of source or observer or the relative motion of the inertial system and has velocity 'C' given by . So velocity of electromagnetic waves depend on obsolute magnetic permeability and obsolute electric permittivity of free space. These two physical quantities rely on relative motion of inertial system. So are not obsolute quantity but are dependent upon the relative motion between the observer and the phenomenon observed. Electric and magnetic field of a charge rely upon the value of obsolute electric permittivity of medium. Concisely, are variant quantity. Consequently electric and magnetic field get relative for electromagnetic wave. That is electric and magnetic field depend on relative motion of inertial system for electromagnetic waves.

Published: 10 April 2022

Journal: Indian Journal of Advanced Physics

Indian Journal of Advanced Physics, Volume 2, pp 1-4; https://doi.org/10.54105/ijap.c1017.041322

**Abstract:**

The objective of the current research is to validate the microbiological quality of Emitron against MS2 phage, Corona virus, bacteria, yeast, and molds. Unimech healthcare designed PMEE based Emitron which is mostly used to reduce the microbial count and virus count in an area. To perform microbiological testing of the Emitron, environmental monitoring was performed for MS2 phage, Corona virus, bacteria, yeast, and molds before and after treatment by settle plate method. Petri plates of sterilized Phage agar, SCDA and PDA media were prepared and exposed for environment monitoring before and after treatment by settle plate method. The phage agar and SCDA plates were incubated at 37°C for 72 hours and PDA plates incubated at 25°C for 5 days. Total of 99% reduction was reported in microbiology lab with respect to the microorganisms after installing Emitron. We can conclude that the Unimech healthcare’s Emitron is virus attenuation device so one can use it to purify the air and kill the viruses, bacteria, fungi, and other microbes.

Published: 10 April 2022

Journal: Indian Journal of Advanced Physics

Indian Journal of Advanced Physics, Volume 1, pp 5-9; https://doi.org/10.54105/ijap.c1018.041322

**Abstract:**

The mass accretion of a raindrop in different layers of the atmosphere is not dealt with so far. A comprehensive brief study of the motion of raindrops through the atmosphere (i) without mass accretion, (ii) with mass accretion and (iii) finally pressure variation in the atmosphere with altitude using Bernoulli’s equation is illustrated. Acquirement of mass from moist air is mass accretion and mass accretion during the motion of raindrop through resistive medium holds an arbitrary power-law equation. Bernoulli’s equation when applied to it, the generalized first-order differential equation is reduced to a polynomial equation. Results show a single intersecting point of approximate terminal velocity 1 m/s and mass 10-06 mg as illustrated. Terminal velocity is achieved within 25 sec. There is the approximate exponential growth of terminal velocity. An increase in momentum is due to mass accretion during motion. Various conditions of no mass accretion and mass accretion show the same result while for atmospheric effect using Bernoulli’s equation the first-order differential equation reduces to a polynomial equation.

Published: 10 April 2022

Journal: Indian Journal of Advanced Physics

Indian Journal of Advanced Physics, Volume 1, pp 10-13; https://doi.org/10.54105/ijap.c1019.041322

**Abstract:**

Exploration of dynamics of raindrops is one of the simple yet most complicated mechanical problems. Mass accretion from moist air during the motion of raindrop through resistive medium holds an arbitrary power law equation. Its integral part is the change of shape, terminal motions and terminal solutions, etc. Classical Newtonian formalism is used to formulate a mathematical model of generalized first order differential equation. We have discussed about the terminal velocity of raindrop and its variation with the extensive use of python program and library. It is found that terminal velocity 𝐯𝐓𝐜𝛂𝛃 is achieved within 20 seconds where 𝛂=, 𝛃=(𝟎,𝟏) and 𝐧=𝟎,𝟏,𝟐,𝟑,𝟒,…. Its variations due to mass accretion roughly follows the earlier predicted range 𝐠/𝟕 to 𝐠/𝟑.

Published: 10 October 2021

Journal: Indian Journal of Advanced Physics

Indian Journal of Advanced Physics, Volume 1, pp 6-10; https://doi.org/10.54105/ijap.b1009.101221

**Abstract:**

Throughout most of human history, events and phenomena of interest have been characterized using space and time as their major characteristic dimensions, in either absolute or relative conceptualizations. Space–Time analysis seeks to understand when and where (and sometimes why) things occur. Ever since Einstein introduced this topic in his “General Theory of Relativity” (a remarkable feat) in 1915, many explanations, assumptions about Space-Time have been published. The authentic archives of Space-Time have helped us to predict and express the ongoing spatial phenomena of the Universe. The strangeness of Space-Time forces Young Researchers and Physicists to study upon the current predictions and theories, sink into the ocean of Space-Time mystery and come up with their own predictions. Besides Space-Time, the predictions about us being in a Simulation is a recent concept. Nick Bostrom’s trilemma “the Simulation argument”, published in 2003 led to the commencement of further oddly satisfying, real life evidence enriched, research papers. “Two possibilities exist: either we are alone in the Universe or we are not. Both are equally terrifying.”- by Andrew C Clarke. Throughout the paper, the Loaf Space-Time model and brief insights on other hypotheses about the structure of the mysterious space-time will be presented with insightful examples, authentic research outcomes, which will be linked with the Simulation Hypothesis.

Published: 10 October 2021

Journal: Indian Journal of Advanced Physics

Indian Journal of Advanced Physics, Volume 1, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.54105/ijap.b1003.101221

**Abstract:**

The mass density and energy density of visible photon is calculated as 10-8 Kgm-3 and 109jm3 respectively. Moreover it is also observed that mass density and energy density of photon depend upon photons mass, wavelength, volume and energy. This is clear from figure 1, figure 2 and literatures. Therefore the mass density and energy density of photon varies with masses of photon, wavelength, volume, etc.

Published: 10 April 2021

Journal: Indian Journal of Advanced Physics

Indian Journal of Advanced Physics, Volume 1, pp 1-3; https://doi.org/10.54105/ijap.b1002.041121

**Abstract:**

This research is about a common factor that causes an error in every experiment we perform in laboratories to find out the value of a certain physical quantity. That factor arises when we difference the theoretical value and the experimental value for the same experiment which most probably I have considered as an effect of “something” which is undiscovered till the date. In this paper, there’ll be the inclusion of procedures and observations regarding the birth of that common factor as well as discussion on what might be the cause of that factor from an experimental as well as a theoretical approach. This research paper might unify physics as there is the inclusion of a virtual photon which might have obstructed every experiments one performs. Not only a virtual photon, but it might be any elementary particles or a new elementary particle which hasn’t been discovered till the date. The tentative value of error which comes in the figure of charge of an electron that propelled me to think on virtual photon. By getting raw data of experiments and then differentiating it with respect to theoretical values, we get an error by a slightest of margin. On doing the same procedure for numerous experiments, an error which is multiple of charge of an electron was obtained. Thus, this error is what the research paper is all about. It explains what that error is, why there is an error, and how the error is identified in almost all experiments we perform in laboratories.

Published: 10 April 2021

Journal: Indian Journal of Advanced Physics

Indian Journal of Advanced Physics, Volume 1, pp 10-13; https://doi.org/10.54105/ijap.b1007.041121

**Abstract:**

The objective of this work is to show the presence of D medium and the presence of this medium to control the temperature of an electron inside or outside the atom. For this, some mathematical model developed in [1], work for temperature with velocity was developed and presence of D-Medium inside atom described [2]. On interconnecting temperature and D-Medium, the concept of D-medium generated and shows that D-medium surrounded the electron in all cases (free, inside an atom, or other), this medium controls the temperature of the electron. Hence temperature of an electron depends upon the D-medium either inside an atom or outside the atom. The penetration of a specific photon through this medium also increases the temperature of the electron because the electron is composed of sub-electronic particles [3].