Politica: Jurnal Hukum Tata Negara dan Politik Islam

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2477-2844 / 2615-5745
Published by: Institut Agama Islam Negeri Langsa (10.32505)
Total articles ≅ 41
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Muhammad Roni
Politica: Jurnal Hukum Tata Negara dan Politik Islam, Volume 9, pp 51-65; https://doi.org/10.32505/politica.v9i1.4128

Abstract:
Siyāsah dusturiyāh has so far not been revealed in detail. In the stage of world history, it can be seen that the good and bad of the country depends on the system of government. The Koran has expressly established the necessity of government.)” very interesting to study. Data analysis was carried out using thematic (Maudhu'ï). In the thematic method all the relevant verses are collected, then studied in more depth from various aspects related to them. In this method it is also supported by postulates or truths that can be scientifically and rationally accounted for. Based on the method used, the Koran explains that leadership in siyāsah dusturiyāh can be adapted to each age. Leadership in Islam is a fitrah for every human being as well as motivating islamic leadership. Man is mandated by Allah Almighty to become caliph to lead people in religion and the world, as well as to govern the people and maintain religion and politics. The system of government referred to in the Koran consists of five: namely Imamah, The People and Their Obligations, Bai'at, Ahl al-Hall Wa al-Aqd, and Wizarah.
Politica: Jurnal Hukum Tata Negara dan Politik Islam, Volume 9, pp 86-96; https://doi.org/10.32505/politica.v9i1.4268

Abstract:
It is undeniable that in the traditionalist group which is motivated by the belief that the time of the Apostle and the Companions was ideal, the term ideal is sometimes defined as the best of the best period. Behind the triumph of the Ottoman Turks in its leadership, there were various problems caused by expansion efforts. This paper reviews the dynamics that occurred during the Ottoman Turkish dynasty and the effects of its leadership style. This paper is a literature review by reviewing various writings and research, historical approach in this paper is used to theoretically describe historical construction during the Ottoman Turkish dynasty. This paper argues that the contribution of the ideal system of government cannot be separated from the role of the Abbasid government. The Ottoman and Abbasid dynasties were kingdoms that had put reforms in creating a government, economic, legal, and political system.
Muhammad Nasir & Ahlul Badri
Politica: Jurnal Hukum Tata Negara dan Politik Islam, Volume 9, pp 41-51; https://doi.org/10.32505/politica.v9i1.3924

Abstract:
Perkembangan zaman dewasa ini menyebabkan lahirnya berbagai macam fenomena dan persoalan-persoalan hukum baru yang menuntut adanya jawaban hukun terhadapnya. Karena apa yang telah diatur dalam hukum islam baik dalam nash maupun produk fiqh akan tetapi belum mengakomodir persoalan-persoalan kontemporer. Oleh karena itu Ijtihad kontemporer diperlukan sebagai jawaban dari dinamika pembaharuan hukum Islam yang berhubungan dengan perubahan, dan perkembangan kehidupan masyarakat modern. Oleh sebab itu diperlukan akselerasi pemikiran dalam bentuk ijtihad untuk menyelesaikan setiap masalah yang dihadapi, sehingga permasalahan apapun yang muncul dapat dikontekstualisasikan dengan baik dan tepat sasaran khususnya dalam bentuk legislasi. Berdasarkan amanah UU Nomor 11 tahun 2006 tentang Pemerintahan Aceh terlihat adanya peluang bagi pengembangan hukum islam dalam bentuk legislasi di Aceh untuk memenuhi keinginan masyarakat Aceh terhadap kebutuhan hukumnya sendiri. Tulisan ini akan memberikan gambaran mengenai peluang ijtihad dan pengembangan hukum islam di Aceh dalam bentuk legislasi.
Politica: Jurnal Hukum Tata Negara dan Politik Islam, Volume 9, pp 1-14; https://doi.org/10.32505/politica.v9i1.3967

Abstract:
Etika qurani adalah pemikiran pokok etika yang terdapat dalam al-Quran tentang kehidupan individu dan sosial kemasyarakatan. Al-Quran sebagai hukum dasar (konstitusi) dalam kehidupan dunia memuat dasar-dasar peraturan setiap manusia sampai akhir zaman. Quraish Shihab sebagai salah seorang ulama besar Indonesia telah memberi gambaran tentang etika ketatanegaraan yang berlandaskan al-Quran. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian kepustakaan (library research). Penulis menggunakan metode content analysis dalam penelitian ini dan metode interpretasi dengan menggunakan pendekatan sosio-historis. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dan pembahasan yang dilakukan, maka dapat disimpulkan setidaknya dua kesimpulan, Pertama, Quraish Shihab cenderung berpendapat bahwa politik dan ketatanegaraan (siyasah) berkaitan erat dengan demokrasi. Kedua, di dalam Islam terdapat sejumlah etika ketatanegaraan yang berlandaskan al-Quran diantaranya; etika kejujuran, etika amanah dan etika demokrasi.
Jun Mawalidin Jun
Politica: Jurnal Hukum Tata Negara dan Politik Islam, Volume 9, pp 66-85; https://doi.org/10.32505/politica.v9i1.3904

Abstract:
In this study, researchers conducted a study on nurcholish madjid thought known as Nurcholisisme which is said to be very critical of Islamic political parties in Indonesia. That in Nurcholish Madjid's thoughts about Islamic political parties according to him Islam is not an ideology that must exist in the form of a formal institution that is an Islamic party. Islam should be the basis or basis in determining ethical values in running a political party without having to make it in the form of a formal institution. It is an obligation and truth and regards modernization as an effort or process to achieve the truth that is put forward to encourage Muslims to direct their commitment to Islamic values, not to institutions that use the name Islam. In this researched work the author uses legal research normatively towards policy with conceptual approaches and rules. This research was conducted by looking at literature studies to see Nurcholish's thinking aimed at forming a good Islamic party for society. The Islamic party of his time said that they were the representation of the voice of God as the ticket to good. Keywords: Islamic Party, Nurcholish Madjid, Ideology, Politics.
Politica: Jurnal Hukum Tata Negara dan Politik Islam, Volume 9, pp 15-40; https://doi.org/10.32505/politica.v9i1.3873

Abstract:
The bombing in Bali on October 12, 2002, the bombing of the WTC in the US on September 11, 2011, and other bombings were international acts. The bombing incident that took place at the international level has opened the eyes of various parties to the dangers of attack. After that, the US and the West joined forces to fight the enemy. What is a problem that often occurs is the accusation of terrorism put forward by Muslims so that Islamic teachings are marginalized and blasphemed by the west. Islam has become a scourge and brings havoc, as a result of terror attacks that have been carried out by people of other religions against Muslims, especially in countries with Muslim minorities. At the same time, framing of Muslims who are attached to terrorism and radicalism is always echoed, from within Islam and from outside Islam though, both in various elements including in the political field. This article seeks to find an understanding of terrorism, which is often framed based on Islamic teachings, whereas actions do not only focus on religious sentiments but actions that come from many more complex aspects. Because if it is not immediately straightened out, the public perception of Islam and terrorism will become a source of disharmony within the religious community and also the state, plus the bad framing of Islam becomes public consumption that is still common to current political interests. Keywords: Islam, Terrorism, Framing, Politics
T. Surya Reza
Politica: Jurnal Hukum Tata Negara dan Politik Islam, Volume 8, pp 1-16; https://doi.org/10.32505/politica.v8i2.3540

Abstract:
Article 41 paragraph (2) of Law No. 2 of 2012 on Land Procurement for Development in the Public Interest states that, when granting Compensation of Parties Entitled to receive Mandatory Compensation, a. exercising the release of rights; and b. submit evidence of ownership or ownership of Land Procurement Objects to Agencies that require land through land institutions. In the court's ruling stated that the boundaries of the land should be mentioned and how much extent was waived and the rest how much, and the procedure of disengagement of the right there was preparation, planning, implementation and release, and the release of the land rights was always followed by compensation, because this is an unlawful act. The results of this study show that, the release of land rights by the government in the land registration process in the court's ruling states that if 6 (six) landowners relinquish the right, it must be 6 (six) people who relinquish their rights if only 2 (two) are invalid, then a new land is said to be state land after the release of his rights. Any release of land rights must have a reason there can't be no reason land is being released to the state. The procedure for the release of that right is there is preparation, planning, implementation and release, and the release of the land rights is always followed by compensation.
Nanda Herijal Putra
Politica: Jurnal Hukum Tata Negara dan Politik Islam, Volume 8, pp 17-24; https://doi.org/10.32505/politica.v8i2.3541

Abstract:
This study examines about public administration in an Islamic perspective, studies on the system of government of Umar Bin Khattab. The administrative system was not implemented before Nabi Muhammad SAW moved to Medina, after Nabi Muhammad SAW moved from Mecca to Medina, reading and writing activities began to be carried out among the Muslims and to build a government based on Islamic law. The development of the administration was increasingly rapid during the Caliphate of Umar bin Khattab. This research is a type of library research with a research approach using qualitative research methods. Literature research is research that uses data collection techniques by reviewing books, literature, notes and various reports related to the problem to be studied. Public administration as a discipline that is dynamic in accordance with the times. In line with the times, public administration has changed for the better in accordance with the demands of an increasingly complex era. In the western perspective, public administration has experienced developments starting from the old public administration paradigm, new public management, to the new public service. In an Islamic perspective, administration is known as al-idara. Administration in Islam refers to the Qur'an and its interpretations as well as hadiths and syarahs. The sources of interpretation provide an explanation of the signs of the Qur'an whose position exceeds the general rules relating to the order of people's lives. In the context of public services, excellent service is a must and obligation for both the government and the state civil apparatus. Public services are carried out based on Islamic teachings, namely the services provided must be good, honest, quality and trustworthy.
Orien Effendi
Politica: Jurnal Hukum Tata Negara dan Politik Islam, Volume 8, pp 57-67; https://doi.org/10.32505/politica.v8i2.3544

Abstract:
Euphoria of the Legislative Election, Presidential Election and Regional Head Election Simultaneously in Indonesia. Since the collapse of the New Order government in 1998, the enthusiasm of the Indonesian people in welcoming the atmosphere of the birth of the first democratic system by holding direct elections has been great. Through direct elections at that time began the election of the president and vice president elected by the people for the first time. The direct election by the people also applies to elections at the regional level which include the election of regional heads. Meanwhile, in the course of history, legislative elections have been held long before starting in 1955, so that it is recorded that legislative elections have been held 12 (twelve) times since they were held for the first time until their implementation in 2019. Along the way, the legislative, presidential and post-conflict local elections showed high enthusiasm in facing various challenges in each election period. So that the Indonesian people continue to learn from history and improve all deficiencies which then produce maturity in democracy. By reviewing the literature, this paper tries to review events related to the spirit or euphoria of the election.
Ryzka Dwi Kurnia
Politica: Jurnal Hukum Tata Negara dan Politik Islam, Volume 8, pp 25-41; https://doi.org/10.32505/politica.v8i2.3542

Abstract:
Fazlur Rahman is a thinker of Islamic neo-modernism who wants to actualize the teachings of Islam in a unified and solid framework, where one aspect and the other are interrelated. Through this approach, he wants the Qur'an to be understood in an integral and total way, so that things that are considered contradictory no longer exist. This effort is his obsession so that humans can capture the messages of the Qur'an holistically. Departing from his concern for the global problems facing Muslims, he offers a solution that is grounded in the differences between normative Islam and historical Islam. From this distinction, Fazlur Rahman conducted a comprehensive reconstruction of Islamic scholarship. The reconstruction he did refers to the original and definite Islam. For this reason, he suggested that the Qur'an as the main source of Islam needs to be interpreted as a whole and not to interpret it fragmentarism (paragraph verses), namely an interpretation that is able to understand the Qur'an as a whole, so that the theological, legal, political aspects and ethics in the teachings of the Qur'an into a unified whole. Fazlur Rahman argues that the purpose of the Qur'an is to establish an ethical and egalitarian society. So, Islamic society is formed because of Islamic ideology. The ideal condition of the Islamic social order is "which calls for good and prevents evil". This is in order to realize the implementation of politics based on Islamic ideology which cannot be separated from the Qur'an and Sunnah.
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