Journal of Contemporary Sociological Issues

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2723-3456 / 2775-2895
Published by: Nurseline Journal (10.19184)
Total articles ≅ 24
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Kayode Asaju
Published: 31 August 2022
Journal of Contemporary Sociological Issues, Volume 2, pp 173-189; https://doi.org/10.19184/csi.v2i2.27890

Abstract:
Development administration is primarily concerned with the various strategies to achieve accelerated national development, especially in developing countries. One major instrument for achieving national development objectives is the development plan. The development plan stipulates development goals and targets, various policies, programs and projects, and finances to achieve the objectives of national development. However, despite all these efforts in Nigeria, it seems the level of underdevelopment is still high considering the various obvious statistics and realities on the ground. The paper examines the efforts of the government at national planning over the years and the achievement made so far on SDGs. It identified the intricacies and dynamism involved over time in the achievement of SDGs and as well proffers solutions for better management. Secondary data was derived from books, journals, online publications, and government official reports in gathering information for the paper. Content ana lysis was adopted in analyzing the data collected. The study concludes that attempts at achieving the various targets of the SDGs were not successful due to certain inherent peculiarities in Nigeria. The high level of poverty, unemployment, inequality and insecurity, low infrastructural development, and poor social services like education, health services, housing, electricity, etc. are peculiar indicators of these failures. The paper suggests among others: the building of institutional capacity and fit for governance, the need to confront the structural impediments confronting attempts at achieving public policy through a constitutional review, emphasis on infrastructural development adequate for achieving national development and enhancing technological development, and capacity building through a viable and efficient educational sector. Keywords: Development, Development Administration, Sustainable Development, National Development
Fadhilah Permata Nira, Maula Hudaya, Rizky Anggia Putri
Published: 31 August 2022
Journal of Contemporary Sociological Issues, Volume 2, pp 153-172; https://doi.org/10.19184/csi.v2i2.28411

Abstract:
Indonesia is one of the countries that are willing to accept the arrival of refugees to its territory. Although it has not yet ratified the 1951 Refugee Convention and the 1967 Protocol of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Indonesia has issued Peraturan Presiden Nomor 125/2016 on international refugees. In addition, the Indonesian government, especially President Joko Widodo, issued various statements which mostly emphasized fulfilling rights and upholding humanity for refugees demonstrating Indonesia's commitment to carrying out the human values contained in the Preamble of Undang-Undang Dasar 1945 and Pancasila as a dominant discourse of Indonesia's strategic culture. However, the discourse seems to have shifted in the era after the COVID-19 pandemic which has also potentially changed the Indonesian government's treatment of refugees. The negative impacts in various sectors made Indonesia have to prioritize the safety of its citizens and potentially neglect the fulfillment of the rights of refugees. Indonesia's burden in handling refugees during the pandemic is exacerbated by the unresponsiveness of UNHCR and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) which should be responsible for handling refugees. This leaves groups of refugees in a vulnerable condition because they are neglected by the Indonesian government both at the central and regional levels. Therefore, this paper tries to analyze aspects behind the shift in the Indonesian government's policy regarding foreign refugees using strategic cultural discourse and provide advice to the Indonesian government for handling refugees in pandemic and/or after pandemic situations without forgetting the humanitarian aspect of refugees.Keywords: Humanity, Strategic Culture, COVID-19, Refugees, Indonesian Government. Keywords: Humanity, Strategic Culture, COVID-19, Refugees, Indonesian Government
Kien Trung Doan
Published: 31 August 2022
Journal of Contemporary Sociological Issues, Volume 2, pp 92-115; https://doi.org/10.19184/csi.v2i2.31448

Abstract:
The European Union (EU) has a complete and standard legal system, which is always the object of research and evaluation to learn for many countries. The EU comprises countries with an appropriate personal income tax system to ensure human rights. To ensure equality and human rights, and development in every member state, the EU seeks to harmonise personal income tax law, an area primarily of national jurisdiction. This article aims to study and evaluate some basic regulations that the EU has issued to create compatibility of the personal income tax law of the member states, better ensure human rights and promote the development of the Union. Based on the experiences of the EU, the article analyses some implications for the harmonisation of personal income tax law within the ASEAN from the perspective of international private law. Keywords: Personal Income Tax, Legal Harmonisation, EU, ASEAN
Uyen To Doan, Hung Manh Chu
Published: 31 August 2022
Journal of Contemporary Sociological Issues, Volume 2, pp 136-152; https://doi.org/10.19184/csi.v2i2.33420

Abstract:
In recent years, Vietnam has actively and vigorously developed and strengthened law enforcement and facilitated access to the law to protect human rights and legitimate interests. After formulating the Judicial Reform Strategy and implementing the law, the State has created favourable conditions for vulnerable groups to participate in Vietnam's political, social, economic, and cultural life. However, it still faces challenges in ensuring and facilitating access to the law and raising legal awareness. In particular, women, ethnic minorities, people with disabilities, and children are the most vulnerable groups. Therefore, this article focuses on the guarantee of the rights of vulnerable groups in the process of law-making in Vietnam today to unveil difficulties and limitations; on that basis, it makes proposals for ensuring the rights of vulnerable groups in the legislative process in the coming time. Keywords: Human Rights, Rights of Vulnerable Groups, Law-making
Aprilian Sumodiningrat, Jihan Arsya Nabila
Published: 31 August 2022
Journal of Contemporary Sociological Issues, Volume 2, pp 116-135; https://doi.org/10.19184/csi.v2i2.27711

Abstract:
Racial discrimination and violence against minority communities are prohibited by law, and the protection of these minority groups is protected by the Constitution, national laws, and international laws or conventions ratified by Indonesia, such as ICCPR, and ICERD. Violence cases involving ethnic Papuans are a form of human rights violation that is often ignored by the state. This study will use the normative juridical approach method, by presenting and analyzing the validity of the provisions of the legislation. Socio-legal studies, in this study, will be conducted by conducting an analysis of social studies, the theory of multidisciplinary theory of social sciences, related to the phenomenon of racial discrimination against ethnic Papuans, such as Psychological science in looking at a guess, to discrimination; communication science; Theory of Social Integration and Disintegration; and Social Conflict Theory. The aim of this study was to examine law enforcement, using paradigms in the social sciences. In this study, it will be reviewed on the quality of law enforcement, the extent to which the rules are enforced, as well as the extent to which law enforcement, as well as the government, can fulfill the rights of citizens not to discriminate in it. This research shows that discrimination against the Papuan people is caused by racial discrimination in various aspects, economic, political, educational, law enforcement, etc. The application of anti-discrimination law must be based on the professionalism of law enforcement officers, so as not to cause new discrimination in law enforcement. This study recommends that the Government of Indonesia to further increase political will in the enforcement of anti-discrimination and violence laws in all cases, especially against Papuan ethnic groups. Maximum anti-discrimination law enforcement efforts are needed to realize human rights goals, namely the fulfillment, enforcement, and protection of human rights. Keywords: Discrimination, Minority, Human Rights, Papua, Politics
Carlos Eduardo Sangreman, Rui Jorge Semedo
Published: 23 February 2022
Journal of Contemporary Sociological Issues, Volume 2, pp 59-75; https://doi.org/10.19184/csi.v2i1.27599

Abstract:
The realization of the process of armed struggle for national liberation in the so called Portuguese Guinea and, consequent unilateral proclamation of the State of Guinea-Bissau in September 1973 was possible from outside the Guinean borders, through an important and strategic contribution made by the Republic of Guinea- Conakry which in 1958 had already achieved national independence. This article intends to observe the capital of the neighboring Republic of Guinea as a symbolic structuring space in the construction of ideological antagonisms based on the sociocultural and political dispute around "unity and against unity" within the African Party for Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC). The fundamental purpose is to understand the extent to which the environment generated in Conakry contributed to the cohesion or weakening of the recommended desiderates, but above all to the legacy of inherited conflicts that influenced the post-independence state building process in Guinea-Bissau. It is worth mentioning that the empirical framework is the PAIGC, the sociopolitical segments that make up its internal structure and other protagonists of the process. Keywords: Conakry, PAIGC, Unity and Conflicts, Guinea-Bissau.
Brook Kebede Abebe
Published: 23 February 2022
Journal of Contemporary Sociological Issues, Volume 2, pp 1-17; https://doi.org/10.19184/csi.v2i1.24935

Abstract:
Civil society organizations (hereinafter called CSOs) are separate entities from the government organizational structure, and they are formed by people who have common needs, interests and values. They are important for organizing social movements at the local and/or international levels. CSOs in Ethiopia have existed as informal community-based organizations and self-help associations. However, formal civil society organization has started to exist with a legal personality recently. In Ethiopia, for a decade and more, as a result of the adoption of the 2009 repressive CSO law, civil society organizations did not entirely take part in their role in the country’s social movements and in the promotion and protection of human rights. However, the said law on several occasions has faced strong criticism from national and international CSOs. Accordingly, recently, in January 2019 the Ethiopian Government amended the preexisting law and enacted a new proclamation, Proclamation 1113/2019. Thus, this paper focuses on the newly promulgated CSO legislation and its role for social movements in Ethiopia, as there are changes made in the system of the CSOs and their activities. Therefore, the paper basically examines the peculiarities of the new Ethiopian CSO law in relation with its role for social movement in Ethiopia. By assessing the positive and the down sides of the new CSO legislation, it investigates the possible contribution of the new Proclamation. It also critically scrutinizes the role of the new CSO law in accelerating and promoting the social movements in Ethiopia. Keywords: Civil Society, CSO, Social Movement, New Proclamation, Ethiopia, NGO.
Nguyen Thi Hong Yen, Tran Thi Thu Thuy
Published: 23 February 2022
Journal of Contemporary Sociological Issues, Volume 2, pp 40-58; https://doi.org/10.19184/csi.v2i1.27916

Abstract:
Broke out since December of 2019, the COVID-19 pandemic has become a global challenge that seriously affected the development of various economies in the world, including Vietnam. According to the Ministry of labour, War Invalids and Social Affairs of Vietnam (MOLISA), more than 5,000 migrant workers have to return home and risk losing their jobs and income. In addition, the migrant workers who still stay abroad are also subject to myriad difficulties in their lives and health situation, underemployment and reduced income, discrimination, prejudice and xenophobia etc. To clarify the legal and practices issues regarding protecting the rights of Vietnamese migrant workers in the context of COVID-19, the article focuses on analyzing (i) the status of Vietnamese migrant workers and the impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic on this group; (ii) the regulations of Vietnam related to the rights of migrant workers; (iii) the policies have been adopted by the Vietnamese Government to protect the rights of Vietnamese migrant workers during the pandemic, and (iv) recommendations for implementation of policies and laws to ensure the rights of Vietnamese migrant workers in similar circumstances. Keywords: Human Rights, Migrant’s Rights, Covid-19 Pandemic, Vietnamese Migrant Worker, Labourer’s Rights.
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