Indonesian Journal of Social Science Research

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EISSN : 2775-1082
Published by: Galaxy Science (10.11594)
Total articles ≅ 21
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Indonesian Journal of Social Science Research, Volume 2, pp 65-75; https://doi.org/10.11594/10.11594/ijssr.02.02.02

Abstract:
In the past, defense in warfare was carried out conventionally by using weapons. Now the defense system has shifted to modern types of warfare, either through culture, diplomacy, technology, and ideology. Kogabwilhan as a unit directly under the President’s command. The TNI’s Kogabwilhan is a representation of the concept of TNI's interoperability capability which is currently a priority policy for TNI Commanders. Kogabwilhan was established as an effort of the TNI to carry out the strengthening of resilience and deterrence against various potential threats, both from outside and within the country. The presence of the Kogabwilhan is a form of TNI's preparedness in handling the crisis. The development of defense areas is directed at maintaining the natural potential and social conditions that exist in the territory of Indonesia. Kogabwilhan is here to coordinate with various parties to maintain all aspects, both disaster mitigation, regional development, welfare, and regional defense. The government determined the domicile of MaKogabwilhan II in Balikpapan, East Kalimantan Province. The determination must have taken into account some aspects of the current command, control, strategy, and infrastructure. Thus, the formation of the Kogabwilhan has a strategic role in maintaining the sovereignty of the Indonesian state. The formation of the Kogabwilhan was carried out as one of the steps taken by the TNI to strengthen Its deterrence against various potential threats from outside and within the country. However, there are three things that have an impact on the resilience of the defense area as a result of the formation of Kogabwilhan II in Balikpapan. First, the military managerial role. The improvement of military managerial capabilities must be based on good planning, organization, implementation arrangements, and supervision, so that they can be controlled optimally. Second, the role of legal policy. Kogabwilhan must be able to enforce the law, both on land, sea, and air. Third, the role of diplomacy. The establishment of Kogabwilhan could reduce existing conflicts, so diplomacy skills are very important to have. Therefore, the development of defense and security in strategic areas is currently increasingly complex and escalating in various parts of the world.
Muannif Ridwan, , Hermanto Harun
Indonesian Journal of Social Science Research, Volume 2, pp 52-64; https://doi.org/10.11594/10.11594/ijssr.02.02.01

Abstract:
The principles of Human Rights are the goals of Islamic shari'a or maqashid al-shari'ah (the philosophy of Islamic law) which has been formulated by al-Ghazali and perfected by as-Syatibi. These principles are summarized in al-dlaruriyah al-khamsah or also called al-huquq al-insaniyah fi al-Islam (human rights in Islam). This concept consists of five basic principles that must be maintained and respected by every individual; Hifzhu al-Din (respect for religious freedom), Hifzhu al-Mal (respect for property), Hifzhu al-Nafs wa al-'Irdl (respect for life, right to life and individual honor), Hifzhu al-'Aql (respect for freedom of thought), and Hifzhu al-Nasl (respect for keeping offspring).This research is examined using a juridical-normative and socio-legal and historical approach. The principles of human rights in the Medina Charter consist of: the principles of justice, equality, freedom of religion, piety, and commanding good and evil. Iimplementation of human rights values ​​in The Medina Charter in Indonesia, the author summarizes it into three areas of life; religion, nation and state consisting of:the field of religious harmony, the field of law and constitution enforcement and the field of socio-political life and the development of the political system. Among the authors' findings, the Medina Charter contains ideas that have strong relevance to the developments and desires of today's world community, especially for Indonesia. The ideas in the Medina Constitution were also absorbed by the founding figures of the Indonesian nation, which can be seen in the Jakarta Charter which later gave birth to Pancasila. The contents of the Medina Charter and Pancasila have in common as a sentence of sawa' (meeting point) diversity or a noble agreement that is constructive, loves, and defends Indonesia, as well as the Medina Charter.
, Hidayat, Fikarwin Zuska
Indonesian Journal of Social Science Research, Volume 2, pp 119-127; https://doi.org/10.11594/10.11594/ijssr.02.02.09

Abstract:
This study aims to describe the factors that cause land conflicts between the community and the Air Force in the Indonesian Air Force in Suwondo and the strategies that the community uses in demanding their land rights. The author chose a qualitative approach with the ethnographic method to understand more deeply what is behind an event that took the process, causes and conflict resolution. The results showed that the factor causing the conflict was the claim of each party to the land. Conflict resolution efforts are carried out by the community to obtain land rights through non-litigation advocacy processes and litigation advocacy. The results of these two strategies were able to encourage the government to restore community rights to their land even though it had to go through a long struggle. In July 2020 the government issued a policy to move the Sowondo Base to Langkat Regency.
, , Herdiyanti
Indonesian Journal of Social Science Research, Volume 2, pp 83-89; https://doi.org/10.11594/10.11594/ijssr.02.02.04

Abstract:
Identification of basic sectors and sub-sectors is one of the stages for planning the expansion of strategic areas as centers of economic growth. Location Quotient analysis is needed to find out how far the level of interest in the economic sector in Bangka Regency is in utilizing the base sector or superior sector. The variable used to calculate the basic economy is from local GDP an activity that is focused on activities within the local economic structure. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is an important indicator to understand economic conditions, especially in Bangka Regency in a certain period, both based on current prices and constant prices. The data collection process was carried out using a secondary data survey by taking data on land area and production of biopharmaceutical plant commodities, vegetable crops, rice or secondary crops, plantations and fisheries. By calculating the location quotient analysis, the base sector is obtained in every sub-district in Bangka Regency so that this result is expected to determine the investment can be carried out on target.
, Khairiyansyah
Indonesian Journal of Social Science Research, Volume 2, pp 97-103; https://doi.org/10.11594/10.11594/ijssr.02.02.06

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze the relationship and influence of social assistance on the number of poor people in the Province of the Bangka Belitung Islands. There are control variables as comparison, namely; unemployment, central government debt, economic growth and poverty. The research method uses a quantitative approach with non-parametric statistics, annual data (2015-2020) and elasticity are used to measure the magnitude of change in the number of poor people due to additional social assistance. Spearman Rank test to examine the relationship of each variable (the number of unemployed, central government debt and economic growth) to the amount of poverty in Indonesia. The results of the study show that there is a very strong relationship between social assistance for Contribution Assistance Recipients and the Family Hope Program on the number of poor people. A negative sign indicates that social assistance can significantly reduce poverty, with the strongest impact being the program. There is a strong relationship between debt and the number of poor people. The slowdown in economic growth has been proven to be unrelated to the number of poor people. This means that, in the midst of an economic slowdown, the number of poverty in Indonesia can be reduced through social assistance programs, job creation as laborers and government debt is allocated for productive activities and economic activities that have a direct impact on the poor and the poor. vulnerable to poverty.
, Suhaidar
Indonesian Journal of Social Science Research, Volume 2, pp 90-96; https://doi.org/10.11594/10.11594/ijssr.02.02.05

Abstract:
This study aims to measure the effect of employee participation in budgeting and organizational commitment to budgetary slack in Bangka Belitung Islands Provincial Government Agencies, in particular the Public Works and Spatial Planning Office of the Bangka Belitung Islands Province. The analytical method used for testing the variables in this study uses PLS (Partial Least Square) using Smart PLS.3 software. The sample used in this study were 50 employees at the Department of Public Works and Spatial Planning of the Bangka Belitung Islands Province. The first hypothesis in this study is accepted, namely budget participation has a positive effect on budgetary slack, but the second hypothesis in this study is rejected, namely organizational commitment has a negative effect on budgetary slack. This identifies that the participation of many parties in a company or scope of work to jointly exchange information in determining and compiling a budget to achieve an organizational goal.
Indonesian Journal of Social Science Research, Volume 2, pp 76-82; https://doi.org/10.11594/10.11594/ijssr.02.02.03

Abstract:
Female who wear jilbab is now choosing journalists as a job. Journalists are a job which exists in the middle of the community who is assigned to provide information or news to the public. This is a very heavy profession and not everyone can do this profession. Uncertain journalist working hours added with various difficulties and obstacles in this profession make this profession identified as a male profession. This becomes a challenge for journalists wearing jilbab who choose this job as their profession
Rahmi Mulyasih, Ahmad Sihabudin, Fahruddin Faiz
Indonesian Journal of Social Science Research, Volume 2, pp 104-109; https://doi.org/10.11594/10.11594/ijssr.02.02.07

Abstract:
Migrant women are a phenomenon that describes a change in the position of husband and wife in the life of Indonesian society in general. This study aims to explore the interactions that occur between migrant women and their families and communities which then lead to symbols that are interpreted differently by migrant women, families and communities. The research method used in this study uses an ethnomethodological method, which in this research method reflects behavior and tries to understand or interpret someone and others. The results of the study illustrate that there are symbols that are interpreted as meaning the success of migrant women with big and nice houses, jewelry worn and vehicles. These symbols then create a new culture or different interactions between migrant women, both with their families and communities.
Indonesian Journal of Social Science Research, Volume 2, pp 110-118; https://doi.org/10.11594/10.11594/ijssr.02.02.08

Abstract:
This study aims to develop a model for leadership appointment positions in the Regional Government of Nusa Tenggara Barat. Using Yin multi case study method, data collection was carried out through observation, tracing and document analysis as well as in-depth interviews with informants consisting of two clusters (K-I and K-II). This research found that competence supports meritocracy, because the higher the competence, the better the meritocracy value. Meritocracy get the most dominant element, and political intervention has a negative role on employees and hinders the implementation of meritocracy, however, political functions in policy formulation and political control over the bureaucracy are needed. Local wisdom strengthens values ​​of morality and integrity so as to fortify the unfair competition between civil servants and the discretion of regional heads. Talent management as urgent factor considering that more than half of the human resources are in a critical age. The study recommends developing a model for leadership appointment position with local wisdom and talent management elements that reinforce competence and meritocracy and inhibit political discretion towards superior performing leaders.
Indonesian Journal of Social Science Research, Volume 2, pp 21-25; https://doi.org/10.11594/ijssr.02.01.03

Abstract:
This study aims to examine the role of the press council in enforcing the press law and journalistic code of ethics where digital developments are currently very developed, especially media that utilize new media platforms. Not all online mass media are legal entities and not all news that is conveyed through online media follows a journalistic code of ethics, giving rise to overlapping perceptions and activities due to the lack of understanding of journalists and the public in the midst of easy access to information. This research uses a descriptive qualitative approach with a case study method, data collection is collected through observation and documentation sourced from literature and document studies that examine the phenomenon of digitalization dynamics around press laws and journalistic codes of ethics. There are a number of efforts from the press council, including enforcing the press law on online mass media by carrying out a number of verification processes including administrative verification, factual verification and content verification. The third verification cannot be carried out because of the constraints of human resources and budget. A mass media that receives a report will be handled and mediated by the press council if the mass media is already a legal entity. Meanwhile, the enforcement of the press code of ethics is carried out by first classifying journalism activities based on whether the mass media is a legal entity or not, then screening complaints of violations of the code of ethics, and reprimanding the problematic mass media to apologize and clarify the misinformation that has been published.
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