Educational Challenges

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EISSN : 2709-7986
Total articles ≅ 29
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Olga Voloshyna
Educational Challenges, Volume 26, pp 100-111; https://doi.org/10.34142/2709-7986.2021.26.2.09

Abstract:
The issue of distance learning became relevant in early spring 2020 due to quarantine measures caused by the pandemic. The issue of transition to distance learning for all levels of education has become acute and lightning fast. In the conditions of globalization of the modern world, when information and timeliness of its receipt play a decisive role in competitive advantage, the content of education changes dramatically. The competitiveness of human capital is directly correlated with the requirements of the new information society, in which the knowledge aging is significantly reduced, and new opportunities for their acquisition will appear. A promising and extremely relevant area of modern higher education development under quarantine, as well as integration into European and world education is the active introduction of distance learning technologies in the educational process. The article analyzes the monitoring study of the general secondary educational institutions of Kirovograd region students’ parents attitude to distance learning. The purpose of the study is to determine the level of distance learning quality during quarantine restrictions. Research methods include general scientific methodology of research and principles of a systematic approach; case study methods. The results of the study are considered and the current state of quality assurance of general secondary education has been analyzed. The data obtained during the monitoring should be considered as an information basis for effective management of the educational process, to improve its content, methodological and organizational aspects. Conclusions. The most important elements of distance learning should be: the creation of practical situations during the educational process, the opportunity for students to express themselves constantly, self-realization, educational process clarity, its individualization, technical and technological support of distance education. Successful solution of the problem of effective implementation and harmonious development of distance education in Ukraine will increase the quality level, higher education accessibility, integration of the national education system into scientific, research and production, social and cultural information infrastructure of the European / world community.
Educational Challenges, Volume 26, pp 6-12; https://doi.org/10.34142/2709-7986.2021.26.2.01

Abstract:
The call for institutions and governments across the world to prioritize investments in technology was never treated that seriously as it is now, with the emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic, purportedly claimed to have emerged in China’s Wuhan city. All across the world, institutions are yearning for resources to meet the growing need to support continuity in learning through the new normal of virtual schooling, but the capacity to do so is limited owing to nations’ limited preparedness for such a global scale of health calamity. Technology is certainly the way forward to meet the growing needs of people's desire to survive, and equally so for employers whose growing competitiveness are much catered for through highly manpower skills workforce. Hence, institutions and governments alike are now seen to be making efforts in adapting to new and emerging technologies in a bid to make it worthwhile to support economic prosperity and livelihoods. The aim is to show growing need in learning through the new normal of virtual schooling, adapting to emerging technologies. Methodology. The analysis of technologies, tools, means like MOODLE, Google-Meet, WebEx Meet, ZOOM. Results. Emerging technologies such as Google-Meet, WebEx Meet, ZOOM and already used platforms like MOODLE need to be hailed given their embedded functionalities to capture variety of ways through which disruptive services can be made to continue. Functionalities embedded in the most commonly used platform like MOODLE and Google-Meet have integrated functionalities to support both virtual classroom and assessment components as opposed to that of WebEx and ZOOM. Conclusion. Emerging technologies should include a synchronized system of Managed Learning Environment (MLE) that makes it possible for assessment materials to be integrated with constructive feedback from teachers.
Anzhela Nikishyna
Educational Challenges, Volume 26, pp 90-100; https://doi.org/10.34142/2709-7986.2021.26.2.08

Abstract:
There have always been challenges confronting both teachers and students in the process of sharing knowledge and skills. The purpose of the article is to analyze the situation that has become even more demanding due to the changes connected with the implementation of distance learning. Theoretical and methodological base of the research consists of an approach connected with the use of such methods as analysis, generalization and interpretation of the psychological theory of motivation and the concept of amotivation and its consequences; observation of the current educational situation with regard to its active participants. Results focus on modern realia, when the educational conditions have been greatly changed in connection with the pandemic situation, it is possible to notice decrease of motivation among the students. Students tend to miss classes as they believe that teaching can be ineffective, prefer not to answer during the lesson, take time in handing in their homework, fellow students influence their choice of being less diligent. Technical problems or inability to participate in an active way in the process of the lesson can really worsen the situation with the desire to get proper knowledge. Conclusion. That is why teaching big group of students and individual approach when conducting online lessons can be so challenging to teachers. It can lead to burning out while working and teacher wellbeing is also at risk, its great importance has been once again proven and highlighted.
, Kseniia Lykhoshvai
Educational Challenges, Volume 26, pp 75-89; https://doi.org/10.34142/2709-7986.2021.26.2.07

Abstract:
The article is devoted to the definition of the basic provisions of training psychologists in the conditions of forced distance learning. The purpose of the study is to analyze the main qualities that a future psychologist should have, and to consider the impact of online learning (forced distance learning) on their quality and formation. The main objectives include: analyze theoretical framework of modern training of a psychologist; analyze the role of digital and online technologies in teaching future psychologists; analyze the answers given by student psychologists during a survey aimed at determining the role of online learning; propose recommendations for improving the learning process of future psychologists in a distance / blended learning. Among the research methods used, the following methods of scientific research were defining: analysis and generalization of scientific and methodological sources, governmental documents on the topic of research for the theoretical substantiation of the research problem, modeling of the data obtained. The authors also conducted a survey. The results of the study show that based on the analysis of the answers received from psychology-students, we can draw several main conclusions: most students would prefer classroom or blended learning; main difficulties faced by students: technical / internet problems, motivation (self-organization), difficulties in communicating with teachers; a significant part of students do not have practical skills and relevant information on working in the online space. Based on the analysis of the obtained results and own experience of work and study at the School of Psychology, recommendations are provided for first-year students and teachers in online learning. In conclusion, in the context of improving the quality of training of future psychologists in distance and blended learning, we recommend implementing from the first semesters of study in university courses aimed at familiarizing students with the norms of behavior in the digital space.
Iryna Hontarenko
Educational Challenges, Volume 26, pp 52-62; https://doi.org/10.34142/2709-7986.2021.26.2.05

Abstract:
This article gives an overview of Moodle Learning Environment, what it involves, how it can benefit your teaching. The purpose is to clarify the appropriate way to reform education and to increase the learning effectiveness, create and introduce the advanced educational systems and technologies. Information and communication technologies have been adopted in education through online learning environments “platforms” and are used worldwide to offer complete courses, or even entire programmes in e-learning mode. Theoretical and methodological base of the research in distance learning is raising the level and quality of methodological, didactic and information-related support of organizing the educational process for students and teachers. Technically, e-Learning system is constructed on the basis of a wide range of software products. As a methodological basis during this study, a descriptive method is employed that permits to look at the issues and advantages of distance learning from different sides. Besides general scientific methods of study, comparison and generalization are utilized in the article. The results are the following. Nowadays, studying has essentially speeded the implementation of various forms and technologies of the e-learning, search for efficient methods of studying, has provoked the necessity for teachers to reinforce their level of mastering information and communication technologies, especially using the Moodle platform. Its main advantages are open, and free access, user-friendliness, tons of activity types aimed toward improving motivation and the interest of teachers, students. The article pays much attention to the peculiarities of using the platform also as offers several solutions for reported issues. Thus, it is concluded that distance learning allows solving a variety of primary problems, which modern society poses to studying, and meets the requirements, and opportunities of recent students. But, like all tools, distance learning has its own strengths and weaknesses.
Fernanda Seidel Bortolotti,
Educational Challenges, Volume 26, pp 26-37; https://doi.org/10.34142/2709-7986.2021.26.2.03

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to investigate teaching English in Early Childhood Education (ECE) in a municipality of southern Brazil. The country has not agreed to make English language teaching compulsory for this age, but some private schools have introduced English language teaching on the premises . Regarding methodology, the experimental study was conducted in schools “A” and “B”. Private school “A” was represented by a teacher with her group of four-year-old children. State school “B” was attended by two representatives of the volunteer program who worked with a group of five-year-olds. The research tools were observation in the classroom from each group, questionnaires answered by the teacher and volunteers, individual interviews with each of them, and a documentary analysis of the pedagogical project of schools, pedagogical materials. The experiment was conducted in compliance with all ethical standards. The analysis resulted in an understanding of the importance of such aspects as: duration and frequency of classes, the number of groups, lack of books for students and teachers, limited use of English by teachers and students; and the predominance of listening/speaking among other students' skills in both schools. The teacher and the volunteers jointly acknowledged this advantage, noting that different techniques were used. Each group of teachers tried to improve the learning process, taking into account the preferences of the students. The volunteers of school “B” followed the structured plan of the lesson according to the program, used various types of activities. In school “A” the teacher used one type of activity at the lesson. Although the group had four-year-old children, it did not have significant negative consequences. According to the results of the study, it can be concluded that the approach proposed by the teachers is based on teaching English as a foreign language (EFL). The development of language education in Brazil has a long way , given the establishment of public policy on еarly сhildhood еducation system in combination with theoretical and practical researches used in the educational process.
, Oana Gări-Neguț
Educational Challenges, Volume 26, pp 13-25; https://doi.org/10.34142/2709-7986.2021.26.2.02

Abstract:
The article examines the current context of teaching online or in a hybrid environment and provides recommendations pertaining to some of the classroom management techniques primary and secondary school teachers might find useful in their activities during the COVID 19 pandemics. The main aims of this article are to analyse the challenges posed by online teaching in relation to class management; to provide a toolkit for educators in relation to class management in an online teaching environment; and to better understand how the various learning styles of the students should be responded to by teachers as part of their classroom management techniques. The methodology which the current paper relies on involves both a critical analysis of classroom management techniques currently employed in traditional (i.e., face-to-face) and online education, as well as empirical methods pertaining to our own daily activities as educators (observation, questionnaires, conversation, dialogue, self-assessment of the learning outcomes, evaluation sheets). Building upon such methods, we formulate practical recommendations as to how an efficient classroom management should be handled to ensure that online teaching is performed at its best during the COVID-19 pandemics. The following results were attained as part of our research: the identification of the main challenges that the educators must deal with when managing the online class; a potential toolkit for the educators when managing their class in an online environment; a clearer understanding on how to best approach all students according to their styles of learning. The conclusions allow asserting that the educators have an essential role in adapting the online class management to the learning styles of the students and to the concrete particularities of e-learning during de COVID-19 pandemics, creating an optimum environment for the teaching and learning process.
Ihor Hrynchenko, Asia Tykhonova, Tеtiana Karpunets, Olexandr Chupryna
Educational Challenges, Volume 26, pp 63-74; https://doi.org/10.34142/2709-7986.2021.26.2.06

Abstract:
The purpose of the study is to increase the effectiveness of physical and technical training of young handball players aged 10-11 by means of moving games, game exercises and relays at the stage of initial training during the pedagogical experiment in 2020-2021. Methodology. The following methods were used in the study: theoretical analysis and generalization of scientific and methodological literature, control and pedagogical checking (tests), pedagogical observations, anthropometry. Statistical processing of experimental data was performed using the statistical processing package STATGRAPHICS Plus for Windows (according to standard methods). The study involved young handball players aged 10-11, the first and second year of training in sport school №3 in Kharkiv during a year. The technique was implemented for 9 months (74 lessons), 3 times a week, and lasting 20 minutes. Results. We claim that the physical fitness of handball players is closely related to various aspects of training. The selected tests fully characterize the physical development and functional state of the main life support systems of a body and allow determining the effectiveness of the proposed authors’ method. The specially selected combinations with the use of moving games, game exercises and relays help to increase the level of technical training of young handball players. Analysis of the final indicators in the experimental group revealed a significant increase corresponding to the 5% level of significance in terms of execution of free throws and movement in the protective rack of the handball player. The average group values of the accuracy of free throws increased by 49.5%, and the average speed of movement in the protective rack of a handball player after the experiment increased by 8.3%. The rate of transfer of the ball to the wall in the experimental group increased by 25.1%, which indicates a significant increase in the result at P <0,01. Conclusion. The results obtained during the experiment confirmed the effectiveness of our developed methods of training with the purposeful use of moving games, game exercises and relay races at the initial stage of training young handball players.
Anastasiia Chernenko
Educational Challenges, Volume 26, pp 38-51; https://doi.org/10.34142/2709-7986.2021.26.2.04

Abstract:
Nowadays, digitalization in education is a digital transformation that is not a trend but a requirement of the times. Thus, the main task of teaching is the introduction of digital technologies, which provide education improvement, accessibility and efficiency, training the young generation for life in the digital society. Digital technologies are changed, in turn, it requires students and teachers to improve their knowledge, skills and to focus on the development. Information and digital competence in the education process helps teachers to teach the content effectively using the latest means that contribute to the achievement of the best results. With the development of key competencies, as an information and digital one, there is an urgent need to form it in the process of learning. The article is devoted to the problem of analyzing the meaning of the term “information and digital competence” in the conditions of modern Ukrainian education. The purpose of the article is to explore the term “information and digital competence” in scientific and pedagogic literature. To achieve the purpose the general theoretical scientific methods are used such as analysis, synthesis and systematization of researchers’ works as for terms: “competence”, “information competence”, “digital competence”, “information and digital competence”; logical-systemic, problem-targeted, comparative analyses as for theoretical basics of components of information and digital competence. There are some research results. The detailed analysis of terms that are related to the definition “information and digital competence” is made, and the stages of their development are considered. The particular attention is paid to the main competencies for learning. Based on the analysis of scientific and pedagogical literature, we can conclude that the information and digital competence of specialists in various fields is an urgent issue in pedagogical science.
Natalia Koval
Educational Challenges, Volume 26, pp 64-73; https://doi.org/10.34142/2709-7986.2021.26.1.06

Abstract:
The relevance of the undertaken research consists in considering psycholinguistics an interdisciplinary field, which studies the interrelation between mind and language. It is important to perceive learning foreign language as an act of cognition, experience, and creativity in the psycholinguistic aspect of studying. Psycholinguistics concerns with the study of the cognitive process that supports the acquisition and use of language. The purpose of the paper is to reveal the importance of psycholinguistics approach and cognitive science for learning a foreign language in the context of psycholinguistic approach and cognitive methods for learning second language, based on achievements of the “Scientific School of A.V. Khutorsky”. Methodology is of an overview-analytical nature with an attempt to apply cognitive techniques to learning. Our observations on the psycholinguistic approach and the cognitive methods are based on the “Myth of Niels Bohr and the barometer question” by Alexander Calandra. Results. The analysis made it possible to determine how the logic of reflections has been explored from the lens of psycholinguistics and how the range of cognitive methods can be enlisted to learn a foreign language. It turns next to an overview of cognitive techniques used in psycholinguistics as applied to study. The verbal presentation of the idea is not only a form of compressed thought or interactive, creative cognition, but it also has a literary quality and makes use of a range of devices in a way. In the article, the solution formation reflects the features of transforming mental representations about the multidimensional space of life. Conclusions. According to the research, the paper concludes that cognitive methods are the ability to create judgments that are paradoxical in form and deep in content, perceived as deviating from the norm, and humor also presupposes the presence of the inverse ability to perceive such judgments in their entirety and depth and emotional brightness.
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