Scientific Visnyk V.O. Sukhomlynskyi Mykolaiv National University. Psychological Sciences

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ISSN : 2078-2128
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Scientific Visnyk V.O. Sukhomlynskyi Mykolaiv National University. Psychological Sciences; https://doi.org/10.33310/2078-2128-2021-21-2-5-11

Abstract:
The study found out the dependence of the manifestation of symptoms of chronic non-communicable diseases of the digestive system on the duration of a person’s own unit of time. It was identified that individual age points of exacerbations of chronic non-communicable diseases of the gastrointestinal tract are consistent with the duration of the individual’s own biological cycle. Method. In each patient examined by the chronometric test method the “ τ type” was determined, for which the classical method of reproducing intervals with a duration of tQ = 2, 3, 4, 5 c was used, which were set by the experimenter and reproduced by the surveyed using an electronic chronoscope with an accuracy of 0.001 c. Results. It was identified that individual age points of exacerbations of chronic non-communicable diseases of the gastrointestinal tract are consistent with the duration of the individual’s own biological cycle.
Inna Chuhueva,
Scientific Visnyk V.O. Sukhomlynskyi Mykolaiv National University. Psychological Sciences; https://doi.org/10.33310/2078-2128-2021-21-2-70-74

Abstract:
The article summarizes the definition of the term “hikikomori”, analyzes the situation of quarantine restriction: its essence and features of the impact on adolescence. Peculiarities of manifestation of hikikomori markers at adolescence are determined. We consider the studied phenomenon in the system of approaches like a way to meet needs, as a set of manifestations of syndromes of a new era, as a psychological defence mechanism, as a psychological state and process. Depending on the intensity of markers, we divide hikikomori into counter-dependent, poorly adaptable and interdependent, super dependent. The parameters that determine the level of manifestations of hikikomori include antisocial solitude at home, antisocially with leaving the house, selective society. The levels of manifestation of hikikomori include physical, emotional, social. Quarantine restrictions, as unusual living conditions that require forced solitude, selfisolation can be a factor that encourages the emergence of markers of hikikomori in adolescents. Such people have a shift in activity in cyberspace and at night, inseparable stay with the gadget (during meals, in the bathroom, in the toilet, etc.). Neglect of the organization of life (do not clean the bed after sleep, do not clean the room for a long time, do not change clothes during the day and wear night pyjamas around the clock, neglect a healthy diet, eat outside the regime, mostly fast food, etc.). In communication with others, they show irritability with the desire to avoid contact and solitude in their room. Also, at such a person, disorganization of educational activity hastily is observed. It is difficult for them to organize the learning process; they show procrastination (postponement of tasks). If the classes are as videoconferencing, they do not include video and microphone. They are away from contact with the group and the teacher, even if they need contact for feedback, they ignore it. An empirical study of the susceptibility to hikikomori markers in adolescents revealed that about 40% of subjects have a high susceptibility to hikikomori markers, and almost 11% of young men – very high.
Natalia Tsumarieva
Scientific Visnyk V.O. Sukhomlynskyi Mykolaiv National University. Psychological Sciences; https://doi.org/10.33310/2078-2128-2021-21-2-62-69

Abstract:
The aim of this article is the implementation of theoretical and empirical analysis of the essence of emotionality. Methods of study: analysis, comparison and systematization of the scientific literature concerning the phenomenon of an emotional deprivation, observation, analysis of the documentation, the method of the peer review, a conversation, a testing, a survey for the identification of the consequences of the emotional deprivation. Results. We figured out that emotional deprivation very closely connected with other kinds of deprivation and is part of the mental deprivation. The semantic content of the notion "emotional deprivation" depends on the conceptual and theoretical approaches of the author, studying of the specific conditions of its origin and also the specific of age group. However most scientists continue determine emotional deprivation as a category of mental state of the personality. Emotional deprivation is an instrument of change and transformation in the psychics, affects somatic health, causes psychosomatic disorders and mental disorders. It is generalized that emotional deprivation through negative feelings and emotions affects other mental spheres of personality – volitional, intellectual, motivational, value-oriented, changing them, deforming, complicating, ie affects the psyche in general. Conclu s ion s . Emotional deprivation can't be equated as a mental state, because it is connected indirectly with the mental state of the deprived personality, but it isn't one. To our mind, emotional deprivation is a process of long lasting stay of the personality in conditions of emotionally impoverished environment, conditioned by displeasure of emotional needs, loss, limitation, insufficiency or absence of abilities for installation of close connections, contacts and interaction with a significant person. It causes dysfunction, breaches and disarrays of the mental sphere of a personality.
Vira Yaroshenko, Vycheslav Nedbai, Anna Sukhorukova
Scientific Visnyk V.O. Sukhomlynskyi Mykolaiv National University. Psychological Sciences; https://doi.org/10.33310/2078-2128-2021-21-2-81-87

Abstract:
The article is devoted to the problems of formation of interethnic tolerance in young people under the influence of socio-psychological factors of modern society. Modern scientific approaches to the study of tolerance as a socio-psychological phenomenon are considered. Interethnic tolerance as a factor of conflict-free existence in society is a necessary and sufficient condition for the formation of social unity, mature social consciousness, the principles of nonviolent solution of social problems and a balanced approach to creating social reality. Tolerance at the individual level is the ability to perceive without aggression thoughts that differ from their own, as well as – the behavior and lifestyle of others. Tolerance of other people's way of life, behavior, customs, feelings, ideas, beliefs is a condition for the stability and unity of societies, especially those that are not homogeneous in religious, ethnic or other social dimensions. The existence of such a phenomenon as ethnic stereotype is fully explained by the desire of human consciousness to facilitate understanding of society, to simplify the perception of knowledge about social reality. In order to determine the impact of ethnic stereotypes on the culture of interethnic interaction in modern multinational society, it is necessary to first formulate their role in society. Ethnic stereotypes are primarily cultural formations that are natural and exist as long as there are peoples and ethnic communities. First of all, it should be noted that ethnic stereotype as a regulatory element of ethnic identity performs three important functions: cognitive, communicative and the function of protecting a positive ethnic identity. A significant contribution to the formation of ethnic tolerance in Ukrainian society belongs to civil society institutions. It is the institutionalization of democratic citizenship that is manifested in the active conscious participation of activists of public organizations in identifying ethnic stereotypes and promoting ethnic tolerance. Since tolerance is based on acceptance, respect and fair understanding of the diversity of ethnic groups and peoples, forms of expression and manifestations of individuality and uniqueness of each person, this should be facilitated by knowledge, communication, lack of censorship, freedom of belief and conscience.
Irina Litvinenko, Yulia Tseplo
Scientific Visnyk V.O. Sukhomlynskyi Mykolaiv National University. Psychological Sciences; https://doi.org/10.33310/2078-2128-2021-21-2-33-37

Abstract:
The article examines the impact of military action in the east of the country on the trends of future specialists in the field of psychology with younger scholars. This problem is quite relevant today, as a large number of parents with children have been forced to leave the eastern regions of the country. However, there are now areas of work that are currently being mastered by student psychologists. Also, the article presents areas for improving professional skills given the geopolitical situation within the country. Ways to improve the professional training of students are offered. It is no secret that Ukrainian society is experiencing a period of crisis, which is associated with many factors. One of the most important factors is the armed conflict in the east of our country. It is bitter that this action has divided not only society and politicians, but also families. With statistics from the UN, we can say that there are now about 1.198 million migrants from the eastern region of the country. Of these, about 253 thousand children, and how many are left there? How many children do not have the opportunity to see their relatives, play with peers or even go to school? And how many of them know what war is. It is safe to say that they have had a terrible childhood, because the hybrid war has left them no chance for happy years in safety and peace. About 250 children have died in the east since the beginning of 2014. We should not forget that the districts of Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts are one of the busiest in terms of the number of explosives and mines in the world. The children who stayed there, and there are more than 220,000 of them, do not even have the opportunity to play quietly on the playgrounds, because they are mined. This is only according to the UN. We can only focus on these figures, not state with confidence. In addition to these data, during the anti-terrorist operation and environmental protection, human rights activists recorded at least a dozen cases when military facilities and facilities of armed groups were located within 500 meters from kindergartens and schools, or directly on their territory. Such circumstances are not psychologically favorable for children, so we wonder how a modern practical psychologist can positively influence and help them achieve a normal life.
Irina Litvinenko, Olga Tribuhina
Scientific Visnyk V.O. Sukhomlynskyi Mykolaiv National University. Psychological Sciences pp 26-31; https://doi.org/10.33310/2078-2128-2021-21-2-26-32

Abstract:
Attitude of students-psychologists to the phenomenon of «death».The article discusses the attitude of students- psychologists to social phenomenon «death». The views of prominent personalities on this phenomenon are analyzed, it is emphasized that this event has a purely individual impact on the picture of the world, the life of any person.The importance of the attitude to death as an inevitable event in the training of future psychologists is emphasized. The effectiveness of the psychologist, in this particular type of work – psychological assistance to those who have experienced the loss-death of a loved one, depends not only on his knowledge, practical skills, competence, but also, perhaps primarily on his psychological readiness for this type of work, his attitude to the phenomenon of «death». Unfortunately, practice shows that among practicing psychologists, there is a group that refuses to work with clients who have survived the death of loved ones and offer to see another psychologist or their psychological help is not effective, but they are well versed in the appropriate amount of knowledge, practical skills on this issue. The reason is the topic of «death» for the psychologist itself, which is traumatic, and the term itself is too stressful. From this follows a clear mismatch between the huge demands of clients for this type of psychological care and the psychological readiness of the psychologist for this type of work. This problem is urgent, relevant, has great practical significance, its solution will provide better training of psychologists in providing quality psychological assistance to those who have experienced a crisis of loss – the death of a loved one, to meet the demand for this type of psychological services. It is this problem has become in our field of vision and led to the choice of research topic. We set a goal to investigate the attitude of student psychologists to the social phenomenon of «death» (personal aspect). In the course of the study we conducted: psychodiagnostic techniques that showed a negative attitude towards death and fear of it. Which involves systematic, individual work and the formation of the most favorable for the individual attitude to the rubbish to its inevitability.
Nigora Khazratova,
Scientific Visnyk V.O. Sukhomlynskyi Mykolaiv National University. Psychological Sciences; https://doi.org/10.33310/2078-2128-2021-21-2-53-61

Abstract:
The article is devoted to the analysis of scientific approaches to studying civic identity as a form of social identity. It has been found that the following aspects are essential in the context of the study of civic identity: understanding it as a phenomenon, which has dynamical and structural nature, is closely related to the continuous processes of personality development and self-determination, induces the inclusion of an individual, the sense of inner unity with others and the importance of individual's existence in society, as well as evokes the identity seeking state (psychoanalytic approach); combination of individualizing and social aspects, the formation of identity in the process of socialization and social interaction through the internalization of roles, social norms, values, typical patterns of behavior (symbolic interactionism); understanding the self-categorization as an essential process in the identity formation, the existence of levels of self-categorization (which are considered as levels of identity at the same time), interpretation of identity as an internal regulator of individual's behavior (cognitive psychology); an ability for political, intellectual, spiritual and other elites to construct identity by influencing society by means of ideology (constructionism). It was reasoned, that the organizational-game approach is the most promising in the context of studying civic identity, as, on the one hand, it to some extent allows to synthesize the basic ideas of the above-mentioned scientific approaches, and, on the other hand, extends them with novel provisions (such as transaction/script analysis and organizational identity concepts), taking into account the essential characteristics of the civic identity of the individual. According to the organizational-game approach, civic identity is considered as a kind of organizational identity (a specific form of social identity), which is selfdetermination in the organizational environment of the state, as well as self-identification with the role of a citizen in the context of game and script interactions with state institutions and fellow citizens, and is additionally the primary psychological regulator of civic behavior.
Scientific Visnyk V.O. Sukhomlynskyi Mykolaiv National University. Psychological Sciences; https://doi.org/10.33310/2078-2128-2021-21-2-38-41

Abstract:
The article is devoted to the problem of whole laying as a factor in the formation of the creative lifestyle of the future teacher. Scientific approaches to the study of the phenomenon of whole laying, and its impact on the development of future teachers, the formation of life meanings and style, personality development and the formation of professional self-awareness are considered. Lifestyle is the most general characteristic of the life of a given social group or individual, which highlights specific to this group or individual activities or life values. The time perspective of the future is a projection of the motivational sphere of a person and represents to some extent the hopes, plans, projects, aspirations realized by him, which are connected with the near and future. The formation of these plans takes place throughout childhood almost spontaneously, mainly as an internalization of parents' values, their expectations of a particular child and through the development of motivation. The time perspective of the future formed in this way acquires its own motivating force, which influences the further development of the child's personality. A life plan is not only a prediction of a possible future, but also a certain self-attribution, a definition of the tasks that a person sets for himself and which he must fulfill. From this point of view, the life plan is the most important means of self-education: a person creates the desired image of himself, the ideal self-model. Lifestyle is the most general characteristic of the life activity of a given social group or individual, in which specific for this group or individual activities or life values are highlighted [1, p. 41]. Since the specific features of the activity may be different, the classification of lifestyle may be different. It cannot be assumed that a person always lives life in only one style. There is a mixture of styles, and the transition from one to another. This is due to qualitative changes that occur with a person: the transition of age, social status, change of values. Thus, the development of their own lifestyle for the future teacher is one of the main creative tasks on the path of self-improvement.
, Yulia Missuk
Scientific Visnyk V.O. Sukhomlynskyi Mykolaiv National University. Psychological Sciences; https://doi.org/10.33310/2078-2128-2021-21-2-42-47

Abstract:
The problem of the relationships of mechanisms of psychological protection with the process of adaptation of students is considered to the educational environment in the university in this article. It is justified the feasibility of the study student period, that places higher demands to the psychological protection of the individual. The description of the theoretical justification of the problem of psychological protection and its features is given on the analysis of the scientific literature. It is presented the picture of the strategies of adaptive behavior of the person. The psychodiagnostic techniques are described such as ( test "Lifestyle Index" К. R. Plutchik – G. Kelermag, the methodology "The indicator of strategies to overcome stress" of D. R. Amirkhan in the adaptation of N.O. Syroty and V.M. Yalta, the multifactor personal questionnaire "The adaptability" of A. G. Maklakova in the adaptation of S. V. Chermyanin, the test of semantic and real orientations of D. O. Leontiev, the methodology of determining the stylistic features of self-regulation of behavior by V. I. Morosanova and E. M. Konoz). All they are used in the research of the features of psychological protection of personality and transformational adaptation. It is given the data of empirical research of features of formation of strategies of adaptive behavior in the course of psychological protection of the personality of the student. The psychological protection and personality development are related with each other, allowing the individual to adapt to difficult living conditions. On the one hand, the psychological protection is a condition for the harmonious development of the student's personality. It allows to provide adaptation through realization of balance of dynamic process of development. On the other hand, the development of personality in adolescence period is one of the conditions of psychological protection, ensuring the process of transformation of the individual and its life. The constructive interaction with the surrounding world is not possible without it. On the one hand, the self-protective efforts of a person are aimed at adaptation to the environment (preservation), and on the other hand, to the transformation of the psychological situation (change).
, Maryna Stashevska
Scientific Visnyk V.O. Sukhomlynskyi Mykolaiv National University. Psychological Sciences; https://doi.org/10.33310/2078-2128-2021-21-2-48-52

Abstract:
The purpose of this article is to present the results of theoretical and empirical research of the ratio of indicators of actual fears and qualitative indicators of emotionality. Theoretical analysis of the notion of " fear" is given. Met hod s . "Questionnaire of the hierarchical structure of personality fears" by Yu. Shcherbatykh and E. Ivleva and "Four-modal test-questionnaire of emotionality" by O.P. Sannikova were used for empirical research. Re s ult s . The correlation analysis between the indicators of actual fears and the qualitative indicators of emotionality revealed positive significant connections with the modalities "anger", " fear", "sadness", and with the modality " joy" revealed negative significant connections. Conclu s ion s . Fear is considered as an emotional state that reflects the protective biological response of a person or animal while experiencing a real or imagined danger to their health and well-being. Emotionality is understood as a property of personality and is considered as an established, integral, structural formation, characterized by a certain combination of its different levels of indicators. Emotionality is understood as a property of personality and is considered as an established, integral, structural formation, characterized by a certain combination of its different levels of indicators. This study examines the influence of qualitative characteristics of emotionality, which contain information about modality and a sign of emotional experience, on the manifestations of fear.This study considers the influence of qualitative characteristics of emotionality, which contain information about modality and a sign of emotional experience, on the manifestations of fear. Empirical data were collected using the following psychodiagnostic methods: "Questionnaire of the hierarchical structure of actual fears of the personality" (HSAF) by Yu. Shcherbatykh and E. Ivleva; "Four-modal test-questionnaire of emotionality" by O.P. Sannikova. According to the results of the correlation analysis between the indicators of actual fears and qualitative indicators of emotionality, positive significant connections have been established with the modalities "anger", " fear", "sadness", and negative significant connections have been established with the modality " joy".
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