International Journal of Social Learning (IJSL)

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2774-8359 / 2774-4426
Published by: Indonesian Journal Publisher (10.47134)
Total articles ≅ 42
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Mswazie Jonathan, Shumba Sibiziwe
International Journal of Social Learning (IJSL), Volume 2, pp 144-160; https://doi.org/10.47134/ijsl.v2i2.58

Abstract:
This study sought to determine potent policy tools which can be utilized as levers in reconstructing higher education landscapes that have been devastated by the COVID-19 pandemic. Three key participants were purposivelselected for the in-depth interviews of the study. The sample consisted of a former minister of Higher and Tertiary Education in Zimbabwe and two current Regional Directors of Zimbabwe Open University (ZOU) from Harare and Bulawayo regions. The study utilized the qualitative case study research design and a literature review to collect data to address the research question. The concept of hard and soft policy instruments and the Intervention Taxonomy were utilized as conceptual guides in data collection and the interpretation of results. The study results reveal that serious resistance to curriculum change and innovation in higher education can be overcome through the effective use of policy instruments. Policy tools can be utilized effectively and efficaciously to scale implementation barriers such as entrenched elitist cultures and practices, which are characteristic of higher education landscapes. More precisely, the study discovered that prudent and innovative application of a mix of hard and soft policy tools or instruments could effect sustainable and durable change. In view of this, the study recommends the use of policy tools as key levers in transforming and reconstructing higher education curricula and systems worldwide.
Kristine Anne Dimaculangan, Hanifa Hadji Abas, Celestie S. Quinto
International Journal of Social Learning (IJSL), Volume 2, pp 201-216; https://doi.org/10.47134/ijsl.v2i2.113

Abstract:
The COVID-19 pandemic urged a dramatic shift in the educational landscape, whereby digital platforms are utilized in teaching and learning. This new setup has posed challenges in teaching mathematics; hence, this study was conceptualized to explore the different teaching strategies and challenges math teachers encountered in their synchronous online classes (SOC). It aimed to draw analysis and increased understanding of the experiences related to teaching strategies and challenges, focusing on two essential aspects of teaching and learning: content and student engagement. Online in-depth interviews involving nine (9) Junior High School mathematics teachers of a private academic institution in Southern Luzon were conducted for data gathering. Results depict two significant themes as the participants' strategies in their SOC: teacher-directed instruction and motivational strategies.Meanwhile, three major themes emerged as challenges encountered by the participants: the role of the teacher, time constraints, and students' responsiveness. Findings suggest that some of the difficulties in synchronous online teaching may have resulted from the tendency to replicate face-to-face teaching in a virtual classroom and lack of technological proficiency. Hence, opportunities to enhance teachers’ knowledge and skills in digital pedagogies and more student-centered online teaching approaches can be a gateway to address the challenges posed.
Muhammad Khairul Kamilin Haji Hamdan, Sallimah M. Salleh, Masitah Shahrill, Daniel Asamoah
International Journal of Social Learning (IJSL), Volume 2, pp 235-249; https://doi.org/10.47134/ijsl.v2i2.140

Abstract:
This study investigated the efficacy of inquiry-based learning (IBL) in a flipped classroom in enhancing vocational students’ conceptual knowledge and inquiry skills of vocational students. We conducted IBL interventions in a flipped classroom through a pre-experimental design (i.e., one-group pretest-posttest approach). A total of 14 second-year students of the HNTec in Agro-technology programme in one of the vocational schools in Brunei Darussalam were conveniently sampled. Data were collected through achievement tests and online interviews, and analysed using the paired sample t-test, the Wilcoxon-signed rank test, and thematic analysis.  The findings showed that the IBL intervention in a flipped classroom improved the conceptual knowledge and inquiry skills of vocational students. There were significant differences (p=0.001<0.05) between the pretest and posttest scores of students’ conceptual knowledge: declarative, procedural, and semantic, and the dimensions of inquiry skills: observation, questioning, hypothesising, investigation and interpretation. Students reported positive perceptions toward IBL in a flipped classroom although they faced accessibility and adaptability challenges. This study concluded that IBL in a flipped lesson environment enhances the conceptual knowledge and inquiry skills that are fundamental in developing soft skills among vocational students. Recommendations were made based on the need to ensure a simultaneous use of IBL and flipped pedagogical approaches in vocational education.
The Thang Nguyen, Dinh-Hai Luong, Hong-Lien Nguyen, Thi-Phuong Thao Vu, Hoai-Thu Nguyen
International Journal of Social Learning (IJSL), Volume 2, pp 173-185; https://doi.org/10.47134/ijsl.v2i2.97

Abstract:
This research analysed the studies of policy on issues related to COVID-19. The results show the most productive countries, the most frequently cited sources, the most co-occurred topics of studies concerning policy issues since the epidemic was a breakout at the beginning. The data in this research were collected from the Scopus database with two search terms, "COVID-19" and "policy" of the social science domain, and published from the first day of 2020 to the search time (September 10, 2020). The final dataset consists of 384 valid documents analysed by descriptive statistics, and co-occurrence analysis was applied in R. Among 46 countries, the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, China, India, and Italy are the leading countries that published these studies. Almost all the funded scholars focused on Europe, the Americas, and Asia. The main topics of the articles are "working in COVID-19 period", "community health and social support," "using ICT in teaching and learning," "human rights." Within funded studies, four interesting topics are "social well-being," "ICT infrastructure," "agricultural policy," and "born-digital." This study presents the current situation of how studies concerning policy issues have been issued to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Abdul-Ganiy Kayode Ahmad
International Journal of Social Learning (IJSL), Volume 2, pp 217-234; https://doi.org/10.47134/ijsl.v2i2.115

Abstract:
The covid-19 pandemic has significantly brought a lot of challenges and innovations to the educational sector.This study, therefore, examined the level of adoption of e-learning as an implication of the Covid-19 pandemic for teaching and learning of Arabic (ARA) and Islamic Studies (ISS) in Ogun State's tertiary institutions that offer either one or the two twin courses using descriptive survey research design. The population comprised all thirty-four (34) lecturers of the twin disciplines in the five (5) Ogun State’s tertiary institutions where the courses are offered. All the lecturers constituted the study sample using total enumeration sampling techniques.Findings from the study revealed relatively high knowledge of e-learning tools among the lecturers of ISS and ARA (A.W.M. = 2.91 > Criterion Mean of 2.50). However, this study also indicated that their levels of utilization were abysmally low (A.W.M. = 2.20 < Criterion Mean of 2.50). It was also found out that several challenges such as poor ICT knowledge of lecturers and students, lack of gadgets and poor network among others are barriers (A.W.M. = 3.06 > Criterion Mean of 2.50). This study concluded that to be more effective and efficient, Arabic and Islamic Study lecturers should further develop and improve their competency in using ICT resources for e-learning during and after the Covid-19 pandemic. It is recommended that Arabic and Islamic studies lecturers be proactive in acquiring sound functional digital knowledge to remain relevant in the profession.
John Michael D. Aquino
International Journal of Social Learning (IJSL), Volume 2, pp 186-200; https://doi.org/10.47134/ijsl.v2i2.109

Abstract:
Management is a procedure of designing and sustaining an environment where everyone works together to attain the organization's goal. The study is a comparative analysis of the management practices of selected secondary public schools' dance troupe. This study is primarily anchored to the Skills Acquisition Theory (SAT). Specifically,  the aims to identify the management practices and holistic development of the dance troupe members. The research study wants to determine the procedures in terms of rehearsals and training, community involvement, qualification of dancers, facilities, financial support, and the level of dancers' attributes in terms of attitude, discipline, and skills. The researcher also wants to determine if there is a significant relationship between the management practices and holistic development on the personal attributes of dance troupe members of the selected secondary public schools. Using a descriptive-quantitative methodology, a self-administered questionnaire was utilized in the survey of 172 dancers. The results revealed that dancers are well-disciplined and highly skilled. The management of the dance troupe struggles in terms of qualifications of the members, facilities, and financial support, which ultimately affect their preparation and training programs. Hence, there is a significant relationship between the management practices and holistic development of dance troupe members. The dance troupe's practices, skills, attitudes, and discipline have to maintain.
Norhana Bt Mohamad Saad, Wan Ainul Mardhiah Bt Wan Amri Faizal
International Journal of Social Learning (IJSL), Volume 2, pp 161-172; https://doi.org/10.47134/ijsl.v2i2.67

Abstract:
The Ministry of Education Malaysia (MOE) is committed to ensuring that teachers serve until the end of their service. However, there is an increase in the intention for early retirement among teachers. Hence, this study aimed to identify the factors influencing early retirement intention among the teacher leaders of secondary schools. Seven teacher leaders were purposely selected: senior assistants, senior teachers, heads of departments, and heads of six core subjects for Malaysian Certificate Examination from secondary schools in Kelantan, Malaysia. The qualitative data obtained through interviews were analyzed thematically. The findings analysis found eight contributing factors: lack of information technology skills, health problems, role conflict, financially stable, career satisfaction, wanting family time, filling time meaningfully, and venturing into other fields.To reduce the desire for early retirement, this study suggested that relevant partiesrelevant partiesrelevant partiesrelevant partiesrelevant parties should give all factors as contributors attention should give all factors as contributors attention should give all factors as contributors attention should give all factors as contributors attention should give all factors as contributors attention.
Gift Muyunda, Lei Yue
International Journal of Social Learning (IJSL), Volume 2, pp 250-261; https://doi.org/10.47134/ijsl.v2i2.141

Abstract:
This systematic review aimed at exploring Confucius’ thoughts and influence on moral education in China. The study results show that ancient Chinese educational thoughts of moral education could be said to have three dimensions: goal, main contents, and teaching methods described in this paper. An analysis of the key elements of Confucius' educational thought’s on moral education reveals that the purpose of moral education in ancient China was to cultivate a totally virtuous individual ('Junzi')., while as the concept of benevolence ('Ren') is considered the foundation of Confucius' moral, educational thoughts, while the concept of etiquette ('Li') is the external form of 'Ren.' Both of them are fundamental to Confucius' ideas on moral education. Confucius' moral education includes numerous teaching approaches, such as self-cultivating, individual instruction, enlightenment, and practice, which are presented in this paper. Furthermore, this paper concludes by arguing that Confucius's educational thoughts on moral education provide a significant reference for contemporary education in todays' China and has enduring value for research and practice in contemporary moral education in the 21st century.
Divina Browne,
International Journal of Social Learning (IJSL), Volume 2, pp 1-15; https://doi.org/10.47134/ijsl.v2i1.39

Abstract:
This study was conducted to determine the differences between schools of choice and traditional comprehensive high schools in terms of their Grade 9 State of Texas Assessments of Academic Readiness (STAAR) End-of-Course (EOC) exams in Biology, English 1, and Algebra 1 during the 2017-2018 school year. Inferential statistical analyses revealed the presence of a statistically significant difference between the two types of schools on their EOC exam passing rates in all three content areas for students who were not at-risk and for students who were not in poverty. In contrast, statistically significant differences were not revealed between the two types of schools in terms of the EOC exam passing rates of their CATE and Non-CATE students. Knowing that students who have choice appear to perform better academically, policymakers are encouraged to study the feasibility of channeling more funding to help school districts expand their school choice programs to (a) motivate more students to find the school that fit their needs and their future college and career aspirations, and (b) to solicit more support from parents and community businesses to invest in their communities to improve schools through taxes. Given that the data for this research were gathered for only 16 school districts in South Texas, researchers are encouraged to conduct a study that will involve all school districts in the whole state and possibly the whole nation to reach more conclusive evidence on the differences between schools of choice and neighborhood schools.
Frank Angelo A. Pacala
International Journal of Social Learning (IJSL), Volume 2, pp 84-104; https://doi.org/10.47134/ijsl.v2i1.85

Abstract:
This study combined computer simulation and predict-observe-explain as a new strategy known as Computer Simulation Supported Predict-Observe-Explain (CSSPOE) to explore other ways to facilitate the teaching and learning in physics. This strategy was tested in determining the conceptual understanding and scientific reasoning among grade school Filipino students. A quasi-experimental method was used to gather quantitative data from 38 participants then a case study was used to acquire information from the students. After the CSSPOE intervention, post-test results showed that students had positive conceptual changes, and this increase was significant. The interview data showed that participants pointed out the affordances of CSSPOE, such as visualization, autonomy, recognition of alternative conceptions, and consequently accommodating the scientific notions, and noticing the departure of the strategy from the usual lecture method. The recommendation is to adapt CSSPOE in the K to 12 science curriculum or even in college Physics classes. Physics teachers should strive to utilize constructivist and active learning approaches like CSSPOE.
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