Studies in Humanities and Education
Latest articles in this journal
Studies in Humanities and Education, Volume 2, pp 79-85; https://doi.org/10.48185/she.v2i1.293
The study elucidates the merits and demerits or strengths and weaknesses in using the instructional resources among Social Studies teachers. In the Basic Education Unit of the Department of Education, this study would give them feedback on how and what interventions would be the best to employ and reinforce to overcome their weaknesses. This study used the descriptive method of research to determine the strengths and weaknesses of teachers in teaching Araling Panlipunan ( Social Studies). The study focused mainly on the strengths and weaknesses of teachers in teaching Araling Panlipunan( Social Studies) in terms of teaching content, motivating the students, presenting the lesson, assessing student performance, and attainment of lesson objectives. Data were gathered from the Grade IV teachers who handled Araling Panlipunan ( Social Studies) subject during the study and their respective pupils in San Pablo, Isabela. The performance of the Grade IV pupils was determined in terms of their final grades in Araling Panlipunan ( Social Studies) during the School year 2017-2018 and through their percentage score in a forty-item achievement test. With these strategies, the teacher frees the students to learn using their critical thinking abilities so that they will be able to discuss crucial issues and challenges that confront them in everyday life.
Studies in Humanities and Education, Volume 2, pp 1-18; https://doi.org/10.48185/she.v2i1.172
Despite the fact that English songs with written lyrics are already familiar in Malaysia, however only a few that recognizes the potential use of the material in teaching vocabulary especially among Malaysian English teachers. The researcher finds it necessary to understand the perception towards the idea of using English songs with written lyrics in teaching vocabulary especially in Malaysian context. This quantitative research aims to identify the MSU TESL practicum students’ perception towards the idea of using English songs with written lyrics in teaching vocabulary and to find out if there is any difference according to gender and program (DTESL/BTESL) in the practicum students’ perception. A total of 164 TESL practicum students are used as the sample in this research where an online questionnaire is distributed to collect data. The results reveal that the practicum students exhibit a positive perception towards the idea of using English songs with written lyrics in teaching vocabulary. No significant difference in perception is found regardless the gender and programs. The findings are hopefully to give significant to the English teachers and the English Language Teaching curriculum developer. Further recommendation is given for a better understanding of the perception.
Studies in Humanities and Education, Volume 2, pp 56-69; https://doi.org/10.48185/she.v2i1.224
Due to the effect of the current pandemic that the world is experiencing, the educational system swiftly remedied the problem of student learning. This study assessed the students' internet connection capability and the availability of learning devices at their homes. The researchers used a descriptive cross-sectional research design with the online survey as the primary tool for data gathering. Using a convenience sampling technique, this study garnered 2,894 responses from students at a local higher education institution in Central Luzon, Philippines. The study used a modified questionnaire and subjected the gathered data to simple statistical analysis. Based on the results of the survey, 70% of the students have internet access at home. On the other hand, smartphone tops the list of the learning devices that is available for learning for students. To conclude, the institution can therefore implement a flexible learning plan for the students especially this time of the pandemic period. In addition, the researchers also suggested some important recommendations in the learning system of the institution.
Studies in Humanities and Education, Volume 2, pp 45-55; https://doi.org/10.48185/she.v2i1.173
The study aims to identify Higher Education students' level of language anxiety in the classroom. Moreover, the study also investigated the Higher Education Institute students' level of anxiety in each of the components in English language. 236 students from a Higher Education Institute participated in this study. The quantitative method has been used in this study and a set of questionnaire was adapted from FLCAS that was developed by Horwitz et al. (1986). For the finding, the study found that Higher Education Institute students have moderate level of language anxiety. Therefore, the study also revealed that the Higher Education Institute students have a moderate level of language anxiety in the test anxiety component and fear of negative evaluation component. On the other hand, Higher Education Institute students' have a high level of language anxiety in the communication apprehension component. The current study could help future educators to acknowledge more on language anxiety and help educators to find a good solution for these students.
Studies in Humanities and Education, Volume 2, pp 19-34; https://doi.org/10.48185/she.v2i1.186
This quantitative study aims to determine teachers' and students' perceptions of engagement and satisfaction during the emergency remote teaching (ERT), together with the significant differences of the variables on the teachers' profiles. Participated by 147 and 409 senior high school teachers and students in a comprehensive Catholic university, it was revealed that the respondents have positively engaged in different virtual lessons and activities. This affirmative participation also gives way to construct online satisfaction among teachers despite few identified circumstances like the students' poor confidence in their learning, the benefits of online teaching and instructional materials, and school authorities' support. Still, teachers' and students' engagement and satisfaction remain different, while teachers' profiles like strand and year in service appear significant to teachers’ satisfaction while age and educational attainment appear significant for both teachers’ engagement and satisfaction. Results further prove that the quality of engagement in a virtual learning environment remains a significant academic issue during the COVID-19 pandemic to achieve pedagogical and learning success. Hence, similar studies on engagement and satisfaction on virtual learning may be conducted using comprehensive tools and methods for a different set of respondents to assess quality instructions and to achieve learning equity.
Studies in Humanities and Education, Volume 1, pp 51-73; https://doi.org/10.48185/she.v1i1.95
The general objective of the study was to analyze the impact of human capital development on economic growth in Ethiopia over the period 1974/5 -2018/9. The econometric models of Johnesan cointegration, VECM and causality tests were applied to analysis short-run and long-run impact of Human capital on Economic growth. The result of the error correction model shows that the model is adjusting at a relatively stable rate of 74.3% towards the long-run equilibrium. Furthermore, the result shows that human capital proxied of (primary and secondary school enrolments) and active labour force have a positive statistical significant long run and short-run effect on economic growth in Ethiopia. Such findings are consistent with the endogenous growth theories which argue that an improvement in human capital (skilled workers) improves productivity. In addition, results reveal that education expenditure and life expectancy at birth have a positive and statistically significant long-run effect on economic growth. However, the expenditure on health, secondary school enrolment and official development assistance are statically significant and have an unexpected negative impact on long-run economic growth. Furthermore, the short-run causality tests results reveal that public expenditure on education, primary school enrolment, secondary school enrolment and RGDP have unidirectional causal effects. Hence policymakers and/or the government give prioritize to create institutional capacity that increase school enrolment and strengthening the infrastructure or investment of educational and health institutions that produce quality of manpower to increase productivity.
Studies in Humanities and Education, Volume 1, pp 40-50; https://doi.org/10.48185/she.v1i1.70
In Bangladesh, many NGOs have been launched with involving local people in managing livelihood enhancement with forest resource conservation for sustainable development. The study was conducted to assess the capability of NGOs ongoing programs towards species richness and biodiversity conservation in a sustainable way of rural households in Chattogram and Moulavibazar covered by evergreen and semi-evergreen forest area, Tangail and Sherpur covered by Sal forest area and Satkhira covered by Mangrove forest area during 2014 to 2019. Data were collected from 330 IGA participating forest-dependent farmers, who were the member of different NGOs viz. World Vision Bangladesh, Arannyak Foundation, Caritas Bangladesh, Bangladesh Pallidaridro Foundation, and BRAC. The assessment was done using multistage random sampling. A total of 131 plant species were identified adjacent twenty villages of evergreen and semi-evergreen forest, Sal forest and Mangrove forest areas of which 43 species were fruit-producing, 41 timber species, 29 fuelwood and ornamental species, 18 medicinal and species of spices. Most of the farmers (33%) preferred to plant fruit tree species for future plantation followed by timber species (31%). Diversity and abundance of fruit species were found higher in all homestead. Seven livestock, seven poultry, and two pet animal species were recorded. A total of 46 species of cultured fish species were recorded. Besides, analysis of existing management period indicates that farmers lack scientific information, almost every household presently follows traditional management systems. Finally, a homestead forest management plan, conservation of homestead species diversity through scientific management and obtaining training and support from government and NGOs, was found highly demandable by this study.
Studies in Humanities and Education, Volume 1, pp 1-20; https://doi.org/10.48185/she.v1i1.69
Climate variability and change has caused instability in production and decline in productivity exacerbating food insecurity particularly in Latin America, Africa including Ethiopia and some parts of Asia. The magnitude and frequency of extreme climatic events are projected to increase. The effects of these climatic changes will become even more pronounced among small scale farmers whose farming activities are weather dependent and vulnerable to climate change, and already affected by environmental degradation and socio-economic risks. Effective adaptation to climate change among small scale farmers is therefore of critical importance and is dependent on the adoption of climate-smart practices. However, studies have shown low adoption of climate-smart farming practices among small scale farmers world over, in East Hararghe Zone and Kurfa Chele District. This study, therefore, examined factors influencing adoption of climate-smart practices among farmers Kurfa Chele District, East Hararghe Zone, evaluated their existing knowledge, attitude and practice of these practices, assessed their perception of climate change, examined the extent of climate information dissemination, and the resultant impact on the uptake of these practices. The research adopted a survey research design, where both quantitative and qualitative research strategies were used. Data was gathered through Focus Group Discussions, questionnaires, key informant interviews, observations and a desk review. Both simple random and purposive sampling was used to sample 420 small scale farmers and technical officers of the agriculture sector respectively. Data were analysed using both quantitative and qualitative techniques. To test the statistical significance of the findings and relationships between the variables, the chi-square test was used
Studies in Humanities and Education, Volume 1, pp 21-39; https://doi.org/10.48185/she.v1i1.71
Freight transportation is the process of conveying different types of goods from one point to another using a variety of transport modes. The main objective of this study was to assess the fright transport service on international trade with its implications for global competitiveness. A descriptive followed by a longitudinal research design was used. Secondary data were collected from international organizations policy, standards documents, and annual reports for the year 2007-2018 by using the two indexing systems. Moreover, a quantitative research approach had been used. The data were entered, manipulated, organized, and analyzed using Excel and SPSS. Both descriptive and inferential analyses were used to examine the extent of fright transport service and its implications on global competitiveness and the interrelationship between international trade and freight transport service with its implication on global competitiveness. According to the result, European countries highly dominated the top 10 world rank logistic performance. Therefore, these countries were devoted to providing maximum efficiency and commitments on the Six Logistics Performance Index (LPI) as well as 12 pillars of GCI pillars than the others. Besides both, LPI and GCI were linearly associated with each other except for the 2016 fiscal year. This improved that tread and logistic services had an association.
Studies in Humanities and Education, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.48185/she.v1i1.145
This quantitative study investigates teachers' and students' perceptions on remote emergency teaching in terms of readiness, attitude, and competence, their significant differences based on their profile, and the significant difference of the respondents' identified variables. Participated by 147 teachers and 409 students of a Senior High School in a comprehensive Catholic university in Manila, results revealed that respondents show their readiness, positive attitude, and competence toward online teaching; however, specific measurements affect student attitude on their online engagement and learning, such as their discomfort and ineffectiveness of this learning modality in producing creativity, interaction, and innovation in e-learning that affects the acquisition of knowledge. Among the respondents' profiles, only their age shows a statistically significant difference, while educational advancement established its significant difference in readiness and competence. Finally, a statistically significant difference between the teachers' and students' readiness, attitude, and competence was evident. Results further proved that behind the sudden shift of the learning environment, the respondents remain positive and resilient in dealing with academic challenges caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. This study further implicates that measuring teachers' and students' readiness, attitude, and competence in different inevitable circumstances remains a significant frame of reference for academic and instructional policy-making.