Journal Information
EISSN : 2708-3098
Total articles ≅ 48
Filter:

Latest articles in this journal

Ilia Krapivnyi, Halyna Khomenko
Astraea, Volume 3, pp 114-138; https://doi.org/10.34142/astraea.2021.3.1.07

Abstract:
At a glance, this text is a common phenomenon in modern literature. Not only because it is written as confession-speculation of a young man who works in a fashionable place - a tattoo salon, a speculation that covers three days of 2014. The definition of the genre includes this particular piece of writing, as well as its author, in the world of modern literature: ‘I lost my thread of thought, bent into thirty-three triangles that formed ninety-nine sharp angles and a hundred unequal segments of lust, pain, and, of course, the shamanic mystery of the tattoo artist who once, quite by accident, visited a porn theater’.
Polina Lukyantseva
Astraea, Volume 3, pp 79-93; https://doi.org/10.34142/astraea.2021.3.1.05

Abstract:
Power relations, analysis, and interpretation have been a research field of great interest for psychologists, sociologists, linguists, and other scholars. Even Sigmund Freud said that desire for power might be interpreted as a manifestation of libido. This research interest centered around two controversial novels of L. Petrushevskaya, The Time: Night (Время ночь, 1992) and Our Circle (Свой круг, 1988). It explained the meaning of female power relations in the Soviet family and the definition of women’s dominance in the family. This study aimed to investigate the idea of power relations through the mother’s image in the prose of Soviet and Russian post-war female writer Lyudmila Petrushevskaya (1938-); to understand its connection with mother’s love. Subjects of this study were novels Our Circle and The Time: Night. They were chosen because of the following reasons. First, the author raises social topics and talks about domestic violence in these novels. Second, the author explores the psychological characteristics of women (=mothers). In this research, the following methods were employed. The language and images of mothers presented in prose will be examined through the textual analysis research method. On top of it, this research represents the systematic analysis of the narrative patterns through which motherhood was studied. Due to the chosen approach, the following conclusion was made. An image of a powerful or abusive woman (mother) might be interpreted as a destructive woman, whose actions lead to catharsis, and to her daughter/son’s freedom. On the other hand, it can be interpreted as an act of pure mother’s love.
Tetiana Belimova
Astraea, Volume 3, pp 11-28; https://doi.org/10.34142/astraea.2021.3.1.01

Abstract:
The article is devoted to the actualization of memory studies in Ukrainian literary criticism. In particular, it is about expanding the working tools of this humanitarian field by introducing new terminological definitions («memory box», memory map, «wounds of time»). These terms were transferred from the research of Aleida Assmann and used in the analysis and reconstruction of the architecture of memory based on the material of a particular work. The object of analysis is the novel of the modern British writer Joanne Harris “Five Quarters of the Orange” (2001), which is the final one in the so-called French cycle (novels “Chocolat”, “Blackberry Wine” and “Five Quarters of the Orange” that are united by the topos of the French province of Brittany). The purpose of the article is to reveal the conditional architecture of memory of Joanne Harris’s novel «Five Quarters of the Orange». This is a reconstruction of a conditional memory map, which is primarily associated with the tragic events of the Second World War. The outlined «wound of time» is directly connected with the relationship between the Dartigen family and the German soldier Thomas Leibniz. Individual memories of past events are encrypted in an old cooking album, which in its turn is identical to a “memory box” – the portable repository of memories or the ark. The article implements several tasks that made it possible to achieve the main goal. It is primarily about discovering and exploring the mechanisms of memory that are inherent in both narrative structures of the text: both Mirabelle’s notes on the margins of her cooking album and the memories of the main character Framboise are analyzed in terms of correlation of individual memories and collective flashback of the past. The influence of trauma and traumatic experience of the Dartigen family in general on the formation of memory architecture in the novel is also outlined. Illness of mother, early loss of father, which the children are going through, seen murder (Franboise was the witness); expulsion from home and forced expulsion of painful memories for the sake of continued existence are all conditional points on the memory map that are recreated by Fraumboise in her story, which simulates oral storytelling. Finally, several symbols are researched that also correspond to certain points on the memory map. They are aimed at actualization of reader’s attention and focus on the significance of certain events in the life of the family and Les Laveuses (cooking album of Mirabelle; orange encrypted in the title of the novel; Observatory, Standing Stones, Loire River, where the Hunt for the Old Mother was and who finally took away Thomas Leibniz). The conditional architecture of memory in Joanne Harris’s novel “Five Quarters of the Orange”, in fact, results in deciphering the cooking album (“memory box”) and presents the author’s message of forgiveness and understanding, as well as affirms the anti-war message that is extremely relevant today.
Luciane Trennephol DA Costa Doutora, Daiane C. Moreira DE Souza
Astraea, Volume 3, pp 29-44; https://doi.org/10.34142/astraea.2021.3.1.02

Abstract:
Brazil received many Ukrainian immigrants in the 19th century and most of them were sent to the southern region of the country. The municipality of Prudentópolis, a city of approximately 50,000 inhabitants, located in the Center-South region of the State of Paraná and Southern Brazil, received many of these immigrants, mainly from the regions of Galicia and Bukovina (BORUSZENKO, 1995). The city is known as the Brazilian Ukraine, for preserving traditions, customs, religious rituals and keeping alive the memory and language of the Ukrainian people. This article aims to analyze the pronunciation of rhotics, as the sounds of "r" are called, in Brazilian Portuguese by Ukrainian descendants who live in communities in the interior of the city of Prudentópolis, since the use of r is an important dialect mark for the region's speakers. The theoretical foundation of this research is based on the Labovian quantitative variationist sociolinguistics theory (LABOV, 2008 [1972]). The analyzed sample is part of the speech database Linguistic Variation of Slavic Speech – VARLINFE, which consists of oral interviews with Slav, Polish and Ukrainian descendants, residents of the interior of Paraná. The rhotic sounds produced by eight informants were analyzed, totaling 3.906 data. Such occurrences were submitted to statistical treatment with the Goldvarb program. The results revealed the predominance of the rhotic variant tap and pointed out as conditioning factors the syllabic environment in which the sound occurs in the word, the speaker's education, the morphological class of the word and the sound context prior to the rhotic in the word. This research, still in development, contributes to the knowledge of Brazilian Portuguese spoken within the country and in the communities of Ukrainian descendants.
Olha Kozii
Astraea, Volume 3, pp 65-78; https://doi.org/10.34142/astraea.2021.3.1.04

Abstract:
English scientist J. Tolkien became world-famous as the creator of the fantasy genre and the author of the epic novel «The Lord of the Rings» which has overgrown the measures of a novel having become a cultural phenomena and causing cultural movement. His works – «The Lord of the Rings» and «The Hobbit» have already been analyzed in the light of the genre novelty. The purpose of this paper is to enlighten the ways of the embodiment of philosophical concepts of the image of the world tree in J. Tolkien’s creative work. The methodology includes literature review related to the topic; methods of analysis, classification and comparative analysis. The image of the tree is analyzed as one of the universal symbols of the spiritual culture. It unites the Earth with the heaven, defines the human’s way to oneself, to spiritual summits. In the works of J. R. R. Tolkien the tree isn’t just a detail but also a character, the symbol of the eternal life circulation. Symbolizing the synthesis of heaven, earth and water, the dynamics of life, combining the worlds, the tree in the creation of J. Tolkien is a complex archetypal derivative that accumulates feminine as a source of life, male as a defender of the genus. The Trees of Valinor, lone tree-pastors, the creations of Niggl are characterized by the synthesis of cosmogonic and solar aspects. The depth of the perception of the artist («The Leaf by Niggle») the writer transforms into world creation. Niggle works much on details, but dreams of drawing the whole tree. The artist is inspired by a picture of a living tree, the embodiment of the mythological universe. It is concluded that the close relationship between the creator and creation is a reflection of the ancient beliefs about man and the tree as indivisible unity, that the tree could become a friend, a «twin brother» of a man, the incarnation of his soul.
Viktoriia Iliesku
Astraea, Volume 3, pp 45-64; https://doi.org/10.34142/astraea.2021.3.1.03

Abstract:
The article deals with the study of the grammar of idiostyle in poetry. Theoretical basis of the study of grammar of poetic idiostyle based on the material of poetry is the doctrine of the inner form of a word and language features, the theory of morphological field and achievements of functional grammar, modern developments in the field of linguistics, linguopoetics, and poetic aesthetics. In the structure of the poetic text, a unit of any of the levels is capable of possessing expressiveness, being an expressive unit, interacting with other levels. The semantic and functional enrichment of grammatical means in the poetic language of the 19th-20th centuries has an individual-author character, based on the systemic grammatical potential of the national language. As a consequence, these enriched units and categories form the grammatical system of poetic language as a subset of the national language. “Poetic cognition” is verbal in nature. The tools of “poetic cognition” are the artistic word and the structure of language as a system of connections and relations between linguistic units. Linguopoetic mechanisms of grammatical meanings actualization and neutralization in poetic language are based on general linguistic characteristics of morphological categories and on the regularities of poetic functioning, the selection of neutral and marked grammemes. In addition to the violation of the grammatical norm, poetic language has a variety of artistic techniques and forms patterns, the basis of which is morphological selection and the formation of homogeneous groups, series, texts and their fragments, morphological attraction (assimilation of some morphological units to others). Besides, verse localization is a means of isolating and neutralizing the semantics of a certain unit. Within the framework of general poetic patterns in each text and “idiostyle” an authorial system of morphological selection and attraction is formed, which forms units and unities. The dynamics of the development of techniques and poetic means can be considered both within the framework of an individual work and in the comparative dimension, at the level of describing the idiostyle of an individual artist and in the idiostyles of different authors. Grammatical selection creates a variety of morphological dominants in individual works.
Svitlana Shchyholieva, Svitlana Kryvoruchko
Astraea, Volume 3, pp 139-142; https://doi.org/10.34142/astraea.2021.3.1.08

Abstract:
Svitlana Shchyholieva – modern Kharkiv poet, member of the National Union of Writers of Ukraine, engineer of Department of Experimental Physics of Kharkiv National University named after V. N. Karazin, write and sing her own songs. Svitlana Shchyholieva started writing at the age of 5, but more seriously at the age of 16. She is the author of poetry collections in Russian “November berries” (2007) and “Live thread” (2018), have poems in Ukrainian and a little in English.
Lelya Arey, Natalia Levchenko
Astraea, Volume 3, pp 94-113; https://doi.org/10.34142/astraea.2021.3.1.06

Abstract:
The theme of the executed revival of the 1920s-1930s in the context of Russia's current active aggression against Ukraine, which has been going on for nine years, when the Russian occupiers are shooting not only the Ukrainian intellectual elite, but purposefully destroying the entire Ukrainian nation, has acquired special relevance. The importance of the slogan “Away from Moscow” by Mykola Khvylyovyi, one of the most extraordinary representatives of the period of the most powerful and brilliant literary and artistic development of Ukraine, increased in the plane of the fierce struggle of the Ukrainian people with Moscow for their freedom and independence.
Published: 31 December 2021
Journal: Astraea
Abstract:
This research study arose from the lack of opportunities students had to communicate and express their ideas regarding the content they had already learned using English as a Foreign Language (EFL). Speaking as a linguistic component in EFL is one of the most important skills in this context as it enables students to have better interaction and communication. This qualitative participatory action research study aimed at exploring the contributions that class discussions based on cultural aspects have on eleventh graders from Jorge Eliécer Gaitán High School in Florencia, Caquetá. Each intervention process in this research was developed using Argawati’s (2014) cycle; the cycle was composed of three guidelines: greeting, main activity, and closing. The class discussions were conducted following the ‘group investigation’ method to give students more opportunities for participating and exchanging ideas. The surveys, field notes, and audio-tape recordings were the instruments to gather the data during the intervention. The findings suggest that it is beneficial to use class discussions based on cultural aspects in EFL to promote students’ participation, and thus, evidence significant progress in the EFL speaking skill. Besides, class discussions based on cultural aspects make EFL learners be constantly practicing, requesting information, sharing ideas, and concluding regarding the cultural aspects, fostering a meaningful development of their speaking skill.
Han Zhangliang, Nataliia Terentieva
Astraea, Volume 2, pp 56-70; https://doi.org/10.34142/astraea.2021.2.2.03

Abstract:
At the present stage of the Chinese society development, the education and training system of teachers in the PRC faced the need of updating the forms and methods of training students, including future teachers of sports disciplines. This article analyzes modern forms of pedagogical work that are used in the system of higher sports and pedagogical education in the PRC, both traditional (lectures, practicals, consultations) and those that are unique (professional online projects and platforms) or innovative (volunteer movements, social practices, etc.). The purpose of this article is to present the results of the above analysis and to introduce this new data into the space of Ukrainian pedagogical science.
Back to Top Top