Research & Review: Management of Cardiovascular and Orthopedic Complications

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EISSN : 2582-5739
Total articles ≅ 4
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Anand Dixit
Research & Review: Management of Cardiovascular and Orthopedic Complications, Volume 4, pp 8-17; https://doi.org/10.46610/rrmcoc.2022.v04i02.002

Abstract:
Problem selection is the first step in every research project. This is when an investigator decides what kind of issue, he or she wants to address by doing the study. The researcher's path through the study is illuminated by the objectives he or she has set. To do useful research, you need to clearly define your goals. Objectives of the study: To assess the attitudes toward lifestyle change to reduce hypertension among bank workers, to find out the correlation between the degree to which people are aware of the benefits of making lifestyle changes to lower their blood pressure and avoid hypertension, to find out the connection between the amount of knowledge and specified socio demographic characteristics and to find the association between the level of attitude with selected socio demographic variables. Methodology: Among other things, this chapter explains how to conduct a study and how to select a sample; how to conduct a pilot study; how to gather data; and how to arrange for statistical analysis. Conclusion: Hypertension is a contemporary day’s pandemic and it is becoming a public health problem globally, particularly in the developing nations. It has been noticed that cardiovascular illnesses are rising in developing nations and it has been anticipated that CVD would be the primary cause of morbidity and death in these countries by the year 2020.
Durga Devi. B, Hemam Sangeeta Devi
Research & Review: Management of Cardiovascular and Orthopedic Complications, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.46610/rrmcoc.2021.v03i02.005

Abstract:
India is facing a grave public health; with the prevalence of Osteoarthritis is being greater than 40%. An experimental study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of Moringa Oleifera powder on level of pain and the level of activity among Osteoarthritis clients. Quantitative evaluative approach was used for this study and the researcher adopted a Quasi- experimental research design. The sample size of the study was 60 Osteoarthritis clients in selected community area at Vellore, in which 30 were in experimental group and 30 were in control group. According to samples convenient and availability, convenient sampling technique was used to select the samples. The researcher adopted Imogene king’s goal attainment theory as a conceptual framework. Eight different hypothesis were tested in this study. The Structured interview schedule was used to collect the demographic and clinical variables. KOOS scale was used to assess the level of pain and the level of activity. Experimental group received intervention of Moringa Oleifera powder for 21 days and control group advised to follow daily routine and no intervention was given. For both the groups, on 22nd day the researcher was conducted posttest by using same tool. The data were analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics in terms of frequency distribution, chi-square test. The study revealed that the mean posttest pain and activity score in experimental group was 20&17.37 respectively whereas in the control group, the mean posttest pain and activity score was 26.87&27.17. The mean difference was 6.07 &9.73. The obtained independent “t” value was 6.97 & 8.57 respectively, which is more than the table value (P<0.001) was highly significance. There is significant Association between levels of pain among Osteoarthritis clients Selected Demographic variable marital status in control group. No other demographic variables were shown any association with level of pain. The Frequency and percentage distribution
R. Adlin Pon Joy
Research & Review: Management of Cardiovascular and Orthopedic Complications, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.46610/rrmcoc.2021.v03i01.005

Abstract:
Andreas Gruentzig is the father of interventional cardiology performed the first PTCA procedure in Zurich, Switzerland (1977). Later, the developments of angioplasty were done by interventional radiologist Charles Dotter. Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA) is a primary procedure used in the field of interventional cardiology to treat blocked or stenosed coronary arteries. The blockages occur because of the lipid –rich plaque within the arteries causing diminished blood flow to the myocardium. In acute myocardial infarction, there is plaque rupture with platelet aggregation, and acute thrombus formation, which results in a sudden occlusion of coronary artery. The patient present with acute chest heaviness, diaphoresis, and nausea, urgent PTCA is required to save the life of the patient in order to limit the myocardial damage.
R. Ramya, A. Maria Therese
Research & Review: Management of Cardiovascular and Orthopedic Complications, Volume 3, pp 5-11; https://doi.org/10.46610/rrmcoc.2021.v03i01.002

Abstract:
Cardiovascular diseases are the world leading killer disease. Some of the factors which will make the cardiovascular disorders, Overweight, central obesity, high BP, dyslipidaemia, diabetes and unhealthy dietary patterns are the main risk factors. These factors are early identified by cardiovascular assessment and it will prevent worsening of cardiac conditions. Cardiovascular Assessment includes History Collection and Physical Examination which are the most important domains to evaluate the patients’ risk for heart diseases. History collection includes the patient present and past history, chief complaints and etc. physical examination includes JVP measurements, Inspection, Palpation, Percussion and Auscultation, Vascular examination. The Nursing Students are the future nurses they should have adequate skills the Cardiovascular Assessment and develop Competency in performing Cardiovascular Assessment which help to identify the Cardiac diseases earlier.Cardiovascular assessment education will help in reduction of hospital readmissions and improve the level of care that is being provided in all health care settings.
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