Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2241-4487 / 1792-8036
Total articles ≅ 324
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N. K. Al-Shammari, H. B. Almansour, M. B. Syed
Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Volume 11, pp 7006-7010; doi:10.48084/etasr.4103

Abstract:
In today's out-breaking Covid-19 circumstance, treatments are preferred to be contactless. Social distancing has become a mandate in order to prevent disease spreading. In such a scenario, checking the body temperature is preferable to be made contactless because it helps the doctors and social workers to stay away from the symptomatic patients. Infrared (IR) contactless thermometers are employed in measuring the temperature while preventing direct contact with the body. Improved functionalities in the contactless thermometer can provide accurate precision in measurements and calculations. Technological advancement in pharmacy has cohesively improved over time. Coupling Machine Learning (CML) will revolutionize the process of testing. The demand for automated temperature test equipment is likely to grow at a significant pace, with the continuous advancements in technology and the adoption of ATE (Automated Test Equipment). The Global Positioning System (GPS) easy tracking and navigation can be used for easy tracking. Population density can be used to calculate the amount of population in a particular area. The proposed automatic contact-less thermometer system has the potential to replace the traditional temperature measuring techniques and safeguard from human-to-human transmission diseases.
M. Atif, Z. H. Khand, S. Khan, F. Akhtar, A. Rajput
Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Volume 11, pp 6869-6872; doi:10.48084/etasr.3951

Abstract:
Data storage is always an issue, especially for video data from CCTV cameras that require huge amounts of storage. Moreover, monitoring past events is a laborious task. This paper proposes a motion detection method that requires fewer calculations and reduces the required data storage up to 70%, as it stores only the informative frames, enabling the security personnel to retrieve the required information more quickly. The proposed method utilized a histogram-based adaptive threshold for motion detection, and therefore it can work in variable luminance conditions. The proposed method can be applied to streamed frames of any CCTV camera to efficiently store and retrieve informative frames.
P. Vu, D. T. Anh, H. D. Chinh
Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Volume 11, pp 7054-7059; doi:10.48084/etasr.4067

Abstract:
This paper proposes a novel control design for a Current-Fed Dual Active Bridge (CFDAB) converter in boost mode. The Double PWM plus Double Phase Shifted (DPDPS) modulation is applied to the converter due to its considerable merits. A small-signal model is developed to control the output voltage stably in boost mode. Simulations of the control design for the CFDAB converter were conducted to verify the proposed model. The results show that the system can achieve high performance, not only in the dynamic response but also in the steady-state.
A. Bouziane, A. Alami, M. Zaitri, B. Bouchame, M. Bouchetara
Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Volume 11, pp 6943-6948; doi:10.48084/etasr.4034

Abstract:
In the current paper, numerical simulations of the combustion of turbulent CH4-H2 are presented employing the standard k-epsilon and the RNG k-epsilon for turbulence closure. The Fr-ED concept is carried out to account for chemistry/ turbulence interaction. The hydrogen content is varied in the fuel stream from 0% to 100%. The numerical solutions are validated by comparison with corresponding experimental data from the Combustion Laboratory of the University of Milan. The flow is directed radially outward. This method of fuel injection has been already been explored experimentally. The results show that the structure of the flame is described reasonably and both standard k-ɛ and RNG k- ɛ models can predict the flame shape. The general aspect of the temperature profiles is well predicted. The temperature profiles are indicating a different trend between CH4 and CH4/H2 fuel mixtures.
L. Poomhiran, P. Meesad,
Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Volume 11, pp 6986-6992; doi:10.48084/etasr.4102

Abstract:
This paper proposes a lip reading method based on convolutional neural networks applied to Concatenated Three Sequence Keyframe Image (C3-SKI), consisting of (a) the Start-Lip Image (SLI), (b) the Middle-Lip Image (MLI), and (c) the End-Lip Image (ELI) which is the end of the pronunciation of that syllable. The lip area’s image dimensions were reduced to 32×32 pixels per image frame and three keyframes concatenate together were used to represent one syllable with a dimension of 96×32 pixels for visual speech recognition. Every three concatenated keyframes representing any syllable are selected based on the relative maximum and relative minimum related to the open lip’s width and height. The evaluation results of the model’s effectiveness, showed accuracy, validation accuracy, loss, and validation loss values at 95.06%, 86.03%, 4.61%, and 9.04% respectively, for the THDigits dataset. The C3-SKI technique was also applied to the AVDigits dataset, showing 85.62% accuracy. In conclusion, the C3-SKI technique could be applied to perform lip reading recognition.
F. H. Khoso, A. Lakhan, A. A. Arain, M. A. Soomro, S. Z. Nizamani, K. Kanwar
Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Volume 11, pp 7029-7032; doi:10.48084/etasr.4077

Abstract:
Nowadays, the usage of the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) in practical applications has increased. The primary utilization is a fog cloud network, which offers different services, such as network and remote edges, at different places. Existing studies implemented the Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) based on the fog-cloud network to run IIoT applications, such as e-healthcare, e-agriculture, renewable energy, etc. However, due to the applications' monolithic property, issues like failures, security, and cost factors occur, e.g. the failure of one service in SOA affects monolithic applications' performance in the system. With this motivation, this study suggests a microservice-based system to deal with the cost, security, and failure risks of IIoT applications in the fog-cloud system. The study improves the existing SOA systems for e-healthcare, e-agriculture, and renewable energy and minimizes the applications' overall cost. The performance evaluation shows that the devised systems outperform the existing SOA system in terms of failure, cost, and the deadline for all applications.
A. K. Kazi, S. M. Khan
Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Volume 11, pp 6979-6985; doi:10.48084/etasr.4076

Abstract:
A Vehicular Ad-hoc Network (VANET) is a subclass of wireless ad-hoc networks, widely used in on-road vehicles and roadside equipment, having applications in various areas including passenger safety, smart traffic solutions, and connectivity on vehicles The VANET is the backbone of the Intelligent Transport System (ITS) that establishes connectivity between vehicles through a wireless medium. When it comes to the communication between high-speed vehicles there is the challenge of dynamic mobility. In order to provide a higher Packet Delivery Ratio (PDR) and increase the throughput, a new routing protocol called Dynamic Trilateral Enrolment (DyTE) is introduced which chooses a dynamic trilateral zone to find the destination vehicle by allowing only relevant nodes to participate in the communication process using the location coordinates of source and destination nodes. The proposed routing protocol is compared with Ad-hoc On-demand Distance Vector (AODV), Ad-hoc On-demand Multipath Distance Vector (AOMDV), and Dynamic Source Routing (DSR), and the results show remarkable improvement in reducing the Network Routing Load (NRL) and increasing the PDR and throughput of the network. DyTE has performed more efficiently in terms of PDR (23% approximately), throughput (26% approximately) and drastically minimized the NRL by a factor of almost 3.
T. Nagao
Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Volume 11, pp 6873-6881; doi:10.48084/etasr.3991

Abstract:
Since an Earthquake Ground Motion (EGM) is amplified from the propagation through the ground, different models are required for each ground type in the seismic design of structures. While the shallow subsurface indicators are used for the classification of ground types, a deep subsurface has a significant impact on the amplification of the EGMs. This study discusses the maximum credible EGMs for seismic design reflecting seismic amplification due to deep subsurface. The design spectra, reflecting the site amplification factor of the target location, are presented by the calculation of the EGMs with the same source and path characteristics and different site amplification factors as recent major Japanese earthquake records have shown, from the perspective of establishing the maximum credible EGMs that may occur in the future at a target site. The present design spectra, which are based on the natural period of a shallow subsurface, are compared with those based on the site amplification factors, considering the effect of deep subsurfaces. Although there are almost no differences in the design spectra with the present design methods according to the surface ground type, the proposed method provides significantly different design spectra for each site amplification factor.
H. Medjoubi, A. Yassine, H. Abdelouahab
Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Volume 11, pp 6935-6942; doi:10.48084/etasr.3950

Abstract:
This paper presents a new design of an adaptive fuzzy logic control by implementing the leader-follower approach. The principle is to modify the feedback control of non-holonomic Wheeled Mobile Robot (WMR) to be adaptive according to a fuzzy controller in the control loop, in order to adjust the feedback control gains according to the distance error between the reference path and the real position. The trajectory tracking control for a single WMR is extended to the formation control for two WMRs in which the first one is the leader and the second is the follower. Simulation results are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed controller.
H. Chatti, S. Hadoussa
Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Volume 11, pp 6993-7000; doi:10.48084/etasr.3985

Abstract:
The adoption of e-learning technology has become a major challenge for many academic institutions during the Covid-19 pandemic. More and more institutions are questioning the success of adopting this technology and are seeking to understand their adoption process. The objective of the current research work is to study the factors affecting the intent of Saudi university students to adopt online technologies during the Covid-19 pandemic. Based on the Information Technology Adoption Model, UTAUT, a research model was designed and validated by combining the factorial analysis method with simple linear regression analysis. The study revealed four key factors that had significant and positive effects on users' intent to use online technology, including the perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, teacher influence, university management commitment, and availability of student technical assistance.
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