Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies

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EISSN : 2663-7197
Total articles ≅ 65
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Nipuni Dissanayake, Athula Withanawasam,
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 3, pp 18-29; doi:10.32996/jhsss.2021.3.6.3

Abstract:
With the introduction of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in 2015 by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Sri Lanka has given priority to the SDGs in its main development agenda and attempting to achieve them by working towards the fulfilment of the basic needs and improving the living standards of the people, progressively alleviating poverty, eliminating all forms of discrimination and inequalities and establishing a society based on social justice and human security. In this regard, Sri Lanka has both prospects and obstacles in the achievement of SDGs. This paper has paid attention to explore the available opportunities and challenges in the journey of achieving SDGs by adopting the Blue-Green economic provisions in Sri Lanka. Additionally, it has also been attempted to present some effective recommendations to overcome those impediments since identifying effective solutions is equally important in finding ways to overcome those impediments. Using the existing secondary literature available in the forms of literary books, journal articles and reports, this study has found that it is a timely requirement of the Government of Sri Lanka (GoSL) to adopt the Blue-Green economic provisions to get back the current unsustainable development of Sri Lanka on the right track and achieve the SDGs by 2030.
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 3, pp 01-11; doi:10.32996/jhsss.2021.3.6.1

Abstract:
One of the oral literature which is still used in Gorontalo custom event is Tuja'i Molo'opu. Oral literature is uttered at the ceremonial officials' reception in Gorontalo. As other traditions are changing, Tuja'i Molo'opu also along with the changes of the society. Therefore, it needs to be held as the foundation for the preservation of the study of oral literature of Tuja'i Molo'opu. Thus, the Tuja'i Molo'opu ceremony does not complement the Molo'opu ceremony but contains moral messages, which as ancestors, messages to the man who will lead in Gorontalo. The theory used in this research is the theory of orality Albert Bates Lord and Ruth Finnegan. To apply this theory used two approaches, namely, structural and Ethnographic approaches. The structural approach is used to examine the formula composition of the tuja'I Molo'opu text as oral poetry. While the ethnographic approach is used to explore data on leadership the cultural aspects in the Gorontalo community. The results of this research show that formula tuja'i Molo'opu has the formula (1) repetition of a sentence, (2) repetition of the word group/phrase, (3) formula of word repetition, (4) formula of suffix, (5) formula of varied repetition, (6) parallelism.
Hairani Lubis,
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 3, pp 12-17; doi:10.32996/jhsss.2021.3.6.2

Abstract:
The wider the social environment in life as social beings, the greater the challenges faced by each individual to present himself as a person who can adapt well. Individuals who can adapt well are said to have good interpersonal competence. Interpersonal competence is said to be related to assertiveness as well as self-concept. This research method uses a quantitative approach. The subjects of this study were 100 students of the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Mulawarman University, who were selected using simple random sampling techniques. The data collection method used a scaling instrument with a Likert scale of five answer choices for the three variables. The study results prove that there is no influence of assertiveness and self-concept on interpersonal competence in students. With an F value of 0.564 (p>0.05). The effective contribution is 1.1%, while the remaining 98.9% is influenced by other factors not examined in this study.
, Meilina Widya Dali
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 3, pp 10-22; doi:10.32996/jhsss.2021.3.5.2

Abstract:
This study aims to describe the learning outcomes of constructing explanatory texts among eleventh-grade students taught by investigating the multiliteracy and conventional methods, the difference in learning outcomes of students taught by investigating the multiliteracy and conventional methods for those with a high and low prior ability, and the effect of investigation multiliteracy method and prior ability on learning outcomes in SMA Posigadan state senior high school. Furthermore, an experimental method was employed with a 2x2 factorial design. It was shown that (1) students taught by the investigation multiliteracy method got higher learning outcomes (an average score of 79) than those who studied using a conventional method with an average score of 62.81. (2) the average learning outcome of students with the high prior ability and taught by the investigation multiliteracy arrived at 78; no major difference from those with the high prior ability and relying on a conventional method (an average learning outcome of 75). Likewise, the average learning outcome of students with the low prior ability and taught by the investigation multiliteracy reached 52.81; no major difference from those with the low prior ability and studying with a conventional method (an average learning outcome of 46.94). (3) the p-value in the interaction between the investigation multiliteracy method and prior ability got 0.007 or less than α = 5%. Thus, H0 was rejected and accepted H1, meaning that the investigation multiliteracy method and prior ability influence students’ learning outcomes.
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 3, pp 23-30; doi:10.32996/jhsss.2021.3.5.3

Abstract:
Starting in 2015, the government of Ghana implemented austerity as a response to economic challenges in the country. The aim of this paper, therefore, is to demonstrate how a political climate of austerity undermines the goal of linking local agricultural production to school feeding markets. The paper draws on one-on-one semi-structured in-depth interviews with 25 service providers and one expert from the international NGO SEND-Ghana to examine the implication of austerity for Ghana’s home-grown school feeding programme. The findings reveal that austerity has meant that the actions and decisions of the service providers undermine the critical goal of linking the school feeding market to local agricultural production. Specifically, due to significant delays in reimbursing service providers for services delivered, the service providers are forced to deliver the programme by relying on credit purchases from the open market, rather than purchasing 80% of their foodstuff from the local smallholder farmers as required of them. Thus, Ghana might miss out on the development policy potential of stimulating local agricultural production through its connection to school feeding markets.
Renzo Pocsidio, , Andre Techico, Joseph David Melliza, Josef Tagupa, Wilfred Luis Clamor
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 3, pp 44-49; doi:10.32996/jhsss.2021.3.5.6

Abstract:
This study will look through Bandura’s Social Learning Theory perspective on how parental influence predicts Filipino adolescents' externalizing behaviors. As children are impressionable, they observe their parents as role models; their behavior develops from childhood to adolescence is dependent on parental influence. With this in mind, the study’s research objectives aim to understand how parental influences, such as abusive and antisocial behavior, affect the adolescent’s externalizing behavior and the level of externalizing behaviors among Filipino adolescents living in Metro Manila, Philippines. The researchers then surveyed 202 Filipino adolescents residing in Metro Manila, answering a questionnaire that measured family characteristics, perceived abusive and antisocial behavior of parents, and self-assessed level of externalizing behaviors. The data gathered was processed through descriptive and inferential statistics, and the results concluded that family influence does have significance in the adolescent's externalizing behavior. In conclusion, through the Social Learning Theory and the data collected, the adolescent's externalizing behaviors are due to family influence.
Sharmin Akhtar,
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 3, pp 01-09; doi:10.32996/jhsss.2021.3.5.1

Abstract:
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was an unparallel political leader of Bangladesh who gained leadership qualities from the early days of life. He is popularly known as Bangabandhu and was a great philanthropist. Mujib was the unique political personality and the creator or father of the nation of Bangladesh. His 'Historic 7 March Speech' of 1971 now is the documentary heritage in the Memory of the World Register of UNESCO-United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. By his captivating leadership, the people of Bangladesh snatched the country's independence. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman captured the ideals of life, education and learning of the love and sympathy to the people, communal harmony, securing the right of the 'have not' people since his boyhood. These leadership traits made Sheikh Mujibur Rahman an exception character ever since his early days, and peoples are knowledgeable about his trademarked political career and venerated his artisanship in crafting Bangladesh. However, the concept of childhood leadership that Mujib belonged merely came to light. This article aims to examine the significant small events of domestic surroundings, dynastic background and family education, schooling, right-based activities, and the gradual involvement in the country's politics of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. These fundamental elements translated into charismatic and democratic political leadership and made him a tremendous humanitarian personality. As a method, analyzing the archival resources and related published literature as books and journal articles, this study has crafted a vivid picture of an unsophisticated but the foundation of moral learning of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman from early life. The significant result of this study is that it would present an exceptional model of political leadership and fulfil the gap about the information over his early life leadership. Most importantly, the outcome will provide the leadership capability to achieve goals personally set by the Mujib through his distinguishing attributes and response to the social and environmental situation during early life that would contribute to the discourse of political leadership studies.
Jay Kumar Gahwal, Anara Urkunova, Gulzhana Jenalayeva, Aigul Kupenova, Gulmira Nurgaliyeva
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 3, pp 31-35; doi:10.32996/jhsss.2021.3.5.4

Abstract:
One of the most important topics for Kazakhstani universities in the context of internationalization of higher education is the successful adaptation of international students to a university setting. A high level of students' adaptation, socially and psychologically comfortable conditions for them may increase the number of international students in Kazakhstan from the perspective. The article analyzes the main aspects of international students` socio-cultural adaptation at the West Kazakhstan Marat Ospanov Medical University, Aktobe, the Republic of Kazakhstan (WKMU). A sociological survey was conducted among the Indian students of the Faculty of General Medicine. Challenges of international students at WKMU include the language barrier, the difference in assessment, and education systems in India and Kazakhstan. A favourable condition for the socio-cultural adaptation of international students at WKMU is the organization of intercultural interaction and cooperation of students in the educational space of the university. The results of the study are offered to be taken into consideration by administrative structures, responsible for supervising international students at the university.
Muahamad Ali Shahid, Anser Mahmood, Rana Muhammad Basharat Saeed, Muhammd Shaffaqat, Gulshan Naz
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 3, pp 36-43; doi:10.32996/jhsss.2021.3.5.5

Abstract:
The current study was conducted to investigate the "Discernment of Pitfalls in Understanding Finite and Non-Finite Verb Structures by English Language Learners." Data was collected for this purpose from 200 English Language Learners of Intermediate Level at the Hope College of Science & Management, Garden Town Sillanwali, Sargodha Division, Punjab (Pakistan). To achieve the research objectives, the variables were interpreted using three theories: "Linguistic Morphology (Bauer, 2003)," "Syntactic Functions (Jong-Bok Kim and Peter Sells, 2007)," and "The Principle of Semantic Compositionality (Gottlob Frege, 1953)." An experimental approach was used to collect quantitative primary data, with McNemar Test Conduction in two stages: Pre-Test and Post-Test. Convenience sampling techniques were used to collect data. A six-week treatment was carried out to determine the range between two extreme Tests. The mean difference in linguistic competence was 64.69434. P-Values (Probability Values) 000 demonstrated that the Null hypothesis was rejected and the Alternate Hypothesis was accepted. It meant that the English Language Learners did exceptionally well following the teaching intervention. IBM SPSS Statistics was used to analyze the data. The entire project was formatted in APA (American Psychological Association) Sixth Edition formatting style.
, Nicole Piemonte, Frederic W. Hafferty
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 3, pp 72-79; doi:10.32996/jhsss.2021.3.4.9

Abstract:
Humility is most frequently discussed as a socially-valuable trait, and being perceived as humble is generally considered beneficial. Although there has been extensive scholarship expounding the concept of humility, previous work has yet to fully examine the role(s) of social status and stratification in regards to the perception of others’ humility and being humble. In this sense, there is an elephant in the room that must be acknowledged in order to advance humility theory. In this paper, we provide brief overviews of humility, social status and stratification, and utilize expectation states theory as a flashlight to explore the potential connections between humility and social status from a more sociological perspective. We then showcase where the “elephant” may be hiding in the humility literature (focusing specifically on race and gender), attempting to shed light on potential next steps for future research
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