Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies

Journal Information
EISSN : 2663-7197
Total articles ≅ 95

Latest articles in this journal

Bidhya Shrestha, Tara Lal Shrestha, Dipankar Senehang, Bibechana Sharma Timsina
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 3, pp 01-10;

This article aims to explore the foundational and functional phases of the Khuwalung resistance movement. It is based on grey literature documents. To synchronize the significance of an indigenous movement, the first part of this study briefly presents the context of the hegemonic ideology of the ruling elite persisting in Nepal with reference to Khuwalung. The second part covers the phases of the resistance, which look far more constrained as a counter-resistance. The last part presents potential insights related to Khuwalung for transforming this counter-resistance into an organic indigenous movement in Nepal.
, Basim Yahya Jasim
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 3, pp 11-21;

Memory Strategies (MSs) and Vocabulary Learning Strategies (VLSs) have been studied in many studies through the years. The purpose of the current study is to shed light on the fundamental role of Memory strategies and Vocabulary Learning Strategies suggested in vocabulary teaching and learning. Thus, the study has presented a comprehensive overview of both strategies by selecting the most prominent ones. In addition, it offered a thorough demonstration of vocabulary background in general and vocabulary in English for Specific Purposes (ESP) in particular. The research question states: Can Memory Strategies (MSs) and Vocabulary Learning Strategies(VLSs) be integrated and applied in teaching and learning vocabulary? In conclusion, the study tries to make it clear for the reader, teachers, and learners, that merging (MS) and (VLS) can be utilized for this objective. The implication of the study lies in providing the reader with a grounded platform for selecting what is suitable in a teaching/learning setting.
Barack Lujia Bao
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 3, pp 09-22;

Within the military discipline, the doctrine from Carl von Clausewitz and Sun Tzu can be framed as the ones among the most influential strategy-based philosophical domains. Carl von Clausewitz’s theoretical framework of consolidation of all powers and strategic obliteration of all forces of the opponents and rivals seems not uncommon in analysing the scenarios of international power competition and contest. On the contrary, Sun Tzu (around 545B.C.-470B.C.), the ancestral Chinese military strategist during the Spring and Autumn Period, put forward the complete distinctive strategic conception of optimum winning without engaging in any fight, which meanwhile plays a more epistemologically productive, thought-provoking role in utilising smart power strategy in a complex, evolving international arena where hard power alone has been of no avail to keep a dominantly advantageous position. Sequentially, it is indispensable for strategists to conduct in-depth exploration into the role of smart power through abstractly inheriting the consequential philosophical implications from Sun Tzu and Clausewitz as a distinctive strategy-building element and eclectically and rationally combine, enliven and hierarchise their implicit ties with an authentic world matrix that it is hard to empirically theorise and accurately quantify. Through deductive-analysis approaches and case studies of the US (a dominant power in relative terms over the long run), China (the second-largest economic power thus far) and India (a rising power in BRICS), the primary purpose of this paper seeks to dialectically explore an implicit dyadic nexus between 1) the philosophical implications for Sun Tzu and those for Clausewitz and 2) the nature and implementation of smart power strategy ranging from the perspectives of historical origin and international context. It can be argued that the philosophical standpoint of smart power strategy bears historical merits that the principal arguments from Clausewitz and Sun Tzu somehow generated. This paper-based on existential research findings meanwhile prognosticates that the strategic implementation of smart-power strategy, which tends to be highlighted worldwide in the foreseeable future, will advance in a world of multipolarisation instead of bipolarity and strategic co-opetition (i.e. cooperation and competition combined) will grow as an alternative widespread international phenomenon and trajectory that complicates the magnetism, flexibility and unpredictability of how a broad definition of national strength would influence the international structure and international standing.
Abdellatif EL Aidi
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 3, pp 31-38;

During the latter part of the Nineteenth Century, the European colonial rivalry over Morocco intensified. The European powers targeted the North African country because of its strategic location and rich natural resources. Hence, after establishing the French and Spanish Protectorates over Morocco, the colonial powers started to implement their exploitative policies in the Sherifian Kingdom. Those policies provoked the Moroccan people, who refused any foreign presence in their country and pushed them to engage in armed resistance. However, the failure of the armed resistance to liberate Morocco and the emergence of a new generation saturated with the spirit of peaceful resistance contributed to the birth of the Moroccan nationalist movement as a political organization aiming to confront the colonizers’ plans and ambitions by peaceful means. The present paper is intended to highlight the political struggle of the Moroccan nationalist movement from its inception to 1944. More specifically, the paper aims to outline the factors contributing to the emergence of the movement and the means of actions it adopted in its peaceful struggle against colonialism. Finllay, it discusses the historical events that encouraged the nationalist movement to move from calling for reforms to calling for full independence.
, Ramya Devi Bommanaboina
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 3, pp 23-30;

In the Indian context, an academic study program at the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) comprises a mixed group of learners coming from various social-economic, education, and a wide range of linguistic backgrounds. These learners secure admission into various engineering programs at IITs, having qualified for the Joint Entrance Exam (JEE), a national-level competitive exam. To qualify for this exam, students prepare rigorously, even at the school level. The JEE exam tests students’ knowledge in the core subjects such as Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Aptitude and Reasoning; hence, students seem to focus more on these core subjects but not on the English language. These learners vary widely in their English language proficiency level in terms of oral and written English proficiency. It is believed that the level of language proficiency of learners has a direct influence on their academic performance in the program in which they are admitted. Therefore, the study aims at diagnosing 405 engineering students’ competence of English language skills at the entry-level undergraduate engineering study programs of Bachelor of Technology at the Indian Institute of Technology, Bhubaneswar. A diagnostic test that comprised the components of English language skills was designed and administered to 405 students. The results were analyzed and interpreted qualitatively and quantitatively. It was found that the majority of the students who performed well in the test had better education backgrounds. For the students who performed poorly, the study recommends possible implications besides some remedial measures.
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 3, pp 39-47;

In a village government, the need to carry out social functions internally and externally can significantly affect the survival of the village. Therefore, the principle of leadership is of paramount importance for the achievement of a village’s objectives. In this regard, leadership is influential to several aspects of an organization, including the members' work performance and work satisfaction. Thus, the achievement of work satisfaction is a crucial objective to generate optimum performance and contribute to community development. Employing a qualitative method, the study found that the role of a village head is very influential in directing, guiding, and encouraging the village apparatus in carrying out their duties and contributing to the village development. Moreover, the village head’s leadership has contributed to the achievement of work satisfaction due to several factors, such as the job desk that matches each individual's abilities, feedback, and a fair payment system.
Lisbet Situmorang, As’Liyanti Nor, Karenina Amanda Stephanie Pattinasarany, Stevent Resma,
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 3, pp 01-08;

This study aims to determine the effect of assertiveness and empathy on students' prosocial behavior at the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Mulawarman University. This study uses quantitative methods using multiple regression analysis to determine how much influence and predictive ability the two independent variables have on the dependent variable. In this study, the subjects in this study were 100 students of the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Mulawarman University, using the accidental sampling method. Data collection methods used include assertiveness, empathy, and prosocial behavior scales. The collected data were analyzed with the help of SPSS 21.0 for the windows program. These results indicate a significant difference between assertiveness and empathy to prosocial behavior.
, Saeeda Nori
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 3, pp 48-55;

Some people pretend to get the hearts of the people, advising them and being close to Allah, encouraging them to worship and perform good deeds, remembering the Hereafter, (the Heaven and the Hell) awakening the dormant efforts of the people and keeping them away from sins, spreading weak hadiths. And they beat baselessly among Muslims, of course, believing that the use of weak and undocumented hadiths in non-rulings (virtues) is permissible. Furthermore, being unaware that the scholars of the field of hadith sciences have laid the groundwork for the practice of weak hadiths, which means that the practice of weak hadiths about virtues is not unconditionally permitted. In addition, people still do not pay attention to those Hadiths that are considered weak so it continued to such an extent that some of them consider the negative effects of its dissemination among the people to be worthless. The present Studies conducted act as weak works and undocumented hadiths along with its practical examples in Islamic societies, especially in Afghanistan. As a result of writing and practical observations of this article, I have come to the conclusion that the use of thematic hadiths and its practice by some members of society has led to the spread and spread of false hadiths and their unbelievable consequences in Islamic societies. It is practically considerable, especially in our country Afghanistan.
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 3, pp 10-21;

Navigating the journey of decolonization can be daunting, especially without clarity of the processes involved. Hence, literature exploring such processes provides direction for the journey. Additionally, the directions suggested in the literature become more credible whenever a synergistic dialogue arises between diverse authors and different genres of texts. To such effect emerges the compelling conversation between Guyanese Jan Lowe Shinebourne’s 1988 novel The Last English Plantation and Hawaiian Poka Laenui’s essay “Processes of Decolonization.” This paper shows that when read side-by-side, Lowe Shinebourne’s novel set in the 1950s and Laenui’s essay advance the scholarship on how to measure the extent and quality of decolonization that has been accomplished by an entity. To illustrate this, this study observes the arrangement of images of four young women characters as they operate in Lowe Shinebourne’s landscape, and highlights the function of these four characters to the novel’s protagonist. The protagonist is interpreted as the schema – individual or country, through which the four characters derive meaning. These meanings are explored through perceived links between the four characters’ functions and Laenui’s five phases of decolonization, where the characters appear to have the capacity to function as facilitators or representations of the phases. Ultimately, the study finds that Lowe Shinebourne’s fiction strengthens Laenui’s proposal, and in turn his foundational theoretical work illuminates the processes that her novel investigates. Therefore, it can be concluded that if the processes of decolonization largely function in the way that the dialogue between these two texts confirms, Laenui’s template for measuring progress in decolonization can be applied to the understanding of other fictions of decolonization. Further, if this application continues to see consistently agreeable outcomes, it might be concluded that this template may be an effective instrument that can be formally implemented in assessing an individual or country’s progress in decolonization.
Gilles Freddy Mialoundama Bakouétila, Francis Thedy Adoua Ndinga, Mathieu Auger-Schwartzenberg, Harley Bittson Bitsindou Kokolo, Jean Claude Dellot Nsonda, Euloge Kalélé, Scherell Ségolen Lutterah Missengué
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 3, pp 29-39;

The objective was to assess the social, economic and environmental impact of the production of essential oil (ET) of Ceylon citronella in Loumo . A field survey was carried out with 60 EO producers in 9 localities in the Loumo district in Congo. The results show that 73 % of producers are adult men , 37% of whom are between 51 and 60 years old. The schooling rate is 98%, with a predominance of producers with secondary education levels, the majority living in a common-law relationship. The production of EO is a secondary activity to agriculture and commerce. The income generated by this activity is marginal but makes it possible to diversify the income of the actors. This activity is still in the embryonic stage. The low economic performance translates into low annual investments and low annual distillation frequencies, a consequence of the presence of a single EO extractor. The production of 1.75 litre of essential oil requires 140 kg of cooking wood, which has a direct impact on the surrounding forest ecosystems. The promotion of fast-growing species is necessary in view of the development of this sector.
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