International Journal of English Language Studies

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EISSN : 2707-7578
Total articles ≅ 95
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International Journal of English Language Studies, Volume 4, pp 01-12; https://doi.org/10.32996/ijels.2022.4.2.1

Abstract:
English speaking fluency is one of the 21st century communicative skills that are given so much attention and importance by most employers across the globe. Many Filipino graduates have difficulties finding a job because of poor oral literacy. This study determined the effectiveness of the choral reading strategy in improving students’ oral literacy in Grade 11 English, Lusaran National High School, Cebu City, S. Y. 2019-2020. The study used a quasi-experimental method, utilizing rubrics to identify and determine the research subjects' performances. Findings showed that most of the students in the two groups of subjects showed a fair performance in the pretest. The two groups of subjects showed an increase in performance based on the scores earned in the posttest. There is a significant difference in the posttest performances of the control and experimental groups. There is a significant difference between the pretest and posttest performances of the control and experimental groups. The group which had choral reading for improving oral literacy in the English classroom showed a high increase in performance. Choral reading is an effective strategy for improving oral literacy as it develops the students’ oral literacy in terms of volume and expression.
Amal Metwally
International Journal of English Language Studies, Volume 4, pp 13-21; https://doi.org/10.32996/ijels.2022.4.2.2

Abstract:
The present study investigates the effective strategies that can be employed in translating English culture-bound expressions into Arabic. The study mainly explores the translation and idiomacity of some colour-related expressions of comparison (i.e. similes), collocations and binomials. The paper examines whether it is possible to observe any consistency in the strategies used for the translation of these colour-related idiomatic expressions. This is attempted under the notions of foreignization and domestication proposed by Venuti (1995), the framework of Berlin/Key studies on colours (1969), and the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis, which are all concerned with the interrelationships between language, culture, and translation. The researcher is the instrument of this study. In translating the culturally-bound expressions, the researcher uses two techniques to solve the cultural gap between the source and target languages. The paper reaches the conclusion that no translation strategy should be discarded. Venuti claims that the translator's invisibility is a direct fallout of domesticating translation. However, domestication is very successful in translating many of the idioms incorporated in the corpus data by providing an equivalent idiom in the target language (TL). Foreignising translation, on the other hand, is not always favoured as a form of cultural innovation if it is taken to extremes, as is the case with colour-related idioms deeply bound to culture as it negatively affects the semantic content of the source language.
, Fidelia Azuka Okeke
International Journal of English Language Studies, Volume 4, pp 44-55; https://doi.org/10.32996/ijels.2022.4.2.5

Abstract:
The aim of this study is to investigate transitivity in proverbs in Achebe's Things Fall Apart. It explores the relationship between linguistic structures in proverbs by critically examining the processes, participants, and circumstantials as used by Achebe in his work. The analysis reveals that Achebe uses more material processes, followed by relational, and then verbal, behavioural, and mental. Achebe mostly uses actors, goals, carriers, attributes, identified, identifier, sayer, verbiage, and behaver to convey the message of his novel and the behaviours of the characters he used in his book. He mostly uses circumstances of location and manner to show that actions of the novel take place in a certain place, time, and manner. The study is anchored on Halliday's Systemic Functional Grammar Transitivity. The types of transitivity systems utilized by the writer contribute to the construction of themes reflected in the novel. The paper concludes that Achebe's use of varieties of processes, participants, and circumstances has made his novel interesting and readable. As a result, objective interpretations of texts can be reached by conducting transitivity analyses.
Blaeid Taha Shamsan Saeid
International Journal of English Language Studies, Volume 4, pp 22-35; https://doi.org/10.32996/ijels.2022.4.2.3

Abstract:
This paper offers a psychological interpretation of the character Tony in Julian Barnes’ The Sense of an Ending. The study is divided into two sections. In the first section, the character of Tony is analyzed using Freud's theory of psychoanalysis, focusing on the id, ego, and superego and how Tony’s id has prevailed over his superego in most of the actions in the first part of the novel. It presents a big store of aggression and conflicting ideas. Some examples are provided in evidence of how the ego tries to solve the conflict between the id and the superego and supports the superego over the id. The second section of the study interprets some psychological core issues developed and manifested in the life of Tony, such as fear of abandonment, fear ofbetrayal, insecure or unstablesense of self, and low self-esteem. Throughout the analysis, the objective is to shed light on the character’s psyche in order to interpret his personality and self-destructive behavior using Freud’s theory of psychoanalysis.
International Journal of English Language Studies, Volume 4, pp 36-43; https://doi.org/10.32996/ijels.2022.4.2.4

Abstract:
Previous research on plants in The Time Machine has shown the importance of putting these peripheral objects to the core. Studies have indicated potential associations between corpus stylistics and cognitive stylistics, but investigations of The Time Machine have not dealt with the “strange white flowers” in much detail, especially observing from a corpus perspective and interpreting from the cognitive one. The principal objective of this study is to explore the atmospheric effects of these flowers with a combined corpus and cognitive methodological approach. Corpus techniques rely on the tools of Sketch Engine and CQPweb, while cognitive methods lie in the theories of Atmosphere and the Text World. The results showed that “strange white flowers” at the macro-level create elusive and diffusive atmospheric effects of transiency and strangeness, which could be represented at the meso-level by the text-world presentation and explored at the micro-level by collocation and colligation. The findings can contribute to a better understanding of peripheral objects in The Time Machine and add new insight into the study of science fiction.
International Journal of English Language Studies, Volume 4, pp 37-44; https://doi.org/10.32996/ijels.2022.4.1.5

Abstract:
The idea that Information Communication Technology (ICT) has become the lifeblood of national development is no longer news. Similarly, it is no news that it has contributed immensely to the economies of nations and revolutionized the means and methods of studying. However, the information of interest and concern now is how it has contributed to the dwindling reading culture among students of tertiary institutions in Nigeria. This topic was studied through oral interviews and personal interaction to know how students' reading habits have declined tremendously as a result of the advent of ICT using selected Kogi State University students as a case study. It is discovered through our informants that much time is given by the students to surfing the internet for both relevant and mostly irrelevant materials to their academic progress at the expense of reading natural materials such as textbooks and notebooks. This practice has depleted their natural mental ability and reduced their capacity to read comprehensively and effectively with consequent mass failure in both their internal and external examinations. The data collected were analyzed using the simple descriptive statistical tool to compute and summarize the findings. It was discovered that the advent of ICT has in no small way depleted their natural mental ability to read comprehensively and effectively. This paper is of the opinion that students need to put their internet use under control, appreciate the fact that all life is not yet online and see the internet for now as only a means to an end. This paper concludes with the view that lecturers need to sensitize the students on the importance of reading to their intellectual and moral development so that reading can start to take its rightful position alongside ICT.
International Journal of English Language Studies, Volume 4, pp 58-65; https://doi.org/10.32996/ijels.2022.4.1.8

Abstract:
This paper is predicated on the assumption that the massive followership and tremendous influence which modern-day Pentecostal church preachers enjoy could be traced to their language skills. This paper explored the rhetorical strategies that are significant in the language choices of Chris Oyakhilome of Christ Embassy. The task of persuading and convincing a congregation with the power of words to positively influence their beliefs and attitudes is not an easy one. In order to unravel the mystery behind the selected preacher’s success, two sermons were purposively selected from the preacher’s numerous sermons. These electronically recorded sermons were transcribed into written form, vertically represented in numbered lines for ease of reference; The study anchored on Aristotle’s “Theory of Rhetoric” because of the assumptions of what constitutes an effective speech (sermon) presentation; since sermon is a kind of speech event. The paper, therefore, discovered that the preacher is conscious of the impact of careful language choice in an effort to achieve effective preaching as well as influence and affect his congregation.
International Journal of English Language Studies, Volume 4, pp 28-36; https://doi.org/10.32996/ijels.2022.4.1.4

Abstract:
This study discusses Arab diasporic women’s resistance against cultural and social oppression on several aspects of women’s lives, such as education and the daily life in Laila Halaby’s West of the Jordan (2003). It also discusses the role of the Arab diasporic women in the West in confirming or resisting such oppressions. The study also illustrates that although diasporic experiences in the West helped Arab women uproot/resist social and cultural oppressions, in some other cases, diasporic experiences helped reinforce the consistency of such oppressive practices. Laila Halaby in West of the Jordan provides several examples of the heterogeneity of the Arab diasporic women's identity/ psychology. For instance, Soraya, one of the four main characters, is introduced as an example of those women who gain freedom in the diaspora, while Khadija, in contrast, experiences more pressure due to her being in the diaspora.
, Sabariah Md Rashid
International Journal of English Language Studies, Volume 4, pp 01-13; https://doi.org/10.32996/ijels.2022.4.1.1

Abstract:
The concept of innovation is prevalent and has been discussed in varied disciplines and published in various documents, such as educational magazines, books, and blogs. One example of such documentation is the writing on innovation by the late Tan Sri Dr Lim Kok Wing, compiled in a book titled "The Future is Coming". In education, innovation is required to transform the education system to prepare future generations for an innovation-driven economy. This study examined the concept of innovation using metaphorical expressions in writing on innovation in education. Specifically, it aimed to unravel the metaphor in the writings and to examine how the unravelled metaphors reflect the conceptions of innovation in education. In total, 42 written texts on innovation were included as data of the study. The data were analyzed based on Lakoff and Johnson's Conceptual Metaphor Theory. The findings of the study revealed seven salient conceptual metaphors underlying the expressions related to innovation in education. These metaphors involve the mappings of the source domains of JOURNEY, WAR, OBJECT, HUMAN BEING, SPORT, BUILDING, and FORCE to the target domain of INNOVATION. The unravelled metaphors underlying the writings on innovation suggest that innovation is conceived as a long process, which requires careful planning. The findings of the study provide insights into how innovation is conceived using metaphor, reflecting the ideas of a renowned brainchild of innovation in education in Malaysia, Lim Kok Wing.
International Journal of English Language Studies, Volume 4, pp 14-24; https://doi.org/10.32996/ijels.2022.4.1.2

Abstract:
Vocabulary teaching and learning constitute a major problem for EFL instructors and students. EFL freshman students have difficulty in pronouncing, recognizing the meaning of, using and spelling new English words. Due to the Covid-19 Pandemic, all college courses have shifted to online distance learning since March 2020. Surveys with samples of college students and instructors in Saudi Arabia showed lack of interest among the students in online instruction, participation, giving oral presentations, doing homework-assignments, attending online classes, low engagement, interaction, communication and self-efficacy. No adaptations have been made in the college curricula. Since the new distance learning environment requires new modes of teaching and learning, the present study proposes a variety of online vocabulary tasks and technologies that vocabulary instructors can choose from, such as mobile-based applications viz Vocup, Quizlet, Quizizz, game-based mobile apps, Saving Alice, Duolingo, Kahoot, vocabulary flashcards, mobile audiobooks, collaborative mobile ebook reading; podcasts; online dictionaries; concordance-based glosses; picture viewing and picture drawing on tablets; videos; e-portfolios; teaching idioms via graphic novels; multimedia annotations; social networks; project-based learning and mind-maps. To engage, motivate and encourage student-student and student-instructor interaction in the distance learning environment, the study proposes the following: using WhatsApp, ConnectYard, creating a community of inquiry, creating learning partnership, collaborative writing exchange projects, student collaboration, social interaction, integrating text-chat and webcam, and utilizing technology-mediated task-based language teaching. Online vocabulary tasks can be performed individually, in pairs or in small groups; interactively or collaboratively; synchronously or asynchronously. Instructional phases and teacher and students’ roles are also described.
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