Indian Journal of Tamil
Latest articles in this journal
Indian Journal of Tamil, Volume 2, pp 10-18; doi:10.34256/ijot2112
Tamil literature was an ancient one among the world literature. Number of scholars dedicated their contributions to that. Among them were the commentators and they have a pioneer place in it. Parimelazhagar was the most famous critic who enhance the literature. The world famous Thirukkural was well understood with the help of his commentary. He used his broad mind and various techniques in it. He is considered the one among the literation who nourished Tamil literature.
Indian Journal of Tamil, Volume 2, pp 1-9; doi:10.34256/ijot2111
The Palm leaf manuscripts are seen as documents that preserve the cultural heritage of the people. In that respect, palm leaf manuscripts have been maintained by the Eastern Tamil people for a long time. These palm leaf manuscripts can be classified into three types; literature, medicine and astrology. Literary palm leaf manuscripts include Ammanai, Drama etc. Palm leaf manuscripts related to astrology contain information such as Similarly, medical palm leaf manuscripts contain much medical information. It is noted that a medical palm leaf manuscript was discovered for in the East recently. This study is intended to introduce the structure, medical information and herbs of this palm leaf manuscript. This palm leaf manuscript has solutions for many ailments such as headaches, asthma, cough peenisam, pittam and rheumatism. There is also information on the preparation of sanjeevi legiyam. Neem, Milk, Honey Basil, etc. have been identified as having high Medicinal properties.
Indian Journal of Tamil, Volume 1, pp 1-10; doi:10.34256/ijot2041
The analysis of the religions of Tamilakam should be started from Sangam Age. Though there is no indication of established religion in the Sangam literature, there are plenty of data on established worship patterns. Researchers explain the changes in the social institutions according to the manufacturing relationship. When the social institutions get into changes, the tradition of religious culture too changes accordingly in support of them. As for as Tamil society is concerned, in every age, i.e., from the age of ethnic groups to feudal society, lots of political, economic religious, philosophical and cultural changes have occurred. This paper analyses the interruptions and impacts in the religious cultural tier of Tamils and the specific changes occurred as a result.
Indian Journal of Tamil, Volume 1, pp 11-17; doi:10.34256/ijot2042
Tamil Nadu have an ancient history. But this history has not been fully revealed. Lack of evidences, unauthorised source materials where the setback for that. But K.K.Pillai’s “History of Tamil Nadu People and Culture” book has been considered as a valuable and authentic work in Tamil Nadu history. This book follows scientific method of research writings. In this book K.K. Pillai try to give full history of Tamil people from pre historic period to modern times. It also proved that Tamil people have an ancient glory and heritage. The author also rejected some false ideas about Tamils past. K.K. Pillai’s this work prevailed as an authentic and reliable work in the history of Tamil Nadu.
Indian Journal of Tamil, Volume 1, pp 1-7; doi:10.34256/ijot2031
In each period, poetry has undergone a change in its own structure of structure and its structure of meaning. This change is also seen in the history of long poetry. This change has taken place in terms of subject matter and format. But as a continuation of the tradition, the form of the long poem acquires a new form of free will.
Indian Journal of Tamil, Volume 1, pp 1-9; doi:10.34256/ijot2021
Chekkizhar was a great poet in the medieval period of Tamil Nadu. He wrote his master piece work Periya Puranam which has considered as a greatest work in Tamil language. In this work the various skills of Chekkizhar has been exposed. He shows his mastery in the field of literature, fine art, medicine, law and history. As a chief minister of Chola empire he had various skills in the field politics, literature, art and architecture. He shows many of his skills in his work and for that his work is considered as a classical ever green master piece. Even though he wrote only one book it is enough to reveal his skills in the field of art. For that only he was compared with great scholars like Thiruvalluvar, Elangovadigal, and Kambar.
Indian Journal of Tamil, Volume 1, pp 40-46; doi:10.34256/ijot2014
Ornaments are worn in order to enhance the natural beauty. The ornaments worn by the people of the Sangam period were in harmony with their life-style. While we know that both men and women wore ornaments, it is interesting to witness that an epic emerged centralising one particular ornament, i.e., Silambu. Knowing the ornaments wore by the different characters in Silappathikaram and through them understanding the course of the epic are the aim of this work.
Indian Journal of Tamil, Volume 1, pp 27-39; doi:10.34256/ijot2013
Nature took inevitable part and parcel in our world. It plays a vital role in the life of human beings. The soil and nature are binded with Human being. Trees are the prominint part in our natural vegetation. In the Sangam age number of trees were used by Tamil people. So, our great anciestors recorded the trees in their literary works. The Sangam literature Pathuppattu Provides many informations about the trees. Those peoples lived with the trees praised it and recorded their uses for the future generations. Trees from Sangam period played an important role in the life of peope.
Indian Journal of Tamil, Volume 1, pp 1-21; doi:10.34256/ijot2011
Mukkutar Pallu was an anonymous poem which depicts the life of Pallar community in the Southern part of Tamil Nadu during 17th century. They were ancient tribes and have a glorious past. The Pallers were the prominent agricultural community in the Tamil society. In this poem the poet records various events which were took place the 17th century. Pallar and Palliyar were the main role in this work. The poem beautifully records various events in the life of Pallar community. The personal life, agricultural works, religious conditions, belives, economic states, social conditions were beautifly recorded in this work. The feudal conduction at that time and the untouchablity a cruel custom which dominates the society at the time were recorded in this book. This book has considered as a time and historical valuable record of 17th century Tamil Nadu. The dialet which was spoke by the Pallar community were used in this book was this was the speciality of this book.
Indian Journal of Tamil, Volume 1, pp 22-26; doi:10.34256/ijot2012
Veera Maa Munivar is known as the pioneer in the reformation of Tamil script. Next to him, comes Periyar. But, Pandit Iyothee Thass, the precursor of Periyar is not brought into the picture. Iyothee Thass, a versatile scholar is not known to many because of his religious based ideologies. His research was based on the ideologies of Buddhism. All his activities were carried out following Buddha’s teachings. He whipped the Brahmins for suppressing the lay people, untouchables, Paraiyar, Pulaiyar on the basis of casteism and pointed out their mistake in treating them as slaves and pulling down their economy. He opines that Buddists and Jains protected and nurtured Tamil language. He brings out his devotion towards Buddha by interpolating Buddhas’s teachings even in the script changing process of ‘mai’ and ‘mei’.