Indian Journal of Tamil

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EISSN : 2582-662X
Published by: Asian Research Association (10.54392)
Total articles ≅ 55
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Murugu Thayanithy
Published: 27 August 2022
Indian Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 26-35; https://doi.org/10.54392/ijot2236

Abstract:
The biographies and historical identities of the Tamils are given prominence in the form of inscriptions, manuscripts and pottery. There are many inscriptions and manuscripts in Batticaloa and Tamil Nadu in Sri Lanka. Thus, the Dathan inscription is one of the major inscriptions referring to the Batticaloa Prehistory and the Batticaloa Manmiyam. This inscription identifies Dathan who came to Batticaloa during the reign of Ethirmannasingan, the Kalinga king who ruled Batticaloa. Dathan, who came from Kongu Naadu in India and belonged to the Vaishnava religion, came here to teach the Pandavas about the exile. The Pandiruppu Thiraupadi Amman Temple is a continuation of this. In such a context, the Pandiruppu Thiroupathi Amman Temple is the first temple in Sri Lanka. Following this many Thiroupathi Amman temples were established in Batticaloa Tamil Nadu. Bharatanatyam is spread in the background of this Dathan inscription and one can also see the rhymes associated with the story of bharatha Ammanai that have arisen here. Following that, the goddesses are also beginning to write Bharat Goddess Ammanai, Vaikuntha Goddess Reading. All these goddesses have arisen in Batticaloa Tamil Nadu with the input of story of bharatham. It also shows the history of the Sinhala king Vimaladharmasooriya I who ruled Kandy and clarifies the grant given by the emperor to the Pandiruppu Thiroupathi Amman temple.
Prakash M
Published: 16 August 2022
Indian Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 23-25; https://doi.org/10.54392/ijot2235

Abstract:
All the glories of Tamil sung by Sangam poets during the Sangam period, Kalaignar M. Karunanidhi tried to write in a simple style in the weekly magazine 'Kungumum'. As a result, today we have in our hands a great "Sangam treasure". Yes, many have studied the Sangam literature. Very few have searched for the treasure of Sangam literature out of interest and love for Tamil and brought it to the people. Kalaignar M. Karunanidhi's works are multifaceted in signification. Regarding Sangam literature, he selected some songs and divided them into internal and external genres and gave an explanatory speech in his own style as to heroism and love. He regarded the Sangam literature from a new angle, enjoyed it, and made it understandable to the common people. Kalaignar M. Karunanidhi can also be mentioned in that line. This article examines some of the poems in his work from the Kalaignar's point of view.
Muthulakshmi V
Published: 4 July 2022
Indian Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 17-22; https://doi.org/10.54392/ijot2234

Abstract:
A country controls and rules another country by its social, political and economical power as it is called colonization. This colonization activity has started from Aryan invasion on Dravidian people and their culture. From 19th century many countries ruled by Portuguese, Dutch, Roman countries. They explored on another country and ruled it as slave. Later The slavery system tried to break its chain and got freedom by political way. Even though the colonized countries got freedom from rued country, their footpath of colonization never vanished and developed based on new world and technology. K.A. Gunasekaran written a drama of “Thodu” which discloses that every nation must have self thinking and its effects on their country by their principle. By this play he wants to recover the Corner people and Tribes people from slavery system.
Aruchamy S
Published: 24 June 2022
Indian Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 11-16; https://doi.org/10.54392/ijot2233

Abstract:
The Perumpanatrupadai with the special name Panaru was sung by Kadiyalur Uruthirankannan to praise the Perumpanan who was about to receive the prize by Panan to appease the Thondaiman Ilanthirayan. Not only the news about the bravery and gift of Thondaiman Ilanthirayan, but also the lifestyle of the Panars, the lives and work of Einar, Kovalar, Uzhawar, Valaignar, Anthanar, etc., news about the construction of their residences, food preparation, hospitality, agriculture, barter, etc., have been recorded. This article is designed to analyse the news about housing and food.
Nivetha K, Sasirekha P, Bhuvaneshwari K, Raja M
Published: 17 June 2022
Indian Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 5-10; https://doi.org/10.54392/ijot2232

Abstract:
All Tamil literature is a gift given to us by our forefathers. All literature expresses the life values of the people. In this way, folk literature, which is unwritten literature, reflects human feelings. A man expresses his subconscious thoughts and beliefs through folk literature. In folk literature that includes folk songs, folk tales, fables, proverbs, etc., man expresses his life experiences from birth to death. Folk In literature, man expresses his life records from birth to death. In lullabies, events such as a mother's love for her child and making children realise the importance of relatives are important to human life. The way agriculture is expressed in special kummi songs, the subconscious impressions of man through faith in God, the subconscious impressions of man through themangu songs, the expression of male and female relationships through themangu songs, the characteristics of grooms who collect dowry from women through marriage, and indicate social disorders This review article is intended to reveal women lamenting the loss of their mothers in the metaphorical songs that express their characteristics at the end of human life, and women who have lost their husbands are marginalised in society due to their helpless condition.
Gunapalasingam V, Mumthaj Sameem M.S.J, Suresh R
Published: 9 June 2022
Indian Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 1-4; https://doi.org/10.54392/ijot2231

Abstract:
In Tamil Nadu, literature is one of the prime sources of information on religion, culture, history, philosophy, social customs, beliefs, etc. Literature that originated in the history of Tamil Nadu from time to time identifies the unique features of those times. In the development of Tamil literature, the period in which moral literature originated is called the Moral Era distinctively, which is the same time where many philosophical works of literature refer to the period of origin as the period of philosophical ethics. This study reveals the uniqueness and the generalities of God as claimed in Thirukkural and the God as portrayed in the literature of Thiruvarutpayan that originated in the philosophical period. In particular, this article gives a comparative basis for the ideas that come to mind in the 36th chapter on the power of realization in Thirukkural, and on the three elements that can be found in Thiruvarutpayana, viz., God, Life, and affection.
Madhankumar R
Published: 29 May 2022
Indian Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 49-55; https://doi.org/10.54392/ijot2229

Abstract:
The Thirumurugatrupadai worships Murugu, the ancient deity of the past. Literature guides spiritual attainment through civilised world life. "Thirumurugatrupadai" stands as proof of such a purpose. Thirumurugatrupadai guides us to attain freedom from birth with the highest aim of 'listening to the greatness of the great'. The ideological aim is that the Lord himself will come as a wise teacher to conquer the mature soul. It may be said that the concept of the poet who has been presented with a gift orienting the poet who is yet to receive the prize is similar to the position in which Gnanaguru directs the matured soul towards God. The manner, in which the holiness of God is conveyed in the Arupatai Veedu (The Six Abodes of God Murugan), such as Nakkeerar, Thiruparankundram, etc., signifies the realisation of the divine power in all the six yogic states of the body and the eternal attachment to the path of bliss. Moreover, the way in which the worship of Lord Murugan has been put forward in the form of hill-topography is the guidance of the realisation of "sovereignty in nature'. Thirumurugan's position as the inner light in all objects can be seen in Thiruparankundram, the greatness of Thirumurugan, the precious being, with six faces and twelve hands because of his great grace to the living beings, in Thiruchiralaivai, in Thiruavinankudi, where Thirumurugan is the great object worshipped by all, in Thiruvinankudi, where Thirumurugan is the inner object of the six letters, in Thiruveragam, and in Thiruthanikai, the greatness of Kumaran resides. In addition, Thirumurukatrupatai enables the devotees to realise the ability of Thirumurugan to reside everywhere and is praised as a temple for redressal of grievances by placing it in the eyes of Pazhamuthir Solai. Moreover, Thirumurugan's ability to show his great form, which transcends the sky, as a small one for his devotee to see, is indicative of the devotional principle that 'God is always humble to his devotees'.
Chandrakumar S
Published: 28 May 2022
Indian Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 38-48; https://doi.org/10.54392/ijot2228

Abstract:
Pattinapalai in Pathuppatu reveals the dynamical change of Tamil cultural life, the way in which ethnographic group life is shattered and the life of hunger develops, and the transformation of performing artists. Although the valour and glory of the king form the theme of Pattinapalai, when it is re-read, different lessons emerge. In this, it can be observed that social changes are taking place based on domestic and public lives, and the Aryan community penetrating into Tamil brought about changes in the thinking of the local ethnic groups and changed the cultural lifestyle. In this study, the issues raised in Pattinpalai are approached from an alternative perspective. This article focuses on the race, land, politics, and lifestyle of the people who lived during the Sangam period.
Ramesh P
Published: 25 May 2022
Indian Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 31-37; https://doi.org/10.54392/ijot2227

Abstract:
One of the most elaborately written books in the Patuppattu anthology is Netunalvatai. The reason is that it is a book with a very subtle focus on how the wind, which is the gift of nature and the breath of human life, is consistent in both its two stages. Because it is fundamentally contradictory, its specialness is multiplied. Akama? (Whether it is internal or domestic life). Purama? (Whether it is external or public life), that is the contradiction. Therefore, this article is meant to highlight the poetic techniques featured in such a special book. This article is an attempt to bring out the aesthetic and subtle content of Netunelvaatai and take it to the world of study. Moreover, this article examines its techniques in order to analyse the merits of Netunelvaatai and to further explore unknown phenomena and guide further studies through the microscopic aspect.
Kavitha M
Published: 22 May 2022
Indian Journal of Tamil, Volume 3, pp 27-30; https://doi.org/10.54392/ijot2226

Abstract:
Jainism spread in Tamil Nadu in the 3rd century AD. Jains aim to show love and grace to all. The people of Tamil Nadu embraced Jain religious ideas. Jains contributed to Tamil by composing many books, ranging from Sangam literature to grammar books. In this, the Jains have emphasised many virtues, such as wealth, impermanence, the impermanence of the body, not desiring other women, friendship with virtuous people, and tolerance of mistakes made by friends. The purpose of the Jain religion in Tamil Nadu was to spread their religion among the people. Although on one hand, they tried to spread the Jain religion, on the other hand, they composed various books in Tamil for the Tamils and in the Tamil language for the people to cherish in their minds. In the books composed by them, generally how an individual should live in society, the virtue of not causing suffering to even a small life, and the principles of justice such as morality and dharma are emphasized.
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