Khalij-Libya Journal of Dental and Medical Research

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EISSN : 2708-888X
Total articles ≅ 24
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Khalij-Libya Journal of Dental and Medical Research pp 11-22; doi:10.47705/10.47705/kjdmr.215203

Abstract:
Aims. The aim of this study was to assess the phytochemical screening and antibacterial effect of the aerial parts of G. alypum cultivated in Libya. Methods. The methanolic extract of G. alypum (at concentrations 100 mg/ml, 300 mg/ml, 500 mg/ml and 700 mg/ml) were tested against 13 different strains of standard bacteria (ATCC) by four different methods; paper disc diffusion method, well diffusion method, broth dilution method and finally study the effect of extract on growth curve of bacterial cell were studied. Results. The results of phytochemical screening revealed the presence of flavonoids, phenols, reducing sugars, tannins, saponins, coumarins, steroids, terpenoids, carotenoids, antraquinones and glycosides. While the results of antibacterial tests showed remarkable inhibition of the bacterial growth, with maximum inhibition on growth of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Staphylococcus aureus. Moderate effect on growth of Enterococcus faecalis, Bacillus subtilis, Aeromonas hydrophila and Salmonella poona. While, the lowest inhibition showed in Yersinia enterocolitica and Listeria monocytogenes. However, the extract did not have any effect on Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella typhimurium and Klabsiella pneumonia. Conclusion. The methanolic extract of Globularia alypumaerial parts contain the most important constituents with positive results during phytochemical screening, and have antibacterial activity against gram positive and gram-negative bacteria.
Amin Bredan
Khalij-Libya Journal of Dental and Medical Research pp 9-10; doi:10.47705/kjdmr.215202

Abstract:
Dear Editor, Having read the article “Birth incidence of cerebral palsy in Tripoli, Libya: a population-based study,” published in issue 1 of volume 5 (2021) of Khalij-Libya Journal of Dental and Medical Research, I would like to express some concerns. First, the aim of the study stated at the end of the introduction is “to assess the prevalence and the most common causes for birth cerebral palsy ...” In the methods section, it states that “the study included a total of 200 patients of whom 64 were diagnosed with cerebral palsy,” without describing the inclusion and exclusion criteria for the 200 patients. But no prevalence rate based on the study is given anywhere in the main body of the paper: only the potential causes of cerebral palsy are described.
Babatope Osagbemiro, Modupeoluwa Soroye
Khalij-Libya Journal of Dental and Medical Research pp 1-8; doi:10.47705/kjdmr.215201

Abstract:
The recent advent of the COVID-19 pandemic has caused widespread public health concerns and affected provision of health care including the delivery of professional teeth scaling by dental professionals. A cross-sectional online survey of dentists and dental therapists in Rivers State, Nigeria. Questionnaires were distributed to consenting participants using SurveyMonkey. Data were collected on sociodemographic, practice of scaling, and knowledge of recommended guidelines by WHO/CDC on the use of preoperative mouth rinses and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). Data analysis was done and level of significance was set at p-value < 0.05. Sixty-three dentists and 34 dental therapists participated in this study with a mean age of 35.71±8.58 years. About two-third of the respondents did not perform teeth scaling for their patients during the early pandemic period. Fifty percent of dental professionals in government owned dental clinics performed teeth scaling while none of the private clinic staff did the procedure. The major reason for not performing the procedure was non provision of PPEs followed by fear of contacting the virus. Most (84.1%) of the dentists and 47.1% of dental therapists demonstrated a good knowledge of the recommended guidelines. Almost all (94.7%) of the private clinic staffs demonstrated a good knowledge compared to 65.4% of dental professionals in the government owned clinics. More than half of the dentists and only a few dental therapists performed scaling for their patients during the early period of the pandemic. Dentists and private clinic staffs demonstrated a good knowledge of the recommended guidelines for treatment.
Khalij-Libya Journal of Dental and Medical Research pp 1-12; doi:10.47705/kjdmr.210105

Abstract:
PROCEEDING OF THE VIRTUAL CONFERENCE: COVID-19 STUDIES FROM LIBYAN PROSPECTS (CSLP) ORGANIZED BY Research, Consultant and Training Center, University of Tripoli, Libya COMPLIED BY Asst Prof. Ahmed Atia Head, Department of Research and Consultation, Faculty of Medical Technology, UOT & Assc Prof. Ali Ganoun Director at Research, Consultant and Training Center, UOT. PLENARY SPEAKERS Prof. Ibrahim Eldaghayes. Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, UOT Prof. Abdulaziz Zorgani. National Centre for Disease Control, Libya Dr. Hesham Ben Masaud. Covid-19 Pandemic Supreme Advisory Committee, Libya Publication was made by the authority of "Khalij-Libya Journal of Dental and Medical Research, KJDMR", and scientifically revised by their editorial members. Khalij-Libya Journal of Dental and Medical Research is one of the specialty Journal in Dental and Medical Sciences published by Faculty of Dentistry Khalij-Libya. This proceeding available at. https://journal.khalijdental.edu.ly
Asmaa Shanab, Dunya Ben Sofia, Ebtesam Aldieb
Khalij-Libya Journal of Dental and Medical Research pp 71-80; doi:10.47705/kjdmr.215110

Abstract:
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a pandemic infectious disease threatening the world, caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). While fever, cough, fatigue and shortness of breath are common symptoms, a sudden chemosensory (taste and/or smell) dysfunctions are increasingly reported in asymptomatic individuals that later test positive for COVID-19. The exact pathogenesis of these chemosensory disorders in SARS-CoV-2 infected patients has not yet been clarified. This review aims to provide a brief review of recent evidence for pathological mechanisms of the taste dysfunction in COVID-19 patients. We also discuss the possibility of using isolated sudden onset of taste alterations as an early symptom of SARS-CoV-2 infection that might be very helpful for reducing the spread of COVID-19 through early identification.
Eman Elmahjoubi, Mufida Yamane
Khalij-Libya Journal of Dental and Medical Research pp 58-70; doi:10.47705/kjdmr.215109

Abstract:
Background. The safe use of medicines largely relies on consumers reading the labeling and packaging carefully and accurately, and being able to comprehend and act on the information presented. We aimed to conduct local study on consumers’ perceptions, attitudes and use of written drug information. Methods. A survey included 200 adults of the public in 13 community pharmacies and one main hospital (the University Hospital) in Tripoli city of Libya, using a structured interview technique. Results. The results showed that 73% of participants read drug labels with variation from always (39.72 %) to rarely (10.95%). About 42.46% of pharmacy customers read the Patients Package Inserts (PPIs) routinely, however; 53.42% of them faced difficulties in understanding the labelling. Foreign languages and small font sizes of written information were the most barriers to participants` comprehensibility (44.69 %, 34%) respectively. The findings indicated that 59 % of the respondents were used to obtain information from pharmacists. Despite the relatively high rate of reading to drug labels among pharmacy customers; more than half of them were unable to interpret information correctly. Conclusion. The study demonstrated the need for the implementation of educational and awareness programs for patients by pharmacists to improve the health literacy of medication labels. Steps must be taken to ensure that medicines in Libyan market are supplied with bilingual and non-technical language labels.
Mariam Gebril, Bahjah Esehiyb, Suliman Masoud
Khalij-Libya Journal of Dental and Medical Research pp 53-57; doi:10.47705/kjdmr.215108

Abstract:
Background. COVID-19 is a new pandemic that spread over the world in 2020, for which most countries imposed rigorous lockdown to reduce its upsurge and thus its socioeconomics’ sever effects. Global measures include isolation, social distancing, lockdown any nonemergency facilities, local and international travelling restrictions. But these rules are implacable in case of trauma in general and more with ocular trauma, which represents a serious public health problem and leading cause of visual impairment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of COVID -19 lock down on number of ocular traumas acquiring surgery. Methods. A retrospective study in Aljala trauma hospital in the period from 18 March to 18 April 2020 on patients who underwent surgical intervention for non-war eye trauma. Results. A total number of patients seen in emergency department were 350 patients in 2020 with four patients needed hospital admission and surgical intervention making a 1.14% of total number. While number of patients seen at the same time in 2019 were 965 patients and three patients needed surgical intervention (0.31%). There was no statistical difference in the amount of patient acquiring surgical intervention in the two periods with the P value of >0.05 Conclusion. Although total emergency eye visits decreased during the covid-19 lockdown period, similar incidence of surgery needed ocular trauma persisted.
Mansora Hamad, Salwa Ahmeida, Samar Hamed, Jamila Issawi
Khalij-Libya Journal of Dental and Medical Research pp 43-52; doi:10.47705/kjdmr.215107

Abstract:
Background and objectives. Salivary gland tumors (SGT) are relatively uncommon. It pose considerable challenging in diagnosis because their histopathological features and behavior diversity. There are several epidemiological studies describe their incidence and frequency. The current study aims to investigate the diverse histological types and distribution clinical characters. Methods. A retrospective study was carried out in oral diagnosis, oral medicine, oral pathology and radiology department of faculty of dentistry at Benghazi university from 2000 to 2019. Information gathered contained the year of diagnosis, age, gender, site, symptoms and histopathological diagnosis. The data collected was analyzed with SPSS. Result. Of the total 60 salivary gland tumors, 25 (41.7%) was benign tumors in which the pleomorphic adenoma was the most common type (n=24, 96%), and malignant tumors account (n=35, 38.3%) with mucoepidermoid carcinoma is the most frequent (n=41, 40%). Female to male ratio was 1.3:1 with average age of 40.5 (range 11-94). About 91.1% of salivary gland tumors were diagnosed in minor salivary gland where most of cases occurred in palate by 8.9%. Major salivary glands were affected by 8.9% mostly in parotid gland (7.2%). Most of cases were diagnosed as painless swelling. Conclusion: Malignant salivary gland tumors more common the benign type with the palate is the principle anatomical location. Pleomorphic adenoma was the most common pathological finding with predominance of female over male.
Sabreen Sabreen Aboujildah
Khalij-Libya Journal of Dental and Medical Research pp 23-29; doi:10.47705/kjdmr.215105

Abstract:
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) profiling, has had a tremendous impact on forensic genetics. Before DNA profiling, all forensic genetic casework (e.g., Paternity testing, criminal casework, individual identification) was performed using classical serological genetic markers. Blood groups, human leukocyte antigen (HLA), and polymorphic protein and enzymes were used for solving forensic genetic casework using immunological and electrophoretic methodologies. These genetic markers were nevertheless limited when it was necessary to analyze minimal or degraded material, which is commonly involved in forensic cases. An STR is a region of human DNA containing an array of tandem repeats. Arrays range from only a 10 to about a hundred repeated units. This essay confers the basic concepts of operating of DNA in the criminal investigation. This review primarily summarizes the major tandem repeat markers used in forensic DNA profiling, that assist criminal’s conviction, exonerate the inferring individuals, and recognize victims of violence, catastrophes, and armed conflict.
Khalij-Libya Journal of Dental and Medical Research pp 30-42; doi:10.47705/kjdmr.215106

Abstract:
Background: The current pandemic puts a substantial pressure on the health-care system worldwide. Healthcare workers especially those in frontline of patients’ care are at increased risk of being infected. The aim of this study is to assess infection prevention and control knowledge and practice toward COVID- 19 among health care workers. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from July to September of 2020 at Benghazi Medical Centre in Benghazi, Libya. Self-administered questionnaire was distributed to 400 health care workers. Results: Of those surveyed, the majority of participants were females; (40 .6%) in frontline, the overall percentage of correct answers was (64.8%). Knowledge was gained mainly from news media by (27.8%) of participants, while official government websites were used by nearly 21% of participants. The percentage of total good practice score was (76.28%). The knowledge scores were significantly associated with differences by gender, occupation, and level of education (p
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