International Journal Papier Public Review
EISSN : 2709-023X
Current Publisher: Information-integrated Global Society Studies (10.47667)
Total articles ≅ 16
Latest articles in this journal
Published: 22 November 2020
International Journal Papier Public Review, Volume 1, pp 78-87; doi:10.47667/ijppr.v1i2.46
The study explored teachers’ perceptions on students’ substance use and the call for school-based prevention programmes to mitigate the repugnant behaviours of substance use among students in secondary schools in Tanzania. Specifically, four research objectives were addressed; explore teacher’s perception on drug education programmes in schools; identify the existing drug education programmes in schools; ascertain the level of students drug education programme should target at schools, and establish effective recommendations for prevention programmes on substance use in schools. The study used an engaged scholarship as a participative form of research to gather different perspectives related to students' substance use. The study covered 70 school administrators' from public-owned secondary schools in the Dar es Salaam and Arusha Regions. Data were collected from 1st June to July 2017. Qualitative data were treated through content analysis, while quantitative data were manipulated using Ms Excel to generate percentage counts. The findings show that, schools had no formal drug educational programmes, despite the reported increase of substance use and other delinquent behaviours among students. The prevalence of drugs seemed to jeopardize some students’ life and if immediate intervention is not be taken their future life will be in vain. The students need to be given tools (intervention programmes) to help them make a rational decision against drug use and the best place to do so is at schools. A point to note is that a drug education programme is not a 100% vaccination for curing students' substance use, but would reduce the risk of harm.
Published: 13 November 2020
International Journal Papier Public Review, Volume 1, pp 47-55; doi:10.47667/ijppr.v1i2.36
This study aims to determine how the policy conflict between the Regent and Deputy Regent of Tolitoli Regency, Central Sulawesi Province. The basis of research is carried out with a qualitative approach, while the type of research is exploratory. This research was conducted in Tolitoli Regency with the basis of the problem being the conflict of Regent Moh. Saleh Bantilan with Deputy Regent ABD Rahman Hi. Buddin. In this study, it was found that the root causes of conflict were conflicts of political interest in policies and authority to organize the Bureaucratic Structure in the levels of the Tolitoli Regency Regional Government which occurred in the two periods 2010-2015 and 2015-2020. The data collection techniques used are; first, literature study, by searching literature and documents related to the scope of research. second, in-depth interviews with research informants who have been determined purposively. The results of the study revealed that there was a political policy conflict between the Regent, Moh. Saleh Bantilan with his representatives for two periods, in which Moh Saleh Bantilan monopolized the authority in carrying out his duties and functions as Regent whose authority is regulated in Regional Government Law Number 23 of 2014. And this Law does not explicitly and clearly regulate the powers and the obligations of regional heads and deputy regional heads. Thus, the Political Policy conflict occurred, as a result of the transactional political construction agreed upon by both parties when they were candidates for regent and deputy regent, and after being elected as Regent / Deputy Regent, there was a split between the Regent and his deputy. Regional Government bureaucracy does not work professionally.
Published: 13 November 2020
International Journal Papier Public Review, Volume 1, pp 40-46; doi:10.47667/ijppr.v1i2.35
Medication errors are incidents that are detrimental to patients due to handling by health workers (human error) which is preventable. This study aims to analyze the application of drug administration standards by the pharmacy staff at Dr. Tadjuddin Chalid Makassar. This type of research is a combination research method (Mixed Methods) using the Sequential Explanatory model. The informants of this research were the pharmacy staff of the Central General Hospital (RSUP) dr. Tadjuddin Chalid Makassar. The results showed that the pharmacist's lack of accuracy was like a misreading of the doctor's writing. It is recommended that the hospital management conduct special training on the implementation of good drug administration standards and according to the SOP for drug administration, involving all health workers (doctors, nurses, pharmacists). Then conduct socialization of standard drug delivery SOPs and conduct regular evaluations (once a month) by including all officers related to drug administration.
Published: 13 November 2020
International Journal Papier Public Review, Volume 1, pp 71-77; doi:10.47667/ijppr.v1i2.33
This study discusses the implementation of different interactive assessment methods through information technologies. The problems and solutions of interactive methods of assessment of knowledge using subject textbooks which are currently in practice, by electronic textbooks and manuals are shown with the examples in the article. In this study, it is expedient to use the Eclipse Crossword software which is comfortable for all users. The result of the study shows that Interactive assessment programs serve as an effective means for the teachers’ limited time in the lesson in order to effectively organize, and e-learning manuals should be widely used.
Published: 13 November 2020
International Journal Papier Public Review, Volume 1, pp 56-70; doi:10.47667/ijppr.v1i2.37
This study aims to determine the effect of leadership, the professionalism of the apparatus and work facilities on the quality of service both partially and collectively. The sampling technique in this study was proportionate stratified random sampling with a sample of 313 respondents. This research method is a quantitative method with regression analysis. Data collection techniques using documentation techniques, literature study, questionnaires, and observations. The research data collection tool was a questionnaire based on a Likert scale. The data analysis techniques in this study were validity test, reliability test, normality test, linearity test, multicollinearity test, heteroscedasticity test, F test and t-test, simple and multiple linear regression. The results of the study prove that there is a positive influence of leadership on service quality by 82%. Second, there is a positive influence on the professionalism of the officers on the quality of service by 79.3%. Third, there is a positive effect of work facilities on service quality by 80.2%. Fourth, there is a positive influence of leadership, apparatus professionality, and work facilities together on service quality of 83.9%. The quality of ship and goods services at the Tanjung Priok Main Port Authority Office can be achieved through effective leadership, a high level of professionalism of the officials, and adequate work facilities. These three variables must be considered so that the quality of ship and goods services can satisfy service users.
Published: 13 November 2020
International Journal Papier Public Review, Volume 1, pp 34-39; doi:10.47667/ijppr.v1i2.34
Smoking is one of the biggest causes of death in the world. Secondhand smoke contributes to more than 7 million deaths per year. The tobacco atlas shows that 66% of men in Indonesia are smokers, this condition has the potential to increase the number of passive smoking in the home. This study aims to know the effect of community empowerment on to willingness quit smoking in the home before and after the intervention. This type of research is a quasi-experimental with a pretest-posttest control group design on 40 respondents who were selected by purposive sampling. This research was conducted in Tokke Village and Tolada Village, which are coastal areas and are two of the 14 villages in Malangke District, North Luwu Regency, Indonesia. The selection of the intervention and control groups was carried out using the simple random sampling method. This is because the two groups have the same characteristics. Based on this method, Tolada Village was made into an intervention group and Tokke Village was made a control group. To see the effect of community empowerment on community willingness, data were analyzed using an independent t-test and paired t-test. The results showed a significant difference in pre-post test willingness (p = 0.014) in the intervention group and willingness (p = 0.006) in the control group. However, the results of the independent-test showed no significant difference in willingness between the intervention and control groups (p = 0.471). This shows that community empowerment does not have a significant effect on people's willingness to stop smoking in the house. It is recommended that health workers carry out community empowerment that is tailored to the characteristics of the local community.
Published: 9 November 2020
International Journal Papier Public Review, Volume 1, pp 21-25; doi:10.47667/ijppr.v1i2.28
Stimulation is an activity to stimulate the basic abilities of children aged 0-6 years so that the child grows and develops optimally. Every child needs to receive regular stimulation as early as possible and continuously at every opportunity. This study aims to determine the analysis of the Stimulation Training Program for children through the Detection of Child's growth and development on the ability of school cadres to stimulate early childhood growth and development. This research method is a quantitative study using a quasi-experimental design. The type of sampling is two-stage random sampling. The sample of this research is school cadres of Early Childhood Education (PAUD) consisting of 16 Schools for Playgroups (KB), 32 Schools of Right-Kindergarten (TK), and 2 Schools of Child Care (TPA) in the Limboto Health Center Work Area. The results showed that there was a significant and significant effect of development detection training on the ability of school cadres to simulate child growth. The ability of school cadres to stimulate children's growth and development has increased knowledge before and after training. There is a significant and significant effect of developmental detection training on the ability of school cadres to stimulate child development. It is necessary to empower cadres evenly and periodically by related parties (the Health Office and Pusekesmas) in order to improve the growth and development screening skills carried out by school cadres. It is also hoped that this will improve the child's health status so that the child can grow and develop properly.
Published: 9 November 2020
International Journal Papier Public Review, Volume 1, pp 26-34; doi:10.47667/ijppr.v1i2.30
This study aims to analyze the implementation of the Building Permit Policy in Palu City. This study looks specifically at the aspects of communication and resources. This type of sub-district is descriptive qualitative. The sub-district location determined by the sub-districter is Palu City. The informants are 9 people, namely those who understand, know, experience and understand what will be sub-districted, especially related to the policy of building permits in Palu City, such as the Palu City Spatial Planning and Land Office by extracting information through observations and interviews. The results showed that one of the reasons was due to the lack of socialization by the Palu City Spatial Planning and Land Planning (DPRP) officials. In fact, communication is crucial to success in implementing policies effectively. Human resources in terms of quality are adequate but in terms of quantity they are inadequate and facilities and infrastructure that can be used as operational tools are inadequate.
Published: 9 October 2020
International Journal Papier Public Review, Volume 1, pp 12-20; doi:10.47667/ijppr.v1i2.19
The aim of this study is to explain development planning in the development phase. The study method used is a comprehensive type of qualitative study that relates to the paradigm used by Nazir to offer a simple description of the issues being examined and to perform interviews with informants. Using 2 metrics that relate to the principle established by William L. Collor, namely participatory technocratic and democratic growth planning, the findings illustrated a variety of issues. Technocratic planning in the construction phase is associated with planning, unilateral growth, and restrictions. Two aspects regarding neighborhood engagement will be addressed in participatory democratic preparation, namely at the village creation workshop, and while village creation is ongoing.
Published: 28 September 2020
International Journal Papier Public Review, Volume 1, pp 26-30; doi:10.47667/ijppr.v1i2.16
This article discusses the factors that determine the strength of public organizational culture in terms of togetherness, intensity and morale. The method used is a mix of methods or a mixture of qualitative and quantitative. Togetherness increases if work is done together outside the room, but morale has the same inside and outside the room, but togetherness will be high if work activities are carried out outside. Organizational culture is a reflection of the formal and informal organizations formed within the organization concerned. Togetherness and group dynamics, namely encouraging their work not to be individualized and the center of power not in one hand. The main step that we really need to do is to select the best seeds or the best employees to be united into a team. However, keep in mind that good employees don't mean they don't have any shortcomings.